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Faculty

James M. Howe

James M. Howe

Thomas Goodwin Digges Professor of Materials Science and Engineering

Ph.D. University of California - Berkeley, 1985
M.S. University of California - Berkeley, 1983
B.S. University of Kentucky, 1978

Department of Materials Science & Engineering
University of Virginia
PO Box 400745
395 McCormick Road
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4745
Office: MSE Building Room 119 
p: 434- 982-5646
f: 434-982-5660 
e-mail

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Research Interests

My research emphasizes two main areas: 1) the application of in-situ high-resolution and analytical transmission electron microscope techniques to study mechanisms of phase transformations and the structure and properties of interphase boundaries at the atomic level, and 2) the use of plasmons to determine the mechanical and physical properties of nanoscale materials. Current research programs include studies of the atomic-level dynamics and properties of solid-liquid interfaces in Al-Si base alloys, and measurement of grain boundary energies and properties using valence electron energy-loss spectroscopy.

Professonal Experience

Guest Appointments

  • Universitäts-Professor für Experimental Materials Science - Nanostructured Materials, Universität Wien, Austria, 2007
  • Visiting Professor, Institute for Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Japan, 2006
  • Humboldt Senior Researcher, Max-Planck-Institut für Metallforschung, Stuttgart, Germany, 1999
  • Summer Faculty Researcher, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, 1996

University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA

  • Thomas Goodwin Digges Professor, University of Virginia, 2010-present
  • Director, Nanoscale Materials Characterization Facility ,2006-08, 2010-13
  • Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, 1999-present
  • Director, Electron Microscope and Image Processing Facility, 1991-2005
  • Associate Professor, Department of Materials Scienceand Engineering, 1991-99

Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA

  • Alcoa Associate Professor, Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science 1990-91
  • Technical Director, Alcoa Center for Engineered Materials, 1989-90
  • Alcoa Assistant Professor ,1985-90

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA

  • Graduate Student Research Assistant, 1981-85

Kaiser Center for Technology, Pleasanton, CA

  • Research Engineer/Metallography Section, 1978-81

Honors and Awards


  • Thomas Goodwin Digges Professorship Chair, University of Virginia, 2010
  • TMS Champion H. Mathewson Research Medal, 2009
  • Member, International Scientific Advisory Board, Max-Planck-Institut für Metallforschung, Stuttgart, Germany, 2008-2013
  • Graduate Teaching Award, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Virginia, 2005
  • TMS Champion H. Mathewson Research Medal, 2005
  • Who's Who in Science and Engineering, 2004
  • National Science Foundation Creativity Extension, 2003
  • R&D Magazine 100 Award Winning Technologies, 2001
  • ASM International, Materials Science Research Silver Medal, 2000
  • Humboldt Senior Research Award, Max-Planck-Institut für Metallforschung, Stuttgart, Germany 1999
  • Graduate Teaching Award, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Virginia, 1999
  • Fellow of ASM International, 1997
  • University of Virginia, Shannon Center for Advanced Studies, 1996-97
  • ASEE-Navy Summer Faculty Research Award, 1996
  • University of Virginia, Center for Advanced Studies, 1991-92, 1996-97
  • Institute for Defense Analysis, Defense Science Study Group, 1989-91
  • National Science Foundation, Presidential Young Investigator Award, 1987
  • Alcoa Term Chair in Physical Metallurgy, Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science, Carnegie-Mellon University, 1985
  • Scholarship for High-Resolution Electron Microscopy Winter School, Arizona State University, Center for Solid-State Science 1985
  • American Society for Metals, John E. Dorn Outstanding Achievement Award, 1984
  • Electron Microscopy Society of America, Presidential Scholarship, 1983
  • International Metallographic Society, 1st Prize for TEM (1983), 2nd Prize for TEM (1985, 2005)
  • Outstanding Senior in Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Kentucky, 1978

Professional Service

  • International Organizing Committee Member, Seventh International Conference on Solid-to-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials - PTM2015
  • Co-Organizer of “Atomisitc Effects in Migrating Interphase Interfaces – Recent Progress and Future Study”, TMS Annual Meeting, March, 2012
  • Reviewer for Brookhaven National Laboratory, Center for Functional Nanomaterials User Program, 2010-2012
  • International Organizing Committee Member, Sixth International Conference on Solid-to-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials - PTM2010
  • Co-Orgainzer of "Phase Transformations in Metals Session", 11th Intl. Conf. Adv. Mater., Rio de Janerio, Brazil, 2009
  • Reviewer for Oak Ridge National Laboratory, SHARE Program, 2009
  • Chair, Awards Committee, 4th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium, Osaka, Japan, 2008
  • Co-Orgainzer of "Metals and Alloys Session", 16th International Microscopy Congress - IMC16, 2006
  • Chair of Organizing Committee, Fifth International Conference on Solid-to-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials - PTM2005
  • Board of Review, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 1991-2003; Associate Editor, Metallurgical Transactions A, 1988-90
  • Member, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, Phase Transformations Committee, 1986-present; Chairman, 1992-93
  • Co-Chair of 2002 Physical Metallurgy Gordon Research Conference
  • International Advisory Board for iib2001, iib2004, iib2007, iib2010, iib2013
  • Co-Organizer of Symposium, “Focused Session on Interface Migration and Dynamics”, APS Meeting, 1998
  • Instructor, International School of Electron Microscopy, NATO Advanced Workshop Erice, Italy, 1998
  • Member of Organizing Committee, Third International Conference on Solid-to-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials '94
  • Co-Organizer of Symposium, "Effect of Plastic Deformation on the Thermodynamics, Kinetics and Mechanisms of Phase Transformations," ASM-TMS Fall Meeting, 1993
  • Co-Organizer of Symposium, "Al-Li Base Alloys," TMS-AIME Fall Meeting, 1991
  • Organizer, "Session IV - Solid-Glass Interfaces," TMS-AIME Fall Meeting, 1991.
  • Co-Organizer of Symposium, "The Role of Ledges in Phase Transformations," TMS-AIME Fall Meeting, 1989.
  • Member, Journal of Metals Book Review Committee, 1986-1990
  • Contributing Editor, International Binary Phase Diagram Program, 1986-90
  • Chair, Student Affairs Committee, ASM International, Pittsburgh Chapter, 1987

Professional Societies

  • The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society
  • ASM International
  • Microscopy Society of America
  • Materials Research Society

Consulting

  • National Institute of Aerospace, Hampton, VA, 2009-2010
  • United States Department of Energy, Washington, DC, 2005-2008
  • Areva NP, Inc., VA, 2005, 2006, 2007
  • Finisar Corporation, Richardson, TX, 2004
  • Ethyl Petroleum Additives, Inc., Richmond, VA, 1997-2001
  • Heraeus Materials, Inc., Chandler AZ, 1997-99
  • Reynolds Metals Company, Richmond, VA, 1995-96
  • Lockheed Aeronautical Systems Company, Marietta, GA, 1994

Selected Publications

Books /Chapters

  • J. M. Howe, "Interfaces in Materials: Atomic Structure, Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Solid-Vapor, Solid-Liquid and Solid-Solid Interfaces", John Wiley & Sons, NY (1997).
  • J. M. Howe, “Characterization of Heterophase Transformation Interfaces by High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscope Techniques”, in International School of Electron Microscopy, 8th Course: Impact of Electron and Scanning Probe Microscopy on Materials Research, D. G. Rickerby et al., Eds. Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands (1999).
  • J. M. Howe and B. T. Fultz, “Unit 12a.2 – Transmission Electron Microscopy” in Methods in Materials Research, John Wiley & Sons, NY (2000).
  • B. T. Fultz and J. M. Howe, "Transmission Electron Microscopy and Diffractometry of Materials", Springer-Verlag, Berlin/Heidelberg (2001).
  • B. T. Fultz and J. M. Howe, "Transmission Electron Microscopy and Diffractometry of Materials, 2nd Edition", Springer-Verlag, Berlin/Heidelberg (2002).
  • G. Schmitz and J. M. Howe, "Chapter 13b: Experimental Methods: High Resolution Microscopy", in Alloy Physics, A Comprehensive Reference, W. Pheiler, Ed., Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co., Weinheim, pp. 774-860 (2007).
  • B. T. Fultz and J. M. Howe, "Transmission Electron Microscopy and Diffractometry of Materials, 3rd Edition", Springer-Verlag, Berlin/Heidelberg (2008). Also printed as a Russian Edition.
  • J. M. Howe, "In-Situ HRTEM Studies of Interface Dynamics During Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Metal Alloys", in In-situ Electron Microscopy at High Resolution, F. Banhart, Ed., World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, pp. 161-185 (2008).
  • G. Dehm, J. M. Howe and J. Zweck, Eds., “In-Situ Electron Microsocopy”, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co., Weinheim (2012).
  • J. M. Howe, B. T. Fultz and S. Miao, “Transmission Electron Microscopy”, in Characterization of Materials, E. Kaufmann, Ed., John Wiley & Sons, NY, pp. 1675-1720 (2012).
  • B. T. Fultz and J. M. Howe, "Transmission Electron Microscopy and Diffractometry of Materials, 4th Edition", Springer-Verlag, Berlin/Heidelberg (2013).
  • V. P. Oleshko and J. M. Howe, “Electron Tweezers as a Tool for High Precision Manipulation of Nano-Objects”, in Adv. Imaging Electron Phys. Vol. 179, P. Hawkes, Ed., Academic Press, Cambridge, pp. 203-262 (2013).
  • J. M. Howe, “Chapter 14. Structure, Composition and Energy of Solid-Solid Interfaces”, in Physical Metallurgy, 5th Ed., D. E. Laughlin and K. Hono, Eds., Elsevier Science, The Netherlands, pp. 1317-1451 (2014).

  • Symposium Proceedings

     

  • H. I. Aaronson and J. M. Howe, "The Role of Ledges in Phase Transformations," Metall. Trans., 22A, 1137 (1991).
  • W. C. Johnson, J. M. Howe, D. E. Laughlin and W. A. Soffa, "Proceedings of an International Conference on Solid-to-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials - PTM'94," The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA (1994).
  • J. M. Howe, D. E. Laughlin, J. K. Lee, U. Dahmen and W. A. Soffa, "Proceedings of an International Conference on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials - PTM2005," The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA (2005).
  • Y. Hirotsu, J. M. Howe and M. Ishimaru, "Metals and Alloys Session", 16th International Microscopy Congress - IMC16, Sapporo, Japan (2006).
  • M. Militzer, G. Botton, L.-Q. Chen, J. M. Howe, C. Sinclair and H. S. Zurob, “Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Solid-to-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials - PTM2015", The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA (2015).
  • Journal Papers

  • J. M. Howe, "Relief Etching Technique for Scanning and Transmission Electron Microscopy Characterization of Submicron Precipitates in Aluminum Alloys," Metallography, 16, 275 (1983).
  • J. M. Howe, H. I. Aaronson and R. Gronsky, "Atomic Mechanisms of Precipitate Plate Growth in the Al-Ag System - I. Conventional Transmission Electron Microscopy," Acta Metall., 33, 639 (1985).
  • J. M. Howe, H. I. Aaronson and R. Gronsky, "Atomic Mechanisms of Precipitate Plate Growth in the Al-Ag System - II. High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy," Acta Metall., 33, 649 (1985).
  • J. M. Howe and R. Gronsky, "Effect of Specimen Thickness on Symmetry Determination by CBED," Ultramicroscopy, 18, 83 (1985).
  • J. M. Howe, "Metallographic and Differential Scanning Calorimetry Analyses of Precipitation and Recrystallization in an Al-Mn Alloy, Metall. Trans., 17A, 593 (1986).
  • J. M. Howe and R. Gronsky, "Quantitative Energy-Dispersive X-ray Analysis of g' Precipitates in an Al- 4.2 at% Ag Alloy," Scripta Metall., 20, 1165 (1986).
  • J. M. Howe, M. Sarikaya and R. Gronsky, "Space-Group Analyses of Thin Precipitates by Different CBED Procedures," Acta Cryst., A42, 368 (1986).
  • J. M. Howe, U. Dahmen and R. Gronsky, "Atomic Mechanisms of Precipitate Plate Growth," Philos. Mag. A, 56, 31 (1987).
  • J. M. Howe, "High-Resolution TEM of Precipitates and Interfaces," (invited paper) J. Metals, 39, 13 (1987).
  • N. J. Kim, J. M. Howe and T. Boden, "High-Resolution TEM Study of Precipitates in a Rapidly Solidified Al-Li-Zr Alloy," J. de Physique, 48(C3), 457 (1987).
  • J. M. Howe, T. Abinandanan, C. S. Chiang, T. Furuhara, N. Prabhu and H. I. Aaronson, "On the Fate of Misfit Dislocations Overrun by Growth Ledges," Scripta Metall., 21, 1639 (1987).
  • N. Prabhu and J. M. Howe, "Interaction Energy of Shockley Partial Dislocation Ledges on the Faces and Edges of g' Precipitate Plates in the Al-Ag System," Scripta Metall., 22, 425 (1988).
  • J. M. Howe, D. E. Laughlin and A. K. Vasudevan, "High-Resolution TEM Investigation of the q'/d' Precipitate Structure in an Al-2Li-1Cu Alloy," Philos. Mag. A, 57, 955 (1988).
  • J. M. Howe, D. P. Basile, M. K. Hatalis and N. Prabhu, "Minimum Detectable Solute Concentration in Atomic-Resolution TEM," Acta Cryst., A44, 449 (1988).
  • J. M. Howe, J. Lee and A. K. Vasudevan, "Structure and Deformation Behavior of T1 Precipitate Plates in an Al-2Li-1Cu Alloy," Metall. Trans., 19A, 2911 (1988).
  • H. I. Aaronson, J. M. Rigsbee, T. Furuhara, N. Prabhu, W. T. Reynolds, Jr. and J. M. Howe, "Further Rebuttal to J. W. Christian and D. V. Edmonds," Scripta Metall., 23, 279 (1989).
  • J. G. Weissman, E. I. Ko, P. Wynblatt and J. M. Howe, "High-Resolution Electron Microscopy and Image Simulation of TT-, T-, and H-Niobia and Model Silica-Supported Niobia Surface Oxides," Chem. Mater., 1, 187 (1989).
  • J. M. Howe and G. J. Mahon, "High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy of Precipitate Plate Growth by Diffusional and Displacive Transformation Mechanisms," (invited paper) Ultramicroscopy, 30, 132 (1989).
  • G. J. Mahon, J. M. Howe and S. Mahajan, "HRTEM Investigation of the {225} Austenite/Martensite Interface in an Fe-8Cr-1C Alloy," Philos. Mag. Lett., 59, 273 (1989).
  • N. Prabhu and J. M. Howe, "A New Technique to Determine the Habit Plane of Precipitate Plates," Metallography, 24, 49 (1990).
  • J. M. Howe, "The Al-Se System," Bulletin Alloy Phase Diagrams, 10, 650 (1989).
  • A. Garg, Y. C. Chang and J. M. Howe, "Precipitation of the W Phase in an Al-4.0Cu-0.5Mg Alloy," Scripta Metall., 24, 677 (1990).
  • G. J. Mahon and J. M. Howe, "TEM Investigation of Interfaces in a Two-Phase TiAl Alloy," Metall. Trans., 21A, 1665 (1990).
  • N. Prabhu and J. M. Howe, "The Al-Te System," Bulletin Alloy Phase Diagrams, 11, 202 (1990).
  • G. J. Mahon, J. M. Howe and A. K. Vasudevan, "Microstructural Development and Effect of Interfacial Precipitation on the Tensile Properties of an Aluminum/Silicon-Carbide Composite," Acta Metall. Mater., 38, 1503 (1990).
  • J. M. Howe and N. Prabhu, "The Structure of Kinks at Dislocation Interphase Boundaries and Their Role in Boundary Migration -I. Experimental Observation of Kink Motion," Acta Metall. Mater., 38, 881 (1990).
  • N. Prabhu and J. M. Howe, "The Structure of Kinks at Dislocation Interphase Boundaries and Their Role in Boundary Migration -II. Theoretical Analysis of Kink Motion," Acta Metall. Mater., 38, 889 (1990).
  • H. I. Aaronson, T. Furuhara, J. M. Rigsbee, W. T. Reynolds, Jr. and J. M. Howe, "Crystallographic and Mechanistic Aspects of Growth by Shear and Diffusional Processes," (invited paper) Metall. Trans., 21A, 2369 (1990).
  • J. Y. Huh, J. M. Howe and W. C. Johnson, "Analytical Electron Microscopy of Coherent and Incoherent a+a2 Phase Equilibria in a Ti-15.75at%Al Alloy," Scripta Metall. Mater., 24, 2007 (1990).
  • S. R. Singh and J. M. Howe, "Effect of Ta on Twinning in TiAl," Scripta Metall. Mater., 25, 485 (1991).
  • N. Prabhu and J. M. Howe, "Comparison Between Calculated and Experimental TEM Images of g' Precipitate Plates in an Al-Ag Alloy," Philos Mag. A., 63, 645 (1991).
  • W. H. Brearley, P. C. Shieh and J. M. Howe, "Atomic Structure of the Crystalline/Amorphous Interface in a Directionally Crystallized Pd80Si20 Alloy," Metall. Trans., 22A, 1287 (1991).
  • P. C. Shieh, C. O. Stanwood and J. M. Howe, "Investigation of the Atomic Structure and Visibility of Crystal/Amorphous Interfaces in Pd80Si20 Alloy by HRTEM Image Simulations," Ultramicroscopy, 35, 99 (1991).
  • A. Garg and J. M. Howe, "Nucleation and Growth of W Phase in Al-4.0Cu-0.5Mg-0.5Ag Alloy - An In Situ Hot-Stage TEM Study," Acta Metall. Mater., 49, 1925 (1991).
  • T. Furuhara, H. I. Aaronson and J. M. Howe, "Interphase Boundary Structures of Intragranular Proeutectoid a Plates in a Hypoeutectoid Ti-Cr Alloy," Acta Metall. Mater., 39, 2873 (1991).
  • N. Prabhu and J. M. Howe, "The Effect of Ternary Trace Additions on the Nucleation and Growth of g' Precipitates in an Al-4.2at%Ag Alloy," Metall. Trans., 23A, 135 (1992).
  • A. Garg and J. M. Howe, "Grain-Boundary Precipitation in an A1-4.0Cu-0.5Mg-0.5 Ag Alloy," Acta Metall. Mater., 40, 2451 (1992).
  • S. R. Singh and J. M. Howe, "Studies on Deformation of Interfaces in (a2+g) Titanium Aluminide by High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy," Philos. Mag. Lett., 65, 233 (1992).
  • J. M. Howe and D. A. Smith, "Comparison Between the Invariant Line and Structural Ledge Theories for Predicting the Habit Plane, Orientation Relationship and Interphase Boundary Structure of Plate-Shaped Precipitates," Acta Metall. Mater., 40, 2343 (1992).
  • P. L. Ratnaparkhi and J. M. Howe,"Amorphous Phase Formation by Solid State Reaction at a Diffusion-Bonded Al/SiC Interface," Scripta Metall. Mater., 27, 133 (1992).
  • S. R. Singh and J. M. Howe, "High-Resolution Electron Microscopy of g/a2 Interfaces in Titanium Aluminide," Philos. Mag. A, 66, 739 (1992).
  • J. M. Howe and S. Rozeveld, "Effects of Crystal and Beam Tilt on High-Resolution TEM Images of Interfaces in Materials," (invited paper) J. Micros. Res. Tech., 23, 230 (1992).
  • S. J. Rozeveld, J. M. Howe and S. Schmauder, "Measurement of Residual Strain in an Al/SiCw Composite Using Convergent-Beam Electron Diffraction," Acta Metall. Mater., 40, 5173 (1992).
  • J. M. Howe, "In Situ High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy of the Amorphous to Crystalline Transformation in Pd80Si20 Alloy," Mater. Sci. Forum, 126-128, 467 (1993).
  • M. Sarikaya and J. M. Howe, "Resolution in Conventional Transmission Electron Microscopy," (invited paper) Ultramicroscopy, 47, 145 (1992).
  • A. Garg, Y. C. Chang and J. M. Howe, "Interfacial Structure and Transformation Mechanisms of the W Phase in an Al-3.9Cu-0.5Mg-0.5Ag Alloy," Acta Metall. Mater., 41, 235 (1993).
  • S. J. Rozeveld and J. M. Howe, "Determination of Multiple Lattice Parameters from Convergent-Beam Electron Diffraction Patterns," Ultramicroscopy, 50, 41 (1993).
  • Y. C. Chang and J. M. Howe, "Composition and Stability of the W Phase in an Al-3.9Cu-0.5Mg-0.5Ag Alloy," Metall. Trans., 24A, 1461 (1993).
  • J. M. Howe and M. M. Tsai, "Discussion of 'On the Mechanisms of Hydride Formation in a-Ti Alloys'," Scripta Metall. Mater., 28, 533 (1993).
  • J. M. Howe and D. A. Smith, "Reply to Comment on Comparison Between the Invariant Line and Structural Ledge Theories for Predicting the Habit Plane, Orientation Relationship and Interphase Boundary Structure of Plate-Shaped Precipitates," Scripta Metall. Mater., 28, 1171 (1993).
  • Y. C. Chang and J. M. Howe, "An In Situ HRTEM Study of W Precipitate Dissolution in an Al-Cu-Mg-Ag Alloy," Ultramicroscopy, 51, 46 (1993).
  • J. Y. Huh, J. M. Howe and W. C. Johnson, "Effect of Coherency Stresses on a+a2 Phase Equilibria in Ti-Al Alloys," Acta Metall. Mater., 41, 2577 (1993).
  • J. M. Howe, "Bonding, Structure and Properties of Metal/Ceramic Interfaces - Part 1: Chemical Bonding, Reaction and Interfacial Structure," (invited paper) Inter. Mater. Rev., 38, 233 (1993).
  • J. M. Howe, "Bonding, Structure and Properties of Metal/Ceramic Interfaces - Part 2: Fracture Behavior and Strength Measurement," (invited paper) Inter. Mater. Rev., 38, 257 (1993).
  • P. L. Ratnaparkhi and J. M. Howe, "Structure and Mechanism of Bonding at a Diffusion-Bonded Al/SiC Interface," Acta Metall. Mater., 42, 811 (1994).
  • J. M. Howe, "Atomic Site Correspondence and Surface Relief in the Formation of Plate-Shaped Transformation Products," (invited paper) Metall. Trans., 25A, 1917 (1994).
  • P. L. Ratnaparkhi and J. M. Howe, "Characterization of a Diffusion-Bonded Al-Mg Alloy/SiC Interface by High Resolution and Analytical Electron Microscopy," Metall. Trans., 25A, 617 (1994).
  • D. Perovic, G. C. Weatherly, J. M. Howe, M. Kawasaki, K. Ibe and M. M. Kersker, "Sub-Nanometric EDX Analysis with the JEM-2010F Field-Emission TEM", (invited paper) JEOL News, Vol. 31E, 7 (1994).
  • G. Rao, J. M. Howe and P. Wynblatt, "Analysis of the Interfacial Structure of a Twinned Variant of Ag Precipitate in Cu-Ag Alloys," Scripta Metall. Mater., 30, 731 (1994).
  • J. M. Howe, "Analytical Transmission Electron Microscopy Analysis of Ag and Mg Segregation to {111} q Precipitate Plates in an Al-Cu-Mg-Ag Alloy," Philos. Mag. Lett., 70, 111 (1994).
  • J. M. Howe, W. E. Benson, A. Garg and Y. C. Chang, "In Situ Hot-Stage High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy of Interface Dynamics During Growth of {111}a q-Al2Cu Plates in an Al-Cu-Mg-Ag Alloy," (invited paper) Mater. Sci. Forum, 189-90, 255 (1995).
  • M. M. Tsai and J. M. Howe, "Lengthening Kinetics of (01 image0) g-TiH Precipitates in a-Ti in the Temperature Range of 25-80oC," Metall. Mater. Trans., 26A, 2219 (1995).
  • Y. Mou, J. M. Howe and E. A. Starke, Jr., "Grain Boundary Precipitation and Fracture Behavior of an Al-Cu-Li-Mg-Ag Alloy," Comm. Metall. Mater. Trans., 26A, 1591 (1995).
  • R. N. Shenoy and J. M. Howe, "A Differential Scanning Calorimetric Study of a WeldaliteTM Type Alloy", Scripta Metall. Mater., 33, 651 (1995).
  • D. D. Perovic, G. C. Weatherly, J. M. Howe, M. Kawasaki, K. Ibe and M. M. Kersker, “Characterization of Interfacial Structure and Chemistry at Sub-Nanometer Resolution”, (invited paper) Can. Met. Quat., 34, 251 (1995).
  • J. M. Howe and W. E. Benson, "Determination of the Atomic Structure, Mechanisms and Kinetics of Precipitate Growth in Solids by In Situ Hot-Stage High-Resolution Transmission Electron Micrsocopy," (intived paper) Interface Science, 2, 347 (1995).
  • S. Das, J. M. Howe and J. H. Perepezko, "A High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of g/B2, B2/a2 and a2/g nterfaces in the Ti-Al-Mo System," (invited paper) Metall. Mater. Trans., 27A, 1623 (1996).
  • J. M. Howe, "Direct Observation of Order in the Liquid at a Solid-Liquid Interface by HRTEM", Philos. Mag. A, 74, 761 (1996).
  • Y. Mou and J. M. Howe, "Diffusion Fields Associated with Prolate Spheroids in Size and Shape Coarsening," Acta Mater., 45, 823 (1997).
  • Y. Mou and J. M. Howe, "Diffusion Fields Associated with Size and Shape Coarsening of Oblate Spheroids," Metall. Mater. Trans., 28A, 39 (1997).
  • D. W. Bray and J. M. Howe, "High-Resolution TEM Investigation of the f.c.c./h.c.p. Martensite Transformation in Co-31.8wt.%Ni Alloy, Part 1: Growth Ledges and Lath Interfaces," Metall. Mater. Trans., 27A, 3362 (1997).
  • D. W. Bray and J. M. Howe, "High-Resolution TEM Investigation of the f.c.c./h.c.p. Martensite Transformation in Co-31.8wt.%Ni Alloy, Part 2: Lath Intersections, Extended Defects and Mechanisms of Nucleation," Metall. Mater. Trans., 27A, 3371 (1997).
  • W. E. Benson and J. M. Howe, "An In Situ High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscope Study of the Growth and Dissolution of q{111} Precipitate Plates in an Al-Cu-Mg-Ag Alloy", Philos. Mag. A, 75, 1641 (1997).
  • H. I. Aaronson, J. M. Howe, M. G. Hall, T. Furuhara and J. P. Hirth, “Mobility of Structural Ledges,” Scripta Mater., 37, 1301 (1997).
  • J. M. Howe, “Atomic Structure, Composition, Mechanisms and Dynamics of Transformation Interfaces in Diffusional Phase Transformations”, (invited overview) Mater. Trans. JIM, 39, 3 (1998).
  • A. A. Csontos, M.M. Tsai and J. M. Howe, “In Situ High-Resolution Electron Spectroscopic Imaging of Precipitate Growth in an Al-Ag Alloy,” (invited paper) Micron, 29, 73 (1998).
  • A. W. Wilson and J. M. Howe, “Microstructural Evaluation of Ti-6-22-22 Alloy”, Metall. Mater. Trans., 29A, 1585 (1998).
  • J. M. Howe, T. M. Murray, K. T. Moore, A. A. Csontos, M. M. Tsai and W. E. Benson, “Understanding Interphase Boundary Dynamics by In Situ High-Resolution and Energy-Filtering Transmission Electron Microscopy and Real-Time Image Simulation”, (invited paper) Microscopy & Microanalysis, 4, 235 (1998).
  • A. Kuo, C. A. Passut, T.-C. Jao, A. A. Csontos and J. M. Howe, “Wear Mechanisms in Cummins M-11 High Soot Diesel Test Engines”, (invited paper) SAE Technical Paper 981372, 21 (1998).
  • J. M. Howe and G. Spanos, "Atomic Structure of the Austenite-Cementite Interface of Proeutectoid Cementite Plates," Philos. Mag. A, 79, 9 (1999).
  • M. Bilaniuk and J. M. Howe, “Wetting, Bonding and Interfacial Energy of Nanocrystalline Metal Particles on Crystalline DCH Polymer and Amorphous Carbon Substrates”, Interface Science, 6, 317 (1999).
  • D. M. Longo, J. M. Howe and W. C. Johnson, “Experimental Method for Determining Cliff-Lorimer Factors in TEM Utilizing Stepped Wedge-Shaped Specimens Prepared by FIB Thinning”, Ultramicroscopy, 80, 85 (1999).
  • D. M. Longo, J. M. Howe and W. C. Johnson, “Development of a FIB Technique to Minimize X-ray Fluorescence During Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy of FIB Specimens in the TEM”, Ultramicroscopy, 80, 69 (1999).
  • A. W. Wilson and J. M. Howe, “Statistical ALCHEMI Study of the Site Occupancies of Ti and Cu in NiAl”, Scripta Mater, 41, 327 (1999).
  • K. T. Moore, J. M. Howe and D. C. Elbert, “Analysis of Diffraction Contrast as a Function of Energy Loss in Energy-Filtered Transmission Electron Microscope Imaging”, Ultramicroscopy, 80, 203 (1999).
  • K. T. Moore, J. M. Howe, D. E. Veblen, T. M. Murray and E. A. Stach, “Analysis of Electron Signal as a Function of Aperture Size in Energy Filtered Transmission Electron Microscope (EFTEM) Imaging”, Ultramicroscopy, 80, 221 (1999).
  • S. Q. Xiao and J. M. Howe, “Analysis of a Two-Dimensional Invariant Line Interface for the Case of a General Transformation Strain and Application to Thin-Film Interfaces”, Acta Mater., 48, 3253 (2000).
  • K. T. Moore and J. M. Howe, “Characterization of g Plate-Shaped Precipitates in an Al-Ag Alloy – Growth Kinetics, Solute Field Composition and Modeling”, Acta Mater., 48, 4083 (2000).
  • J. M. Howe, H. I. Aaronson and J. P. Hirth, “Aspects of Interphase Boundary Structure in Diffusional Phase Transformations”, Acta Mater., 48, 3977 (2000).
  • K. T. Moore, A. A. Csontos and J. M. Howe, “Scanning and Transmission Electron Microscope Investigation of Preferential Thinning During Ion Beam Milling of an Al-Ag Alloy Containing g‘ Precipitate Plates”, Ultramicroscopy, 76, 195 (1999).
  • A. W. Wilson, J. M. Howe, A. Garg and R. D. Noebe, “TEM Study of b’ Precipitation in NiAl-Ti Alloys”, Mater. Sci. Eng., A289, 162 (2000).
  • J. F. Nie, J. M. Howe and H. I. Aaronson, “Discussion of “Surface Relief and the Displacive Transformation to the Lamellar Microstructure in TiAl” and “Nanometer-Scale, Fully Lamellar Microstructure in an Aged TiAl-Based Alloy”, Comm. Metall. Mater. Trans., 31A, 2377 (2000).
  • J. H. Holles, R. J. Davis, T. M. Murray and J. M. Howe, “Efects of Pd Particle Size and Ceria Loading on NO Reduction with CO”, J. Catalysis, 195, 193 (2000).
  • K. T. Moore, E. A. Stach, J. M. Howe, D. C., Elbert and D. R. Veblen, “A Tilting Procedure to Enhance Compositional Contrast in Energy-Filtered Imaging of Planar Interfaces”, Micron, 33, 39 (2001).
  • K. T. Moore, D. R. Veblen and J. M. Howe, “Ca Segregation at Antiphase Boundaries in Pigeonite”, Amer. Mineralogist, 86, 1314 (2001).
  • A. W. Wilson and J. M. Howe, “Effect of Alloying Additions and Stoichiometry on b’ Precipitation in NiAl-Ti Base Alloys”, Acta Mater., 49, 2653 (2001).
  • K. T. Moore, W. C. Johnson, J. M. Howe, H. I. Aaronson and D. R. Veblen, “Interaction Between Ag-Depleted Zones Surrounding g Plates and Spinodal Decomposition in an Al-22 at.% Ag Alloy”, Acta Mater., 50, 943 (2002).
  • K. T. Moore, J. M. Howe, and D. R. Veblen, “High-Resolution and Energy-Filtered TEM Imaging of Ag Segregation at Planar Interfaces in an Al-Cu-Mg-Ag Alloy, Philos. Mag. B, 82, 13 (2002).
  • M. Murayama, J. M. Howe, H. Hikada and S. Takaki, “Atomic-Level Observation of Disclination Dipoles in Mechanically Milled, Nanocrystalline Fe”, Science, 295, 2433 (2002).
  • K. T. Moore, J. M. Howe and D. R. Veblen, “On the Solute Field and Composition of g Plates in an Al-22 at.% Ag Alloy”, Comm. Metall. Mater. Trans., 33A, 1563 (2002).
  • V. P. Oleshko, M. Murayama and J. M. Howe, "Use of Plasmon Spectroscopy to Evaluate the Mechanical Properties of Materials at the Nanoscale", (invited paper) Microsc. Microanal., 8, 350 (2002).
  • J. M. Howe, W. T. Reynolds, Jr. and V. K. Vasudevan, "Static and In-Situ High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy Investigations of the Atomic Structure and Dynamics of Massive Transformation Interfaces in Ti-Al Alloy", Metall. Mater. Trans., 33A, 2391 (2002).
  • P. Li and J. M. Howe, "Dislocation Reactions in ZrN", Acta Mater., 50, 4231 (2002).
  • A. W. Wilson, G. Bozzolo, R. D. Noebe and J. M. Howe, “Experimental Verification of the Theoretical Prediction of the Phase Structure of an Ni-Al-Ti-Cr-Cu Alloy”, Acta Mater., 50, 2387 (2002).
  • V. P. Oleshko and J. M. Howe, "Applications of Cryo-Analytical Electron Microscopy for Characterization of AgX-Based Photographic Systems and Their Microcomponents", (invited paper) J. Soc. Photogr. Sci. Technol. Japan, 65, 332 (2002).
  • S. S. Sharma, K. T. Moore and J. M. Howe, “TEM Investigation of an Ordered Metastable Phase in Zr-N Alloys”, Philos. Mag., 83, 31 (2003).
  • J. M. Howe, A.E. M. Mebed, K. Chatterjee, P. Li, M. Murayama and W. C. Johnson, "Effect of Phase Fraction on the Tri-Junction in Two-Phase Particle Systems", Acta Mater., 51, 1359 (2003).
  • P. Li and J. M. Howe, "Short-Range Ordering and {1,1/2,0} Diffuse Intensity Maxima in ZrNx", Acta Mater., 51, 1261 (2003).
  • M. Murayama, J. M. Howe, H. Hikada and S. Takaki, "High-Resolution TEM Analysis of Defect Structures in Mechanically Milled, Nanocrystalline Fe", (invited paper) ISIJ International, 43, 775 (2003).
  • W. T. Reynolds, Jr., J. F. Nie, W.-Z. Zhang, J. M. Howe, H. I. Aaronson, J. P. Hirth, G. R. Purdy, "Atomic Structure of Irrational a2:gm Boundaries in a Ti-46.54 at.% Alloy", Scripta Mater., 49, 405 (2003).
  • P. Li and J. M. Howe, "Crystallography of a New Metastable Phase in Zr-N Alloy", Acta Cryst. A, 59, 584 (2003).
  • P. Li, W. T. Reynolds, Jr. and J. M. Howe, "Atomic Structure of an Incoherent {111} Interface in Zr-N Alloy", Acta Mater., 52, 239 (2004).
  • G. A. Storaska and J. M. Howe, "In-Situ TEM Investigation of Surface Oxide Stress Relief Mechanisms During Melting of Submicron Al-Si Alloy Particles", Mater. Sci. Eng., A368, 183 (2004).
  • T. Yokota, J. M. Howe and M. Murayama, "In-Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Investigation of Melting in Submicron Al-Si Alloy Particles Under Electron-Beam Irradiation", Phys. Rev. Lett., 91, 265504 (2003).
  • T. Yokota, M. Murayama, J. M. Howe and W. A. Jesser, "Fractional Brownian Motion of an Al Nanosphere in Liquid Al-Si Alloy Under Electron-Beam Irradiation", J. Appl. Phys., 95, 5756 (2004).
  • K. Chatterjee, J. M. Howe, W. C. Johnson and M. Murayama, "Static and In-situ TEM Investigation of Phase Relationships, Phase Dissolution and Interface Motion in Ag-Au-Cu Alloy Nanoparticles", Acta Mater., 52, 2923 (2004).
  • J. M. Howe and V. P. Oleshko, "Application of Valence Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy and Plasmon Energy Mapping for Determining Material Properties at the Nanoscale", (invited paper) J. Electron Micros., 53, 339 (2004).
  • V. P. Oleshko, J. M. Howe, S. Shukla and S. Seal, "High-Resolution and Analytical TEM Investigation of Metastable Tetragonal-Phase Stabilization in Nanocrystalline Undoped Zirconia", J. Nanosci. and Nanotech., 4, 867 (2004).
  • J. M. Howe, T. Yokota, M. Murayama and W. A. Jesser, " Effects of Heat and Electron Irradiation on the Melting Behavior of Al-Si Alloy Particles and Motion of the Al Nanosphere Within", (invited paper) J. Electron Micros., 53, 107 (2004).
  • G. A. Storaska, K. T. Moore and J. M. Howe, "In-Situ Energy-Filtered TEM Investigation of the Solid-Liquid Interface in Submicron Al-Si Alloy Particles", (invited paper) Philos. Mag. A, 84, 2619 (2004).
  • J. M. Howe, W. T. Reynolds, Jr. and V. K. Vasudevan, "Atomic Structure and Dynamics of Massive Transformation Interfaces in Ti-Al Alloy", (invited paper) Z. Metallkde., 95, 275 (2004).
  • J. M. Howe and H. Saka, "In-Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Studies of the Solid-Liquid Interface", (invited paper) MRS Bulletin, 29, 951 (2004).
  • C. E. Allmond, V. P. Oleshko, J. M. Howe and J. M. Fitz-Gerald, "Non-Aggregated Pd Nanoparticles PLD-Deposited onto Catalytic Supports", Applied Physics A, 82, 675 (2006).
  • P. Li, J. M. Howe and W. T. Reynolds, Jr., "Investigation of the Structure and Composition of a {111} Incoherent Zr/ZrN Interface Containing Ledges by HRTEM, Image Simulation, EELS, EFTEM and NCS Analysis", (invited paper) Metall. Mater. Trans., 37A, 879 (2006).
  • P. Li, J. M. Howe and W. T. Reynolds, Jr., "Atomic Structure of a {110} Zr/ZrN Interface", (invited paper) Metall. Mater. Trans., 37A, 895 (2006).
  • N. Raffler and J. M. Howe, "A High-Resolution Time-Resolved Study of Incoherent Interface Motion During the Massive Transformation in TiAl Alloy", Metall. Mater. Trans., 37A, 873 (2006).
  • J. M. Howe, "Comparison of the Atomic Structure, Composition, Kinetics and Mechanisms of Interfacial Motion in Martensitic, Bainitic, Massive and Precipitation FCC-HCP Phase Transformations", (plenary paper) in Proc. Inter. Conf. Martensitic Transformations - ICOMAT '05, Mater. Sci. & Eng. A, 438-440, 35 (2006).
  • P. Reinke, J. M. Howe, S. Eswaramoorthy and E. Thune, "Understanding the Role of Ion Energy in the Growth of Au Clusters", J. Appl. Phys., 100, 024303 (2006).
  • A. M. Mebed and J. M. Howe, "Spinodal Induced Homogeneous Nano-structures in Magnetoresistive CoCu Granular Thin Films", J. Appl. Phys., 100, 074310 (2006).
  • V. P. Oleshko and J. M. Howe, "In-Situ Determination and Imaging of Physical Properties of Metastable and Equilibrium Precipitates Using Valence Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy and Energy-Filtering TEM", J. Appl. Phys., 101, 054308 (2007).
  • J. M. Howe, A. S. Gautam, K. Chatterjee and F. Phillipp, "Atomic-Level Dynamic Behavior of a Diffuse Interface in Au-Cu Alloy", Acta Mater., 55, 2159 (2007).
  • V. Abdelsayed, G. Glaspell, M. Nguyen, J. M. Howe and M. S. El-Shall, "Laser Synthesis of Bimetallic Nanoalloys in the Vapor and Liquid Phases and the Magnetic Properties of PdM and PtM Nanoparticles (M = Fe, Co and Ni), Faraday Discuss., 138, 1 (2007).
  • S. Eswaramoorthy, J. M. Howe and F. Phillipp, "A Shield for Reducing the Thermal Signal from Heating Holders During In-Situ Energy-Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy Analysis", Micros. Microanal., 13, 291 (2007).
  • A. M. Mebed and J. M. Howe, "Computational Model for the Effect of Interfacial Energy and Phase Fraction on the Particles Shape and Dihedral Angles in Two Phase Small Particles", J. Mater. Sci., 42, 9504 (2007).
  • S. K. Eswaramoorthy, J. M. Howe and G. Muralidharan, "Determining the Nanoscale Chemistry and Behavior of Solid-Liquid Systems", Science, 318, 1437 (2007).
  • J. M. Guevremont, G. Guinther, T.-C. Jao, T. Herlihy, R. White and J. M. Howe, "Total Phosphorus Detection and Mapping in Catalytic Converters", SAE Transactions, Paper 2007-01-4078 (2007).
  • J. M. Howe, H. Mori and Z. L. Wang, "In-Situ High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy in the Study of Nanomaterials and Properties", (invited paper) MRS Bulletin, 33, 115 (2008).
  • A. R. S. Gautam and J. M. Howe, "In-Situ TEM Study of Au-Cu Alloy Nanoparticle Migration and Coalescence", J. Mater. Sci., 44, 601 (2009).
  • J. M. Howe, R. C. Pond and J. P. Hirth, "The Role of Disclinations in Phase Transformations", (invited paper) Prog. Mater. Sci., 54, 792 (2009).
  • S. K. Eswaramoorthy and J. M. Howe, "Kinetic Analyses of the Growth and Dissolution Phenomena of Primary Si and a-Al in Al-Si(Cu-Mg) Alloy Using In-Situ TEM", Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 42 , 1667 (2010). [doi: 10.1007/s11661-010-0543-5]
  • J. Wang, J. P. Hirth, R. C. Pond and J. M. Howe, “Rotational Partitioning at Two-phase Interfaces”, Acta Mater., 59, 241 (2010). [10.1016/j.actamat.2010.09.028]
  • J. Wu, J. M. Howe and W.-Z. Zhang, “An In-situ Transmission Electron Microscope Study of Interface Growth During Martensitic Transformation in Fe-Ni-Mn Alloy”, Acta Mater., 59, 3297 (2011).
  • A. R. S. Gautam and J. M. Howe, "A Reciprocal-Space Model to Predict Orientation Relationships and Interface Planes: Part I – Approach", Philos. Mag. A., 91, 3203 (2011). [10.1080/14786435.2011.573817]
  • S. K. Eswaramoorthy and J. M. Howe, "Temperature Dependence of the Plasmon Energy in Liquid and Solid Phases of Pure Al and of an Al-Si Alloy Using Electron Energy-loss Spectroscopy”, J. Appl. Phys., 110, 043515 (2011). [doi:10.1063/1.3624735]
  • P. Palanisamy and J. M. Howe, “Melting and Supercooling Studies in Sub-Micron Al Particles Using Valence Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy in a Transmission Electron Microscope”, J. Appl. Phys., 110, 024908 (2011). [doi:10.1063/1.3609063]
  • V. P. Oleshko and J. M. Howe, "Are Electron Tweezers Possible?, Ultramicroscopy, 111, 1599 (2011).
  • P. Palanisamy and J. M. Howe, “In-situ Extended Energy-Loss Fine Structure (EXELFS) Analysis of the Solid and Liquid Phases in Sub-Micron Al Particles”, J. Appl. Phys., 110, 104905 (2011). [doi:10.1063/1.3662382]
  • P. Palanisamy, W. Sigle and J. M. Howe, “Interfacial Plasmon at a Singular Solid-liquid Interface in a Partially Molten Aluminum Alloy”, Phys. Rev. B, 85, 195305 (2012). [doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.85.195305]
  • S. K. Eswaramoorthy, M. I. Mendelev and J. M. Howe,, “The Influence of Spatial and Temporal Averaging on Interpretation of HRTEM Simulations of Solid-Liquid Interfaces”, Ultramicroscopy, 124, 40 (2013). [doi:10.1016/j.ultramic.2012.08.013]
  • A. R. S. Gautam and J. M. Howe, "A Reciprocal-Space Model to Predict Orientation Relationships and Interface Planes: Part II - Application", Philos. Mag., 93, 3472 (2013).
  • T. M. Apple, J. H. Cantrell, W. T. Yost, C. M. Amaro, C. R. Mayer, S. R. Agnew and J. M. Howe, “Acoustic Harmonic Generation from Fatigue-Generated Dislocation Substructures in Copper Single Crystals”, Philos. Mag., 93, 2802 (2013). [doi:10.1080/14786435.2013.789144]
  • P. Palanisamy and J. M. Howe, “In-Situ Observation of Cu Segregation and Phase Nucleation at a Solid-Liquid Interface in an Al Alloy”, Acta Mater., 61, 4339 (2013). [doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2013.04.005]
  • P. Palanisamy, M. de Jong, M. Asta and J. M. Howe, “Examination of the Electronic Structure of Crystalline and Liquid Al Versus Temperature by In-situ Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy (EELS)”, Micron, 76, 14 (2015). (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micron.2015.05.006)
  • Z. Farrell, M. M. Schneider, D. L. Green, J. M. Howe,, “Detection of Janus Morphologies on Thiol-Functionalized Silver Nanoparticles by EFTEM”, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., submitted.
  • S. Eswaramoorthy, C. Mitterbauer, T. Wirtz, S. Kujawa and J. M. Howe, “In-situ Correlative STEM-EDS and HRTEM Studies of Nanoscale Chemical Partitioning During Solid-Liquid Phase Transformation in an Al-Si Based Alloy”, J. Micros., submitted.
  • P. Ghatwai, J. Wu and J. M. Howe, “In-Situ TEM Investigation of Random Grain Boundary Migration in Pure Aluminum”, Scripta Mater., in preparation.
  • M. M. Schneider and J. M. Howe, “Dynamic HRTEM Observation of Metastable Cu Island Formation at a Solid Si – Liquid Al Interface”, Science, in preparation.
  • D. A. Henderson and J. M. Howe, “Experimental Analysis of the Double-Bubble Problem”, in preparation.
  • Conference Proceedings

  • J. M. Howe, "A HREM Study of the Interfacial Structure of g' Precipitate Plates in Al - 15 wt% Ag Alloy," in Proc. 41st Annual Meeting E.M.S.A., San Francisco Press, CA, p. 238 (1983).
  • J. M. Howe and R. Gronsky, "Atomic-Resolution Microscopy of Precipitate Growth in Al Alloys," in Proc. International Conference on Aluminum Alloys, Chameleon Press, London, p. 647 (1986).
  • J. M. Howe, "Differential Scanning Calorimetry of Al Alloys," in Proc. International Conference on Aluminum Alloys, Chameleon Press, London, p. 603, (1986).
  • J. M. Howe and R. Gronsky, "Nucleation of g' Plates from G.P. Zones in an Al-Ag Alloy," in Proc. 44th Annual Meeting E.M.S.A., San Francisco Press, CA, p. 552 (1986).
  • J. M. Howe and R. Gronsky, "Atomic Chemistry from HREM and Image Simulations?," in Proc. 44th Annual Meeting E.M.S.A., San Francisco Press, CA, p. 828 (1986).
  • J. M. Howe and M. Sarikaya, "CBED Point-Group Analysis of Thin Precipitates in Metallic Systems," in Microbeam Analysis '86, San Francisco Press, CA, p. 405 (1986).
  • J. M. Howe and R. Gronsky, "TEM Studies of Precipitate Growth at the Atomic Level," (invited paper) in Materials Problem Solving with the Transmission Electron Microscope, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 62, MRS, Pittsburgh, PA, p. 241 (1986).
  • J. M. Howe, D. P. Basile, N. Prabhu and M. K. Hatalis, "Minimum Detectable Solute Concentration and Accuracy of Compositional Analysis in Atomic-Resolution Microscopy," in Analytical Electron Microscopy '87, San Francisco Press, CA, p. 235 (1987).
  • J. M. Howe, "High-Resolution TEM of Interfaces in Metals," (invited paper) in Proc. 45th Annual Meeting E.M.S.A., San Francisco Press, CA, p. 284 (1987).
  • G. J. Mahon and J. M. Howe, "Microstructural Development During Heat Treatment and Deformation of an Aluminum-Silicon Carbide Composite," in Proc. 46th Annual Meeting E.M.S.A., San Francisco Press, CA, p. 724 (1988).
  • J. M. Howe and G. J. Mahon, "High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy of Precipitate Plate Growth by Diffusional and Displacive Transformation Mechanisms," (invited paper) in Proc. 46th Annual Meeting E.M.S.A., San Francisco Press, CA, p. 760 (1988).
  • J. M. Howe, "In Situ TEM Studies of Precipitate Growth by a Terrace-Ledge-Kink Mechanism," in Phase Transformations '87, The Institute of Metals, London, p. 637 (1988).
  • J. M. Howe and D. Sundo, "Effects of Composition and Strain on Image Contrast in Atomic-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy," in High-Resolution Electron Microscopy, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 139, MRS, Pittsburgh, PA, p. 211 (1989).
  • J. M. Howe and M. Sarikaya, "Observation of Radiation-Induced Defect Formation in Aluminum by High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy," in Characterization of the Structure and Chemistry of Defects in Materials, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 138, MRS, Pittsburgh, PA, p. 41 (1989).
  • J. M. Howe, "Reliability of Various Symmetry Features and Procedures for Point Group Determination of Thin Specimens by CBED," (invited paper) in Analytical Electron Microscopy '89, San Francisco Press, CA, p. 483 (1989).
  • S. R. Singh and J. M. Howe, "High-Resolution Electron Microscopy of Interfaces in TiAl Alloys," in XII International Congress for Electron Microscopy, San Francisco Press, CA, p. 316 (1990).
  • A. Garg and J. M. Howe, "An In Situ TEM Study of Nucleation and Growth of the W Phase in an Al-4.0Cu-90.5Mg-0.5Ag Alloy," in XII International Congress for Electron Microscopy, San Francisco Press, CA, p. 526 (1990).
  • P. C. Shieh and J. M. Howe, "Investigation of the Atomic Structure of Crystal/Amorphous Interfaces in Pd80Si20 Alloy by HRTEM and Image Simulations," in XII International Congress for Electron Microscopy, San Francisco Press, CA, p. 114 (1990).
  • D. F. Sundo and J. M. Howe, "Theoretical and Experimental Analyses of the Effects of Composition and Strain on Image Contrast in High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy," in XII International Congress for Electron Microscopy, San Francisco Press, CA, p. 66 (1990).
  • S. R. Singh and J. M. Howe, "Effect of Ta on the Structure and Dynamics of g/a2 Interfaces in TiAl," in High-Temperature Ordered Intermetallic Alloys IV, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 213, MRS, Pittsburgh, PA, p. 435 (1991).
  • M. Sarikaya and J. M. Howe, "Image Resolution in Conventional Transmission Electron Microscopy," (invited paper) in Proc. 49th Annual Meeting E.M.S.A., San Francisco Press, CA, p. 468 (1991).
  • J. M. Howe, "In Situ High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy of Interphase Boundary Motion in Metallic Alloys," (invited paper) in Proc. 49th Annual Meeting E.M.S.A., San Francisco Press, CA, p. 450 (1991).
  • M. Bilaniuk and J. M. Howe, "Orientation Relationships at Polymer/Metal Interfaces," in Analytical Electron Microscopy '91, San Francisco Press, CA, p. 227 (1991).
  • A. Garg and J. M. Howe, "Interfacial Structure of the W Phase in A1-4.0Cu-0.5Mg-0.5Ag Alloy," in Analytical Electron Microscopy '91, San Francisco Press, CA, p. 214 (1991).
  • H. I. Aaronson, T. Furuhara, J. M. Howe, W. T. Reynolds, Jr. and G. Spanos, "Why Does the Phenomenological Theory of Martensite Crystallography Sometimes Quantitatively Describe the Surface Relief Effect and the Transformation Crystallography of Precipitate Plates," (invited Paper) in Interfaces: Structure and Properties, Oxford and IBH Publishing, New Delhi, India, p. 169 (1993).
  • J. M. Howe, "Bonding, Structure and Properties of Metal/Ceramic Interfaces," (invited paper) in Joining and Adhesion of Advanced Materials, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 314, MRS, Pittsburgh, PA, p. 27 (1993).
  • J. M. Howe, "In Situ High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscope Study of Martensite Nucleation and Growth in a Co-32wt.%Ni Alloy," in Proc. Inter. Conf. on Martensitic Transformations '92, Monterey Institute for Advanced Studies, Monterey, CA, p. 185 (1993).
  • J. M. Howe, "Quantitative In Situ Hot-Stage High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy," (invited paper) in Proc. 52nd Annual Meeting M.S.A., San Francisco Press, CA, p. 758 (1994).
  • J. M. Howe, "Lattice Parameter Measurement by Convergent-Beam Electron Diffraction," (invited paper) in Proc. 52nd Annual Meeting M.S.A., San Francisco Press, CA, p. 952 (1994).
  • J. M. Howe, W. E. Benson, A. Garg and Y. C. Chang, "Analysis of Interface Dynamics in Solid-State Phase Transformations by In Situ Hot-Stage High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy," (invited paper) in Determining Nanoscale Physical Properties of Materials by Microscopy and Spectroscopy, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 332, MRS, Pittsburgh, PA, p. 65 (1994).
  • W. E. Benson and J. M. Howe, "In Situ Hot-Stage HRTEM Studies of q-Al2Cu {111} Plate Growth and Faceting by Ledges and Kinks in an Al-Cu-Mg-Ag Alloy," in Proc. International Conf. on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials '94, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, p. 1109 (1994).
  • G. Chen, J. M. Howe and W. T. Reynolds, Jr., "Emission of Structural Defects During Precipitate Growth," in Proc. International Conf. on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials '94, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, p. 291 (1994).
  • J. M. Howe, In Situ Hot-Stage High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscope Studies of the Mechanisms and Kinetics of Precipitation Reactions", (invited paper) in Microscopy and Microanalysis 1995, Jones and Begell Publishing, New York, p. 228 (1995).
  • N. Prabhu and J. M. Howe, "The Effect of Ternary Trace Additions on the Precipitation Behavior in an Al-4.2 At.Pct Ag Alloy," (invited paper) in Advances in Physical Metallurgy - 94, Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, Amsterdam, p. 307 (1996).
  • J. M. Howe, W. E. Benson, A. Garg and Y.-C. Chang, "In Situ Hot-Stage High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy of Solid-State Phase Transformations," (plenary paper) in Advances in Physical Metallurgy - 94, Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, Amsterdam, p. 277 (1996).
  • A. W. Wilson, J. M. Howe, A. Garg and R. D. Noebe, "HRTEM and Chemical Analysis of NiAl-5Ti", in Microscopy and Microanalysis 1996, San Francisco Press, CA, p. 230 (1996).
  • M. M. Tsai and J. M. Howe, Characterization of the (01-10) a-Ti/g-TiH Interface Using High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (EELS)", in Microscopy and Microanalysis 1996, San Francisco Press, CA, p. 108 (1996).
  • J. M. Howe, S. P. Ringer, B. C. Muddle and I. J. Polmear, "Analytical Electron Microscopy of Nanometer-Size Precipitates in Al Alloys with a 200 kV Field Emission TEM", in Microscopy and Microanalysis 1996, San Francisco Press, CA, p. 574 (1996).
  • J. M. Howe, "Quantification of Order in the Liquid at a Solid-Liquid Interface by High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM), in Microscopy and Microanalysis 1996, San Francisco Press, CA, p. 114 (1996).
  • A. Garg, R. D. Noebe, J. M. Howe, A. W. Wilson and V. Levit, "TEM Study of Precipitation in a NiAl-3Ti-0.5Hf Single-Crystal Alloy", in Microscopy and Microanalysis 1996, San Francisco Press, CA, p. 998 (1996).
  • J. M. Howe, M. M. Tsai and A. A. Csontos, “In Situ High-Resolution Electron Spectroscopic Imaging and Real-Time Image Simulation of Precipitate Growth Mechanisms”, (invited paper) in Microscopy and Microanalysis 1997, Springer-Verlag, NY, p.627 (1997).
  • A. W. Wilson, J. M. Howe, A. Garg and R. D. Noebe, “Analytical TEM Study of Nanophase Precipitation in NiAl Alloys,” in Microscopy and Microanalysis 1997, Springer-Verlag, NY, p.1007 (1997).
  • J. M. Howe and D. A. Smith, “Analysis of Misorientations at Thin-Film Interfaces by Various Crystallographic Theories of Interphase Bondary Structure”, (invited paper) in Boundaries and Interfaces in Materials: The David A. Smith Symposium, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, p. 73 (1998).
  • D. M. Longo, J. M. Howe and W. C. Johnson, “The Effect of Focused Ion Beam (FIB) Specimen Geometry on X-ray Fluorescence During Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS) Analysis in the Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)”, in Microscopy and Microanalysis 1998, Springer-Verlag, NY, p. 856 (1998).
  • T. M. Murray and J. M. Howe, “Simulated HRTEM Images of Rotating Nano-size Metal Particles”, in Electron Microscopy 1998, IOP Publishing, Bristol, UK, p. 161 (1998).
  • J. M. Howe, A. A. Csontos and M. M. Tsai, “Determination of Compositional Changes at Transformation Interfaces with Sub-nanometer Spatial Resolution by In Situ Hot-Stage Energy-Filtering Transmission Electron Microscopy”, (invited paper) in Electron Microscopy 1998, IOP Publishing, Bristol, UK, p. 37 (1998).
  • A. W. Wilson and J. M. Howe, “Microstructural Evaluation of NiAl-Ti-Cu Alloys as a Function of Alloy Composition”, in Electron Microscopy 1998, IOP Publishing, Bristol, UK, p. 269 (1998).
  • J. M. Howe, K. T. Moore, A. A. Csontos, M. M. Tsai and W. E. Benson, “In Situ High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy of Interfaces in Phase Transformations”, (invited paper) in Proc. International Conf. on Intergranular and Interphase Boundaries (iib98), Trans Tech Publications, Ltd., Switzerland, p. 43 (1999).
  • K. T. Moore and J. M. Howe, “Characterization of g Plate-Shaped Precipitates During Early Stages of Growth in an Al-4.2at.%Ag Alloy: Solute Field, Composition and Growth Kinetics”, in Solid-Solid Phase Transformations I (PTM’99), M. Kiowa, K. Otsuka and T. Miyazaki, Eds., The Japan Inst. Metals, Sendai, p. 141 (1999).
  • J. M. Howe, M. M. Tsai and A. A. Csontos, “In Situ High-Resolution and Energy-Filtering Transmission Electron Microscope Observations of Interphase Boundary Dynamics in Diffusional and Diffusionless FCC-HCP Phase Transformations”, (invited paper) in Solid-Solid Phase Transformations II (PTM’99), M. Kiowa, K. Otsuka and T. Miyazaki, Eds., The Japan Inst. Metals, Sendai, p. 1136 (1999).
  • K. T. Moore and J. M. Howe, “Analysis of Diffraction Contrast as a Function of Energy Loss in Energy Filtering Transmission Electron Microscope (EFTEM) Imaging and Possible Implications on High-Resolution Compositional Mapping”, in Microscopy and Microanalysis 1999, Springer-Verlag, NY, p. 620 (1999).
  • G. A. Storaska and J. M. Howe, “In-Situ TEM Investigation of the Solid/Liquid Interface in Al-Si Alloys”, in Microscopy and Microanalysis 2000, Springer-Verlag, NY, p. 1068 (2000).
  • K. T. Moore, E. A. Stach, J. M. Howe, D. C., Elbert and D. R. Veblen, “A Tilting Procedure to Enhance Compositional Contrast in Energy-Filtered Imaging of Planar Interfaces”, in Microscopy and Microanalysis 2000, Springer-Verlag, NY, p. (2000).
  • T.-C. Jao, S. Li, K. Yatsunami, S. J. Chen, A. A. Csontos and J. M. Howe, “Soot Characterization and Diesel Engine Wear”, in Proc. Intl. Tribology Conf. 2000, Vol. 3, Japanese Soc. of Tribologists, Nagasaki, Japan, p. 1981 (2001).
  • P. Li and J. M. Howe, "Dislocation Dissociation and Short-Range Ordering in ZrN", in Microscopy and Microanalysis, 8 (Suppl. 2), Springer-Verlag, NY, p. 1430 (2002).
  • V. P. Oleshko and J. M. Howe, "Correlation Between the Volume Plasmon Energy and Mechanical Properties of Materials", in Proc. 15th Intl. Cong. Electron Micros. (ICEM-15), Vol. 1 - Physics, Materials and Earth Sciences, Micros. Soc. South Africa, Onderstepoort, p. 169 (2002).
  • J. M. Howe, M. Murayama, H. Hikada and S. Takaki, "High-Resolution TEM Analysis of Defect Structures in Mechanically Milled, Nanocrystalline Fe", (invited paper) in Proc. 1st Intl. Conf. Adv. Structural Steels (IACSS 2002), National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, p. 53 (2002).
  • V. P. Oleshko and J. M. Howe, "Valence Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy as a Tool for In Situ Diagnostics of Material Properties", in Microscopy and Microanalysis, 9 (Suppl. 2), Springer-Verlag, NY, p. 918 (2003).
  • V. P. Oleshko, J. M. Howe, S. Shukla and S. Seal, "CTEM, HRTEM and FE-AEM Investigation of the Metastable Tetragonal Phase Stabilization in Undoped, Sol-Gel Derived Naoncrystalline Zirconia", in Microscopy and Microanalysi, 9 (Suppl. 2), Springer-Verlag, NY, p. 410 (2003).
  • P. Li and J. M. Howe, " In-Situ TEM Studies of Sessile Dislocation Arrangements and N Vacancy Ordering in ZrN", Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 779, MRS, Pittsburgh, PA, p. W5.1.1 (2003).
  • V. P. Oleshko and J. M. Howe, "Solid State Property - Bonding Electron Density - Volume Plasmon Energy Scaling Relationships: Novel AEM Technique for In-Situ Dignostics of Material Properties at the Nanoscale", in Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 791, MRS, Pittsburgh, PA, p. Q9.5.1 (2003).
  • V. P. Oleshko and J. M. Howe, "High-Resolution and Analytical Electron Microscopy Investigation of Metastable Tetragonal Phase Stabilization in Undoped, Sol-Gel Derived Zirconia Nanoceramics", Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 788, p. L2.11.1 (2003).
  • V. P. Oleshko and J. M. Howe, "In Situ EFTEM/PEELS Investigation of the Melting Behavior of Individual Al-Si Alloy Small Particles", in Microscopy and Microanalysis 2004, 10 (Suppl. 2), Springer-Verlag, NY, p. 237 (2004).
  • C. E. Allmond, V. P. Oleshko, J. M. Fitz-Gerald and J. M. Howe, "HRTEM and FE-AEM Investigation of Non-Aggregated Nanoparticles of Noble Metals Produced by Pulsed Laser Deposition", in Microscopy and Microanalysis 2004, 10 (Suppl. 2), Springer-Verlag, NY, p. 242.
  • P. Li, J. M. Howe and W. T. Reynolds, Jr., "Studies of the Structure and Composition of Type-3 Incoherent Zr/ZrN Interfaces by HRTEM, Image Simulation, EFTEM and NCS Analysis", (invited paper) in Microscopy and Microanalysis 2004, 10 (Suppl. 2), Springer-Verlag, NY, p. 222.
  • V. P. Oleshko and J. M. Howe, "Quantitative Plasmon Imaging of Multiple Materials Properties Using Universality and Scaling in Solid-State Property - Valence Electron Density Relationships" in Proc. 13th European Microscopy Congress (EMC 2004), Belgian Society for Microscopy, Liege, p. 91 (2004).
  • V. P. Oleshko and J. M. Howe, "In-Situ Quantitative Plasmon Spectroscopic Determination and Imaging of Multiple Solid-State Properties at the Nanoscale: a New Capability for Materials Research", in Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., Vol. 839, MRS, Pittsburgh, p. P2.11.1 (2005).
  • V. P. Oleshko and J. M. Howe, "Electron Tweezers as a Tool for In-Situ Manipulation and Processing of Individual Metal Nanoparticles in a Two-Phase Partially Molten Alloy", in Microsc. Microanal., 11 (Suppl. 2), 1512 (2005).
  • C. T. Schamp, V. P. Oleshko, W. A. Jesser, B. S. Shivaram and J. M. Howe, "High-Resolution EFTEM and PEELS of Ga/GaAs Nano-"Ice Cream Cones" Grown by Dual-Wavelength Pulsed Laser Deposition", Microsc. Microanal., 11 (Suppl. 2), 1914 (2005).
  • T. M. Murray and J. M. Howe, "Growth and Chemical Mixing Behavior of Au and Ag Nanocrystal Mixtures", in Microsc. Microanal., 11 (Suppl. 2) 1700 (2005).
  • P. Li, J. M. Howe and W. T. Reynolds, Jr., "Atomic Structure of Zr/ZrN Incoherent Interfaces", in Proc. Inter. Conf. on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials 2005, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, p. 421 (2005).
  • V. P. Oleshko and J. M. Howe, "In-Situ Determination and Imaging of the Physical Properties of Metastable and Equilibrium Precipitates Using Valence Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy and Energy-Filtering TEM", in Proc. Inter. Conf. on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials 2005, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, p. 455 (2005).
  • J. M. Howe and A. R. S. Gautum, "Application of Atom-Row Matching Concepts to Grain Boundaries", in Proc. Inter. Conf. on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials 2005, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, p. 79 (2005).
  • A. R. S. Gautum, N. Raffler, J. M. Howe and K. Chatterjee, "In-Situ HRTEM Study of a Diffuse Interface in Au-Cu Alloy", in Proc. Inter. Conf. on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials 2005, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, p. 93 (2005).
  • T. M. Murray and J. M. Howe, "Chemical Mixing and Growth Behavior of Ag and Au Nanocrystal Mixtures", in Proc. Inter. Conf. on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials 2005, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, p. 797 (2005).
  • J. M. Howe, A. R. S. Gautam, K. Chatterjee and F. Phillipp, "Atomic-Level Dynamic Behavior of a Diffuse Interphase Boundary in a Au-Cu Alloy", in Proc. 16th International Microscopy Congress, IMC-16, Volume 3 - Materials Science, Sapporo, Japan, September, 2006, CD Paper IMC-16-00001812.
  • J. M. Howe, S. K. Eswaramoorthy and V. P. Oleshko, "New Techniques for Determining the Properties of Materials and Interfaces During In-Situ Heating in the TEM", (plenary paper) in Proc. SANKEN International Symposium on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 2006, Osaka, Japan, p. 23 (2006).
  • J. M. Howe, S. K. Eswaramoorthy and V. P. Oleshko, "New Techniques for Determining the Properties of Materials and Interfaces During In-Situ Heating in the TEM", (invited paper) in Proc. 6th Japanese-Polish Joint Seminar on Materials Analysis, Toyama, Japan, p. 29 (2006).
  • J. M. Howe, S. K. Eswaramoorthy and G. Muralidharan, "Determining the Nanoscale Chemistry and Behavior of Interfaces and Phases in Al-Si(-Cu-Mg) Nanoparticles Using In-Situ TEM", (invited paper) in 14th European Microscopy Congress - Vol. 2, Aachen, Germany, p. 633 (2008).
  • J. M. Howe, S. K. Eswaramoorthy and G. Muralidharan, "Determining the Chemistry and Behavior of Interfaces and Phases at the Nanoscale Using In-Situ TEM", (plenary paper) in 4th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium, Osaka, Japan (2008).
  • M. M. Schneider and J. M. Howe, “Study of Dynamic Solid-Liquid Interfacial Phenomena in Hypereutectic Al-Si Alloy Using in situ HRTEM,” in Micros. Microanal., 20 (Supp. 2) (2014).
  • J. M. Howe, P. Ghatwai and J. Wu, “Mechanisms of Random Grain Boundary Migration in Pure Aluminum and Implications for Plasticity and Microstructural Evolution”, (invited paper) in Proc. Plasticity 2015 - Plastic Behavior of Conventional and Advanced Materials: Theory, Experiment and Modeling, A. S. Khan, Ed. Montego Bay, Jamaica, p. 31 (2015).
  • M. M. Schneider and J. M. Howe, “Observation of a Metastable Cu Phase Formed at a Crystalline Si / Liquid Al-Alloy Interface in Al-Cu-Mg-Si Alloy”, in Proc. Intl. Conf. Solid-Solid Phase Transformations, PTM2015, TMS, Warrendale, PA, p. 1001 (2015). ISBN 978-0-692-43736-0.
  • Other Publications

  • J. M. Howe, "Metal-Ceramic Interfaces", Defense Science Study Group Project Report, Institute for Defense Analysis, Alexandria, VA (1990).
  • J. M. Howe "HRTEM Quantification II", in "Notes Presented at the Workshop on Characterization of Crystalline Interfaces by Advanced Electron Microscopy", U. Dahmen, Ed., Berkeley, CA (1990).
  • J. M. Howe, "Duplication of Natural Materials", Defense Science Study Group Project Report, Institute for Defense Analysis, Alexandria, VA (1991).
  • Contributor to: E. J. Mittemeijer and F. Sommer, "Section 5.2 - Phase Transformations", in "European White Book of Fundamental Research in Materials Science", Max-Planck-Institut fur Metallforschung Stuttgart, November (2001) p. 158.
  • J. M. Howe and A. H. King, "DOE Transmission Aberration-Corrected Microscope (TEAM) Project Report - 2. Technical", November (2007). Similar reports published with other co-reviewers on November (2006) and April (2005).
  • Invention Disclosures

  • J. M. Howe, Y.-C. Chang and A. Garg, "Formation of W Phase in Al-Cu-Mg Alloys with Trace Additions of Be," October, 1991.
  • P. L. Ratnaparkhi and J. M. Howe, "Solid-State Joining of Aluminum Alloys and Silicon Carbide by Diffusion Bonding," May, 1992.
  • E. M. Mebed, J. M. Howe and W. C. Johnson, "Generation of Two-phase Nanostructures with a Homogeneous Size-Distribution in Cu-Co Thin Films", June, 2002.
  • J. M. Howe, "Extraction of Soot Particles from Diesel-Engine Oil as a Cheap, Abundant Source of C Nanoparticles for Nanotechnology Applications", August, 2005.
  • J. M. Howe and S. Eswaramoorthy, "Shield for Reducing the Thermal Signal from Heating Holders During In-Situ Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis", March, 2006.
  • J. M. Howe, R. G. Kelly and E. Schindelholtz, “Novel Copper-Air Battery and Design”, August, 2014.
  • J. M. Howe and A. J. Mathers, “Inter-Pipe Device for Bacterial Control in Sinks”, December, 2014.
  • Patents/Applications

  • "Compositions and Methods for Large-Scale Production and Uses of Carbon Nano-Onions", J. M. Howe inventor, International Patent Application No. PCT/US2005/036348, October 7, 2005.
  • "Integrated Method to Analyze Crystals in Deposits", M. G. Pop, B. G. Lockamon, V. Oleshko and J. M. Howe, International Patent Number WO 2008/013597 A2, January 31, 2008.
  • “Method to Harness the Concentration Gradient in Plants and Trees to Power Electronic Devices”, J. M. Howe, inventor, U. S. Patent Application No. US61/144,3458, February 2, 2009.