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Thomas Jefferson's Academical Village University of Virginia

Map of the Lawn

Campaign to Raise Funds for Landscape Endowment

Restoration of Pavilion Garden III

Fifty years after the restoration of the west pavilion gardens by renowned landscape architect Alden Hopkins, the garden of Pavilion III will again be restored.

Pavilion Garden III

Mr. Hopkins was the resident landscape architect at Colonial Williamsburg in the 1950s. At the University, he followed early engravings — confirmed by archaeological excavations — to reconstruct the garden walls at their original locations. He created the gardens in the Colonial Revival style, much as he did at Williamsburg. Since little evidence existed of what was originally planted in Jefferson's gardens, Mr. Hopkins consulted garden literature of the period and other historic landscapes to determine which plantings to choose.

The newly restored Pavilion III garden will feature a return to Mr. Hopkins's design and to the quality and variety of plant materials he used. Hopkin's design for Garden III reflects the changing aesthetic of Jefferson's time: gardens with traditional geometric parterres were being replaced by landscape gardens, whose curving paths through sweeping lawns and stands of trees mirrored landscape painting. At Garden III, a path meanders through beds filled with perennials and shrubs in a manner adapted from the English landscape garden. Archaeologists will conduct research at the site before and during the restoration process.

The Garden Club of Virginia generously provided the means of support for the University's historic gardens earlier this century. The University again collaborated with the Garden Club of Virginia to rejuvenate the Pavilion III garden. Funds for this most recent restoration have come from Jefferson's Circle, a group of friends who provide annual support at leadership levels for the University's historic preservation program.

Historic Landscapes

A $6 million fund-raising effort is under way to secure an endowment for the refurbishment of historic landscapes at the University. The fund will support the ongoing care of plantings, as well as the maintenance of gates, benches, walks, walls, and other details. The endowment also will support staff positions, fellowships, internships, and research grants in landscape history and preservation.

With this permanent resource, the University will sustain the beauty and the integrity of its historic gardens and grounds, which continue to be recognized as national treasures. In 1999, the American Society of Landscape Architects awarded its Centennial Medallion to the Academical Village, declaring it one of the nation's “most influential landscapes.” In announcing the honor, the society cited the Jeffersonian precinct for its “enduring appeal” and its “perfectly proportioned balance between buildings and landscape.”

Historic Landscape Institute

For the past several summers, the University and Monticello have co-sponsored the annual Historic Landscape Institute, which attracts participants from across the United States and Canada. More information on this popular program may be obtained from Mary V. Hughes, University Landscape Architect, Office of the Architect for the University, The Rotunda, S.E. Wing, Charlottesville, Virginia 22903. She also can be reached (434) 924-6015 or by e-mail at

Last Modified: 21-Feb-2007 12:00:54 EDT