East Asia CenterNewsletter On-line

The University of Virgina
east asia center
April 2000

Kinney Named 2000-2002
East Asia Center Director

The East Asia Center is pleased to announce the appointment of Anne Behnke Kinney as Director of the East Asia Center for a two-year term commencing in May.  Kinney is Associate Professor of Chinese in the Division of Asian and Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures.  Her areas of specialization are Chinese literature and cultural history. She is the author of The Art of the Han Essay and Chinese Views of Childhood (editor and contributor). She has also published articles in journals such as T'oung Pao, Early China, and Archaeology.  At present, her research is centered on the literature and cultural history of early China, with special emphasis on gender and the cultural connotations of childhood.  She is also at work on a complete annotated translations of Qianfu lun for Yale University Press and Lienu zhuan (Traditions of Exemplary Women).

During her tenure at the University of Virginia, Kinney has also been active in the development of new materials for the teaching of Chinese literature, including two internet projects developed in collaboration with Alderman Library, Chinese Literature in Translation (http://faculty.virginia.edu/cll/chinese_literature) and the Lienu zhuan section of the Chinese Text Initiative (http://etext.virginia.edu/Chinese).  (See the November 1999 EAC Newsletter for more information on these projects.)  Kinney hopes to continue supporting such innovative projects during her time as EAC Director, while also further enhancing the role of East Asia at the University through activities such as the East Asia Center Lecture Series and the Weedon Travel Grant program.

Kinney replaces outgoing EAC Director, Leonard J. Schoppa of the Department of Government and Foreign Affairs.  Schoppa, whose three-year term ends this month, presided over a particularly active period for the East Asia Center which saw the inauguration of a new lecture series (the semi-annual East Asia Distinguished Lecture Series), increases in support from and participation in EAC activities by alumni and community members, strong support for innovative projects for improving teaching in East Asian studies, and growth in the number and diversity of public lectures sponsored by the program.

East Asia Center and Related Events
Spring 2000

Fri. & Sat. April 7-8  Third Annual Buddhist Studies Graduate Conference.  Sponsored by the Graduate
Student  Council of the University of Virginia, the East Asia Center, the Center for South Asian Studies, the
Department of Religious Studies, and the Dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.  See below for details.

Thursday, April 13 Nicolas Tournadre, Paris 8 University and CNRS. “A Pandialectal Approach to Tibetan
Through the Literary Language.” Minor Hall 225, 4:00 pm.  Co-sponsored by the Department of Religious Studies.

Fri. & Sat. April 21-22 “Asian Scholarship in Politically-Charged Environments” See the conference web page
for details.   Session 1:  Friday 2:00-5:00 pm, Minor 225.  Session 2:  Saturday 9:00am-12:00pm, Rotunda West
Oval Room.  Session 3:  Saturday 2:00-5:00 pm, Rotunda West Oval Room.

Friday, April 28 Norma Field, Department of East Asian Languages, University of Chicago.    “Japan Under the
Knife of Globalization:  Why Freddie the Leaf and Don't Buy It are Best Sellers.” Newcomb Hall 168, 2:00 pm.
Co-sponsored by the Division of Asian and Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures.

Tuesday, May 2 2000-Nen Sai.  (Year 2000 Festival)  Japanese language students show their final projects; perform skits,  a quiz show, and songs in Japanese; discuss their experiences in Japan; and make cultural presentations.  Minor Hall Auditorium, 5:00 - 7:30pm.  See below for more details.

Chinese Corner

The Chinese Corner provides a non-threatening environment for practicing Chinese conversation with native speakers of Chinese.  All interested UVA faculty and students and other community members in the Charlottesville area are welcome to attend.  At each meeting there will be an assigned topic pertaining to everyday life.  Light snacks will be served.  Remaining Spring 2000 meetings will be on April 7 and 14.

Japanese Conversation Hours

For students of Japanese interested in practicing their Japanese in a relaxed environment, two sets of conversation hours are available.  UVA’s Japanese language faculty holds its conversation hour every other Thursday from 4:30 to 5:30 pm in the Backroom on the first floor of Newcomb Hall.  Remaining dates this semester are April 6 and 20.  The Japanese Club sponsors an additional conversation hour on Thursday evenings from 7:00-8:00 pm in the same location.

International Norms, Ambivalence, and Compliance
in Japan’s New Child Sex Laws

On February 25, Professor David Leheny of the University of Wisconsin-Madison presented his current research on Japanese child sex laws at a public lecture sponsored by UVa’s East Asia Center.

In the 1990s, said Leheny, Japan came under strong international criticism for its relatively weak and laxly enforced laws against child pornography and prostitution.  The initial outcry arose as a result of the proliferation of “sex tourism” in Southeast Asia by Japanese businessmen, but quickly grew to focus as well on Japanese child pornography available the worldwide internet.  In 1999 new laws were passed to bring Japan into closer compliance with international norms.  However, Leheny is convinced that the international pressures that resulted in the initial proposal of the laws were quite different from the reasons for which they were passed.

Some international relations theorists look to international forces to explain domestic political developments.  In the case of the new, more stringent Japanese child sex laws, political scientists using this approach contend that international pressures on Japan resulted in the passage of these laws.  Leheny argues, however, that domestic issues led to the passage of a law that, while ostensibly dealing with child pornography and prostitution, were actually more directed at the practice of enjo kosai or “compensated dating.”

 Enjo kosai has been frequently referred to as “schoolgirl prostitution” by the Western media, but in many (perhaps most) cases does not involve actual sex.  Rather, schoolgirls dressed in their sailor-suit uniforms are paid large sums by “salarymen” for their company at meals or karaoke bars.  As the practice became more and more common in the 1990s, it came to be seen as a major social problem confronting the nation; school girls were turning into “greedy harlots who would eventually become bad wives and mothers.”  (Leheny notes that little of the protest centered around the potential harm to the girls themselves.)  The rhetoric surrounding the problem quickly became entangled with the outcry over Japanese sex tourism and internet child pornography created in Japan using Southeast Asian children.

According to Leheny, the laws that were eventually passed were viewed on the international scene as finally bringing the “pariah state” into compliance with international standards. On the domestic level, however,  the laws that were passed were generally presented in the context of enjo kosai in order to sell them more easily to the conservative Liberal Democratic Party which dominated the ruling coalition.  Because the new laws primarily penalize the businessmen who participate in enjo kosai, Leheny argues that the authorities will be reluctant to strongly enforce them.  As a result, Leheny worries that the enforcement of the human rights aspects of the new laws designed to protect Southeast Asia children will also be lax.

East Asia Center Job Opening

The East Asia Center would like to hire an Assistant to the Director to begin work late this spring or at the end of the summer, (with training taking place in late April or early May).  This job has previously been performed by a graduate student who is early in his/her studies so that the individual can continue in the job for at least two years, including some summer work.  It requires 10-15 hours of work a week, at $10 an hour. Duties include managing the East Asia Center office and overseeing the work of one or two staff, providing administrative support (including completion of financial paperwork), assistance with the Center's programs (especially the speakers series, MA program, and newsletter), and maintaining the East Asia Center's web pages.  Candidates with computing skills and some knowledge of website management are preferred, although training in the latter can be provided by current staff members.  The assistant would work with the new center director, Chinese literature professor Anne Kinney. Please contact Karen Cox (karen_cox@virginia.edu) as soon as possible if you are interested in applying for the position.

UVA Adopts the Digital Tibetan and Himalayan Library
as Its First “Information Community”

 The University of Virginia Library has formally adopted The Digital Tibetan and Himalayan Library (http://www.lib.virginia.edu/infocom/tibet/) as its first "information community" to be supported by its Digital Library Research and Development project directed by Thornton Staples.  The project consists of five different digital components based at various technical centers at the University of Virginia, including the Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities (IATH), Robertson Media Center/Digital Media Lab (DML), Geospatial and Statistical Data Center, and Arts and Sciences Center for Instructional Technology (ASCIT).

The undertaking is formally maintained and supported by  the University of Virginia Library's  Digital Library Research and Development Department as one of its first information communities exploring the nature of digital collections in the twenty first century.  While the Digital Library project is dealing with its overall design to ensure interoperability between its various components, the individual components continue to be developed and refined by IATH, DML and so forth.  The infrastructure of the Library consists of a home page explaining the various components, XML-based modes of access and tools interlinking the different resources, and an advisory board to guide the coordination of the various components.

The Library creates original materials from Tibet in the form of video, images, maps, texts, translations, academic studies and academic reference materials, publishes these materials, and provides digital tools for interactional learning and research.  The collections include academic and popular reference materials that will be updated constantly by the international scholarly community, as well as a major electronic journal.  It thus serves as a model for working out the concept, organization and execution of evolving new digital libraries.

The Library aims to create an information community based on the geographical, cultural and linguistic regions associated with Tibetan culture.  An information community consists of people (authors, publishers and users), collections (texts, images, videos), and tools provided for interaction with those collections. The Library provides the technological, administrative and organizational infrastructure, but relies on individual scholars and collaborative projects to fill in the content of the collection, beginning with major collaborative projects in Tibetan Studies already based at UVA.  Digital publication is thus at the heart of the Library, which provides individuals and groups with digital tools as a framework for collaborative research that can then be published within the Library.  Common designs, modes of access and optimal interactivity will enable users to move fluidly across different resources and to interlink them.  The project seeks to create a new community that will integrate scholars from different disciplines (from botany to literature), and different cultures (from Asia to America), and create links between scholars and the wider public.

The Library consists of five separate components:  The Samantabhadra Archives, The Dhrawa Project, The Encyclopedia of Tibet, The Electronic Journal of Tibetan Studies, and Tibetan Studies Resources.  Each of these is designed so as to solicit, help generate, and publish collaborative data on a domestic and international scale.  The Samantabhadra Archives deals with Tibetan literature (cataloging, reproduction, translation, scholarship), while The Dhrawa Project deals with Tibetan culture and environment through the integrated use of maps, texts, images and videos.  The latter also is developing new generations of language instructional material that is purely digital in nature. The Encyclopedia of Tibet, then, is being designed as a comprehensive reference resource on Tibetan individuals, places, movements, terms, etc., while The Electronic Journal of Tibetan Studies is intended to be one of the primary journals of Tibetan Studies in the world.  Finally,  Tibetan Studies Resources is a collection of smaller tools, resources and databases designed to facilitate communication, exchange, and project building among all scholars, students and others interested in Tibet.

In addition to projects based at UVA which solicit and organize collaborative input and materials from across the world, it is anticipated that independent projects with their own funding streams will bring funds and materials to support the Library's expansion.  An example is John Flower’s US Information Agency funded project  "Preserving Living Traditions" on Tibetan folk music, which The Dhrawa Project is supporting with staff from the Digital Media Lab both in procuring original material in Tibet in the form of digital audio and video recordings, and in processing and organizing those materials digitally back in the United States.   The end result will be a new Tibetan Music collection within the Library.  A second example is Fondren Library at Rice University's expansion of The Samantabhadra Archives to include Bon textual collections through paying for staff based at IATH, and perhaps at Rice itself.  A third example is the recent Department of Education three-year grant awarded for further project fieldwork in Tibet and a two-year National Endowment for the Humanities grant for The Samantabhadra Archives portion of the Library.  (See the Faculty and Student News section on page 11 for further details.) A fourth example is collaborative work between UVa Tibetan experts and Karl Ryavec, a geographer at the University of Minnesota with whom we are working to create a series of GIS-based digital maps of Tibet.   In addition to these external projects, the UVA-based Samantabhadra Archives and The Dhrawa Project both will be generating massive amounts of organized data that will be incorporated into the Library.

 Ryûichi Abé:  “Textile Metaphor and Reading Kukai’s Texts:
Tantric Buddhism in Japan”

On Friday, March 3,  Ryûichi Abé came to the University of Virginia to discuss his most recent publication, The Weaving of the Mantra: Kukai and the Construction of Esoteric Buddhist Discourse.  In introducing the speaker, Professor Paul Groner  noted the importance of Abé’s work for our understanding of Japanese Buddhism.

Kukai (774-835), known by his posthumous title as Kobo Daishi, is commonly known as the founder of Shingon Japanese Esoteric Buddhism. For a biographical overview of Kukai please see http://www.asunam.com/kukai_page.htm

Abé criticized Japanese-language scholarship on Kukai as monotonous and “boring” narratives.  The Kukai literature, he complained,  also tended to overlook the wide variety of folk stories in which  Kukai takes on many different manifestations, from folk hero and inventor of Kanji to the founder of a religious sect.  Abé’s approach was to to create a more holistic picture based upon medieval stories about Kukai combined with analysis of the writing’s attributed to him.

Abé underscored  Kukai’s  impact on 9th century Japanese society.  At a time when Confucian discourse dominated Japan, Kukai developed a “voice” for Buddhism.  Professor Abé underlined Kukai’s use of textile metaphors to convey and establish Buddhist teachings.  For example, Kukai defined sutra as a means of weaving or stringing silken threads.  The “silken threads” or sutras combined to form a “brocade” or a myriad of Buddhas expressing their colors. Abé also emphasized the complexity of Kukai’s theories on esoteric Buddhism and his understanding of linguistics, describing how Kukai’s early theories of linguistics mesh with contemporary linguistic theories. Kukai’s promotion of Buddhism, argued Abé, helped usher in a dynamic change from the Confucian legal code to Buddhism as Japanese state orthodoxy.

Summer School Courses on East Asia

GFCP 424B Democracy in East Asia
Guo, Xuezhi
MTWRF 1300-1515
07/14/2000 - 08/11/2000

This course considers the political experiences of East Asian countries in light of theories about democracy and democratization.  This course will conduct a survey of political dynamics in East Asia and seek answer to such important questions as: How is democracy conceived of and realized in East Asia?  To what extent do the processes and problems of democracy differ when cultural and historical background vary? Can democracy work in East Asia?

HIEA 206 Korean Culture and Institutions:  14th-21st Centuries
Dimberg, R. G.
MTWRF  1030-1245
06/13/2000 - 07/12/2000

Students enrolled in HIEA 206 will study the history of Korea from the late 14th century through the end of the 20th century:  the rise of the Yi Dynasty (1392-1910), changes wrought by the full-scale Confucianization of Korean society, the unfolding and ultimate collapse of the unique relationship between the Yi court and Ming/Ching China, challenges to the territorial integrity of Korea in the late 19th century, the rise of Korean nationalism, Japanese colonization (1910-1945), post-World War II social, political, and economic developments, and the role of Christianity throughout the 20th century.  Reading material for the course will include Korea Old and New; Sources of Korean Tradition; State and Society in Contemporary Korea; Lost Names:  Scenes from a Korean Boyhood; excerpts from such books as Law and the State in Traditional East Asia and The Four Little Dragons:  The Spread of Industrialization in East Asia; and articles from scholarly journals.  In addition to assigned reading students will be required to read and then write a critical review of a book selected from a list provided by the course instructor. The course grade will be based on the review essay (25%), a midterm examination (25%), and the final examination (50%).  HIEA 206 is a lecture course, but discussion during class is invited and encouraged.  The course is open to all students regardless of academic level or major.

RELB 500S Literary & Spoken Tibetan I
Magee, William
MTWRF 0915-1215; 1330-1600
06/13/2000 - 08/11/2000

RELB 501S Literary & Spoken Tibetan II
Magee, William
MTWRF 0915-1215
06/13/2000 - 08/11/2000

New Fall 2000 Course on Chinese Poetry

CHTR 321 Chinese Literature in Translation:  Introduction to Chinese Poetry
Kinney, Anne Behnke
TR 1100-1215

“Poetry is light within darkness.  Chinese poetry is light within light.”

CHTR 201 introduces the art of Chinese poetry from the earliest period (ca. sixth century B.C.) to the thirteenth century A.D. through English-language translations of China's greatest masterpieces.  This course will familiarize students with the most important figures in the history of Chinese poetry, such as Li Po, Tu Fu and Su Shi, as well as the major forms of poetic expression:  the shi (poem), the fu (rhyme-prose or rhapsody), the ci (lyric meter), and the yuefu, (ballad).  Special attention will be devoted to the golden age of Chinese poetry, the Tang Dynasty.  This course will also explore the deep impact Chinese poetry has had on the writing of American twentieth-century poets.   Required Text:  Watson, Burton.  The Columbia Book of Chinese Poetry from Early Times to the Thirteenth Century (New York:  Columbia University Press, 1984)  Contact Prof. Kinney for more information.  Office hours:  T 1215-1430 & R 845-930, B-22 Cabell.  E-mail:  aeb2n@virginia.edu.  Phone:  924-3303.  Course Website:   Course Website: http://faculty.virginia.edu/cll/chinese_literature/watson/CBtoc.htm

  Teaching English in China and Japan

In  Life on the Mississippi, Mark Twain writes, “Four years at West Point, and plenty of books and schooling, will learn a man a great deal, I reckon, but it won't learn him the river.”  In other words, a formal education is valuable, but real understanding can only come from  experience.  Those of us who seek to understand East Asia must immerse ourselves in the society, polity, and economy of an alien culture. The cost of such an undertaking can be prohibitive.   Students may, however, overcome these difficulties by becoming English language teachers in the country of their specialization.

There are a number of organizations and resources available to help the prospective English language teacher along his or her way.  One of the oldest and most respected of these the Japanese Exchange and Teaching (JET) Program, sponsored by the Japanese government. Created in 1987, JET offers two basic types of positions.  CIRs (Coordinators for International Relations) are employed by government institutions and offices to edit and translate texts, implement international exchange programs, interpret at special events, and make language and cultural presentations.  On the other hand  ALTs, (Assistant Language Teachers) work with Japanese teachers of English, preparing teaching materials, coordinating English language activities, assisting in teacher-training, and engaging in local cultural exchange activities.  For more information, please visit the East Asia Center or write to the JET Program, Embassy of Japan, 2520 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008.

For those interested in China, the Council on International Educational Exchange (CIEE) oversees the Teach in China program.  Volunteers are assigned to teach English in Chinese universities, colleges or high schools.  They receive a 7-day residential training and orientation course and transportation to the orientation site in Beijing and from Beijing to the place where they will be teaching  There they are given a private on-campus accommodation and a salary of at least 1500 RMB (ca. US $185) per month to cover food, travel and other needs. CIEE  reimburses expenses for the return flight home on completion of a 10 month contract.  There is, however a catch.  CIEE charges  US citizens a $1000 fee for its five month program and a $1,115 fee for the ten month program.  The fee covers all the above-mentioned  services  For more information visit the CIEE website at http://www.councilexchanges.org/work/ticfacts.htm.

If you have further questions about either of these programs, contact them directly or visit  the EAC for detailed information. For other teaching abroad  programs, information is available from the EAC or from  the following websites:

English Language Teaching and Learning

ESL Magazine Online

ESL Teaching Website

U.S. State Department

~ 2000 NEN SAI / Year 2000 FESTIVAL ~
Tuesday, May 2
5:30-7:30 pm, Minor Hall Auditorium
Festival T-Shirt Designs Solicited

Japanese language students will show their final projects; perform skits, a quiz show, and songs in Japanese; discuss their experiences in Japan; and make cultural presentations.  T-shirt designs are currently being solicited.  Designs should incorporate Japanese culture, Japanese language, and perhaps the spirit of the new millennium.  A free T-shirt will be awarded for the best design.  T-shirts are available for pre-paid order only.  For more information e-mail Phil Han (sh4v@virginia.edu) or Tomoko  Marshall (tm5x@virginia.edu).

Japan:  Economic Reform or Déjà vu?

 In 1997 a New York Times column claimed that the Japanese  had recognized the failure of their economic system and were in the process of  adopting the American model.  According to East Asia Center guest speaker Edward Lincoln of the Brookings Institution, this proposition is both incorrect and arrogant.

In his February 22 lecture, Lincoln asked the basic question, what is different about Japan?  Fundamentally, Japan, like the United States, is capitalist; government ownership and control of the economy is relatively limited.  However, Japanese capitalism remains quite different from American and European capitalism in six major respects:  (1) Labor markets are much less volatile,  characterized by steep seniority pay scales, promotion from within, and lifetime employment for 20-30% of the country’s workers.  (2)  In the financial sector there is heavy reliance on banking for joining savers and investors and much less emphasis on stocks and bonds.  (3)  Japanese corporate governance differs from the US shareholder-as-owner model; the Japanese corporation is treated as an organic whole with the board of directors representing management rather than shareholders.  Banks serve as a substitute for American-style shareholders in terms of oversight.  (4)  Vertical keiretsu (business groups) engage in long-term contracting to enhance efficiency.  (5)  Price competition is restrained and anti-trust enforcement is weak due to Japanese beliefs that excess competition is wasteful and leads to duplication of effort.  (6)  Industrial policy allows for some microeconomic management of the resource allocation  (in contrast to the European approach of nationalizing key industries.)

According to Lincoln, the Japanese model worked well until the 1990s when the aftermath of the speculative bubble in asset prices in the second half of the 1980s reduced growth rates to an average of .8% for the decade.  changes in the Japanese model have clearly become imperative, Lincoln claims that numerous obstacles to reform remain.

First, while unemployment is higher than it has been in the past, even at its peak of 4.9% last summer, it is still quite low by international standards.  This encourages continued conservatism.

Second, there is what Lincoln calls a “weakness of process” in the reform movement in the Japanese reform movement.  In the US, the 1970s political deregulation movement grew out of an intellectual movement of the 1960s.  In Japan, no such academic movement occurred.  Instead, there were vague concerns on the part of politicians about bureaucratic red tape. In the end, however, politicians have delegated deregulation to bureaucrats who have few incentives to take strong measures.  The administrative reform movement exhibits these same shortcomings.  For instance, the government reorganization slated for 2001 or 2002 will eliminate the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications, but the ministry will survive as new divisions of other ministries.  The only major result will be a possible decline in political influence through a reduction in the number of cabinet posts.

Corporate restructuring is the one area in which there is some change—change that is real because it is driven by fear of bankruptcy.  However, even here, change is limited to simple reductions in labor and capital inputs.  There is scant evidence of the restructuring of corporate governance that Lincoln  finds necessary for recovery.  The only ray of hope is that new accounting laws which go into effect next year may force more restructuring.

Lincoln also identified several other obstacles to reform.  Vested interest in the status quo on the part of farmers, bureaucrats, small businessmen, homeowners, construction workers, and the lifetime employed will hold back change.  Finally, the Japanese economic system’s conformity to social values such as group orientation, hierarchy, the preference for personal relationships over markets, and the avoidance of uncertainty will block reform.

Lincoln remains unsure of the prospects for the Japanese economy.  He argues that something is happening—some financial sector and corporate restructuring has occurred—but is loathe to offer a definitive answer to the question of whether there will be enough change to prevent decline or stagnation.  One possible outcome is provided by the so-called omikoshi theory of the drunk who staggers along, barely managing to avoid disaster time and time again.  For the moment Lincoln believes that the Japanese will continue to muddle through without a major crash.  Nonetheless, he concludes, never before have economists disagreed so profoundly over where Japan is headed.

 Asian Scholarship in Politically Charged Environments
Friday & Saturday, April 21-22, 2000

The Center for South Asian Studies and the East Asia Center, with support from the University Lecture Series, are cosponsoring a symposium entitled “Asian Scholarship in Politically Charged Environments” at University of Virginia on April 21-22, 2000. The aim of the symposium is to bring together scholars from different disciplines and working in different regions of Asia whose scholarship in some way involves them in politically-charged issues in the contemporary arena.  Each scholar will present necessary background within their specific area, but then move outwards from that to discuss broader issues pertaining to doing scholarship on politically contested terrain.  By examining the politics of scholarship in Asia in widely divergent areas - education, gender, religion, economics, government and so forth - within a transregional context, we anticipate an optimal blend of focused discussion on a single topic with varied perspectives stemming from the changing regional and disciplinary area of each speaker.


Session One  Minor Hall 225, 2:00-5:00pm

Chair:  Anne Monius, Department of Religious Studies, University of Virginia
Discussant: Griffith Chaussee, Division of Asian and Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures, UVA

Patricia Lawrence, Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado at Boulder  “Human Rights and Religion in Sri Lanka's War Zone”

William Pinch, Department of History, Wesleyan University  “Ideologues, Ideology, and the Asian History of Indian Martial Ascetics”

Reception:  Garden X (Rainsite:  Minor Hall Lobby), 5:00pm


Session Two  Rotunda West Oval Room, 9:00am-12:00pm

Chair:  P. Jeffrey Hopkins, Department of Religious Studies, University of Virginia
Discussant:  David Germano, Department of Religious Studies, University of Virginia

Charlene Makley, Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan  “The Danger of Gender”

Janet Upton, Trace Foundation  “Betwixt and Between: The Perils and Possibilities of Ethnographic Research on Tibetan Education in the PRC”

Session Three  Rotunda West Oval Room, 2:00-5:00pm

Chair:  Leonard Schoppa, Department of Government, University of Virginia
Discussant:  John Israel, Department of History, University of Virginia

Robert C. Angel, Department of Government and International Studies, Univ. of South Carolina  The 'Japan Lobby' and  its Role in the U.S. Foreign Policy Process”

Almaz Han, Department of Anthropology, University of Washington  “Identity and Morality in Scholarly Research--The Delicate Position of Being a Native Anthropologist”

Yongyi Song, College Librarian, Dickinson College  “The Cultural Revolution, My Ordeal, and China's Legal System”

Third Annual
Buddhist Studies
Graduate Student Conference
April 7-8, 2000
Newcomb Hall South Meeting Room

Faculty Respondents

Peter Gregory (Religious Studies, Smith College)
John Dunne (Languages and Cultures of Asia, Wisconsin)
David Germano (Religious Studies, Virginia)
Dorothy Wong (Art History, Virginia)

Friday, April 7

7:30 pm reception for participants

Saturday, April 8

8:30 am Registration

9:00 “Engendering the Ter-ma Tradition: How Two Buddhist Biographies
Propagate Treasure Texts,” Susan Zakin (Chicago)

9:40 “Women’s Religious Expression in Tibetan Buddhism: Religious Songs of the Jomo (Nuns) of Kinnaur, North India,” Linda LaMacchia (Wisconsin)

10:20 “The Rise and Fall of Falun Gong: Religion and Power in
Urban China,” Gareth Fisher (Virginia)

11:00 " A Preliminary Examination of the Role of Verse in Early Chan
Transmission Narratives," Amanda Goodman (Michigan)

11:45 Lunch break

1:30 “The Shinu Zoryu Ganmon (Shinku’s votive text dedicating statues):
Pure Resources, Muen, and Buddhist Rhetoric,” David Quinter (Stanford)

2:10 “The Gilgit Versions of the Pradakshina Gatha: New Evidence for Liturgical Activity of Circumambulation in the Stupa Cult,” Warner Belanger (Texas)

2:50 “Merit-making and Merit-transferring,” Xue Yu (Iowa)

3:30 “Mimesis, Alterity, and Conquest in a Ritual Dance of Bhutan,” Seth Houston (Michigan)

4:15 Group discussion

This conference is partially sponsored by the Graduate Student Council, the East Asia Center, the Center for South Asian Studies, and the Department of Religious Studies.

 Faculty and Student News

2000 Weedon Travel Grant Awards

Undergraduate Students

Emily Rhee, Architecture
Wilder Rucker, English
Rebecca Ann Schoff, Foreign Affairs
Christopher Sutton, Foreign Affairs
Gala Wan, Asian Studies
Jin Xu, Asian Studies/Commerce

 Graduate Students

Barbara Buhr, Religious Studies
Shu-Chen Chen Religious Studies
Douglas Duckworth, Religious Studies
Heidi Ellrich, Religious Studies
Gareth Fisher, Anthropology
Susan Gartzke, Anthropology
Maureen Hall, Education
Sarah Jacoby, Religious Studies
M. Müge Kökten, Government
Pam Liu, Architecture
Nona Moskowitz, Anthropology
Sophie  Richardson, Government
Jann Ronis, Religious Studies
Eugene Ryang, Architecture


David Germano, Religious Studies
P. Jeffrey Hopkins, Religious Studies
Jinill Kim, Economics
Travis McCauley, Digital Media Center
Bradly Reed, History
Helen Shen, Chinese

Go to Fall 2000 East Asian Studies Courses.