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UVa Center for International Studies Global Activities Grant Request Form

Please provide the following information when requesting funds from the CIS for global activities that are relevant to UVa's global mission:

1. Your name, title, department or unit, and contact information:

Brantly Womack, Professor,
Politics Dept.
Collge of Arts and Sciences

2. The type of grant you are applying for

University research initiatives or research groups

3. A detailed description of this project/activity including the purpose, participants, location, dates and other relevant information:

Workshop Proposal
Rethinking the Triangle: Washington-Beijing-Taipei
March 26-28, 2013, UVA


Taiwan's future is with China, not against China. However, no new image of the triangular relationship of Washington, Beijing, and Taipei has replaced the security triangle formed in the Cold War era. The purpose of this workshop is to explore a new paradigm for these interrelationships based on inclusiveness and opportunity rather than each hedging against increasingly unlikely crises.

Taiwan will neither be remolded into a uniform part of China nor will it achieve global recognition as a sovereign state, yet its options are often reduced to either reunification or independence. Taiwan's economy is already well integrated into that of the Mainland as well as into the global economy, and it has the advantage, unique in East Asia, of cultural and social fluency with China, the United States, and Japan. Taiwan's ambiguous but not unstable status as a self-governing part of China creates a familiar and secure base for global East Asian activities especially in innovation and knowledge. Taiwan's location should be viewed as an opportunity. Rather than seeing Taiwan as a security liability, the US should use it as a compatible point of contact to East Asia.

The workshop centers on three papers by leading scholars from each place that will present a future-oriented triangular model from the respective vantage points of Washington, Beijing, and Taipei but acceptable in principle to all three sides. Three distinguished discussants will add the perspectives of Hong Kong/Macau, Japan, and Europe on the triangle and its transformation. Public presentations at the Miller Center chaired by major figures in the history of the Triangle will provide an opportunity for a general discussion of the panelists thoughts on the triangle. Participation by UVA faculty, classes and student organizations will ensure a lively and informed dialogue between panelists and the audience.

After the workshop, the three core papers and the commentaries of the discussants will be published, and the recorded public presentation will be available on the Miller Center's website and its PBS outlets. We hope to arrange appropriate book launchings in Washington and Taipei. We expect that the workshop will be a major intellectual and policy-related event at UVA, and one that will eventually have a broader international impact.

The workshop is funded by the University of Virginia's East Asia Center, Miller Center, College of Arts and Sciences, Vice Provost for Global Affairs (pending), and the Politics Department.

Workshop agenda:
The agenda of the workshop will include two public events. First, a presentation at the Miller Center that will explain the new paradigm and its significance to a general audience. This will be an important challenge for the presenters because they must be able to articulate their program clearly and credibly to an intelligent but non-specialist American audience. The simulcast and video recording of the Miller Center presentation would make possible an even broader media audience. The second public event will be a more academic and specialized presentation/seminar at the Miller Center under the aegis of the East Asia Center where the specifics of the rethinking can be explored. The discussants will play a major role in the second event, and it is hoped that its audience will have come to the earlier Miller Center presentation or have watched the simulcast. Chairing the events will be Admiral Joseph Prueher, who was Commander in Chief of the US Pacific Command during the Strait Crises of 1995-6 and later ambassador to China, and David Dean, who opened the American Institute of Taiwan, the office that replaced the US Embassy when recognition was switched to the PRC in 1979. Students from relevant classes will have read the papers and will participate actively in the discussion. Together, the two events will amount to a mini-conference on rethinking the triangular relationship.

The three paper presenters have committed to preparing drafts by early February, and the discussants have committed to having drafts of their commentaries by the time of the workshop. They have agreed to length expectations of 10,000 and 5,000 words respectively. If revisions can be completed by the end of May, then it would be possible to publish a 50,000 word book by the end of the year.

Paper presenters (all confirmed):

  • Brantly Womack (CK Yen Chair, Miller Center, and Professor of Foreign Affairs, U. of Virginia)
  • REN Xiao (Director, Center for the Study of Chinese Foreign Policy, Fudan University, Shanghai)
  • LENG Tse-Kang (Professor, Academia Sinica and National Chengchi University, Taiwan)

Discussants (all confirmed)

  • HAO Yufan (Dean of Arts and Sciences, U. of Macau)
  • Francoise MENGIN, Director of Research, Institut d'études politiques de Paris [Sciences Po], Paris
  • Takashi SEKIYAMA, Director, Institute for International Cooperation Policy, Meiji University, and Research Fellow, Tokyo Foundation
  • Chair morning session
  • Admiral Joseph Prueher (confirmed)
  • Chair afternoon session
  • David Dean (confirmed)

Monday 3/25 presenters arrive
Tuesday 3/26 closed workshop of presenters; discussants arrive
Wednesday 3/27 closed workshop, presenters, discussants and chairs
Thursday 3/28 Open conference, 2 different sessions. Morning Miller Center forum session, afternoon seminar-style discussion at Miller Center.
Friday 3/29 departure

The follow-up international conference at the Miller Center will seek funding from American and Taiwanese sources. We will begin immediately to look for conference funding in order to minimize the time between the workshop and the conference, and we will aim for a conference date in late 2013 or Spring 2014. Professor Wang Jenn-Hwan (王振寰. Executive Director of the Top University Program Office 顶尖大学计划办公室 and of the Center for Chinese Studies 中国大陆研究中心 at National Chengchi University) has already expressed an interest in sponsoring a related conference in Taipei, and to complete the triangle of conferences we would encourage one in Shanghai as well. These conferences would develop the ideas of the workshop into a major focus of discussion in Washington-Beijing-Taipei relations.

4. A brief statement on how the project contributes to UVa Center for International Studies' mission, and/or how it has the potential to deepen global learning:

We hope that the workshop accomplishes two purposes. First, it contributes to the formulation of a clear and coherent set of principles for an inclusive triangular relationship in which each bilateral relationship is opportunity-driven and the missing partner does not feel threatened. This would be a major contribution to Asian and global security. The papers will present detailed analyses of the possibility of triangular inclusiveness from the point of view of each partner, with the ultimate target being a model acceptable to all sides. The discussants will add the very valuable dimension of the global significance of reframing the triangle as well as their own judgments and criticisms of the individual presentations.

Second, we hope that the workshop will help establish University of Virginia as the leading American center for constructive and inclusive US-Taiwan relations. It should be a major step toward building a UVA program focused on contemporary Taiwan as an interrelated part of the Asian and world political economies.

5. An itemized overall budget and amount requested from CIS:


6. Sources of co-funding (pending and/or received):