is excerpted from the "Explanation of the Honor System"
posted at http://www.virginia.edu/honor/proc/fraud.html.
"All students at the University of Virginia are bound
by the Honor Code not to commit Academic Fraud, which is
a form of cheating. Academic fraud includes:"
"Plagiarism is using someone else's ideas or work without
proper or complete acknowledgment. Plagiarism encompasses
many things, and is by far the most common manifestation
of academic fraud. For example, copying a passage straight
from a book into a paper without quoting or explicitly citing
the source is blatant plagiarism. In addition, completely
rewording someone else's work or ideas and using it as one's
own is also plagiarism. It is crucial that students properly
acknowledge all ideas, work and even distinctive wording
that are not their own. However, certain information in
any discipline is considered "common knowledge"
and may be used without acknowledgment. What is considered
to be common knowledge varies among fields, when in doubt
consult your research advisor. Students unsure of how to
properly acknowledge a source are encouraged to consult
your research advisor."
Submission: "Multiple submission is the use of
work previously submitted at this or any other institution
to fulfill academic requirements in another class. Slightly
altered work that has been submitted elsewhere is also considered
to be fraudulent."
Citation: "False citation is falsely citing a source
or attributing work to a source from which the referenced
material was not obtained. A simple example of this would
be footnoting a paragraph and citing a work that was never
Data: "False data is the fabrication or alteration
of data to deliberately mislead. For example, changing data
to get better experimental results is academic and scientific