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Meeting Information

EDUCATIONAL POLICY COMMITTEE
Saturday, May 30, 1998
10:30 - 11:00 a.m.
East Oval Room, The Rotunda


Committee Members:

Champ Clark, Chair
Elizabeth A. Twohy
T. Keister Greer
Elsie Goodwyn Holland
Walter F. Walker
J. Michael Allen
Joseph E. Wolfe
John P. Ackerly, III, Ex Officio

I. AGENDA


I.A. DEGREE NAME CHANGE

The M.A. in Clinical Ethics degree is a joint program operated by the School of Medicine and the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. It is proposed to rename the degree and enlarge its content. The proposed new name is "M.A. in Bioethics."

The purpose of the program is to teach the knowledge and skills required in the multidisciplinary field of bioethics. The program will be located in the Center for Biomedical Ethics in the Medical School. It will be administered by a committee of faculty who report to the Deans of Medicine, Nursing, Law, and the College. The core teachers for the program will be professors from Medicine, Nursing, Law, Philosophy, and Religious Studies.

The expansion and renaming of the program have been approved by the involved schools and by the Faculty Senate Executive Committee. Board approval is now required.
ACTION REQUIRED: Approval by the Educational Policy Committee and the Board of Visitors

APPROVAL TO CHANGE DEGREE TITLE

The President will propose the adoption of the following resolution:

RESOLVED that the degree title M.A. in Clinical Ethics be changed to M.A. in Bioethics.


I.B. Policy Revision - Copyright Policy

BACKGROUND: The Board of Visitors adopted a copyright policy for the University in May 1986, with an effective date of July 1, 1986. That policy (attachment A) provides that the University will claim an interest in copyrightable works if they require significant use of University facilities, personnel or resources.

The office of the Associate Provost for Research promulgated a different and inconsistent copyright policy in July of 1992 (attachment B). It did not provide for University ownership in cases where "significant" University resources were invested.

This inconsistency provoked a study of the University's copyright policies. Mr. Block has spearheaded the study, which has been conducted within his office in close consultation with the Provost and the University Research Policy Advisory Committee (URPAC). URPAC is an advisory committee of faculty formed to work with Mr. Blocks office on matters of University research policy.

DISCUSSION: The new draft policy now presented to the Board has been approved by URPAC, by the Faculty Senate Executive Committee, by the Vice President for Research and Public Service, and by the Provost. It resolves the inconsistency noted above by adhering to the 1986 Board of Visitors policy. Specifically, the new draft provides:

"[T]he University asserts its right of copyright ownership if significant University resources (including sponsor-provided funds) are used in the creation of such works, and (a) the work generates royalty payments; or (b) the work is of commercial value that can be realized by University marketing efforts."

ACTION REQUIRED: Approval by the Educational Policy Committee and the Board of Visitors.

APPROVAL TO REVISE COPYRIGHT POLICY

The President will propose adoption of the following resolution:

WHEREAS, the Copyright Policy was adopted by the Board of Visitors on May 30, 1986; and

WHEREAS, the Ad Hoc Committee on Policy Reform has examined the existing Copyright Policy for accuracy and applicability; and

WHEREAS, on February 9, 1997, the Board of Visitors on the advice of the Ad Hoc Committee on Policy Reform referred this resolution to the Educational Policy Committee for review and revision;

RESOLVED that the Copyright Policy approved on May 30, 1986, be rescinded; and

RESOLVED FURTHER that the following Copyright Policy be established effective May 30, 1998:


INTRODUCTION

The objective of this policy is to encourage the production of copyrightable works that contribute to the professional stature of their author(s) and that advance the University's scholarly, academic, and public service missions. This policy governs the respective ownership rights of the University and its employees in copyrightable material produced within the scope of employment. The intention of this policy is that the University will not assert its ownership interest in copyrightable scholarly and academic works created by academic and research faculty who use generally available University resources. The University asserts its ownership interest in copyrightable works, however, if significant University resources (including sponsor-provided funds) are used in the creation of the work and: (a) the work generates royalty payments; or (b) the work is of commercial value that can be realized by University marketing efforts. In such cases, the University will share royalties with the author(s). The University's share of royalties from copyrightable works will be used by the Vice President for Research and Public Service to support research, teaching, and scholarly activities.

In cases where the provisions of this policy state that the University cedes copyright ownership to the author(s), it is the intention that such ownership will be ceded to the author(s) by operation of this policy without further action by the University.


DEFINITION

Copyright is a form of protection provided by the laws of the United States to "original works of authorship" including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works, whereby copyright owners may claim, for a limited time, certain exclusive rights to specified works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works and gives the copyright owner the exclusive right to reproduce, distribute, sell, perform, display, or prepare derivatives of the work, and to protect a copyright against infringement. Copyright protection does not extend to an idea, procedure, process, slogan, principle, or discovery.


OWNERSHIP

Work-for-Hire Rule

The "work-for-hire" rule, defined in the Copyright Act, provides that when an employee produces a copyrightable work within the scope of employment, the copyright to that work belongs to the employer and not to the author.

Employee Ownership

The employee owns the rights to any work created at his or her own initiative and outside the scope, time, and place of employment.

The University cedes copyright ownership to the author(s) of scholarly and academic works (such as journal articles, books, and papers) created by academic and research faculty who use generally available University resources. However, the University asserts its right of copyright ownership if significant University resources (including sponsor-provided funds) are used in the creation of such works, and: (a) the work generates royalty payments; or (b) the work is of commercial value that can be realized by University marketing efforts.

Use of the University's name in connection with the commercialization of a faculty work must be approved in advance by the University.

University Ownership

By operation of the copyright law, the University owns in the name of The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia (the University's corporate name) all rights, title and interest in copyrightable works created by University employees while acting within the scope of their employment. The University cedes copyright ownership to the author(s) of scholarly and academic works (such as journal articles, books, and papers) created by academic and research faculty who use generally available University resources. However, University asserts its right of copyright ownership if significant University resources (including sponsor-provided funds) are used in the creation of such works, and: (a) the work generates royalty payments; or (b) the work is of commercial value that can be realized by University marketing efforts.

Even in cases where the University retains copyright ownership under this policy, it may cede such ownership to the work's author(s) by written agreement signed by the Vice President for Research and Public Service and approved by the appropriate Provost.

The University retains a non-exclusive, royalty-free right to use for non-commercial purposes works produced by its employees while acting within the scope of employment even if copyright ownership is ceded to the author(s).

The University may assign its copyright ownership for purposes of commercialization.


ELABORATION

"Significant" University Resources

The use of University resources is "significant" when it entails substantial and dedicated use of University equipment, facilities, or personnel. The use of a computer in a faculty office, incidental supplies, and occasional use of University personnel or shared facilities would typically not be considered significant use. In contrast, utilization of University laboratories or special instrumentation, dedicated assistance by University employees, special financial assistance, or extensive use of shared facilities would constitute significant use.

Sponsor-Supported Effort

Funds and facilities provided by governmental, commercial, industrial, or other private organizations which are administered and controlled by the University shall be considered University resources for purposes of this policy.

Sponsors and Contracts

When under the terms of a contract with the University a sponsor obtains copyright ownership in any copyrightable work that may result from the sponsored effort, that contract takes precedence over this policy. If the sponsor does not assert an ownership interest, copyright ownership vest with the University as provided in this policy.


RESPONSIBILITIES

Vice President for Research and Public Service

The Vice President for Research and Public Service is responsible for the implementation and administration of this copyright policy and for securing and marketing copyrights in the University's name and shall:

  • Develop standards and procedures appropriate for the implementation of this policy.

  • Determine if significant University resources have been used in the creation of a copyrightable work.

  • Determine whether and under what conditions to cede copyright ownership to the author(s) of a work owned by the University under this policy. Promptly advise authors of decisions regarding copyright ownership.

  • Determine whether copyrights owned by the University are marketable, and if so, ensure that appropriate marketing steps are taken on behalf of the University.

  • Establish guidelines for distribution of royalties when the University owns a copyright.

  • Distribute royalties accruing to the University as a result of the implementation of this policy.

  • Make a finding as to ownership in any case where the rights of the University and of an employee appear to be in conflict and report such finding to the appropriate Vice President and Provost for final resolution.

The Vice President and Provost

Within their designated areas of responsibility, the Vice President and Provost of the University and the Vice President and Provost of Health Sciences shall:

  • Approve standards and procedures developed by the Vice President for Research and Public Service for implementation of the copyright policy.

  • At the written request of an aggrieved party or on the Provost's own motion, review determinations by the Vice President for Research and Public Service of ownership of a copyright.

  • Affirm, modify, or reject determinations of copyright ownership made by the Vice President for Research and Public Service, or make such determinations outright if the Vice President for Research and Public Service does not resolve the matter in a timely manner.

  • Conduct an annual review of the copyright program with the Vice President for Research and Public Service.


II.A. Vice President's Remarks

ACTION REQUIRED: None

The Vice President and Provost will utilize this portion of the Educational Policy Committee meeting to inform the Board of Visitors of recent events which do not require formal action, but of which they should be made aware.

II.B. Faculty Senate Update

ACTION REQUIRED: None

The Chair of the Faculty Senate will use this portion of the Educational Policy Committee meeting to brief the Board of Visitors about recent events which do not require formal action, but of which they should be made aware.


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