John R. ScullyCharles Henderson Professor of Materials Science and Engineering
& Co-Director of Center for Electrochemical Science and Engineering
Ph.D. The Johns Hopkins University, Materials Science and Engineering, 1987
M.S. The Johns Hopkins University, Materials Science and Engineering, 1982
B.E.S. The Johns Hopkins University, Materials Science and Engineering, 1980
Department of Materials Science & Engineering
University of Virginia
PO Box 400745
395 McCormick Road
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4745
Office: Wilsdorf Hall Room 330
current publications | curriculum vitae
Technological advancements that improve the standards of living, safety, and the quality of life of the citizens of the commonwealth and nation place ever-increasing demands on engineers to provide materials with improved properties that enable these advancements. As materials engineers, our goal is to design materials with suitable properties to meet these demands. Unfortunately, most materials suffer from "time dependent" degradation phenomena that tend to alter their properties over time. This can cause safety and reliability concerns. One example of time-dependent degradation phenomena is the corrosion of metallic materials. This phenomenon costs the US over $270 billion dollars annually. My specialty within the Materials Science and Engineering field is to understand the scientific mechanisms of corrosion, the prevention and protection against corrosion phenomena, discovery of novel corrosion protection mechanisms, as well as the lifetime prediction of time-dependent corrosion degradation phenomena. Lifetime prediction enables the determination of safe-life, fail-safe, retirement-for-cause material conditions as well as inspection intervals.
More specifically, my primary research interest is to understand the relationships between a material's structure and composition and properties related to environmental degradation. The properties of focused interest and activity are those associated with hydrogen embrittlement, stress corrosion cracking, localized corrosion, and passivity of materials. My historical current focus is on advanced aluminum, magnesium, titanium, ferrous and nickel-based alloys, as well as stainless steels and aluminum-based intermetallic compounds. A secondary engineering objective is development of methodologies for lifetime prediction engineering materials in corrosive environments. A recent focus has been on nano-engineered materials including multifunctional metallic glasses that deliver novel barrier, sacrificial anode, and chemical inhibition properties. All funded research projects and research gifts or donations fall into one of these two areas. Funding in each of these areas is provided through a mixture of Federal Government (NSF, ONR, NASA, AFOSR, DOE), specific Federal Laboratories (Sandia National Labs), and industrial sources (Alcoa, DuPont, Reynolds, GE, Newport News Shipbuilding, Copper Development Assoc.). Occasionally, funding from state agencies is also achieved (VDOT).
Professonal Experience and Memberships
Professor, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, Univ. of Virginia, since 2000.
Associate Professor, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, Univ. of Virginia, 1995-2000.
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, Univ. of Virginia, 1990-1995.
Senior Member of Technical Staff, Metallurgy Department, Sandia National Labs, 1988-1990.
Sandia National Laboratory Visiting Scholar at A.T. & T. Bell Labs, 1988.
Ship Materials Engineer, Naval Ship Research and Development Center, 1982-1988.
Graduate student, The Johns Hopkins University, 1980-82 (full-time); 1983-87 (part-time)
Honors and Awards
H. H. Uhlig Award of National Association of Engineers (NACE) - Recognition of Outstanding effectiveness in post-secondary, corrosion education either at the undergraduate or graduate level as exhibited by young educators who excite their students through outstanding and innovative teaching in corrosion, (1997).
David A. Harrison, Jr. Faculty Recognition Award (Univ. Of Virginia) - recognizes outstanding faculty dedication to teaching, teaching through research, and service to the University community.
William H. Blum Award of the National Capitol Section of the Electrochemical Society - For original contributions to the science and/or technology of corrosion and/or electrochemical sciences, 1995.
National Science Foundation Presidential Young Investigator Award - 1993-98 Oak Ridge Junior Faculty Enhancement Award - Engineering; for Stress Corrosion Cracking Research, 1992.
A.B. Campbell Award, NACE; Best Science or Engineering Paper in a National Association of Corrosion Engineers Journal by an author under 35 years of age, 1985.
Fellow of the Society: National Association of Engineers, 2002.
Tau Beta Pi National Engineering Honor Society - Elected 1980; UVA faculty advisor to Virginia Alpha Chapter At the Univeristy of Virginia: 2000-2004.
Technical Consultant to the Space Shuttle Columbia Accident Investigation Board, 2003.
Member of Defense Science Board Task Force on Corrosion Control, 2004-2004.
Chair and organizer of the 2004 Gordon Conference on Aqueous Corrosion, 2004.
M. E. Goldman, N. Ünlü, G. J. Shiflet, and J. R. Scully, “Selected Corrosion Properties of a New Amorphous Al-Co-Ce Alloy System,” J. of Electrochem. and Solid State Letters, 8(2), B1-B5, (2005).
M.A. Jakab, F. Presuel, J.R. Scully, “Critical Concentrations Associated with Cobalt, Cerium and Molybdenum Inhibition of AA 2024-T3 Corrosion, Delivery from Al-Co-Ce-(Mo) Alloys,” Corrosion Journal, 61(3), pp. 246-263, (2005).
D. Li, R.P. Gangloff and J.R. Scully, “ Hydrogen Trap States in Ultrahigh-Strength AerMet 100 Steel,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions, A, 35A, pp. 849-864, March, (2004).
J.E. Switzer, G.J. Shiflet, J.R. Scully, “Localized Corrosion of Al 90Fe 5Gd 5 and Al 87Ni 8.7Y 4.3 Alloys in the Amorphous, Nanocrystalline, and Crystalline States: Resistance to Micrometer-Scale Pit Formation”, Electrochimica Acta, 48, pp. 1223-1234, (2003).
L. Organ, J.R. Scully, A.S. Mikhailov, J.L. Hudson, “A Spatiotemporal Model of Interactions Among Metastable Pits and the Transition to Pitting Corrosion,” Electrochimica Acta, accepted April, (2005).
G.O. Ilevbare, O. Schneider, R.G. Kelly, J.R. Scully, “Surface Metrology Studies of Corrosion on AA2024-T3 Using In-situ Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy: Part 1. Influence of electrolyte composition on the localized corrosion of constituent particles,” J. Electrochem. Soc., B151(8), pp. B453-B464 (2004).
J.H. Payer and J.R. Scully, “Research Opportunities in Corrosion Science for Long-Term Prediction of Materials Performance - A Report of the DOE Workshop on "Corrosion Issues of Relevance to the Yucca Mountain Waste Repository", Journal of Corrosion Science and Engineering, Volume 7, Preprint #15, http://www.jcse.org/. (2005).
N.D. Budiansky, J.L. Hudson, J.R. Scully, "Origins of Persistent Interactions Among Localized Corrosion Sites" J. of the Electrochemical Soc., 151(4), B233-B243, (2004).
T.T. Lunt, J.R. Scully, V. Brusamarello, A.S. Mikhailov, and J.L. Hudson, “Spatial interactions among localized corrosion sites: experiments and modeling,” J. Electrochemical Soc., 149 (5), B163-B173 (2002).
C. Punckt, M. Bolscher, H.H. Rotermund, A. S. Mikkailov, L. Organ, N. Budiansky, J.R. Scully, J.L. Hudson, “Sudden Onset of Pitting Corrosion on Stainless Steel as a Critical Phenomenon,” Science, 305, pp. 1133-1136, August, (2004).