Anthropology

ANTH 2559: The UVa-U.S. State Department Diplomacy Lab [3]

Patricia Wattenmaker, Associate Professor

Initially launched at UVA and William and Mary in fall 2013, the Diplomacy Lab is a collaboration between the State Department and universities nation-wide. The Diplomacy Lab is designed to engage the American people in the work of diplomacy and to broaden the State Department's research base in response to a proliferation of complex global challenges. The initiative enables the State Department to work with students and faculty to "course-source" research and innovation related to foreign policy. Students participating in Diplomacy Lab explore real-world challenges identified by the Department and work under the guidance of faculty members to conduct research and make proposals to the State Department. This initiative provides a unique and important opportunity for students to gain real-world skills and experience as they contribute directly to the policymaking process. It represents a new type of partnership in which the research and knowledge building of the University contributes directly to the work of public institutions.


ANTH 2590: Body & Soul: Greco-Persian Paradigms of Health & Personhood [3]

Dionisios Kavadias & Rose Wellman, Instructors

This course examines the Greek and Persian traditions of medicine in order to better understand 1) the historical roots of Western medical thought, and 2) how these interrelated traditions still influence assumptions about health and the body throughout the Middle East and the Mediterranean in the 21·' century. Questions will focus on how these traditions came to define (and redefine) such concepts as
health, body, reproduction, bodily substance, gender, and the overall nature of human beings. For this reason, we will survey major texts from the canon of medicinal philosophy-from  Hippocrates and Aristotle in Greek antiquity to Avicenna and Razi in the rise of Islam in the Middle Ages-but also contemporary cases taken from ethnography and other modern cultural accounts. Finally, we will compare the Greco-Persian paradigm(s) of medicine to those we encounter in ethnographic case­ studies from such places as China, America, Amazonia, Indonesia, and India. Most texts will be explored in class through guided reading and discussion exercises.


ANTH 2890: Unearthing the Past [3]

Rachel Most, Associate Professor

This course fills the historical studies requirement.

This course will introduce students to the field of archaeology — the study of past cultures through their material remains. Students will learn that archaeology is a complex multi-disciplinary field that is part humanities, part social science and part science. They will learn how archaeologists use material culture to reconstruct past lifeways. The goal of the class is to provide students with an understanding of how archaeologists reconstruct the rise and fall of ancient civilizations as well as the everyday lives of the people who lived in these societies. The methods of the science of archaeology will be reviewed to demystify the process of reconstructing the past. The course will also provide an appreciation for some of the major developments in prehistory such as the origins of modern humans, the rise of the first villages and cities and the emergence of ancient civilizations in North America.

To this end, we will begin with an introduction to the history and methodology of archaeology discussing the various methods archaeologists use to piece together the past. Topics will include artifact analysis (what is an artifact and how are they recognized in the field), classification (how materials are grouped together in meaningful ways), dating methods, and how sites are found and recorded (through both archaeological survey and excavation).

Following these discussions of the method and theory behind the discipline we will move to a discussion of the first human ancestors, the first tools and the origins of culture, and the emergence of Homo sapiens-the first humans. From there, discussions will focus on the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture and sedentism. We'll look at the emergence of complex societies in various parts of the world and conclude with a brief overview of North American archaeology and the topics that result in the most debate:

  • When and how did humans enter the New World?
  • Who were the mound builders and pueblo dwellers of North America?
  • What happened to the great early cultures of North America?

Daily work over the ten class days will include a combination of readings, pop quizzes, class presentations and the submission of questions on assigned readings. The last class day will be devoted to individual presentations.

There are no prerequisites for this course. It is both an excellent introduction to the field of archaeology, and/or to ANTH 280 (Introduction to Archaeology). This course will also provide the background students need to participate in an archaeological field school either at U.Va. or elsewhere.

Approximate additional nonrefundable $35 fee required.