ethics-related centers at U.Va.
for Biomedical Ethics
D. Moreno, director
School of Medicine has had a long-standing commitment to medical
ethics and studies. In 1970, Dr. Thomas D. Hunter, then dean of
the Medical School, and Joseph F. Fletcher, who was U.Va.'s first
professor of medical ethics, founded the Program in Biology and
Society and soon after, the weekly Medical Center Hour, which
still continues. Fletcher was regarded by many as a pioneer in
bioethics, a field that drew on his wide-ranging work in the 1950s,
including his book Morals and Medicine.
center was founded in 1988 and directed by another man named Fletcher
-- John Fletcher, who served until partial retirement in 1997.
The center offered a master's in clinical ethics that was revised
two years ago and broadened into bioethics, with courses offered
by faculty throughout the University. In addition, undergraduates
can minor in the bioethics program.
D. Moreno became director in 1998. He identified three areas for
new research projects: the ethics of human subjects research,
ethics and genetics, and ethical aspects of outcome studies in
the delivery of health care.
center also organizes conferences, including an annual intensive
bioethics course called "Developing Healthcare Ethics Programs"
which attracts health care professionals from all over the country
and addresses the ethical issues that may arise in the care of
patients. Another conference, on "Spirtuality in Healthcare:
A Training Program for Professionals," will be held in May.
center's quarterly newsletter, Bioethics Matters, includes a column
called "Ethical Conundrums."
Olsson Center for Applied Ethics
Edward Freeman, director
Olsson Center, founded in the Darden School in 1966, focuses efforts
on improving standards of behavior in both public and private
business. Darden is the only business school in the nation with
two endowed chairs in business ethics and a Ph.D. degree program
in management with an emphasis on business ethics.
The center's Visiting Scholar's Program chooses Olsson Fellows
from around the world to spend from one week to one semester at
the center working on joint research projects with other faculty.
The center also developed joint ethics programs with the schools
of Medicine, Engineering and Commerce. Grants and proposals received
include three NSF grants with engineering faculty on ethical issues
on environmental design, and a program in technology and ethics.
programs include the Ruffin Lecture Series on Ethics in Business,
a nationally recognized, two-day academic seminar held biannually
and published as The Ruffin Series In Business Ethics by the Oxford
University Press and Business Ethics Quarterly.
center also offers monograph publication for scholars and practitioners
on the relationship between ethics and business; the environment;
engineering and science; and articles and cases in environmental
of Law, Psychiatry and Public Policy
Richard Bonnie, Director
the late 1970s, the Institute of Law, Psychiatry and Public Policy
has developed interdisciplinary programs in mental health law,
forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology. Institute activities
include academic programs, forensic clinical evaluations, professional
training, empirical and theoretical research, and public policy
consultation and review.
the expertise of its faculty of attorneys, psychiatrists, psychologists,
and social workers, the institute brings an integrated approach
to a wide variety of interdisciplinary programs pertinent to mental
health practice, social policy and the law. For instance, through
a grant from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation,
John Monahan, the Henry and Grace Doherty Professor of Law and
associate director of the institute, established the Research
Network on Mental Health and the Law. The project aims to further
the relatively new field of mental health law, to provide a foundation
for the next generation of laws that will assure the rights and
the safety of individuals and of society.
The institute, which recently relocated from the old Blue Ridge
Hospital to West Main Street, is affiliated with the Law and Medical
schools, the Curry School of Education Programs in Clinical and
School Psychology, and the U.Va. Health System. It is supported
in part by the Virginia Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation
and Substance Abuse Services, and the Office of the Virginia Attorney
for Environmental Negotiation
Franklin Dukes, director
Institute for Environmental Negotiation, affiliated with the department
of urban and environmental planning in the School of Architecture,
was established in 1980 by architecture professor Richard C. Collins
with a grant from the Virginia Environmental Endowment. Its goal
is to make mediation and consensus-building services available
to governments, citizen organizations and businesses dealing with
conflicts and complex policy choices related to land use and the
natural and built environments.
The institute utilizes mediation and other conflict-management
techniques to bring stakeholding parties together to structure
and conduct negotiations. It also facilitates discussions in other
controversies and helps groups devise ways to avoid conflict by
dealing with issues at an early stage in their development.
Institute's mission is to:
Advance the principles and practices of sustainability through
the use of a variety of dispute resolution and consensus building
processes, as well as education, training, research and publication.
Enhance the capacity of agencies, communities and citizens' organizations
to resolve environmental, natural resource and public policy disputes.
Assist community design and planning professionals to incorporate
stakeholder involvement in their projects and practices and to
enhance their deliberation and conflict resolution skills. Its
overriding goal is to help people create and agree upon solutions
that are sustainable.