Effective: July 2, 2001
Owner: University Comptroller
Latest Revision: August 22, 2016
Credit and Collection Procedures
Scope | Responsibility | Distribution | Definitions | Policy | Related Information | Background
These procedures apply to University departments, divisions or schools who extend credit for goods or services to students, faculty, staff and other customers, or that handle collections of accounts receivable including student receivables managed by Student Financial Services (SFS). These procedures do not cover accounts receivable managed by the Office of Sponsored Programs (OSP) or gift pledge receivables which are managed through University Advancement.
The Office of the University Comptroller is responsible for ensuring that these procedures are necessary, reflect actual practice, and support University policies.
Academic Division and the College at Wise
Billing Department: A department, division, school, or other unit that has been authorized to extend credit for the sale of goods and services, or that is responsible for the collection of accounts receivable.
Central Accounts Receivable (Central AR): A unit within the Office of the University Comptroller that has the primary responsibility for generating invoices and dunning notices, and managing other collection efforts for accounts receivable processed through the Integrated System Accounts Receivable module (OAR), other than sponsored programs accounts receivable managed by the Office of Sponsored Programs (OSP).
Collection Agency: An outside third party that acts as an agent to the University, responsible for the collection of delinquent debts for a fee or percentage of the total amount that has been referred.
Dunning Letter: A collection letter, or series of letters, sent to past due or delinquent debtors with the purpose of receiving immediate payment. These letters remind the debtor of other possible collection actions that may be taken if payment is not received, such as referral to a collection agency or to the Setoff Debt Collection Program.
Past Due (Delinquent) Receivables: Receivables for which payment has not been received by the payment due date.
Promissory Note: A document signed by the customer containing a written promise to pay a stated sum to the University on a periodic basis until the debt is fully repaid.
Set-Off Debt Collection Program (SODC): Created through the Code of Virginia, this program provides state agencies with the ability to collect unpaid debts by withholding funds from income tax refunds, payments, lottery winnings, etc. issued by other state agencies. Information on the SODC program can be found on the Virginia Department of Taxation website (http://www.tax.virginia.gov/sites/tax.virginia.gov/files/SETOFFPROGRAMGUIDE.pdf).
Student Information System (SIS): The Student Information System (SIS) is the administrative information system of record for all student-related information in the areas of admission and enrollment, academics, and student finance. SIS is one of Information Technology Services’ Enterprise Applications. http://its.virginia.edu/integratedsystem/sishome.html
Student Financial Services (SFS): Student Financial Services (SFS) is the University department with the responsibility for billing, management, collection and reporting of student receivables. SFS is responsible for assigning delinquent accounts to collection agencies or credit reporting bureaus.
UVA Collections: A unit within SFS that has the primary responsibility to collect delinquent long-term student loans (federal and institutional) and delinquent accounts receivables past due (from prior students). Collecting delinquent debts involves multiple contacts with the debtors, including written, verbal, and in person communications. UVA Collections regularly reviews all state and federal guidelines to ensure compliance.
Write-off: A transaction that removes from the University’s financial accounting records a receivable that management has determined to be uncollectible. Writing off the receivable does not relieve the debt. It remains owed to the University, but is no longer reported in the University’s accounting system as a receivable.
Procedure Steps [Top]
Authorization: Whenever possible and practicable, billing departments should require payment at or before the time goods or services are provided to students, faculty, staff or other customers. However, University departments can be authorized to extend credit to faculty, staff, students, and other customers for the goods and services they provide. Prior to extending credit to faculty, staff, students, or other customers, University departments must obtain approval from the Office of the University Comptroller. Requests should be sent to UVA-AR@virginia.edu. By extending credit, the billing department is assuming the risk of nonpayment by the customer and will absorb the cost of any uncollected revenues or bad debt expense.
Under certain circumstances and approved arrangements, University departments may be authorized by SFS to refer charges to a student’s account to be collected through SIS.
Accounts Receivable Systems: It is the general policy of the University that all receivables are to be processed through the University’s Integrated System.
Prior approval by the Office of the University Comptroller is required to utilize another system. Approval to utilize a system other than the Integrated System is typically granted only to large, complex departments with business processes that require specialized applications or functionality not provided by the Integrated System. These systems must have adequate control and security processes in place and meet minimum requirements including but not limited to:
· Bill accounts timely;
· Maintain an accurate record of receivables transactions;
· Provide an aged trial balance of receivables. The Virginia Department of Accounts (DOA) requires that the following aging categories be used for Statewide reporting: 1-30 days, 31-60 days, 61-90 days, 91-120 days, 121-180 days, 181 days – 1 year, and over 1 year;
· Provide information relative to specific collection efforts on each past-due account;
· Properly account for receivables that are written off;
· Recognize and report receivables in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), as required;
· Maintain a record of year-end receivable balances; and
· Provide for the accrual of interest and penalties as allowed or required by law.
Requests to use an accounts receivable system other than the University’s Integrated System should be sent to UVA-AR@virginia.edu.
Billing Department Responsibilities: Billing departments are responsible for the following:
· Assuring that transactions are necessary, reasonable, and directly related to the goals and missions of the University;
· Obtaining the minimum prescribed information needed to bill and collect on accounts (see Customer Setup below);
· Notifying in writing anyone who receives goods and/or services of the intent to impose collection charges on past due balances. Interest, charges and fees may only be assessed against a debtor where the debtor has agreed in advance to pay for them (such as in a contract) or has been placed on sufficient notice before incurring the debt;
· Responding timely to billing inquiries by either customers or Central AR personnel;
· Providing account information to Central AR for transferring credit card processing fees;
· Taking all appropriate and cost effective actions to aggressively collect all accounts receivable;
· Maintaining documentation as required by the University’s records retention policy; and
· Following all applicable laws and regulations and University policies related to credit and collections.
Customer Setup: Billing departments should obtain the following minimum prescribed information for each customer account. The information ensures the capability to properly bill and subsequently collect amounts owed from customers.
· Customer type (organization or person);
· Full Name (first, middle and last names for individuals);
· Home or office address;
· Telephone number for home or place of business;
· Email address;
· Federal Employer Identification Number for businesses; and
· Social Security Number for individuals or sole proprietorships contracting with the University. For other individuals, Social Security Number and/or Driver’s License Number may be requested but cannot be required unless specifically provided by law.
Collections: Central AR is responsible for processing payments received and for collection of accounts receivable managed in the Integrated System Accounts Receivable (OAR) module except for those managed by OSP. Billing departments not utilizing the Integrated System are responsible for processing payments received and for the collection of their respective customer debts. All appropriate and cost effective actions to aggressively collect accounts receivable should be utilized including, but not limited to:
· Place a hold on grade transcripts for current and former student debtors;
· Put a block on registration for individuals with outstanding obligations who attempt to enroll as students;
· Delay or withhold services when not in conflict with Federal or State laws;
· Inform/notify credit reporting bureaus;
· Place debts with private collection agencies;
· Obtain garnishments, liens, and judgments; and
· Utilize administrative offset (Virginia Set-Off Debt Collection Program)
For receivables other than student receivables, the “Central AR Collections Timeline” below should be followed to ensure the necessary due diligence is taken for each past due account. Due diligence should be documented in a way deemed appropriate and adequate in the applicable accounts receivable system. All documentation should be readily available upon request or audit.
Central AR Collections Timeline:
Billing departments not utilizing the OAR module may request Central AR for assistance with due diligence on past due balances, submission to SODC and assignment to collection agencies. If assistance is needed, an email should be sent to UVA-AR@virginia.edu with the details of the request.
For student receivables, the “SFS Collections Timeline” below should be followed to ensure the necessary due diligence is taken for each past due account. Due diligence should be documented in a way deemed appropriate and adequate in the applicable accounts receivable system. All documentation should be readily available upon request or audit.
SFS Collections Timeline:
Write-Off of Uncollectible Accounts:
Accounts should be written off the University’s financial accounting records when all due diligence has been completed and management determines the receivable to be uncollectible. On a quarterly basis, SFS, Central AR and billing departments not utilizing the OAR module will recommend write-off for their respective customer debts to the Write-off Committee. Reasons for writing off an account must be adequately documented and provided to the Write-off Committee. Documentation should include a summary of the amounts proposed for write-off with information on collection efforts that have been completed and actions to be taken upon approval for write-off. Additionally, supporting documentation should be available detailing out the individual accounts being proposed for write-off. Such documentation must be readily available upon request or audit. The Write-off Committee will approve or disapprove write-offs based on the facts and circumstances of each account.
Upon approval of the Write-off Committee, SFS, Central AR and billing departments not utilizing the OAR module will process the write-offs in the applicable accounts receivable system and no longer recognize those receivables as collectible for financial reporting purposes. However, the legal obligation to pay the debt by the debtor remains. As an agency of the Commonwealth of Virginia, only the Office of the Attorney General has the authority to discharge a debt owed to the University.
Once written-off, balances must be submitted to the SODC program and sent to a collection agency (if the balance is greater than $200).
Notice of Bankruptcy:
When notice of a bankruptcy filing is received, no further collection actions should be taken on the account until the bankruptcy is either discharged or dismissed. If the case is dismissed or the debt is non-dischargeable, the account should be reactivated and collection activity can resume.
As an agency of the Commonwealth of Virginia, the University is required to report, on a quarterly basis, accounts receivable information to the DOA (see Commonwealth Accounting Policies and Procedures (CAPP) Manual Topic 20505). Billing departments not utilizing the Integrated System, OSP and SFS are required to provide Central AR with the information for their receivables that is needed to complete the reporting to the DOA.
The following illustration presents the information required to be submitted to Central AR within seven business days after the end of each quarter.
On an annual basis, the Office of the University Controller will submit a report to the University’s Board of Visitors of uncollectible balances approved for write-off by the Write-off Committee.
Related Information [Top]
Commonwealth Accounting Policies and Procedures (CAPP) Manual Topic 20505: http://www.doa.virginia.gov/Admin_Services/CAPP/CAPP_Topics/20505.pdf
Virginia Debt Collection Act: http://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode/title2.2/chapter48/
Fair Debt Collection Practices Act https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/rules/rulemaking-regulatory-reform-proceedings/fair-debt-collection-practices-act-text
Fair Credit Reporting Act: https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/rules/rulemaking-regulatory-reform-proceedings/fair-credit-reporting-act
Approved by, Date: University Comptroller, 08/22/2016
Supersedes (previous procedure): V.5-2 Processing Delinquent Accounts
Maintained by the University Comptroller