Continuing and Professional Studies Program
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Certificate Programs  

The School of Continuing and Professional Studies offers a number of programs in specialized fields of business, education, and other professions that lead to the award of certificates. Most certificate programs require 10-30 credit hours of instruction or an equivalent number of contact hours.

Admission requirements for certificate programs vary, but are usually based on a written application, an interview with the program’s director, and an evaluation of the applicant’s work experience, educational goals, and potential for performing satisfactorily in relevant courses. Applicants may be required to provide transcripts of previous academic activity. Persons interested in a certificate program should first consult with that program’s director to obtain specific admission requirements.

Students in credit certificate programs must maintain an average grade of C or better to continue in the program. Admission to a credit certificate program does not in any way imply admission to the University for a degree  program.

Persons enrolled in noncredit or CEU certificate programs must, in the opinion of the program’s director, progress satisfactorily in their courses to be eligible to receive a certificate.

Persons interested in further information about certificate programs should contact the School of Continuing and Professional Studies center in their area.

Transfer Credit  Students interested in transferring courses into a credit certificate program are generally allowed to transfer a maximum of six credits. Coursework must not be older than eight years, must have been completed at an accredited college or university, and the student must have earned at least a “C” in the courses. Transfer credit determinations are made by the individual program directors. Courses for which transfer credit has been awarded will not appear on the student’s transcript until the completion of the certificate program. No transfer credit is allowed in the certificates of Technology Leadership, Information Technology, E-Commerce, and Web Content Development.

Certificate Program in Accounting

To address professional development needs in accounting, the School of Continuing and Professional Studies offers a ten-course certificate program. Composed of six required credit courses and four electives, the accounting certificate program is designed for adult students wishing to enter the accounting field, as well as those already employed in accounting-related positions. The program is offered at the Northern Virginia center. Contact the center for admission, transfer, and certificate completion requirements.

Required Courses (6): ACCT 201, ACCT 202, ACCT 311, ACCT 312, ACCT 314 and ACCT 521

Electives (4): BUS 320, BUS 341, BUS 342, BUS 351, BUS 371, ACCT 531, ACCT 711, ACCT 445, ACCT 546 or ACCT 533

Course Descriptions

ACCT 201 - (3)
Introductory Accounting
Designed to introduce students to the language of business, the course begins with the role of financial data in contemporary society, proceeds to develop the accounting model for capturing financial data, and finishes with the problems of measuring and reporting income, assets, liabilities, and equities.

ACCT 202 - (3)
Introductory Accounting II
Prerequisite: ACCT 201.
Continuation of ACCT 201. Approximately one third of the course deals with additional financial accounting topics, emphasizing managerial considerations and financial analysis. Cost accumulation, allocation, and product cost methods are studied in a manufacturing setting. Matters such as evaluation of performance planning, cost behavior, and special decisions are emphasized.

ACCT 311 - (3)
Intermediate Accounting I
Prerequisite: ACCT 202.
An intensive study of the generally accepted accounting principles for asset valuation, income measurement, and financial statement presentation for business organizations, and the processes through which these principles evolve.

ACCT 312 - (3)
Intermediate Accounting II
Prerequisite: ACCT 311.
Continuation of ACCT 311, emphasizing accounting for the equities of a firm’s investors and creditors. Covers special problem areas in financial accounting including accounting for leases, pensions, and income taxes.

ACCT 314 - (3)
Cost Accounting
Prerequisite: ACCT 202.
Addresses analysis of cost behavior and volume profit relationships; responsibility accounting and reporting flexible budgets; and the use of standard costs to guide and control performance.

BUS 320 - (3)
Introduction to Business Information Processing
Covers business applications for both mainframes and microprocessors and their capabilities and limitations. Introduces concepts and terminology of computer-based information systems. Emphasizes selection and management of hardware, software, data, personnel, and procedures.

BUS 341 - (3)
Commercial Law I
Analysis of the basic legal principles applicable to ordinary commercial transactions, with special emphasis on contracts, agencies, and commercial paper.

BUS 342 - (3)
Commercial Law II
Prerequisite: BUS 341.
Reviews basic legal principles applicable to formation and operation of business organizations including corporate and non-corporate entities.  Also covers significant areas of legal regulation of business and property transactions.

BUS 371 - (3)
Managerial Finance I
Prerequisites: ACCT 202.
Emphasizes the development of managerial theory and decision methodology in evaluating the financial function of the firm. Analyzes working capital management, the concepts and techniques employed in the procurement of resources from financial markets, and their allocation to productive investments.

ACCT 445 - (3)
Federal Taxation I
Prerequisite: ACCT 202 or instructor permission.
An analysis of the federal income tax law and its application to individuals. A study is made of problems covering personal and business tax situations. Several cases are assigned for which the student prepares illustrative tax returns.

ACCT 521 - (3)
Introductory Auditing
Prerequisite: ACCT312.
Examines auditing methodology through a study of auditing standards. Includes the nature of evidence, program planning, work papers, internal control evaluation, types of audit tests, and audit reports.

ACCT 531 - (3)
Selected Topics in Advanced Accounting
Prerequisite: ACCT 312.
Studies accounting and financial reporting for partnerships, business enterprise segments, home office/branch office, foreign transactions and translation, business combinations, and other intercorporate investments and consolidated statements.

ACCT 533 - (3)
Accounting for Non-Business Organizations
Prerequisite: ACCT 312.
Financial accounting for governmental and non-profit organizations. Studies the theory and techniques of accounting and reporting for various funds and groups of accounts.

ACCT 546 - (3)
Federal Taxation II
Prerequisite: ACCT 445.
Analyzes of the federal income tax law and its application to corporations, shareholders, partnerships, partners, estates, and gift transactions.

ACCT 711 - (3)
Accounting Theory
Prerequisite: ACCT 312.
Examines the theories underlying the financial measurement of events that affect reporting entities. Includes the historical development of accounting thought and how it has been influenced by social, political, and economic forces. Analyzes the structure and methodology of theory; examines objectives, postulates, and principles; and explores income determination and the valuation, classification, and reporting of assets and equities.

Certificate Program in Criminal Justice Education

A program in Criminal Justice Education is offered at the FBI Academy in Quantico, Virginia to students enrolled in the National Academy Program. All students in this 10-week program are required to complete a minimum of 13 credits of academic work (undergraduate and/or graduate) with at least one course in each of the following areas: behavioral science; forensic science; law enforcement communication; law; leadership development.

Each student may elect to take an additional one to three credits of course work. Some of these courses are offered to students sponsored by the FBI who are not enrolled in the National Academy Program.

Required Courses (5): minimum of 13 credits, including one course in each of the following areas: behavioral science, forensic science, law enforcement communication, law, and leadership development.

Electives (variable): students may elect to take an additional one to three credits of course work.

Course Descriptions

Behavioral Science

CJ 361 - (3) (Y)
Applied Behavioral Science for Law Enforcement Operations
An overview of applied behavioral science for law enforcement operations. This course includes an introduction to criminal investigative analysis, community oriented policing, crisis negotiations for commanders, and other psychological/criminological topics of interest to law enforcement managers.

CJ 387 - (3) (Y)
Community Policing Issues
Designed for all law enforcement leaders, particularly executives responsible for developing, implementing, supervising, and evaluating community policing, problem oriented policing, or crime prevention programs. The thrust of this course is to empower students to positively impact quality of life issues in their communities through partnerships between law enforcement and the community itself. While submerged in group/community projects, students are challenged to compare and contrast the spirit of their community with the policing philosophy applied by their agencies.

CJ 416/516 - (3) (Y)
Crime Analysis, Futuristics and Law Enforcement: The 21st Century
Seminar conducted at both the undergraduate and graduate level in which law enforcement managers are introduced to the study of crime analysis and futures research and the utility that each has for law enforcement managers. Students will learn to utilize databases and mapping techniques to analyze criminal activity and will be shown how to forecast, manage, and create the future.

CJ417/517 - (3) (Y)
Managing Investigations of Death and Sexual Offenses Using Investigative Psychology
Course conducted at both the undergraduate and graduate levels designed to equip law enforcement managers and supervisors with the unique skills, knowledge, and management techniques necessary for overseeing and monitoring death, violent crimes, and sexually related investigations by applying behavior science research.  

CJ 470 - (3) (Y)
Gangs, Developmental Issues, and Criminal Behavior
Provides police administrator with a basic understanding of the applicability of behavioral science to the investigation of juvenile violence and gang behavior. This course will examine gang dynamics, causation, various types of gangs and juvenile offenders, violence in schools, crime patterns and trends, and solvability factors. Other areas to be discussed include risk predictors, and contributing factors.  

CJ 475 - (3) (Y)
Stress Management in Law Enforcement
Examines stress in law enforcement. Covers stressors most likely encountered on the job and in one’s personal life. Topics include individual/organizational and family stress management techniques and helping officers to maintain or regain control of their lives.

CJ 514 - (3) (Y)
Violence in America
Encompasses a historical, contemporary, and future perspective. Issues include the role of weapons in American culture, patterns and trends of violence, legitimate use of violence, cultural differences and formulation of value systems, relationship of drugs and violence, and the role of women and the media. Examines research findings and discusses the role of high technology in dealing with violence and the future of violence in America. All students must bring with them a completed, fully adjudicated case that can be used for teaching and research purposes. The case must exhibit some degree of violent behavior, for example, hate-related homicide, suicide by cops, serial murder, or serial sex offense.

CJ 560 - (3) (Y)
Violent Behavior: A Biopsychosocial Approach
A graduate seminar geared toward the student with a general background and understanding of the basic principles of psychopathology and psychodynamics. Focuses on behavioral analysis of crime scenes and behavioral aspects of interviewing and interrogation. Enrollment is limited to 12 students, and each student is required to bring a closed homicide or sex offense case.

Forensic Science

CJ 375 - (3) (Y)
Evidentiary Photography
Provides photographic concepts and techniques for crime scene and latent fingerprint photography. Students learn about the essential processing equipment, techniques, and legal aspects of laboratory photography. Includes practical application of classroom instruction.

CJ 376 - (3) (Y)
Critical Incident Investigative Response Management
The course is designed to familiarize the law enforcement manager with the management, behavioral, and forensic science resources available in a criminal investigation. Management, behavioral, and forensic resources are introduced and applied using a child abduction/homicide case scenario. The course demonstrates the successful integration, application, and effectiveness of the various resources. The course is a mixture of field exercises, student participation exercises, and lectures on the various resources used throughout the course.

CJ 466 - (2) (Y)
Latent Fingerprints—from Crime Scene to Courtroom
Intensively examines all phases of latent print work including powdering, photographing and lifting latent prints, preparation of chemicals and chemical development of latent prints, crime scene search, comparisons of inked and latent prints, preparation of charted enlargements, and moot court training. Emphasizes practical training in Forensic Science Identification Laboratory.

CJ 473 - (3) (Y)
Overview of Forensic Science for Police Administrators and Managers
Addresses forensic science issues, such as managing a crime scene, the role and value of different types of physical evidence, and current trends and issues. Provides a basic overview of forensic science.

CJ 477 - (5) (Y)
Administrative Advanced Latent Fingerprints
An advanced course providing concentrated studies in all phases of latent print work, including related administrative matters and how to effectively identify, develop, process, and preserve latent print evidence both at the crime scenes and in the laboratory. Emphasis is placed on identifying latent prints with inked prints and the presentation of expert fingerprint testimony.

CJ 544 - (3) (Y)
Forensic Mitochondrial DNA Analysis
This course provides classroom and laboratory experience in the principles and procedures involved in typing mtDNA from evidentiary items such as hair, teeth, and bones. Classroom instruction is focused on the nature of mtDNA, molecular biology principles involved in the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing, and legal issues related to this technique. Discussions regarding scientific literature published in the area of forensic mtDNA analysis are also conducted. Laboratory procedures include DNA extraction, PCR, quantification of amplified products by capillary electrophoresis, and automated sequencing. Computer-based practice compiling sequences and database searches using appropriate software is provided and moot court exercises are conducted.

Law Enforcement Communication

CJ 324/524 - (3) (Y)
Statement Analysis: What Do Words Really Reveal?
Hands-on seminar provides a structured method of examining verbal and written statements of suspects, victims and witnesses. Provides linguistic tools to assist investigator in gaining insight to the speaker/writer and in detecting areas of deception.

CJ 367 - (3) (Y)
Effective Writing
Explores writing as a process comprising at least five steps. Students learn methods for getting started and sound guidelines for developing a clear, organized writing style. Course is designed to help the student become a more confident and effective writer.

CJ 369 - (3) (Y)
Effective Communication
An introduction to effective communication techniques with emphasis on oral communication. Frequent researched and rehearsed oral presentations in a variety of settings, from formal to informal, help prepare the law enforcement official to become a more articulate, confident, and fluent public communicator.

CJ 372 - (3) (Y)
Mass Media and the Police
Explores the role of mass media in society emphasizing the relationship between the media and the development of appropriate law enforcement policy. Practical exercises include writing and delivering news releases in a variety of situations and settings.

CJ 373 - (3) (Y)
Interviewing and Interrogation
Examines the fundamentals of interviewing for both the investigator and the trainer and deals with the physiological and cognitive aspects of interviewing and interrogation. Topics include interviewing techniques, detection of deception, including statement analysis, and interrogation. Emphasizes practical application.

CJ 378 - (3) (Y)
Instructor Development
A practical, skills-oriented program for the law enforcement agency instructor. Current instructional techniques are emphasized, including instructional methods, lesson planning, instructional objectives, audiovisual support, communication, and delivery.

CJ 522 - (3) (Y)
Seminar in Organizational Communications for Law Enforcement Executives
Highly interactive seminar designed to explore communications systems within public and private organizations, with particular focus on federal, state, and local law enforcement. Course will provide organizational leaders with strategies and competencies designed to promote a communications-intensive work environment as well as hone individual interpersonal communications skills.

CJ 523 - (3) (Y)
Seminar in Media Relations for the Law Enforcement Executive
Focuses on contemporary relations between law enforcement and the news media. Emphasizes the development of a proactive versus reactive departmental media strategy and the formation of effective media policy.


CJ 210 - (1) (Y)
Basics in Criminal Justice Research
Instructs students how to use electronic and print academic resources from the Web homepage of the FBI Library, the Internet, and onsite facilities. It covers improving searching abilities and information-gathering skills needed by the law enforcement community. Does not meet course requirement for Law; is offered as an elective.

CJ 356 - (3) (Y)
Legal Issues for Command-Level Officers
Discusses legal considerations that impact administrative and investigative decisions of command and mid-level police administrators. Provides a review of recent developments in federal Constitutional criminal procedure. Also explores the impact of Constitutionally-based employment rights on departmental operations and the impact of Title VII and the Americans with Disabilities Act on police administration.

Leadership Development

CJ 211 – (2) (Y)
Introduction to Microcomputers in Law Enforcement
This course is designed for the law enforcement officer who has little or no experience with microcomputers. Primary goals are to provide an orientation to the fundamentals of microcomputer operation and to help the student cultivate computer learning skills. Major software applications in the Windows operating environment are covered. Does not meet course requirement for Leadership Development; is offered as an elective.

CJ 352 - (3) (Y)
Management for Law Enforcement
Principles of management concepts and theories are identified, defined, and applied to law enforcement. Theories and practices used in industry and business are examined and evaluated, and practical problems and exercises are used to illustrate avenues to achieve objectives.

CJ 355 - (3) (Y)
Leadership, Ethics, Decision-Making
Explores the areas of leadership, ethics, and decision-making in the context of law enforcement using class discussion and participation, small-group dynamics, and some case studies. Topics include understanding organizational culture and history, future trends, and the impact these topics have on decision making and police management.

CJ 374 - (3) (Y)
Computer Crimes for Police Supervisors
This is a hands-on class for police managers.  The course is divided into four parts. Part one is the intermediate to advanced use of common office production software to create reports for case files and court. Part two is the examination of policies and procedures related to the proper use of department-owned computers, such as laptops, desktops, mobile data terminals/computers, web cell phones, PDAs and other digital storage devices. Part three consists of three hands-on practical exercises associated to digital evidence. Part four is how to organize, maintain and manage a high tech computer crimes unit for state and local law enforcement.

CJ 381 - (3) (Y)
Ethics in Law Enforcement
Provides the law enforcement manager/ leader with both the philosophical theory that forms the foundation of ethics in law enforcement and the applied principles that promote ethical conduct in law enforcement personnel and organizations.

CJ 454 - (5) (Y)
Management Planning and Budgets
Designed for those involved in preparing budgets for their departments, this course emphasizes the line item budget format and also considers other types of budgets such as program, performance, and zero base budgets. Topics include analytical methods for financial forecasting and the application for, and management of, federal grants. Students use computers to prepare a line item budget.

CJ 501 - (3) (Y)
Human Behavior in Organizations
Advanced course focusing on changing patterns of behavior in organizations. Identifies problem areas in organizations, how structural relationships and leadership patterns influence the climate of an agency, and how groups influence the behavior of individuals within an organizational setting. Examines the methods and strategies of organizational development with the aim of increasing effectiveness and adaptation to change.

CJ 503 - (3) (Y)
Executive Leadership
Analysis of the leadership role and the leadership process. Emphasizes the requirements and developmental needs for current and future leadership roles.

CJ 507 - (3) (Y)
Managing Organizational Change and Development
This seminar focuses on the effect of change and development on the behavior of employees. It studies the nature of planned change, methods of managing change, ways to diagnose changes and development, and ways to implement change in police departments and other organizations.

CJ 521 - (3) (Y)
Contemporary Issues in Law Enforcement
Focuses on contemporary issues and leadership concerns in various areas of law enforcement, leadership and management, emphasizing problem solving and the systematic development of improvement innovations.

All Areas

CJ 490 - (1-3) (Y)
Directed Study
Provides students with the opportunity to work under close faculty supervision on individual projects when particular needs cannot be met by taking regular courses.

CJ 502 - (3) (Y)
Independent Study and Research
This graduate experience permits students to work, under close faculty guidance, on individual research projects when particular needs cannot be met by taking regularly scheduled courses. Credit is determined by the nature and scope of the project undertaken.

Certificate Program in Human Resources Management

The University of Virginia Human Resources Management Certificate Program offers a core of courses addressing the basic functional areas of human resources. Elective courses give students the opportunity to dig deeper into specialized areas, polish communications skills, and explore timely topics.

The University certificate provides evidence of specialized educational achievement. It is appropriate both for those who already have undergraduate (and graduate) degrees and those who do not. The program is currently offered in the Charlottesville and Northern Virginia centers. Contact either of these centers for specific information regarding admission, transfer credit, and certificate completion requirements.

Required Courses (6): HR 401, HR 402, HR 403, HR 404, HR 405 and HR 406

Electives (4): HR 407, HR 408, HR 409, HR 410, HR 411, HR 412, HR 413, HR 414, HR 415, HR 416,  HR 417, HR 502, or HR 503

Course Descriptions

HR 401 - (3)
Management of Organizations
Presents a broad view of management theories and principles. Topics include historical and current trends in management, how organizations plan and make decisions, leadership, and resource management.

HR 402 - (3)
Human Resource Management
Prerequisite: HR 401.
Survey of individual (as opposed to systemic) HR management. Topics include employee relations, job satisfaction, personnel selection and placement, job analysis and design, interviewing techniques, performance appraisal and training, and wage and salary administration.

HR 403 - (3)
Organizational Change and Development
Prerequisite: HR 401.
Analysis of the key concepts and theories in organizational behavior and organizational development. Focuses on the student’s development of the diagnostic skills necessary to effectively manage organizational change. Also deals with specific issues such as downsizing.

HR 404 - (3)
Human Behavior in Organizations
Prerequisite: HR 401.
Helps students develop conceptual, diagnostic, and personal skills for dealing with human interaction in complex organizations.  Also addresses issues arising from the diverse nature of today’s work force.

HR 405 - (3)
Legal and Ethical Issues in Human Resources
Prerequisite: HR 401.
Addresses personnel laws and issues including the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1991, FLSA, ADA, FMLA, ERISA, selected immigration laws, affirmative action, sexual harassment, and other issues of gender and racial/ethnic equity. Also deals with business ethics issues as they relate to HR.

HR 406 - (3)
Strategic Human Resources Management
Prerequisite: HR 401.
A capstone course bringing together material in all the other core courses and addressing the strategic role HR managers must play in the larger organization.

HR 407 - (3)
Human Resources Information Systems
Focuses on using technology to manage the infrastructure. Explores current HR information systems and demonstrates how they improve decision making, respond to business needs, provide value added service, and increase administrative efficiency.

HR 408 - (3)
Compensation and Benefits
Provides a working knowledge of compensation theory and the variety of methods organizations use to compensate their employees.

HR 409 - (3)
Recruiting, Placement, Performance Appraisal, and Outplacement
Addresses HR recruitment planning, actual recruiting, job placement, performance appraisal, and outplacement (whether from layoffs, downsizing, or firing).

HR 410 - (3)
Employee Development
Addresses training and development at all levels, from initial orientation to executive development. Discusses in-house training, using vendors, and developing partnerships with colleges and universities.

HR 411 - (3)
Consulting Theory and Practice
Prepares HR professionals to be more effective internal consultants, to do consultative selling of HR programs, and to work with outside agencies to meet their organization’s needs.

HR 412 - (3)
Business Communication
Emphasizes the art of writing and speaking and the craft of revising and editing one’s own work. Focuses on direct, concise, reader-oriented business communications and helps participants develop and focus a purpose, create powerful sentences, adjust tone, and clearly communicate ideas. Participants prepare speeches, letters, and memoranda.

HR 413 - (3)
Financial Management
Provides an understanding of finance, ranging from basic finance and its application to HR to more complex applications. Useful for HR professionals with little background in finance.

HR 414 - (3)
Labor Relations
Examines the National Labor Relations Act and addresses negotiation and conflict resolution, labor theory, labor history, and labor economics.

HR 415 - (3)
Topics in Labor Economics
Examines unemployment in the United States today: what causes it, why it persists, and what can be done about it; the impact of discrimination in labor markets, both from a theoretical and historical perspective; and the real effects of labor unions on the economy.

HR 416 - (3)
Current Topics in HR
Provides a forum for addressing timely topics in human resources, such as downsizing, reengineering, 360-degree feedback, and telecommuting.

HR 417 - (3)
Managing the Training Function
Explores the fundamental theory and concepts needed to design and deliver a training program. Topics include how to conduct needs assessment, design a training course and modules, develop training materials, and create competency-based evaluation strategies.

HR 502 - (3)
Staffing and Career Management
Examines the processes and techniques that establish and govern the flow of interrelated organizational staffing activities. Includes case studies covering the latest staffing models and systems, economic conditions that impact staffing, laws and regulations, strategy and planning, measurement, job analysis, internal and external recruiting, and decision making.

HR 503 - (3)
Strategic Compensation
Explores strategic choices in managing compensation through a pay model that is based upon the foundational policy decisions of the compensation system, the means of compensation, and the objectives of the compensation. Includes strategic perspectives, internal consistency, external competitiveness, employee contributions, and administration of the pay system efficiently, equitably, and in compliance with the law.

Certificate Program in Information Technology

The Information Technology Certificate (ITC) provides essential training for liberal arts graduates, career changers, and other professionals looking to enter and succeed in the field of information systems. Developed by industry leaders, this nineteen credit hour program introduces the concepts, terminology, business processes, and computer applications that staff at all organizational levels must understand to effectively interact in a high- tech environment. This accelerated program will produce entry-level staff and mid-level managers capable of operating in the areas of systems analysis, information architecture, web design and development, technical sales and marketing, quality assurance, client liaison and customer service, technical writing, and administration. The program is offered at the Northern Virginia and Hampton Roads centers. Contact either of these centers for admission, transfer, and certificate completion information.

Required Courses (6): IT 320, IT 322, IT 323, IT 324, IT 325 and IT 326

Electives (1): IT 321 or IT 327

Course Descriptions

IT 320 - (3)
Introduction to Information Technology
Explores the fundamental concepts, theory, and technology involved in information systems. Topics include client/server technology, computer organizations, operating systems, basic programming concepts, and Internet technologies.

IT 321 - (3)
Programming with Java
Studies key structures, concepts, and applications needed to write programs with Java, an object-oriented programming language used for developing user interfaces on the Web.

IT 322 - (3)
Information Technology Business Operations
Sharpens finance, marketing, and management skills. Training focuses on developing the expertise to operate in today’s technology-enhanced and technology-dependent business environment.

IT 323 - (3)
Basics of Web Design
Master the basics of Web site construction, design, and maintenance. The course provides an overview of aesthetic, business, and technical Web concepts. Apply course content to developing Web applications using HTML.

IT 324 - (3)
Systems Analysis and Design
Students learn how to assess user requirements, system development life cycles, data flow diagrams, business process modeling, software design techniques, object oriented analysis and design concepts, quality assurance, and software testing.

IT 325 - (3)
User Requirements and Quality Assurance
Develops the skills needed to understand user requirements, meet customer needs, and ensure client satisfaction. Emphasizes the importance of quality assurance through instruction and class exercises.

IT 326 - (1)
Project Management
Prerequisites: Completion of all required coursework.
Participants learn how to apply the basic concepts of project management, project planning and control techniques, and the importance of interpersonal relations in a dynamic project environment. Also emphasizes the application of project management techniques to practical situations.

IT 327 - (3)
Introduction to Programming Concepts
An introductory course in programming that provides the necessary stepping stones for more advanced computer programming. Introduces the basic concepts of programming, enabling students to develop fundamental skills in translating business problems into programming solutions. This course follows the object-oriented emphasis of Java.

Certificate Program in Procurement and Contract Management

The thirty semester-hour certificate in Procurement and Contract Management addresses the expanding needs of private industry and local, state, and federal agencies for professionally-trained procurement/contracting officers, contracts administrators, and negotiators. Several of the courses are approved by the Defense Acquisition University as equivalencies. The program is offered at the Northern Virginia center. Contact the center for admission, transfer, and certificate completion information.

Required Courses (6): PC 401, PC 402, PC 403, PC 404, PC 405 and PC 407

Electives (4): PC 406, PC 408, PC 409,  PC 411, PC 412, PC 413, PC 415, PC 416, PC 417,  PC 419, PC 420, PC 422, PC 423, PC 424, PC 425, PC 426, PC 427, PC 428, PC 502, PC 503, PC 504, PC 506, PC 507, PC 508, PC 509, PC 510, PC 511 or PC 512

Course Descriptions

PC 401 - (3)
Procurement and Contracting
An introduction to the procurement and contracting processes, exploring fundamental principles and techniques in detail. Emphasis is upon government procurement, but the student is also provided with an understanding of procurement methods and subcontracting in the private sector. Uses the FAR (Federal Acquisition Regulations) as a text.

PC 402 - (3)
Contract Administration
Prerequisite: PC 401 or permission of program director.
Covers the technical and fundamental procedures basic to contract administration. Examines both theory and practice, emphasizing enforcement of contract terms and conditions, cost overruns, change orders, disputes and appeals, financial analysis, contract authority and interpretation, production surveillance, quality assurances, and audit.

PC 403 - (3)
Cost and Price Analysis
Prerequisite: PC 401.
Covers the basic concepts in the analysis of contract-price by cost-price analysis techniques, learning curve, weighted guidelines, profit objectives, and analysis of the ADP systems environment.

PC 404 - (3)
Principles of Law for Contract Formation
Prerequisite: PC 401.
Introduces government contract law, contract clauses and provisions, legal aspects associated with contracting, and administering contracts.

PC 405 - (3)
Negotiation of Contracts and Modifications
Prerequisite: PC 403.
Covers the techniques of negotiation. Focuses on the organization and operation of the procurement team, preparation and conduct of negotiations of contracts, and contract modifications by the team concept. Mock negotiations are conducted in class using case studies.

PC 406 - (3)
Management Principles for Procurement and Contracting
A review of management theory and recent developments in management practices, focusing on the four modern schools of management theory: management process, quantitative, behavioral, and unified.

PC 407 - (3)
Seminar in Procurement and Contracts Management
Prerequisite: Completion of all required courses.
A capstone course for advanced students in acquisition management designed to meld the content of individual procurement courses into a fuller understanding of policies, practices, and procedures. Includes current research and advances and offers opportunities to develop skills in the critical evaluation of theories and their application in solving problems.

PC 408 - (3)
Principles of Law for Contract Performance
Prerequisite: PC 404.
Exploration of post-award issues including contract interpretation, equitable adjustments, terminations, and claims under the Contracts Disputes Act.

PC 409 - (3)
Contracting for Information Resources
Prerequisite: PC 402.
Illustrates how to structure and negotiate hardware and software contracts and clearly underlines the responsibilities of both the buyer and seller. Key contracting problems emphasized are reliability standards, acceptance testing, performance and measurement, quality control, maintenance, progress reports, and payments.

PC 411 - (3)
Cost Analysis for Decision-Making
Prerequisite: PC 403.
An application of current methodologies used in the development of cost analysis studies. Emphasizes selection of techniques to be employed, analysis and refinement of data, development of cost models, the use of the models as predictors of life cycle cost elements, operating and support costing, economic analysis, design-to-cost, and life cycle costing.

PC 412 - (3)
International Purchasing and Business Transactions
Prerequisite: PC 402.
Analyzes the basic regulations and principles of international procurement, organizational structure, financing, cooperative programs, supply-support arrangements, co-production, agreements, consortiums, research and development agreements, distribution systems, and analysis of current problems and trends.

PC 413 - (3)
Purchasing and Materials Management
Surveys the principles of industrial purchasing and management of inventories, including determinations of requirements, pricing, source selection, inventory policy, and professional ethics.

PC 415 - (3)
Grants: Federal, State, and Local
Provides a foundation for understanding the administration of grants. The course is primarily concerned with grants by the federal government; the means by which it provides financial assistance to state and local units of government and the private (nonprofit) community; and the purposes for which such assistance are covered, including revenue sharing, concerns over federal interests in non-federal functions, impact upon intergovernmental relations, and others.

PC 416 - (3)
Application for and Management of Federal Grants
Furthers an understanding of the mechanics of applying for federal grants, the review process, and the administrative problems facing recipients of grants. Covers the specific application procedures of selected federal agencies and several grant programs. Reviews the pre-application process, requirements for state plans, coordinating requirements among planning units of governments, and environmental impact statements.

PC 417 - (3)
International Business Negotiations
Prerequisite: PC 402.
Covers the differences between international and domestic business negotiations, including language, customs, religion, and political and legal systems, and other cultural consideration. Discusses the various strategies and tactics used in negotiations, and uses extensive role-playing with these techniques to develop recognition and countering skills.

PC 419 - (3)
Government Contract Computer Law
Prerequisite: PC 402.
Covers the law applying to the government’s use of computers, software, and computer- related services. Includes intellectual property rights; government contract computer law issues; how the government purchases ADP; patent rights in technical data and computer software; FOIA; relevant waste, fraud, and abuse rules; and exporting data.

PC 420 - (3)
Advanced Major ADP Systems Acquisition
Prerequisite: PC 402, 409.
Covers the basics of systems acquisition; general policy; the major systems process; DSARC information requirements; integrated DSARC and PPBS process; fundamental management principles; concerns with the acquisition process; controlled decentralization and participatory management principles; acquisition/life cycle management; and software systems acquisition process.

PC 422 - (3)
Federal Government Contracting: A Contractor’s Perspective
Covers marketing and sales, pre-RFP work, RFP analysis, technical proposal preparation, management and cost proposal preparation, government site visits, audits, negotiations, contract start-up, performance, and contract shut-down.

PC 423 - (3)
Project-Team Management for Contract Managers
Introduces the fundamentals of project-team management, emphasizing the management of large-scale, technically complex projects. Covers the entire project life cycle, from selection and initiation to termination and close-out.

PC 424 - (2)
Subcontract Management
Surveys government policies and regulations addressing subcontracting and subcontract management. Intended for employees of companies that subcontract with government prime contractors and for government officials who seek a better understanding of subcontracting procedures under the Federal Acquisition Regulation.

PC 425 - (2)
Acquisition Strategies
Focuses on understanding the government and public sector acquisition environment, developing strategies, proposals, and evaluation plans/factors for the acquisition of products and services.

PC 426 - (3)
Source Selection
Provides a comprehensive overview of the government policies and regulations that address the major procurement technique used by the government for purchases above the simplified acquisition threshold. The intent of the course is to discuss all phases of the source selection process from the inception of the requirement to the award of the contract and notification and debriefing of unsuccessful offers.

PC 427 - (1)
Commercial Items Acquisition
Students will explore the history of commercial item acquisition and the impact this type of acquisition has on the federal marketplace. Instruction explores commercial item initiatives by both civilian and DoD agencies, and addresses the impact to companies pursuing business with the federal government.

PC 428 - (2)
Terms and Conditions
This course will review the practical applications of basic contract formation, types of contracts, and the law surrounding enforcement of contracts. A significant amount of time will be spent reviewing terms and conditions applicable to both prime contracts and subcontracts in the federal and commercial marketplaces. Also covered will be contract modifications, representations and certifications, and FAR provisions.

PC 501 - (3)
Procurement and Contracting Principles and Administration
Covers advanced contract administration topics and some basics necessary for contracts and acquisition personnel. Fast-paced course combining elements of PC 401 and 402.

PC 502 - (3)
Advanced Cost and Price Analysis
Prerequisite: PC 403 or equivalent.
Covers basic contract types and how to determine the costs for each. Includes how a business functions financially and how pricing decisions are made for a specific commodity; market versus cost-based pricing decisions; methodologies used in the development of cost analysis studies; and life cycle costing.

PC 503 - (3)
Project Management
Provides the necessary knowledge to manage large scale and complex projects. Covers the entire life cycle of the project.

PC 504 - (3)
Topics in Acquisition
Selected topics in acquisition and procurement; may include foreign investment and domestic consolidation, federal bid protests, COR and COTR roles, IT outsourcing, and developing statements of work.

PC 505 - (3)
Seminar for Acquisition Personnel
Prerequisite: Completion of all required coursework.
Examines the overall principles of effective management and supervision, team building, strategic planning, and communications necessary for managerial success.

PC 506 - (3)
Federal Acquisition Case Studies
Provides a basic understanding of the laws— and principles of law—that affect government contracting; various case scenarios dealing with ethical considerations; and an understanding of the changes as brought forth in FASA, FARA, and ITMRA.

PC 507 - (3)
Services Contracting
Explains the laws, regulations, and procedures of all stages of government-services contracting, including planning, solicitation, proposal development, evaluation, and contract administration.

PC 508 - (3)
FAR Standards for Actions and Decisions
Explains, reviews, and analyzes many of the FAR standards and tests applied in making legally sufficient and business-successful contracting decisions. These standards apply to both government-buying and industry-selling business decisions.

PC 509 - (3)
Applications in Federal Contracting
Examines different perspectives in government contracting: customer, prime contractor and subcontractor, and relationships between the three in both the federal government and commercial business sectors.

PC 510 - (3)
FAR Standards for Actions and Decisions
Explains contracting by the negotiation method, as outlined in the current Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Part 15. This course also provides an intensive review of policy and procedures in the negotiation method, using exercises, case studies, simulations, and team-building.

PC 511 - (3)
Construction Contracting
Prerequisites: PC 401, Contract Formation and PC 402, Contract Administration, or prior permission of the instructor.
This course will provide students with the fundamentals of contracts for construction, architect-engineering services, and two-phase design-build projects. The course will offer in-depth treatment of the relevant provisions of the FAR and the prevalent issues in construction-related litigation. Specific topics relate to the formation and administration of construction-related contracts and include: the Brooks Architect-Engineering Act; surety and insurance issues; environmental and safety issues; labor laws; evaluation of construction contractor performance; differing site conditions; performance delays and acceleration; and claims, disputes, remedies and liquidated damages.

PC 512 - (3)
Electronic Commerce in Federal Acquisition
This course builds a foundation for the challenges facing the contracting professional during conversion to electronic commerce in the Federal Procurement system. The course includes definitions; the engineering aspects of converting from a paper-driven system; productivity and re-engineering; authorizing statutes and regulations; surveys of currently available systems; FAR coverage; computer security; and the knowledge, skills, and abilities necessary for the future.

Certificate Program in Web Content Development

The University of Virginia’s Web Content Development Certificate focuses on the skills needed to write, develop, and manage content for the Web. Created in collaboration with industry leaders, this 15-credit, undergraduate-level program is designed for liberal arts graduates, career changers, and professionals from diverse backgrounds who currently work in the fields of advertising, public relations, communications, and marketing as well as electronic and print publications.

Required Courses (6): IT 330, IT 331, IT 332, IT 333 and IT 334

Course Descriptions

IT 330 - (3)
Introduction to Web Content Development
Explore the life cycle of Web content from the first stages of design and development through posting and end-user access. Find out where to obtain content, how to keep it organized, and the keys to keeping content dynamic.

IT 331 - (3)
Web Site Design and Development
Study best practices in creating Web sites that work. Students develop a Web site in class using HTML code, graphics, and text editors. Instruction covers site navigation and architecture, creating templates, site analysis, server loading, site maintenance, and security and legal issues. Students work in teams to complete Web site with an actual client.

IT 332 - (3)
Advanced Web Technologies
Survey emerging technologies and the tools available for Web professionals. Students are exposed to the latest software in order to gain an understanding of what tools work best to solve problems and meet goals.

IT 333 - (3)
Writing for the Web
Learn how to create original content, organize writing, edit copy, and integrate outside content into your site. Emphasis is given to writing for search engines, writing links, preparing titles and headers, and crafting promotional writing.

IT 334 - (3)
Fundamentals of E-Business and Web Marketing
Study how business is conducted online with a review of e-commerce terminology and industry practices. Concentration is given to sharpening Web marketing skills and developing strategies to reach your intended audience. Students apply case studies to developing a marketing plan. This course culminates with a Web site and portfolio presentation for review by the instructor, industry professionals, and fellow students.

Other Programs and Courses

Credit Courses Programs and Courses Menu

The School of Continuing and Professional Studies offers a broad range of credit courses to help adult learners meet their educational objectives. These courses, some listed elsewhere in this catalog under the appropriate schools, and others developed by the School of Continuing and Professional Studies, carry the same credit as similar courses taught on Grounds. The seven regional centers distribute class schedules before the beginning of the fall, spring, and summer sessions that list the courses being taught in their area, the class locations, and times. Most credit courses meet in the evening or on weekends. Course offerings are primarily at the graduate level.

Within the limits prescribed by the residential faculty of the University and stated in the policies of each academic school and the School of Continuing and Professional Studies, qualified persons may apply credit courses taken at regional centers toward degree requirements.

Many students transfer course credits earned through the School of Continuing and Professional Studies to programs at other colleges and universities with prior approval of the institution receiving the credit. Students also use credit courses for renewal of teaching licenses and other professional certificates. In such cases, students should consult their school superintendent and the Virginia Department of Education or other certifying bodies for licensure requirements.

Noncredit Programs Programs and Courses Menu

Noncredit programs are designed for individuals who want substantive intellectual activities, but who do not need additional credit or degree study. Such programs often explore complex issues in formats that best suit each offering’s distinctive educational agenda.

The flexibility of noncredit programming permits faculty from different disciplines to share insights on subjects in a way that would not be possible in a traditional class format.

Noncredit programming fosters collaboration between University of Virginia faculty and renowned scholars from other institutions; political, cultural, and business leaders; and noted artists and authors. The School of Continuing and Professional Studies program developers work closely with other University faculty and with representatives of the client audience in designing programs to ensure that the University extends its teaching and research resources to the citizens of the Commonwealth and the nation.

Organizational representatives and individuals are encouraged to discuss their education and training needs with the program developers, who can respond rapidly and effectively. For further information, telephone any regional center or program office, or view offerings online at

Community Scholar Program Programs and Courses Menu

The Community Scholar Program (previously known as the Citizen Scholar Program) is a nondegree program offered by the University of Virginia’s School of Continuing and Professional Studies. Through this program, adults within Charlottesville and surrounding communities can enroll in the regular, on-Grounds credit courses of the University. Community Scholars may enroll for an unlimited number of semesters, but may take no more than two courses per semester, along with any dependent laboratory or discussion sessions, for a maximum of eight credit hours. Participants have the opportunity to study with renowned faculty of the University of Virginia, enjoy the same intellectual challenges as students enrolled in degree programs, and earn college credit for their work.

Community Scholars bring a broad range of experiences and backgrounds to this program and their reasons for participating are similarly varied. Enrolling in undergraduate courses through the Community Scholar Program allows you to meet these varied needs whether or not you have earned a college degree. Interested participants with a college degree may enroll in either undergraduate or graduate level courses.

This program serves many purposes for the adult learner. Community Scholars pursue both professional and personal objectives. Some are advancing their careers by studying recent developments in their fields. Others are working to satisfy prerequisites for advanced study in medicine, engineering, or education, or exploring a graduate department’s course offerings prior to applying to its formal degree program.

The Community Scholar Program does not grant degrees. A part-time bachelor’s degree program, the Bachelor of Interdisciplinary Studies (BIS), is offered by the University of Virginia School of Continuing and Professional Studies. If you wish to earn a degree full-time at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, you must apply to the Undergraduate Office of Admissions or the appropriate graduate school of the University.

Community Scholars may choose courses from departments and schools throughout the University with the exception of the Schools of Education, Law, and Medicine. Faculty members reserve the right not to admit a Community Scholar to a class based on class size or lack of prerequisite education.  While this is an unusual occurrence, special circumstance may lead to such a decision.

Community Scholars must obtain permission of the instructor to enroll in each class. Instructors may be reached by referring to the University Registrar’s Web site at: Permission forms can be obtained online at or by visiting the Charlottesville Center. If you are interested in enrolling in graduate level courses, proof of your undergraduate degree will be required at the time of registration. Participants that wish to enroll in the McIntire School of Commerce, 300-level and above Engineering courses, 700-level and above English courses, or Nursing courses with course mnemonics beginning with NUIP, will need to provide actual transcripts of all previously completed college credits to the Charlottesville Center several weeks prior to the start date of classes. This information will be forwarded to the appropriate department to assure that the needed prerequisites have been completed for your desired course(s).

If we can be of any further assistance, please feel free to contact the Community Scholar office at (434) 982-4789 or e-mail us at A comprehensive Web site for the Community Scholar Program can be found at

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