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updated 7-30-04


     The following is excerpted from the "Explanation of the Honor System" posted at "All students at the University of Virginia are bound by the Honor Code not to commit Academic Fraud, which is a form of cheating. Academic fraud includes:"

     Plagiarism: "Plagiarism is using someone else's ideas or work without proper or complete acknowledgment. Plagiarism encompasses many things, and is by far the most common manifestation of academic fraud. For example, copying a passage straight from a book into a paper without quoting or explicitly citing the source is blatant plagiarism. In addition, completely rewording someone else's work or ideas and using it as one's own is also plagiarism. It is crucial that students properly acknowledge all ideas, work and even distinctive wording that are not their own. However, certain information in any discipline is considered "common knowledge" and may be used without acknowledgment. What is considered to be common knowledge varies among fields, when in doubt consult your research advisor. Students unsure of how to properly acknowledge a source are encouraged to consult your research advisor."

     Multiple Submission: "Multiple submission is the use of work previously submitted at this or any other institution to fulfill academic requirements in another class. Slightly altered work that has been submitted elsewhere is also considered to be fraudulent."

     False Citation: "False citation is falsely citing a source or attributing work to a source from which the referenced material was not obtained. A simple example of this would be footnoting a paragraph and citing a work that was never utilized."

     False Data: "False data is the fabrication or alteration of data to deliberately mislead. For example, changing data to get better experimental results is academic and scientific fraud."

Human w/DNA Shadow Image courtesy of U.S. Dept. of Energy Genomics:GTL Program