James M. Howe
Thomas Goodwin Digges Professor of Materials Science and Engineering
Ph.D. University of California - Berkeley, 1985
M.S. University of California - Berkeley, 1983
B.S. University of Kentucky, 1978
Department of Materials Science & Engineering
University of Virginia
PO Box 400745
395 McCormick Road
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4745
Office: MSE Building Room 119
p: 434- 982-5646
Current research emphasizes the application of high-resolution and analytical transmission electron microscope techniques to study mechanisms of phase transformations and the structure and properties of interphase boundaries at the atomic level. Research programs include studies of the atomic mechanisms and kinetics of interphase boundary motion during precipitation in metal alloys, the atomic structure and mechanisms of interphase boundary motion in solid-liquid transformations, understanding the behavior of solid-state phase transformations in nanocrystalline alloys and the use of plasmons to determine the mechanical and physical properties of nanoscale materials.
Professonal Experience and Memberships
Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Virginia, 1991-present; Director, Electron Microscope and Image Processing Facility, 1991-present; von Humboldt Senior Researcher, Max-Planck-Institut fur Metallforschung, Stuttgart, 2000, 2003; NRL Summer Faculty Researcher, 1996; Alcoa Associate Professor, Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science, Carnegie Mellon University, 1990-91; Institute for Defense Analysis, Defense Science Study Group, 1989-91; Technical Director, Alcoa Center for Engineered Materials, 1989-90; Alcoa Assistant Professor, Carnegie Mellon University, 1985-90;
Honors and Awards
R&D Magazine 100 Award Winning Technologies, 2001
ASM International, Materials Science Research Silver Medal, 2000
Alexander von Humboldt Senior Research Award, 1999
Fellow of ASM International, 1997
NSF Presidential Young Investigator Award, 1987
J. M. Howe, T. Yokota, M. Murayama and W. A. Jesser, "Effects of Heat and Electron Irradiation on the Melting Behavior of Al-Si Alloy Particles and Motion of the Al Nanosphere Within", J. Electron Micros., in press.
M. Murayama, J. M. Howe, H. Hikada and S. Takaki, “Atomic-Level Observation of Disclination Dipoles in Mechanically Milled, Nanocrystalline Fe”, Science, 295, 2433 (2002).
J. M. Howe, W. T. Reynolds, Jr. and V. K. Vasudevan, "Static and In-Situ High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy Investigations of the Atomic Structure and Dynamics of Massive Transformation Interfaces in Ti-Al Alloy", Metall. Mater. Trans., 33A, (2002).
V. P. Oleshko, M. Murayama and J. M. Howe, "Use of Plasmon Spectroscopy to Evaluate the Mechanical Properties of Materials at the Nanoscale", Microsc. Microanal., 8, 350 (2002).
B. T. Fultz and J. M. Howe, "Diffractometry and Transmission Electron Microscopy in Materials Science, 2nd Edition", Springer-Verlag, Berlin/Heidelberg (2002).
J . M. Howe, “Atomic Structure, Composition, Mechanisms and Dynamics of Transformation Interfaces in Diffusional Phase Transformations”, Mater. Trans. JIM, 39, 3 (1998).
J. M. Howe, "Interfaces in Materials: Atomic Structure, Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Solid-Vapor, Solid-Liquid and Solid-Solid Interfaces", John Wiley & Sons, NY (1997)
J. M. Howe, "Direct Observation of Order in the Liquid at a Solid-Liquid Interface by HRTEM", Philos. Mag. A, 74, 761 (1996).