ORGANIZATION AND PURPOSE
The University of Virginia (the University) is an agency of the Commonwealth of Virginia (the Commonwealth) and is governed by the University’s Board of Visitors (the Board). A separate report is prepared for the Commonwealth that includes all agencies, boards, commissions, and authorities over which the Commonwealth exercises or can exercise oversight authority. The University is a discretely presented component unit of the Commonwealth and is included in its basic financial statements. The University consists of three divisions. The Academic Division and the University of Virginia’s College at Wise (the College at Wise) generate and disseminate knowledge in the humanities, arts, and scientific and professional disciplines through instruction, research and public service. The Medical Center Division (the Medical Center), along with its four controlled subsidiary companies — University of Virginia Imaging, LLC; Community Medicine, LLC; Hematology Oncology Patient Enterprises, Inc.; and Culpeper Regional Hospital — provides routine and ancillary patient services through a full-service hospital and clinics.
INCOME TAX STATUS
The University is an agency of the Commonwealth and is exempt from federal income tax under Section 115(a) of the Internal Revenue Code. The University’s related organizations are 501(c)(3) organizations and are exempt from federal income tax under the Internal Revenue Code. Certain activities may be subject to taxation as unrelated business income per Internal Revenue Code requirements.
FINANCIAL REPORTING ENTITY
The University has twenty-five legally separate, tax-exempt related foundations operating in support of the interests of the University (the Foundations). These related foundations are not-for-profit corporations controlled by separate boards of directors. The University determined that the following nine foundations qualify as component units of the University because of the nature and significance of their relationship with the University, including their ongoing financial support of the University. As such, they are presented discretely in the financial statements as of and for the year ended June 30, 2015.
- University of Virginia Law School Foundation
- The College Foundation of the University of Virginia
- University of Virginia Darden School Foundation
- Alumni Association of the University of Virginia
- Jefferson Scholars Foundation
- Virginia Athletics Foundation
- University of Virginia Foundation
- University of Virginia Physicians Group
- University of Virginia Investment Management Company
The component units’ combined financial information is included in the accompanying financial statements. Condensed financial statements for each component unit are disclosed in Note 8. Information on the organization and nature of activities for each component unit is presented below.
The University of Virginia Law School Foundation (Law School Foundation) was established as a tax-exempt organization to foster the study and teaching of law at the University and to receive and administer funds for that purpose. It expends funds to support professorships, faculty benefits, financial aid, student activities, and other academic programs within the University’s Law School. For additional information, contact the Treasurer’s Office at Slaughter Hall, 580 Massie Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903.
The College Foundation of the University of Virginia (College Foundation) was formed to further the purposes and aspirations of the College and Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (the College) of the University. It accomplishes its purposes through fundraising and funds management efforts to benefit the College, its programs, and other areas of the University. For additional information, contact the College Foundation at P.O. Box 5527, Charlottesville, VA 22905.
The University of Virginia Darden School Foundation (Darden School Foundation) was established as a nonstock corporation created under the laws of the Commonwealth. Its primary purposes are to promote the advancement and further the aims and purposes of the Colgate Darden Graduate School of Business Administration of the University and to provide education for business executives. For additional information, contact the Darden School Foundation at P.O. Box 400321, Charlottesville, VA 22904.
The Alumni Association of the University of Virginia (Alumni Association) was established as a legally separate, tax-exempt organization to provide services to all alumni of the University, thereby assisting the University and all its students, faculty, and administration in attaining the University’s highest priority of achieving eminence as a center of higher learning. For additional information, contact the Finance and Administration Office at P.O. Box 400314, Charlottesville, VA 22904.
The Jefferson Scholars Foundation was established to develop and administer a merit-based scholarship, fellowship and professorship program. The mission of the Jefferson Scholars Foundation is to serve the University by identifying, attracting, and nurturing individuals of extraordinary intellectual range and depth, who possess the highest concomitant qualities of leadership, scholarship and citizenship. For additional information, contact the Finance Team at P.O. Box 400891, Charlottesville, VA 22904.
The Virginia Student Aid Foundation, Inc., T/A Virginia Athletics Foundation (VAF), was established as a tax-exempt organization to support intercollegiate athletic programs at the University by providing student-athletes the opportunity to achieve academic and athletic excellence. It provides funding for student-athlete scholarships, funding for student-athlete academic advising programs, operational support for various sports, informational services to its members and the general public, and ancillary support to the athletic programs. VAF has adopted December 31 as its year end. All amounts reflected are as of December 31, 2014. For additional information, contact the Gift Accounting Office at P.O. Box 400833, Charlottesville, VA 22904.
The University of Virginia Foundation (UVAF), including the University of Virginia Real Estate Foundation, was established as a nonstock corporation under applicable Virginia statutes to provide administrative services to the University and supporting organizations; engage in any and all matters pertaining to real property for the benefit of the University; and use and administer gifts, grants and bequests, and devises for the benefit of the University. For additional information, contact the Financial Services Office at P.O. Box 400218, Charlottesville, VA 22904.
The University of Virginia Physicians Group (UPG) was established as a nonprofit group practice health care provider organization designed to assist medical education through teaching and research within the academic environment of the Health System of the University. It also strives to coordinate and develop superior patient care in the Health System. UPG entered into an affiliation agreement with the University for UPG, through its member clinical departments, to provide patient care at the Health System. UPG provides patient care services to Health System patients, and in conjunction with the care of patients, provides teaching services. The University provides space and certain administrative services to UPG, which reimburses the University for the salaries and fringe benefits of classified and hourly employees of the clinical departments paid by the University and not funded by the Commonwealth or by gifts, grants and contracts. For additional information, contact the Finance Office at 4105 Lewis & Clark Drive, Charlottesville, VA 22911.
The University of Virginia Investment Management Company (UVIMCO) was established to provide investment management services to the University and University foundations. For additional information, contact UVIMCO at P.O. Box 400215, Charlottesville, VA 22904.
During the year ended June 30, 2015, the University consolidated the grants awarded to the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities resulting in a decrease to beginning net position of $353,894.
REPORTING BASIS AND MEASUREMENT FOCUS
The University prepares its financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (U.S. GAAP). As a public institution, the University adheres to standards promulgated by the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB). In accordance with GASB Statement No. 34, Basic Financial Statements — and Management’s Discussion and Analysis — for State and Local Governments, the University has elected to report as an entity engaged in business-type activities. Entities engaged in business-type activities are financed in whole or in part by fees charged to external parties for goods and services. Statement No. 34 establishes standards for external financial reporting for public colleges and universities.
The accompanying financial statements use the economic resources measurement focus and the full accrual basis of accounting. Revenues, including all exchange and nonexchange transactions, are recorded when earned, and expenses are recorded when incurred and measurable, regardless of when the related cash flows take place. In accordance with GASB requirements, revenues from nonexchange transactions are recognized in the fiscal year in which all eligibility requirements (resource provider conditions) have been satisfied, if measurable and probable of collection.
The component units included herein follow the pronouncements of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB). Their financial statements are presented in accordance with those standards and use the full accrual basis of accounting.
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
In addition to cash on deposit in commercial bank accounts, petty cash, and undeposited receipts, cash and cash equivalents include cash on deposit with fiscal agents and investments with original maturities of ninety days or less. Substantially all cash and cash equivalents are concentrated in accounts in which balances exceed Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insurance limits.
Inventories, consisting primarily of supplies and merchandise for resale, are valued at the lower of cost (generally determined on the weighted average method) or market value.
The University invests with UVIMCO and other asset managers. Investments in corporate stocks and marketable bonds are recorded at market value. Certain less marketable investments, such as private equity investments, are generally carried at estimated values as determined by management. Because of the inherent uncertainty in the use of estimates, values that are based on estimates may differ from the values that would have been used had a ready market existed for the investments.
Investments with UVIMCO are in the Short-Term Pool (STP) and the Long-Term Pool (LTP) which are unitized investment pools. The STP commingles LTP cash, certain UVIMCO funds and short-term funds of the University and the Foundations. The LTP commingles endowment, charitable trust and other funds of the University and the Foundations. Assets of the STP and LTP are pooled on a fair value basis in accordance with U.S. GAAP and unitized daily for the STP and monthly for the LTP. Deposits and withdrawals are processed weekly for the STP and monthly for the LTP. Each depositor subscribes to or disposes of units on the basis of the value per unit at fair value as of the trade date for the STP and as calculated on the last calendar day of the month in which a deposit or redemption request is received by UVIMCO for the LTP.
The University receives pledges and bequests of financial support from corporations, foundations and individuals. Revenue is recognized when a pledge representing an unconditional promise to pay is received and all eligibility requirements, including time requirements, have been met. In the absence of such a promise, revenue is recognized when the gift is received. Endowment pledges do not meet eligibility requirements, as defined by GASB standards, and are not recorded as assets until the related gift is received.
Unconditional promises to give that are expected to be collected in future years are recorded at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discounts on these amounts are computed using risk-free interest rates applicable to the years in which the promises are made, commensurate with expected future payments. An allowance for uncollectible pledges receivable is determined based on management’s judgment of potentially uncollectible amounts. The determination includes such factors as prior collection history and the type of gift.
CAPITAL ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION
Capital assets are recorded at cost on the date of acquisition, or, if donated, at the appraised value on the date of donation. Capital assets are depreciated or amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives unless they are inexhaustible or are intangible assets with indefinite useful lives. The University capitalizes construction costs that have a value or cost in excess of $250,000 on the date of acquisition. Renovations in excess of $250,000 are capitalized if they significantly extend the useful life of the existing asset. The Academic Division and the College at Wise capitalize moveable equipment at a value or cost of $5,000 and an expected useful life of greater than one year.
The Medical Center capitalizes moveable equipment at a value or cost of $2,000 and an expected useful life of two or more years. Maintenance or renovation expenditures of $250,000 or more are capitalized only to the extent that such expenditures prolong the life of the asset or otherwise enhance its capacity to render service.
Expenditures related to construction are capitalized as they are incurred. Projects that have not been completed as of the date of the Statement of Net Position are classified as Construction in Progress.
Capital assets, such as roads, parking lots, sidewalks, and other nonbuilding structures and improvements, are capitalized as infrastructure and depreciated accordingly.
In accordance with GASB standards, the University capitalizes intangible assets such as computer software developed or obtained for internal use, easements, patents and trademarks. Capitalization begins when the asset is considered identifiable. For computer software, this is often at the application development stage, which consists of the design, coding, installation, and testing of the software and interfaces.
Interest expense incurred during the construction of capital assets is capitalized, if material, net of interest income earned on resources set aside for this purpose.
The estimated useful lives of capital assets are as follows:
|Buildings, improvements other than buildings and infrastructure||10-50|
The University does not capitalize works of art or historical treasures that are held for exhibition, education, research and public service. These collections are protected and preserved, neither disposed of for financial gain, nor encumbered by any means. Accordingly, such collections are not recognized or capitalized for financial statement purposes.
DEFERRED OUTFLOWS OF RESOURCES
Deferred outflows of resources are the consumption of assets applicable to a future reporting period and increase net position similar to assets.
Unearned revenue consists primarily of cash received from grant and contract sponsors that has not been earned under the terms of the agreement, and amounts received in advance of an event, such as student tuition and fees and for housing and dining services fees.
Deposits held in custody for others represent cash and invested funds held by the University on behalf of others as a result of agency relationships with various groups and organizations.
The amount of leave earned but not taken by nonfaculty salaried employees is recorded as a liability on the Statement of Net Position. The amount reflects, as of June 30, 2015, all unused vacation leave, and the amount payable upon termination under the Commonwealth’s sick leave payout policy. The applicable share of employer-related taxes payable on the eventual termination payments is also included.
LONG-TERM DEBT AND DEBT ISSUANCE COSTS
Long-term debt on the Statement of Net Position is reported net of related discounts and premiums, which are amortized over the life of the debt. Debt issuance costs, except portions related to prepaid insurance, are expensed as nonoperating expenses.
For purposes of measuring the net pension liability, deferred outflows of resources and deferred inflows of resources related to pensions, and pension expense, information about the fiduciary net position of the Virginia Retirement System (VRS) State Employee Retirement Plan and the Virginia Law Officers’ Retirement System (VaLORS) Retirement Plan; and the additions to/deductions from the VRS State Employee Retirement Plan’s and the VaLORS Retirement Plan’s net fiduciary position have been determined on the same basis as they were reported by VRS. For this purpose, benefit payments (including refunds of employee contributions) are recognized when due and payable in accordance with the benefit terms. Investments held by VRS are reported at fair value.
DEFERRED INFLOWS OF RESOURCES
Deferred inflows of resources are an acquisition of assets that is applicable to a future reporting period and decrease net position similar to liabilities.
The University’s net position is required to be classified for accounting and reporting purposes into the following categories:
Net Investment in Capital Assets. This category represents all of the University’s capital assets, net of accumulated depreciation, reduced by outstanding debt attributable to the acquisition, construction, or improvement of those assets.
Restricted. The University classifies the net position resulting from transactions with purpose restrictions as restricted net position until the specific resources are used for the required purpose, or for as long as the provider requires the resources to remain intact.
Nonexpendable. The net position subject to externally imposed restrictions, which must be retained in perpetuity by the University, is classified as nonexpendable net position. This includes the corpus portion (historical value) of gifts to the University’s permanent endowment funds and certain investment earnings stipulated by the donor to be reinvested.
Expendable. The University’s net position subject to externally imposed restrictions that can be fulfilled by actions of the University pursuant to those restrictions or that expire by the passage of time is classified as expendable net position. This includes net appreciation of the University’s permanent endowment funds that has not been stipulated by the donor to be reinvested permanently.
Unrestricted. The net position that is neither restricted nor invested in capital assets, net of related debt, is classified as unrestricted net position. The University’s unrestricted net position may be designated for specific purposes by the Board. Substantially all of the University’s unrestricted net position is allocated for academic and research initiatives or programs, for capital programs, or for other purposes.
Expenses are charged to either restricted or unrestricted net position based on a variety of factors, including consideration of prior and future revenue sources, the type of expenditure incurred, the University’s budgetary policies surrounding the various revenue sources, and whether the expense is a recurring cost.
STUDENT TUITION AND FEES
Student tuition and auxiliary fees are presented net of scholarships, discounts, and fellowships applied to student accounts. Scholarship discount and allowance is the difference between the stated charge for goods and services provided by the University and the amount paid by students and/or third parties making payments on the students’ behalf.
MEDICAL CENTER SALES AND SERVICE
A significant portion of the Medical Center services is rendered to patients covered by Medicare, Medicaid, or other third-party payors. The Medical Center has entered into contractual agreements with these third parties to accept payment for services in amounts less than scheduled charges. In accordance with these agreements, the difference between the contractual payments due and the Medical Center scheduled billing rates results in contractual adjustments. Patient care revenues are reported net of contractual allowances in the Statement of Revenues, Expenses, and Changes in Net Position in the period in which the related services are rendered.
Certain annual settlements of amounts due for Medical Center services covered by third parties are determined through cost reports that are subject to audit and retroactive adjustment by the third parties. Provisions for possible adjustments of cost reports have been estimated and reflected in the accompanying financial statements. Because the determination of settlements in prior years has been based on reasonable estimation, the difference in any year between the originally estimated amount and the final determination is reported in the year of determination as an adjustment to Medical Center revenues. Laws and regulations governing Medicare and Medicaid are complex and subject to interpretation.
REVENUE AND EXPENSE CLASSIFICATIONS
The University’s policy for defining operating activities as reported on the Statement of Revenues, Expenses, and Changes in Net Position are those that generally result from activities having the characteristics of exchange transactions, meaning revenues are received in exchange for goods and services. Operating revenues include student tuition and fees, net of scholarship discounts and allowances; sales and services from medical centers, net of charity care allowances; educational activities and auxiliary enterprises, net of scholarship discounts and allowances; and federal, state, local, and nongovernmental grants and contracts. With the exception of interest expense and losses on the disposal of capital assets, all expense transactions are classified as operating expenses.
Certain significant revenues relied on and budgeted for fundamental operational support of the core institutional mission of the University are mandated by GASB requirements to be recorded as nonoperating revenues. Nonoperating revenues and expenses include state educational appropriations, state financing appropriations, state fiscal stabilization funds, federal Pell grants, private gifts for other than capital purposes, investment income, net unrealized appreciation or depreciation in the fair value of investments, interest expense, and gain or loss on the disposal of assets.
Certain auxiliary operations provide goods and services to internal customers. These auxiliary operations include activities such as central stores, the print shop, and other auxiliaries with interdepartmental activities. The net effect of these internal transactions has been eliminated in the Statement of Revenues, Expenses, and Changes in Net Position to avoid inflating revenues and expenses.
The University presents its financial information on a comparative basis. The basic financial statements include certain prior-year summarized comparative information in total, but not at the level of detail required for a presentation in conformity with U.S. GAAP. Accordingly, the prior-year information should be read in conjunction with the University’s financial statements as of and for the year ended June 30, 2014, from which the summarized information was derived. Certain amounts from the prior fiscal year have been reclassified to conform to current-year presentation. Also, the summarized comparative information presented does not include the necessary adjustments related to the implementation of GASB Statement No. 68, Accounting and Financial Reporting for Pensions, for the 2014 financial statements to be comparative with the 2015 financial statements. The information needed to make these adjustments is not available for prior years.
NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
In June 2012, the GASB issued Statement No. 68, Accounting and Financial Reporting for Pensions, which requires governments that participate in defined benefit pension plans to report in their statement of net position a net pension liability, which is the difference between the total pension liability and the assets set aside to pay pension benefits. Statement No. 68 also requires cost-sharing employers to record a liability and expense equal to their proportionate share of the collective net pension liability and expense for the cost-sharing plan. Statement No. 68 was effective for the University for the year ended June 30, 2015. Additionally, in November 2013, the GASB issued Statement No. 71, Pension Transition for Contributions Made Subsequent to the Measurement Date — an amendment of GASB Statement No. 68, to address an issue regarding application of the transition provisions of Statement No. 68. The provisions of Statement No. 71 are effective simultaneously with the provisions of Statement No. 68. The effect of implementation of Statements No. 68 and No. 71 on the University’s financial statements was a decrease to beginning net position of approximately $518.4 million.
In January 2013, the GASB issued Statement No. 69, Government Combinations and Disposals of Government Operations, which requires mergers that do not involve an exchange of consideration to be accounted for using the carrying values of assets. Acquisitions are accounted for using acquisition values. The statement also provides guidance on reporting disposals of government operations. Statement No. 69 was effective for the University for the year ended June 30, 2015, and did not have a material impact to the University’s financial statements.
In February 2015, the GASB issued Statement No. 72, Fair Value Measurement and Application, which establishes general principles for measuring fair value and standards of accounting and financial reporting for assets and liabilities measured at fair value. Statement No. 72 is effective for periods beginning after June 15, 2015. The University is currently assessing the impact that implementation of Statement No. 72 will have on the University’s financial statements.
In June 2015, the GASB issued Statement No. 75, Accounting and Financial Reporting for Postemployment Benefits Other Than Pensions, which establishes standards for recognizing and measuring liabilities, deferred outflows and inflows of resources, and expense. For defined benefit other postemployment benefits (OPEB), the Statement identifies the methods and assumptions that are required to be used to project benefit payments, discount projected benefit payments to their actuarial present value and attribute that present value to periods of employee service. Note disclosure and required supplementary information requirements about defined benefit OPEB also are addressed. Statement No. 75 is effective for fiscal years beginning after June 15, 2017. The University is currently assessing the impact that implementation of Statement No. 75 will have on the University’s financial statements.