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General Information

Thomas Jefferson envisioned that his University of Virginia would prepare the young citizens of the Commonwealth and the nation to pursue productive careers in public service, agriculture, and commerce; and for ninety years, students have pursued the ideal of higher education in the buildings that Jefferson designed almost 200 years ago.

In 1915, the University of Virginia organized a Bureau of Extension to deliver its academic resources to people throughout the state in the spirit of Jefferson's "hope [that] the education of the common people will be attended to." Subsequently, the University added to its Statement of Purpose and Goals an injunction to provide public service activities and continuing education programs of the highest quality to the citizens of Virginia and the nation. Today, the University of Virginia's School of Continuing and Professional Studies annually serves more than 30,000 individuals in credit and noncredit courses of study, as well as conferences, seminars, and training programs. In all academic pursuits, the School has adhered to a standard of lifelong learning, established first by Jefferson's notion of "education on the broad scale," whereby adults vigorously attend to their education throughout their lives.

And yet, while maintaining "the broad scale" of learning, the School of Continuing and Professional Studies has not lost sight of the practicality necessary for education in the twenty-first century. The School creates opportunities for adult students to learn about the most recent advances in research and scholarship, in an environment conducive to liberal learning, and from faculty members actively engaged in a plethora of scholarly studies.

Through the School of Continuing and Professional Studies, University of Virginia faculty members share the results of their inquiries and test the implications of their findings with a variety of individuals from diverse personal backgrounds and career experiences. At the same time, program participants broaden their knowledge and hone such critical skills as strategic thinking and problem-solving. Above all else, the School aims to cultivate the highest quality of education balanced with the broadest sense of learning.

The School of Continuing and Professional Studies trains executives from business and industry and professionals from many fields to respond quickly and successfully to the ever-changing challenges in their work lives. Political and community leaders engage in focused study of significant public policy issues, examine the problems facing the institutions that they support or govern, and consider the assumptions about quality of life and civic responsibility that guide their communities.

Facilities

On Grounds
The administrative and central programming offices of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies are housed in Zehmer Hall. Zehmer Hall also functions as a nonresidential center for conferences, seminars, workshops, and similar activities that the school conducts throughout the year. In addition, University organizations and University-sponsored community groups use Zehmer Hall for meetings, training programs, and other educational activities.

The School of Continuing and Professional Studies
Sondra F. Stallard, Dean
Zehmer Hall
104 Midmont Lane
P.O. Box 400764
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4764
9434) 982-5206
Fax: (434) 982-5550

Center for Executive Development
Director: Cynthia G. Orshek
(434) 982-5366
Fax: (434) 982-5369

Center for K-12 Education
Director and Assistant Dean: Nancy R. Iverson
(434) 243-2560
Fax: (434) 982-5297

Charlottesville Center
Director: Donna Klepper
(434) 982-5313
Fax: (434) 982-5324

Conferences and Institutes
Director: James Baker
(434) 982-5252
Fax: (434) 982-5297

Educational Technologies
Director: John Payne
(434) 982-5254
Fax: (434) 982-5270

Zehmer Hall Annex
106 Midmont Lane
P.O. Box 400764
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4764

Bachelor of Interdisciplinary Studies
Director: Donna Plasket
(434) 982-5274
Fax: (434) 982-5335

Tempo Reading Program
Director: Mary Abouzeid
(434) 924-0915
Fax: (434) 924-6339

Off Grounds
With the establishment of a Bureau of Extension in 1915, the University of Virginia demonstrated its commitment to continuing and professional studies and began an organized effort to make its academic resources available to the citizens of the Commonwealth outside Charlottesville. In 1920 the University opened its first extension office in Richmond. Since then, the School of Continuing and Professional Studies has created a unique network of regional centers and program offices across the Commonwealth to assess and respond to the educational needs of Virginians in every city and county. These operations supplement the academic offerings of local institutions of higher education with the variety of courses and level of instruction that a comprehensive university can offer.

The directors of these off-Grounds centers and offices organize, administer, and evaluate continuing education programs throughout their geographic service areas, assisted by staff members who specialize in programs for business and industry, education, government, the humanities and social sciences.

Off-Grounds Centers include:

FBI Academy
Stephen J. Pryplesh, Assistant Dean and Director
Quantico, VA 22135
(703) 632-1189
Fax: (703) 632-1187

Hampton Roads Center
Richard E. Hoehlein, Director
418 Pembroke Four
Virginia Beach, VA 23462
(757) 552-1890
Fax: (757) 552-1898

Lynchburg Center

Martha Ann Toms, Acting Director
Assistant Director, Center for K-12 Education, Conference Division
P.O. Box 4709
3506 Wards Road
Lynchburg, VA 24502
(434) 582-5107
Toll free in VA: (800) 871-8265
Fax: (434) 582-5110

Northern Virginia Center
Stephen D. Gladis, Director
7054 Haycock Road
Falls Church, VA 22043
(703) 536-1100
Toll free in VA: (800) 678-4882
Fax: (703) 536-1111

Richmond Center
Gregory J. Pels, Director
7740 Shrader Road, Suite E
Richmond, VA 23228-2500
(804) 662-7464
Toll free in VA: (800) 323-4882
Fax: (804) 662-9827

Roanoke Center
Linda Linnartz, Director
108 N. Jefferson Street Suite 507
Roanoke, VA 24016
(540) 767-6200
Toll free in VA: (800) 882-6753
Fax: (540) 767-6206

University of Virginia Programs at the Southwest Higher Education Center
Carl D. Clarke, Director
1 Partnership Circle
P. O. Box 1987
Abingdon, VA 24212
(276) 469-4012
Toll free in VA: (800) 792-3683
Fax: (276) 469-4009

General Regulations

Admission  Application for admission to the School of Continuing and Professional Studies' courses and programs should be made at the center or program office where the student plans to study, or at the School of Continuing and Professional Studies' main office in Zehmer Hall.

Academic Grievances  Students who have a grievance with a faculty member, center or program office director, or dean are invited to discuss their grievance in the following manner:

  1. Concerns related to a faculty member that cannot be resolved between the two parties should be discussed with the School of Continuing and Professional Studies center or program director.
  2. If the concern is related to the School of Continuing and Professional Studies center or program director, the grievance should be filed with the Dean of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies or the dean's representative.
  3. If the concern is related to the Dean of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies, the grievance should be filed with the Vice President and Provost.
  4. If the concern is related to the Vice President and Provost, appropriate documentation should be presented in writing to the President of the University.
Academic Progress  Students enrolled in credit courses for professional development, licensure, or personal enrichment are expected to maintain satisfactory academic progress. Students earning below a 2.0 average may be denied the opportunity to enroll in additional courses through the School of Continuing and Professional Studies. Students should consult the policies governing specific certificate, licensure, and endorsement programs to determine academic standards and requirements.

Add/Drop  The dates by which students may add or drop a course are established each academic year by the School of Continuing and Professional Studies centers and program offices. These dates may differ from center to center. Students should consult their center's catalogs and program brochures to determine the deadlines for adding or dropping courses. After the last date for dropping a course, students must officially withdraw if they want to end their enrollment in a course.

Application of Courses to Degree Programs  With the approval of the student's school of enrollment, a course taken through the School of Continuing and Professional Studies may be counted toward degree requirements. For undergraduates, these courses are included in the computation of grade point averages. Approval is required in advance; otherwise such courses will not apply toward a degree.

Attendance  Instructors may establish attendance and participation requirements for each of their courses. Such course requirements as examinations, oral presentations, laboratory experiments, participation in class discussion, and the like are in no sense waived because of a student's absence from class. Instructors may establish penalties when excessive absences seriously hinder achievement in any course.

Auditors  Students who wish to enroll in credit courses without receiving degree credit may do so with the permission of the center or program office director by registering as auditors and paying the same tuition and fees as credit students. Credit or audit status must be indicated at the time of registration. Admission requirements are the same for auditors as for credit students. An AU (audit) cannot be changed to a letter grade. Auditing a class does not relieve the student of the responsibility of meeting the standards which the instructor has established for the course.

Continuing Education Unit  Many noncredit activities are designated as Continuing Education Unit (CEU) programs. One CEU is defined as 10 contact hours of participation in an organized educational experience under responsible sponsorship, capable direction, and qualified instruction.

The university registrar permanently records the successful participation in programs that have been authorized to award CEUs. Individuals may request a copy of their record from the Office of the University Registrar, University of Virginia, P. O. Box 400203, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4203.

Course Load  Each school at the University has established a minimum and maximum number of credits for which students are normally expected to register. Registration for fewer credits than the minimum or more credits than the maximum requires special permission from the appropriate dean's office. Students who register for fewer than their school's minimum number of credits have a notation placed on their academic records indicating that they were enrolled for a reduced course load during that semester.

Special permission is required for students to enroll through the School of Continuing and Professional Studies for more than 12 credits per semester.

Grades  Undergraduate courses taken through the School of Continuing and Professional Studies follow the grading system listed in the University Regulations chapter of this Record. In addition, the school recognizes the following notations:

  CR Credit
  NC No Credit
  W Withdrawal
  S Satisfactory
  U Unsatisfactory
  AU Audit
  IN Incomplete

Credit/No Credit  Students have the option of taking certain courses on a credit/no credit (CR/NC) basis instead of receiving a regular grade of A through F. Students must request this option at the time they register for a course. Instructors have the prerogative of declaring a course not eligible for the CR/NC option. Credit may be earned with a CR, but no grade points are awarded. NC indicates that the student has received no credit for a course after electing the CR/NC grading option.

Grade Changes  No grade for a course may be changed after it has been submitted to the university registrar without the approval of the dean of the school offering the course. That dean is authorized to change a grade submitted to the university registrar when the course instructor certifies in writing that, because of an error in calculation or transcription, an incorrect grade had been previously submitted.

Incomplete  Circumstances beyond a student's control sometimes arise that necessitate his or her requesting an IN (incomplete) from the instructor. IN indicates that the grade for the course is being withheld until the student completes all course requirements. The student must initiate the request for an IN, and the instructor must agree. The student must complete and submit all course work to the instructor by the end of the following semester, at which time the instructor replaces the IN with a grade. An incomplete that is not removed by the conclusion of the next semester will be converted to a grade of F (failure). Only course instructors may remove incompletes. Students with an incomplete pending are not awarded a degree or certificate.
Students who receive an IN (incomplete) or an F (failure) in any course offered through the School of Continuing and Professional Studies cannot enroll in another course unless the Dean of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies grants permission.

No Grade  On occasion, an instructor awards an NG (no grade) to a student at the conclusion of a course. Unless the student eliminates the conditions that resulted in the NG by the conclusion of the next consecutive semester, it is automatically converted to a grade of F (failure). No student with an NG pending is eligible to receive a degree or certificate.

Honor System  The Honor System is one of the University's oldest and most venerated traditions. Based on the fundamental assumption that anyone who enrolls at the University subscribes to a code of ethics forbidding lying, cheating, and stealing, the Honor System allows students the kind of personal freedom possible only in an environment where respect and trust are assumed. For nearly 160 years, students have administered this system at the University.

Although the Honor System applies to students enrolled in courses and programs through the School of Continuing and Professional Studies at off-Grounds locations as it does to students on Grounds, some procedures for administration of the system to continuing and professional studies students differ from those governing regular full-time students. Students may consult with the center or program office director in their area for a copy of the Honor Committee bylaws.

Registration  The registration process should be finished before the first class meeting, including the completion of all forms, provision of requested information, and payment of all tuition and fees. Registration is not final and transcripts are withheld until all tuition and fees are paid. In special circumstances, and with the permission of the director of the School's center or program office, late registration may be allowed upon payment of a late registration fee.

The School of Continuing and Professional Studies reserves the right to modify, withdraw, or make substitutions for any announced courses and to change instructors.

Repeated Courses  Students may repeat courses for credit only after receiving the permission of the Dean. The grade initially earned in the course appears on the official academic record and counts in the calculation of the grade point average. Regulations applying to repeated courses may vary by school and are detailed in each school's chapter of this Record.

Students with Special Learning Agendas  Academic department chairs or deans of schools at the University may recommend to regularly admitted undergraduate degree students with special learning agendas that they request part-time academic status and register through the School of Continuing and Professional Studies. A student wishing to request part-time academic status must fill out a Permission to Enroll form, available from the School of Continuing and Professional Studies at Zehmer Hall, 104 Midmont Lane, Charlottesville, VA 22903. The student's dean, academic advisor, instructors, and other individuals required by the student's school of enrollment must sign the form, approving the application for part-time status.

Students enrolling in the School of Continuing and Professional Studies do not pay the required fees (which include such items as athletic tickets, intramural access, student health, University Transit, student legal services and University Union tickets) expected of full time students. As such, they are not covered by the University's health insurance and will not receive the above-mentioned services while taking classes through the School of Continuing and Professional Studies. Students are urged to make other healthcare arrangements.

Not all schools at the University may accept part-time academic status for their students. Schools may limit the number of credits students with this status may take. Credit earned by students with part-time academic status through the School of Continuing and Professional Studies may be applied toward an undergraduate degree only with the permission of the degree-granting school.

Suspended Students  Individuals who have been suspended from the University of Virginia or from any other college or university are not eligible to enroll through the School of Continuing and Professional Studies as long as the suspension remains in force.

Transcripts  The university registrar records the credit for University courses taught at the School of Continuing and Professional Studies centers. Transcripts are available from the registrar's office in Carruthers Hall for a fee of $4.

Transfer of Credit  Students wishing to transfer credit from the School of Continuing and Professional Studies to another educational institution should consult that institution as to the acceptability of the courses and their credit prior to registering with the School of Continuing and Professional Studies.

Withdrawal  Under the following conditions, students may withdraw from undergraduate courses up to three class sessions prior to their last scheduled class meeting:

  1. The students make written application to withdraw to the director of the center in which they are enrolled.
  2. Withdrawal from a course without the proper approval of a written application to withdraw results in students receiving a grade of F.
  3. Students receive the notation of W for any course from which they withdraw. A notation of W cannot be changed to a letter grade or an incomplete.

Tuition, Fees, and Refunds

Tuition
(per credit hour unless otherwise indicated)
Graduate Degree Programs

Virginian

$204

Non-Virginian

$326
Graduate Degree Programs-Northern Virginia

Virginian

$209

Non-Virginian

$332
Bachelor of Interdisciplinary Studies Degree Program

Virginian

1-3 credit hours

$635

4-8 credit hours

$1,287

9 or more credit hours

$1,916

Non-Virginian

1-3 credit hours

$2,846

4-8 credit hours

$5,692

9 or more credit hours

$8,539
Certificate and Professional Programs, Undergraduate and Graduate

Virginian

$157

Non-Virginian

$262
Certificate and Professional Programs, Undergraduate and Graduate- Northern Virginia

Virginian

$163

Non-Virginian

$270
Non-degree Programs, Undergraduate

Virginian

$113

Non-Virginian

$261
Non-degree Programs, Graduate

Virginian

$147

Non-Virginian

$261
Community Scholar Programs

Virginian

$211

Non-Virginian

$944
K-12 Educators

Virginian

$133

Non-Virginian

$238
Graduate Televised Engineering

Virginian

$267

Non-Virginian

$516
Graduate Televised Engineering-Northern Virginia

Virginian

$272

Non-Virginian

$524
Music Lessons (13 one-hour sessions)
$589
 
Fees
Bachelor of Interdisciplinary Studies Degree Program
Special Session fee (per semester)
$74
Late registration fee
$25
Application fee for Bachelor of Interdisciplinary Studies
$40
Application fee for Certificate and Special Programs
$25
Change course fee
$12
Facilities fee, Northern Virginia Center
(per credit hour and per non-credit course)
$10
Transcript fee
$4
Late exam fee
$10
Technology fee
(per semester; credit course registration only)
$10

Other miscellaneous fees, as established, to recover expenses, such as laboratory, materials, etc., on the basis of estimated cost.


Refunds

Programs offered by the School of Continuing and Professional Studies have varying policies regarding refunds. A separate policy applies to the Community Scholar Program. Please refer to course descriptions or special brochures for details. The following general policy on refunds applies, except as otherwise indicated.

All requests for refunds must be made in writing to the School of Continuing and Professional Studies center or program office director (or the Deputy Director for Academic Support at the School of Continuing and Professional Studies Northern Virginia Center). The date of the postmark, fax, or in-person written request determines the amount of any refund. Refund of registration fees paid by credit card will be credited to that credit card account, and the request for refund should include the number of the account from which the fee was paid.
Notice to an instructor or sponsoring agency does not constitute an official request to withdraw from a class and to receive a refund.

Refunds are calculated according to the following considerations:

  1. Refunds are granted automatically when a scheduled course is canceled.
  2. If the student withdraws before the first class meeting, a full tuition refund will be granted, less a $12.00 processing fee. The materials fee will be refunded if the course is dropped before the start of the class. After the first week of class, 80% of the materials fee will be refunded. Beyond the second week of class, no refund will be given for the materials fee. Books will be refunded up to the first drop period as determined by the School of Continuing and Professional Studies center. The refund is only effective if books are in new condition and the decision will be left to the discretion of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies center. The administrative technology fee will be refunded if the student is registered for only one course that semester, as it is charged once a semester. A refund of the administrative technology fee will not be granted if the student drops the course at a point where no refund is given.
  3. For courses of 10 or more sessions, 80% of the tuition will be refunded if the student withdraws between the first and second class meetings. A refund of 60% of the tuition will be granted for withdrawal between the second and third class meetings. No refund will be granted after the third class meeting.
  4. For courses of three to nine sessions, 80% of the tuition will be refunded if the student withdraws between the first and second class meetings. No refund will be granted after the second meeting.
  5. For courses of one or two sessions, no refund will be available after the course begins.
Refund checks are issued by Accounts Payable in Charlottesville. Allow four to six weeks for processing refund payments. Please direct inquiries to the appropriate School of Continuing and Professional Studies center.

Refund Policy for Online Courses

Refunds are granted automatically when a scheduled class is cancelled. For credit and noncredit courses on the Internet, the amount of the refund is made on the following basis:

  1. Before the "Registration Ends" date listed in the "Current Offerings" section, full refund of tuition less a $12 processing fee.
  2. After the "Registration Ends" date listed in the "Current Offerings" section, NO REFUNDS for any reason.
  3. All requests for drops or withdrawals must be done in writing from the student's home page before the "Registration Ends" date. After that date, please send any requests for withdrawals to nvdrops@virginia.edu. Notifying an instructor or sponsoring agency does not constitute an official request to withdraw from a class. If you do not officially withdraw from a class, you will receive a grade of "F".
  4. It is strongly advised that you log on to be sure that you have no hardware problems or firewall issues that will prevent you from taking this course. If you do not resolve any such issues prior to the "Registration Ends" date listed in the "Current Offerings" section, no refunds will be granted after that date.

Degree and Certificate Programs

Bachelor of Interdisciplinary Studies Degree Program
The Bachelor of Interdisciplinary Studies (BIS) degree program is tailored to adults who wish to pursue an undergraduate degree through part-time study. Approved in 1999 by the Board of Visitors and the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia, the BIS program makes it possible for students with earned college credits to complete undergraduate degrees. The BIS program offers a challenging and intellectually stimulating curriculum with evening and weekend courses drawn from those already offered at the University or approved by University faculty specifically for this degree program. The program maintains a full course schedule in the summer as well as during the fall and spring terms.

The interdisciplinary curriculum of the BIS program includes upper-level courses in academic fields that bring together both the range of learning implied by a liberal arts degree and the depth of knowledge associated with study at an advanced undergraduate level. The program emphasizes critical thinking, clear articulation of ideas, and the habits of individual and collective learning that develop and sustain life-long learners. Interdisciplinary liberal studies seminars unique to the program are required of all students. Students will select an academic concentration within the degree program prior to graduation and must complete a capstone project to synthesize their educational and professional experiences and demonstrate the depth and breadth of their educational experience. Students have six years after admission to regular status to complete all requirements for the BIS degree.

BIS students are governed by the student-run Honor System and the Standards of Conduct described in Chapter 5 of the
University Record, subject to revision from time to time by authorized University offices. Implementing policies and procedures can be obtained from the University Honor Committee and the University Judiciary Committee. Academic policies and regulations of the BIS program are under the aegis of a Faculty Advisory Committee, the Dean of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies, and the BIS director. To learn more about this undergraduate degree program, or to obtain application information, individuals should contact:

BIS Degree Program
University of Virginia School of Continuing and Professional Studies
106 Midmont Lane
P.O. Box 400764
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4764
(434) 982-5274

The Bachelor of Interdisciplinary Studies degree program is intended for adults who graduated from high school not less than four years prior to enrollment, have earned sixty transferable semester credit hours from regionally accredited colleges or universities, and are prepared to enter a rigorous program of study. Half of the transfer credits should satisfy the general education guidelines of the Liberal Studies Core. Applicants must complete a formal application for admission and be in good academic and social standing at the institution they attended most recently. They also must have earned at least a 2.0 cumulative grade point average there. Additionally applicants must be in good financial standing at the University of Virginia. Prospective students apply to the BIS program rather than to the Office of Undergraduate Admission, and official transcripts must be directed to the BIS office. Before submitting the application, prospective students must meet with a BIS admissions advisor. Applications for summer, fall, and spring are due, respectively, by April 1, July 15, and December 1. Applicants will be notified of admission decisions by mail. Applicants who are denied admission may reactivate their applications for a period of two calendar years without paying an additional application fee.

Transfer of Credit Credits eligible for transfer must have been earned with at least a "C" grade (2.0 or better) and in courses comparable in content and rigor to those offered at the University of Virginia. Credits earned in a pass/fail grading system will only be eligible for transfer if certification is provided that the student earned at least a "C" average. Only credits transfer, not grades.

Students receive no more, and may receive fewer, than the number of credits earned at the host institutions. No more than 60 semester credit hours, or half the number of credits required for graduation, transfer from a combination of approved testing programs (Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate) and course credits. Credits must have been earned at a degree-granting institution of higher education that has been fully accredited by one of the six regional accrediting agencies or at an institution that is a "Recognized Candidate for Accreditation." Quarter and trimester hours are converted to semester hours. The general University policy on accepting credits from foreign institutions will apply. No transfer credit is granted for College Level Examination Placement credits, life experience credits, correspondence credit, or military education credits. Credit for Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate testing is awarded according to guidelines used in the College of Arts and Sciences. Transfer credit is generally not granted for credit passed elsewhere by re-examination.

Courses required for an academic concentration do not typically transfer to the BIS degree, but may with permission of the appropriate BIS faculty. Additional elective courses from the concentration must then be taken in the BIS degree program to replace the hours that have transferred from another institution. No more than two required courses may be replaced with transfer credits.

Credits earned in courses taken at other institutions while the student is enrolled in the BIS program are only eligible for transfer if the student completes the appropriate paperwork and receives permission to transfer the credits before enrolling in the course(s).

Provisional Admission  All students who are accepted into the BIS program are provisional status students. Provisional status students have four consecutive terms after admission in which to complete successfully:

  1. the computer competency requirement (see below);
  2. two liberal studies seminars: one critical issues seminar and one analytical skills seminar (see below under "Curriculum");
  3. two other BIS/BIS-approved UVa courses;
  4. any concentration prerequisite, core requirement, or credit hours missing upon admission.
Courses outlined in items 2-4 above must be completed with at least a "C" grade (2.0 or better). In addition, students who enroll in more than four BIS courses during provisional status must maintain a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0.

Upon satisfying these requirements, students become regular status students. Provisional status students who do not satisfy these requirements within four terms may be required to leave the program. A student who is asked to withdraw from the program may petition, after one year, for reinstatement of provisional admission. Students awarded regular status will be subject to the regulations governing satisfactory academic progress outlined in subsequent sections.

The Liberal Studies Core
  The Liberal Studies Core demonstrates that students have studied a broad range of academic disciplines and are prepared for study at a more advanced level. Transfer credits must satisfy the following liberal studies guidelines:

English Composition: at least six semester credit hours of college composition.

Humanities
: at least six semester credit hours earned in art history, selected architectural history courses, classics, literature, drama, film studies, fine arts, music (exclusive of performance), philosophy, political theory, religious studies, or western or eastern civilization or similar courses.

Social Sciences
: at least six semester credit hours earned in anthropology, economics, government and foreign affairs (except political theory), history (exclusive of western, eastern, or other civilization courses, which are considered humanities courses), psychology, or sociology.

Math and/or Natural Science
: at least twelve semester credit hours earned in math, astronomy, biology, chemistry, environmental science, or physics. Only courses comparable to those that satisfy an area requirement for the College of Arts and Sciences satisfy the Core; for example, precalculus may transfer but will not satisfy the area requirement.

Computer Competency Requirement  Students who earn a University of Virginia BIS degree should have a basic understanding of computing as a tool for communication and should demonstrate a degree of proficiency in basic computing skills. To demonstrate competencies acceptable for the BIS degree, a student either must complete successfully the non-credit Introduction to Computing class that has been approved by the BIS program or pass the BIS computer competency examination. Students have four terms after admission to complete the computer competency requirement.

Academic Regulations and Options BIS Program Menu

In addition to University-wide policies and procedures, the following academic requirements and options apply to students in the BIS program. Students who have questions about any such policies should contact the BIS office.

Add/Drop Regulations  Students may add courses until the published deadline for the term, which is approximately two weeks from the day classes begin. The add deadline is also the last day to change the grading option for courses. Students may drop courses without penalty until the published drop deadline, which is usually two days before the add deadline. Students who withdraw from all courses after the term has begun will be charged tuition for the term on a prorated scale.

To enroll in courses restricted by permission of the instructor, a student must submit to the BIS director a course action form signed by the instructor.

Students are expected to ensure that their course enrollment record is correct; changes to course enrollment may be made by telephone, (434) 296-4747, or online,
www.virginia.edu/registrar, before the published deadlines.

Advising  Advising students about academic matters and student services is an important element of the BIS degree program. Upon entering the BIS program, a student is assigned a faculty advisor. Students are responsible for consulting with their faculty advisors each term before enrolling in courses. Students are blocked from registering from courses until they meet with their advisors, but they are still responsible for following the academic requirements of the program. It is the responsibility of the academic advisor to work closely with the student to plan the program of study, to monitor the student's progress, and to provide advice on matters pertaining to BIS academic policies and procedures.

The academic advisor will assist the student in identifying a faculty mentor to work with the student on the capstone project that is undertaken near the completion of the BIS degree program. A student who wishes to take a course for credit outside of the regular BIS curriculum or who wishes to take a leave of absence from the program must consult with the academic advisor before obtaining permission from the BIS director.

Students should consult with BIS staff regarding matters pertaining to student services.

Auditing  A student enrolled in the BIS program may audit BIS program courses with the permission of the course instructor. Courses taken on an audit basis have the AU recorded in the grade column of the student's academic record. Because audited courses earn no credits or grade points, they are not applicable to the BIS degree. The course instructor is the sole determinant of whether a student can take the course on an audit basis. The approved BIS tuition and fee rates apply to audited courses. Audited courses do not apply toward minimum or maximum credit hours when calculating course loads.

Course Load  BIS students must register for a minimum of three credit hours per term. A BIS student may not enroll in more than nine credit hours per term without permission of his or her advisor.

Students who plan to apply for financial aid may find that they need to carry six credit hours per term in order to be eligible for some aid programs. These students should contact the Office of Financial Aid to determine what the specific requirements are for the various types of aid they wish to receive.

Credit/No Credit Option  Students may choose a credit/no credit (CR/NC) grading option up until the add deadline for courses. Instructors have the right to prohibit students from taking courses on a CR/NC basis. All courses taken to meet regular status requirements, liberal studies seminars, concentration courses, and the capstone project must be graded and may not be taken CR/NC. BIS students may take no more than one course per term on a CR/NC basis, and a maximum of nine credit hours may be taken on a CR/NC basis during a student's tenure in the BIS program.

Grade Changes  No grade may be changed after it has been submitted to the university registrar without the approval of the dean. The dean is not authorized by the faculty to change a grade submitted to the university registrar except when an instructor certifies that, because of an error in calculation or transcription, an incorrect grade has been submitted.

Incompletes  Circumstances beyond a student's control may arise that necessitate his or her requesting an incomplete (IN). In these cases, the transcript records "IN" to indicate that the course grade is being withheld until the student completes all course requirements. The student must initiate the request for an IN, and the instructor must agree. The student must complete all course requirements and deliver the completed work to the instructor before the end of the next term, at which time the instructor replaces the IN with a letter grade. If the work is not completed, the IN becomes an F. A degree will not be awarded while an incomplete remains on the transcript.
A student may not request an incomplete in an attempt to raise his or her grade.

Leaves of Absence  A student who wishes to take a one-term leave of absence must consult with the academic advisor prior to submitting a written request to the BIS director. During the period of leave, the student receives no student ID card or University e-mail privileges.

BIS candidates who wish to take a leave of absence for a second consecutive term should follow the process outlined above; however, the request must be approved by the BIS director. Students on approved leaves of absence are not required to apply for readmission to the BIS program prior to their return but should notify the BIS director of their intended return at least 30 days before the published date of final registration for that term.

Non-BIS Courses  Students enrolled in the BIS program normally will complete their degree requirements by taking BIS courses. A BIS student may be granted permission to take a course in another school of the University and have that course count toward BIS degree requirements. Students must obtain advance approval to take a non-BIS course from their academic advisor, the BIS director, and the faculty member teaching the course. If advance approval is not obtained, non-BIS courses may not be applied toward the degree requirements.

Readmission  Students who do not enroll at the University for more than two terms, and who are not on an approved leave of absence, may be required to apply for readmission. Application for readmission must be made to the BIS director at least 30 days in advance of the next University registration period. Students should include with their applications a statement that (1) addresses their readiness to return to the program in light of any serious difficulties during their most recent enrollment (e.g., financial, medical, or personal hardship) and (2) outlines those courses that the students will take over the remaining terms to qualify for a degree.

Students who have been placed on suspension by the BIS program, or who have been asked to withdraw, may petition to the BIS director and the Dean of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies for readmission to the BIS program after one academic year. These students should follow steps 1 and 2 outlined above.

Repeated Courses  Two essentially identical courses, whether under the same course number or not, may not both be counted for degree credit. If a course is passed and repeated, only the first grade received is entered in the computation of the grade point average and counts toward the 120 credits required for graduation, although the repeated course and its grade do appear on the student's transcript. If a course is failed and then repeated, both courses and grades appear on the transcript and are computed in the grade point average.

Requests for Exceptions and Appeals  Students who believe they should be exempted from prerequisite courses or other BIS requirements or regulations may petition for an exception to the BIS director and to the BIS Faculty Advisory Committee after they have consulted with their academic advisor.

Academic Grievance Procedure  A student enrolled in the BIS program who has a grievance with a faculty member, the BIS Program director, the Dean of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies, or the Vice President and Provost of the University is invited to discuss the grievance in the following manner:

  1. Concerns related to a faculty member that cannot be resolved by the two parties should be discussed with the BIS director.
  2. If the concern relates to the director, the student should file a grievance with the Dean of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies.
  3. If the concern relates to the Dean of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies, the student should file a grievance with the Vice President and Provost.
  4. If the concern relates to the Vice President and Provost, the student should present appropriate documentation in writing to the President of the University.
Satisfactory Academic Performance  BIS students admitted to regular status are expected to complete all degree requirements within six years. Leaves of absence and suspensions do not change the requirement to complete all degree requirements within six years of admission to regular status.

Academic Warning  Students who fail to remain in good standing are placed on academic warning with a notation of the specific shortcoming(s) placed on their transcripts. Students are placed on academic warning if they:

  • Fail to maintain a 2.0 cumulative grade point average.
    or
  • Earn a grade below D in any course during two consecutive terms.
Students on academic warning are expected to meet with their academic advisors no later than the third week of the next term to discuss their plans to remedy their academic shortcoming(s). Such students who fail to meet with their academic advisors shall not be allowed to register for the next term. Students on academic warning who withdraw or take leaves of absence are eligible to return but do so on academic warning and are subject to suspension if they do not attain good standing.

Suspension  Students are subject to suspension after two consecutive terms on academic warning. Students who have been suspended from the BIS program must be readmitted formally to the BIS program before they can enroll again. Readmission must be approved by the Dean of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies. Application for readmission is made to the Dean of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies at least 30 days before the next University registration period. Students should include with their applications a statement that (1) addresses their readiness to return to full-time study (i.e., 3-9 hours per term) in light of any serious difficulties during their most recent enrollment (e.g., financial, medical, or personal hardship) and (2) outlines those courses that the students will take over the remaining terms to qualify for a degree. BIS candidates may petition the Dean of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies for a waiver of the suspension, citing extenuating circumstances. Students who are readmitted after being on suspension must meet specified academic objectives.
A student has the right to appeal the imposition of sanctions.

Withdrawal  The following policies govern withdrawal from the BIS Program as well as from individual courses:

Course Withdrawal  With the instructor's permission, BIS students may withdraw from a course with a grade of W for a period of eight weeks from the semester's (not the course's) first day of instruction. After this cutoff, students either must complete the course or, with the instructor's endorsement, submit a request for an incomplete. During the summer term, BIS students may withdraw from a course with a grade of W until the midpoint of the course. Students who discontinue a course at any point without complying with the proper procedure may be subject to a failing grade.

Enforced Withdrawal  The Dean of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies may compel a student to withdraw from the BIS program for good cause. A student who withdraws during the two weeks immediately preceding the final examination period in any term, except for providential reasons as determined by the Dean of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies, may not be permitted to re-enter the program for the succeeding term.

Medical Withdrawal  A student may withdraw from the BIS program for reasons of health with the approval of the Dean of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies and BIS director.

Voluntary Withdrawal  A BIS student who wishes to withdraw from the program must formally withdraw from the University. The student is encouraged to meet first with the academic advisor of record; the student must meet with the BIS director for an exit interview, fill out the appropriate paperwork, and turn in the University identification card. Leaving the program without following the requisite process results in the student's receiving a grade of F in all courses that he or she fails to complete. A student who withdraws from the University voluntarily has the notation "Withdrew [date]" recorded on his or her permanent academic record.

Accommodations for Students with Disabilities BIS Program Menu

A student enrolled in the BIS program, or a person applying to enter the BIS program, must inform the University of the need for academic accommodation due to a qualifying disability. Requests for reasonable variation in degree requirements to accommodate a student's disability should be submitted in writing at the earliest possible time to the Dean of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies.

Requests for accommodation should be supported by appropriate documentation of the relevant disability filed with the University Learning Needs and Evaluation Center. Personnel at the center are available to counsel the student or applicant in preparing his or her request for academic accommodations and to help him or her secure other necessary support services. A deaf or hearing-impaired student or applicant may dial (434) 243-5189 to receive telecommunications accessibility.

A student who has disabilities that may interfere with his or her performance in a course, or who requires special and reasonable accommodation in the conduct of the course, should inform the instructor of that fact at the beginning of the course. Any questions concerning the propriety of particular accommodations should be referred to the Dean of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies or to the assistant director of the Learning Needs and Evaluation Center (434) 243-5180 or (434) 243-5189.

Accuracy of Student Records BIS Program Menu

Students are responsible for the accuracy of their academic records. The Office of the University Registrar provides access to ISIS, the student information system, via telephone (434-296-4747) and the Internet (
www.virginia.edu/registrar). The registrar's office mails a transcript for the semester to the student after the end of a term, and students should check the information carefully. It is up to the student to point out errors in the record and to do so in a timely manner.

Financial Aid BIS Program Menu

BIS students interested in receiving aid should file the BIS Application for Financial Aid with the Office of Financial Aid. Minimum semester credit hour requirements for federal financial aid may be greater than those required by the degree program. Applicants to the BIS program who wish to apply for financial aid must file the federal Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) and contact the Office of Financial Aid. Information about FAFSA can be found at
www.fafsa.ed.gov; information about the Office of Financial Aid is available at www.virginia.edu/~finaid or by calling (434) 982-6000.

Orientation BIS Program Menu

New students entering the program must attend the BIS orientation prior to the beginning of classes. At this meeting students are provided with information about registration and student services, as well as academic advising.

Student Activities and Services BIS Program Menu

BIS students have full access to intramural and recreation activities and facilities, University Career Services, electronic mail, the Information Technology Center and its services, and other non-curricular activities.

Degree Requirements BIS Program Menu

To be awarded the BIS degree, students must present 120 semester credit hours, including 60 credit hours earned at the University of Virginia, and successfully complete the BIS curriculum, as outlined below in "Curriculum." At least 51 hours taken at the University must have been completed on a graded (A+ to D-) basis. Students must have earned a 2.0 cumulative grade point average on all work taken at the University. Students are subject to the degree and curricular requirements in effect for the term for which they were provisionally admitted to the BIS program.

Curriculum BIS Program Menu

The BIS curriculum has four components: liberal studies seminars, including critical issues seminars and analytical skills seminars; a concentration; elective courses; and a capstone project. Students must also complete the computer competency requirement.

Liberal Studies Seminars BIS Program Menu

Two types of liberal studies seminars comprise part of the curriculum of the BIS degree program: critical issues seminars and analytical skills seminars. Their collective purpose is to enhance students' ability to read and think critically about abstract ideas and complex social issues; to teach students how to make more persuasive and well-supported arguments in writing and in speech; to develop students' ability to solve problems in groups; and to ensure that students can employ both qualitative and quantitative reasoning. Students are required to complete successfully one of each type of seminar before moving to regular status; they then must complete successfully at least one more critical issues seminar before graduating with a BIS degree.

Analytical Skills Seminars take as their goal the critical analysis of information in both quantitative and qualitative forms and address such issues as variability in data, assessing risk, and using data to support an argument.

Critical Issues Seminars focus on ethics and effective decision-making in contemporary society. During the semester, an issue is addressed from multiple disciplines. The courses are also writing-intensive and students produce several short essays, at least one of which is revised.

Capstone Project  BIS students must complete a capstone project near the end of their studies leading to the BIS degree.

The purpose of the capstone project is for students to draw upon their educational experiences in a meaningful way to design, develop, produce, and evaluate a major project. Students are encouraged to tailor their projects to their academic interests, talents, and vocation. Students may do projects individually or in teams, and projects may be research studies, performances, works of literature, case studies, or other similar endeavors. Projects must be supervised by an approved faculty mentor.

The total capstone experience will take two terms and count for three credits; it should begin no later than the penultimate term in the BIS program. In the first term of the capstone project the student will develop the proposal while enrolled in a non-credit research and project design seminar, and will secure approval of the proposal from the academic advisor or faculty mentor and the BIS director before proceeding with the actual project in the second term. The proposal must be completed during the first term and submitted at least six weeks prior to the beginning of that second term (with appropriate adjustments made for the condensed summer term). The total project will receive one letter grade, which will be determined by the faculty mentor and the research seminar instructor.

Concentrations  Before the end of the provisional status period, students should declare a concentration after consulting with their academic advisors. Forms are available at the BIS staff office. All prerequisites for the concentration must be successfully completed before declaring the concentration.

Elective Courses outside the Concentration  In consultation with their advisors, students will distribute their degree hours beyond the liberal studies seminars (9 hours minimum), the concentration (21-24 hours), and the capstone project (3 hours) in courses that complement their academic, professional, and personal interests. Students may thus select elective courses that earn 24-27 UVa credit hours in order to meet the 120 credit hours required for completion of the BIS degree. These electives may be inside or outside the student's area of concentration.

Course Descriptions
 
Mnemonics are alphabetical and indicate the degree requirement (liberal studies seminars: ISAS, ISCI; capstone project: ISCS) or concentration (ISBU, business; ISHU, humanities; ISIT, information technology; and ISSS, social sciences). BIS business (ISBU) and IT (ISIT) courses may be restricted by the instructor to only those students who are concentrating in the discipline and who have completed the appropriate prerequisite courses.

ISAS 301-399 - (3) (Y)

Analytical Skills Seminar
Develops quantitative reasoning skills by requiring students to gather and analyze data to formulate persuasive arguments. The seminars are topical (e.g., global warming, tax policy, assessing risk) and interdisciplinary, but their emphasis lies with understanding qualitative and quantitative analysis, including variability in data, recognizing uncertainty but making decisions in the face of it, and using data to support arguments.

ISBU 311 - (3) (SI)
Intermediate Accounting I
Prerequisite: COMM 202 or equivalent.
Comprehensive study of the key components of generally accepted accounting principles for asset valuation, preparing financial statements, and the basic account maintenance required for external reporting.

ISBU 312 - (3) (SI)
Intermediate Accounting II
Prerequisite: ISBU 311.
Continuation of ISBU 311. Emphasizes accounting for stockholders' equity and earnings per share and for a business organization's income taxes, pensions, leases, and debt and equity investments.

ISBU/ISIT 320 - (3) (SI)
Business Software Development
A hands-on introduction to developing software applications for business. Explores relevant programming principles, including object-oriented methods and basic data management.

ISBU/ISIT 325 - (3) (SI)
Quantitative Analysis
Prerequisite: CS 120 and STAT 112 or equivalents or instructor permission.
Studies the principles and methods business analysts and managers use to assess the various areas of a business organization, including accounting, finance, information systems, operations, and personnel. Focuses on the role of statistical models, data analysis, and information systems in decision-making.

ISBU/ISIT 326 - (3) (SI)
Business Information Systems
Overview of basic operations management using an information processing systems approach. Emphasizes the role of information technology and information systems within all areas of business. Focuses on a process-oriented view of the organization and building process modeling skills.

ISBU 341 - (3) (SI)
Commercial Law
Surveys the American legal system and principles of constitutional, criminal, and tort law, emphasizing legal issues related to contracts, agency, corporations, and partnerships.

ISBU 351 - (3) (SI)
Fundamentals of Marketing
Prerequisite: ECON 201, 202, or equivalents, or instructor permission.
Introduction to marketing principles and activities in both profit and non-profit enterprises, from the conception of goods and services to their consumption. Participants study consumer behavior as well as ethical, environmental, and international issues in marketing.

ISBU 361 - (3) (SI)
Organizational Behavior
Studies the basic theories and research related to the practices of contemporary organizational behavior. Emphasizes the interpersonal skills that promote individual, group, and organizational effectiveness. Class activities are interactive and include experiential exercises, case analyses, and collaborative learning.

ISBU 371 - (3) (SI)
Managerial Finance
Prerequisite: ISBU concentration prerequisites or instructor permission.
Principles and practices of business finance focusing on managerial decision-making in financial policy. Topics include capital structure, types of securities and their use in raising funds, risk, valuation, and allocating resources for investment.

ISBU/ISIT 381 - (3) (IR)
Business Ethics
Uses philosophical ethics as a framework for investigating moral dilemmas in contemporary business. Case study method used.

ISBU 384 - (3) (SI)
International Business
Prerequisite: ISBU concentration prerequisites or instructor permission.
An introduction to the practice and theory of international business. Consideration given to global trade and economic integration theory; the major instruments and procedures needed for management and operation of an international business; modes of international market entry and foreign direct investment; strategies appropriate to managing an international business; global environmental issues; and the importance of culture and ethics in international business.

ISBU 463 - (3) (SI)
Human Resource Management
Prerequisite: ISBU 361 or instructor permission.
Study of human resource management and its role in meeting company objectives; examines essentials of job analysis, recruitment and selection, training and development, performance, compensation, and employee and labor relations. Discussion of contemporary legal pressures and issues relative to a global workforce.

ISBU 468 - (3) (SI)
Entrepreneurship
Prerequisite: ISBU concentration prerequisites or instructor permission.
Explores the process of creating and managing new ventures. Study of financing for initial capital and early growth of the enterprise; legal and tax issues associated with a new business; how to identify opportunity areas; and the characteristics of successful entrepreneurs.

ISBU 485 - (3) (SI)
Strategic Management
Prerequisite: ISBU concentration prerequisites or instructor permission.
Examines the basic elements, processes, and techniques of strategic planning. Focuses on the development of the student's decision-making abilities as a manager and calls upon the student to synthesize material learned across the concentration. Case studies, interactive classes, and business simulations are used to develop student's managerial skills.

ISCI 301-399 - (3) (S, SS)
Critical Issues Seminar
A multidisciplinary themed course that focuses on an ethical issue. Through discussion, extensive writing, and presentations, students use academic argument as a basis for exploring effective decision-making in contemporary society. Topics have included: Punishment and Forgiveness; Nationalism and National Identity; Issues in Global Business; Global Warming as a Scientific, Public Policy, and Moral Issue; Critical Issues in American Foreign Policy; Political Violence in Democracies.

ISCS 400 - (3) (SI)
Capstone Project
For students within two terms of graduation. Students design, develop, produce, and evaluate a semester-long project (e.g., significant research paper, case study, work of literature) that synthesizes their educational experiences, professional work, and vocation. Done individually or in teams and supervised by a faculty mentor; prospectus for the project must be approved by the curriculum committee.

ISHU 301 - (3) (SI)
Humanities Survey I
The first half of a two-term survey designed to introduce students to dominant humanistic traditions of Eastern and Western civilizations. Addresses topics in philosophy, art, literature, religion, and cultural history. Part one covers the period from early recorded history to the dawn of the modern age.

ISHU 302 - (3) (SI)
Humanities Survey II
The second half of a two-term survey designed to introduce students to dominant humanistic traditions of Eastern and Western civilizations. Addresses topics in philosophy, art, literature, religion, and cultural history. Part two covers the period from the late European Renaissance to the twenty-first century.

ISHU 303 - (3) (IR)
The Tragic and the Demonic
Students will address issues of evil in the more specific context of the tragic and the demonic. The tragic will be explored through the genre of tragedy, which reveals the intertwining of guilt, innocence, accountability, and divine malice. Emphasis will be placed on close readings of philosophical, theological, and literary texts.  

ISHU 304 - (3) (IR)
Home Runs, Assassinations and Surgical Strikes: Contemporary American Literature in the Age of Television
Through post-WWII novels and essays, this course examines claims about truth and authenticity in a world largely experienced through the mass media. Readings will include Desert Solitaire by Edward Abbey, Music for Torching by A.M. Homes, and Libra by Don Delillo.

ISHU 305 - (3) (IR)
Issues in Philosophy
Students will practice skills and methods of philosophical inquiry and analysis. Issues of free will and determinism, ethical decision-making, the mind-body problem, the nature and existence of God, and the relationship of the individual to society will be explored. Tensions among various conceptions of human existence are a central theme. Emphasis is placed upon writing critical responses to articles written by leading philosophers.

ISHU 310 - (3) (IR)
Advanced Writing I
Students read, study, and practice a variety of prose forms, including narration, short stories, and non-fiction and critical essays.

ISHU 324 - (3) (IR)
American Literature of the Twentieth Century
Study of the fiction and poetry of U.S. writers ranging from the early modernists to contemporary writers, including such prose writers as Fitzgerald, Hemingway, Faulkner, Ellison, and Morrison and poets such as Frost, Eliot, Stevens, Bishop, and Williams.

ISHU 400 - (3) (IR)
Writing the Unwritten
Since the Romantic era, writing has often been motivated by the desire to say what has not been said, whether through neglect or through social censorship. Reading works by American and British novelists from the 19th century to the present, students will explore changing definitions of the unwritten during this period as well as write their own personal narratives, analytic essays and prose fiction as a means to discover and bring forth the unwritten in their own experience.

ISHU 401-409 - (3) (IR)
Advanced Topics in the Humanities
Topical seminars that may be interdisciplinary or discipline-specific. May be repeated for credit when content differs.

ISHU 401/ISSS 310 - (3) (IR)
Cultures in Conflict: Islamic Inroads into the Christian World of Eastern Europe
Examines how contemporary conflicts in Eastern Europe between Eastern and Western institutions, customs, and values have supplanted the earlier struggle between communism and capitalism. Uses intellectual history, comparative religion, folklore, and literature as framing disciplines to examine the complications and implications of Islamic culture meeting Christian culture in Eastern Europe. Taught by case method.

ISIT 310 - (3) (SI)
Technological Communications
Overview and application of how to present technical information in a variety of media and for different audiences and purposes.

ISIT 320, 325, 326: See ISBU/ISIT 320, 325, 326

ISIT 327 - (3) (SI)
Database Management Systems
Prerequisite: ISIT 320.
Focuses on managing the information needs of an organization and on designing and building database applications and application programs using contemporary database software. Topics covered include database architecture, data security and integrity, modeling techniques, and overall database administration.

ISIT 351 - (3) (SI)
Technology and Product Development Life Cycle
Investigates the management and investment issues associated with technology and product development including research and development; process choices, selection, and improvement; and product choices, replacement, and discontinuance. Course follows a product life- cycle structure.

ISIT 352 - (3) (SI)
Science and Technology Public Policy
Investigates the broad development of federal public policies associated with the promotion and regulation of science and technology. Areas of consideration include the federal government's historical interest in science and technology; the agencies and organizations involved in creating federal policy; how science and technology are regulated federally; and the roles of state and local governments in local science and technology policies. Special consideration is given to American policy development within an international context.

ISIT 381 - See ISBU/ISIT 381

ISIT 399 - (3) (SI)
Case Studies in Technology Management and Policy
Special topics course; topics vary but each explores how technology, management, and policy issues interact within a specific context. Possible contexts include a business organization; an industry; a governmental sector; specific legislation; a judicial ruling; a social issue; a historical era; or a combination of these.

ISIT 427 - (3) (SI)
Systems Analysis and Design
Prerequisite: ISIT 327.
Comprehensive examination of the principles, techniques, and tools involved in the analysis and design of computer-based information systems as they are used to solve business problems. Practical experience with development technologies used throughout the systems development cycle builds students' skills in information gathering, communication, analysis, functional design, and implementation.

ISIT 428 - (3) (SI)
Data Communications
Prerequisites: ISIT 427.
Studies the use of data communications as a means for gaining a competitive business advantage in a global environment. Presents current technologies and techniques employed in the development and management of computer-based networks.

ISIT 429 - (3) (SI)
Selected Topics in Management Information Systems
Prerequisite: ISIT concentration prerequisites or instructor permission.
An in-depth study of an MIS topic. The course may explore either a new MIS concept or system or provide an opportunity to research a specific area of MIS in greater depth than is possible in other courses.

ISIT 320, 325, 326 - see ISBU/ISIT

ISSS 301 - (3) (SI)
Social Sciences Introductory Course
An interdisciplinary, often team-taught, course that uses a single theme to introduce students to the primary methodologies, content areas, and contributions of three social science disciplines. Designed to provide students with a framework for studying social sciences and articulating academic arguments in the social sciences. Students learn the similarities among disciplines that constitute the social sciences, as well as what differentiates social sciences from humanities and from sciences.

ISSS 302H/ISSS 302S - (3) (IR)
Women's Studies: Theories and Practices
American history and culture are examined from the perspective of gender. Students will learn critical methods and vocabulary used to analyze gender while focusing on American women's movements as well as contemporary notions of global feminism. Explores commonalities and differences among women, gender norms, sexual mores, the representation of women in the media, gender gaps in education and employment, and changing notions of family.

ISSS 303S –- (3) (IR)
Sociology of Morality
Explores how forms of morality emerge or decline under different social conditions. Students will examine historical and contemporary forms of morality directly and through institutions which often express moral understandings and perceptions, such as religion and politics.  

ISSS 306G - (3) (IR)
Military Force in International Relations
Examines the threat and use of military force in international relations. Topics include deterrence theory and recent critiques, ethical and international legal considerations, domestic constraints, and the postwar U.S. and Soviet experiences with the use of force.

ISSS 320 - (3) (IR)
The Modern South
An examination of the racial, economic, social, and political structures of the South from the early years of the twentieth century to the present.

ISSS 400H - (3) (IR)
The Experience of the Great War: Life and Literature
Drawing on histories and literature, including autobiographies, poetry, and novels, this course focuses on the experiences and mentalities of those who fought in World War I, as well as those who remained on the home front. The realities and myths of the Great War are explored. An emphasis is placed on British, French, and German writings about the Western Front as well as some consideration of the fighting on the Eastern Front and in Turkey.

ISSS 401-409 - (3) (IR)
Topical Seminars in Anthropology
Seminars on current or specialized topics in anthropology. May be repeated for credit when content differs.

ISSS 411-419 - (3) (IR)
Topical Seminars in Economics
Seminars on current or specialized topics in economics. May be repeated for credit when content differs.

ISSS 421-429 - (3) (IR)
Topical Seminars in Government and Foreign Affairs
Seminars on current or specialized topics in government and foreign affairs. May be repeated for credit when content differs.

ISSS 431-439 - (3) (IR)
Topical Seminars in History
Seminars on current or specialized topics in history. May be repeated for credit when content differs.

ISSS 441-449 - (3) (IR)
Topical Seminars in Psychology
Seminars on current or specialized topics in psychology. May be repeated for credit when content differs.

ISSS 451-459 - (3) (IR)
Topical Seminars in Sociology
Seminars on current or specialized topics in sociology. May be repeated for credit when content differs.

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