Previous Events, 2003

Explaining Tuskegee: Eugenics, Public Health and the University of Virginia
November 11, 2003

This panel will be led by Professor Paul Lombardo from the Institute of Law and Psychiatry and Gregory Dorr, Ph.D. candidate in the History Department. The roundtable considers the role of the University of Virginia and the physicians trained here in the infamous Tuskegee Study of “Untreated Syphilis in the Male Negro.” It offers insight into the institutional and bureaucratic factors that enabled the study to continue for forty years and explores the relationships among the “public health” model of eugenics research that was taught at the University of Virginia, the physicians trained in that model and the Tuskegee and related studies.

“The Cemeteries Are Filling:” Facing AIDS in Africa
October 30, 2003

Join us for multimedia presentations and discussion based on the work of Bethany Garrison and Edmund Etheridge, two undergraduate students who spent this past summer in hospices in South Africa.

We have read the media reports. We have heard the statistics. We have seen the photos. But what does AIDS in Africa really look like? Bethany Garrison , a 2nd year Religious Studies major, undertakes an ethical analysis of prevention, treatment, and care of hiv in Africa as well as addresses the issue of whether it is more efficacious to provide funding for treatment or prevention.

Edmund Etheridge is a 4th studying English and Religious Studies. A Harrison Research award winner, and intern at the U.Va Center for Palliative Care, he recently traveled to Grahamstown, South Africa to research HIV/AIDS palliation, and complete the photo-documentary “The Faces of AIDS: The Grahamstown Hospice Project.”
The collection of photographs — many of faces — and interviews by patients and hospice workers take us beyond the collective statistics with which we are all familiar into illness, poverty, risk, struggle, faith and love, and raise probing moral and ethical questions. What does AIDS look like in South Africa? Who is affected and what kinds of care are available? How are local health institutions and social services meeting the challenge of so many sick and dying persons, so many impoverished families, so many orphaned children? Where are the prospects for individuals and communities deeply affected by the AIDS pandemic? Where does hope reside? What should be the role of the rest of the developed world in helping South Africans address the pandemic and the suffering it has brought? Edmund’s faculty sponsor for the project is Dr. Carlos Gomez, who chairs the U.Va Center for Palliative Care, has written extensively on palliative medicine and ethics, and recently appeared on Bill Moyers’ series, “Dying on Our Terms” on PBS.

Suggested readings:
The Cost of HIV Prevention and Treatment Interventions in South Africa
Nathan Geffen, Nicoli Nattrass and Chris Raubenheimer
What is Hospice and Palliative Care?

Refreshments will be provided.

For more information, please contact Elizabeth Argeris at argeris@virginia.edu

Memory and the Topography of Terror: Debating a National Holocaust Memorial for Germany.
October 28, 2003

The object of this discussion are the recent and current debates in Germany concerning the commemoration of the Holocaust. The roundtable will focus on a variety of discursive formations and reflections upon the act of commemoration, its embodiments and its relation to violence. Roundtable Participants: Volker Kaiser, Department of German Langauge and Literatures Marta Hanewald, Department of German Langauge and Literatures Susanne Bach, Department of German Langauge and Literatures Alon Confino, Department of History and discussant, Richard Handler, Department of Anthropology Readings Include: Sigmund Freud, “Mourning and Melancholia”, Chapter VIII from General Psychological Theory: Papers on Metapsychology James E. Young, “Memory and Monument” from “Bitburg in Moral and Political Perspective,” Geoffrey Hantman, ed. Theodor Adorno, “What does coming to terms with the past mean?”

Center Celebration
April 22, 2003

Planning is currently underway for a culminating dinner. Details to come– but for now plan on attending a Center dinner on Monday, April 28th, at around 4:30-6pm! Share thoughts about the past year over pizza with fellow students, graduate students, and faculty members. Now’s also a great time to start planning for next year!

If you are interested in becoming involved with the Center, please contact R.S. Khare, Center director.

The Culture(s) of Human Rights: Regional Issues
April 16, 2003
The title of the roundtable is “The Culture(s) of Human Rights: Regional Issues” and is an opportunity to continue the discussion begun last month at the previous roundtable. If you weren’t able to attend last month, please feel free to come April 16th as we have a new round of speakers and new issues to deal with. The participants and their areas of specialty are listed below. Michael Smith, Professor of Government and Foreign Affairs Abdulkader Tayob, Visiting Professor of Religious Studies (U. of Cape Town/UVA) Arun Rao, Government and Foreign Affairs, Human Rights and Kashmir Identity Cristopher J. Colvin, Department of Anthropology, South Africa’s TRC

Religion, Violence, and Human Rights Part II: Live Issues with Difficult Paradoxes
March 27, 2003

Panelists:
Dustin Batson, on National Churches and Elected Peoples: Issues of Collective Responsibility
Rebeen Pasha, on Issues of Ethnic Violence in Kurdistan, N. Iraq
Austen Givens, on The Paradox of Ethnic Conflict: Kurdish/Turkish Tensions in Turkey
Amy Nichols-Belo, on Reproductive Rights as Human Rights: Issues in Tanzania
Jamie B. Falik, on Women, Sexual Violence, and the Media: The 2002 Communal Riots of Gujarat

Faculty Discussants:
Professor Yuri Urbanovich, Dept. of Politics
Professor Anna Bigelow, Dept. of Religious Studies
Professor R. S. Khare, Dept. of Anthropology

Light refreshments will be served. Part of Human Rights Awareness Week 2003 sponsored by Amnesty International at UVA.

For more information, please e-mail rsk3m@virginia.edu

Ethical Issues and Environmental Impact
February 24, 2003

A roundtable discussion by faculty and students on the conflicts of economic development and environmental sustainability with Patricia H. Werhane, Ruffin Professor of Business Ethics and Senior Fellow, Ollson Center at the Darden School of Business Professor Werhane will be presenting her view on “Environmentally Sustainable Business and the Rashomon Effect,” dealing with the role free enterprise plays in the overconsumption and degradation of natural resources and the responsibility it has in rethinking strategies for environmentally sustainable business.

Religion, Violence and Human Rights: Diverse Directions, Unsettling Issues
February 20, 2003

Panelists
Professor Anna Bigelow, Department of Religious Studies
Yuri Urbanovich, Senior Faculty Fellow, International Residential College, and Adjunct Professor, Department of Politics
David Strohl, Department of Anthropology, graduate student
Asiya Malik, Department of Anthropology, graduate student
Rebeen Pasha, Interdisciplinary/International Health, undergraduate student
Dustin Batson, Depts. of Religious Studies and Politics, undergraduate student

Moderated by R.S. Khare, Center Director, Dept. of Anthropology

Speaking on:
Asiya Malik: I am going to broadly focus on women and human rights and its intersection with religious/religious practices and culture. Case studies I will discuss are from India and Nigeria (the stoning of women for commiting adultery, most notably the recent case of Amina Lawal 2000-2002).

Yuri Urbanovich: I am planning to speak about Stalin’s WWII period deportations of certain ethnic groups and how in some cases it is still an unsettling question.

David Strohl: The notion of individual human rights often does not translate across cultural or national boundaries. This problematic notion, however, is of central importance to efforts by international and local organizations working to prevent communal violence. I will look at the use of human rights discourses in the wake of the disastrous communal riots in Gujarat, India.

Rebeen Pasha: Will be speaking of personal experiences of growing up and surviving Iran-Iraq War, Gulf War, the Kurdish Liberation Revolt, and numerous civil wars in Northern Iraq. Rebeen will also draw on experiences of human rights abuses by the government and its effects not only on the individual but also in shaping society. The use of
religion to manipuslate the masses and/or legitimize crimes against humanity by the secular Ba’th regime will also be a focus of his talk on living in Northern Iraq pre-1996.

Dustin Batson: Religion as totemism in the Balkan wars of the 1990′s; viewing genocide and torture in a Christological context.

Discussion and light refreshments to follow panel.

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