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Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
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Course Descriptions

McIntire Department of Art

Degree Requirements

In addition to the entrance requirements of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, admission to graduate study in the history of art normally requires an average of B+ or better in an undergraduate major in the field and a command of either French, Italian, or German. Outstanding students who have majored in another field may be considered but, if admitted, should expect to take a certain number of basic undergraduate courses for which no degree credit will be granted.

Master of Arts Candidates for the degree of Master of Arts in the History of Art are required to pass a minimum of 30 credits of courses at the 500 level or above and a written comprehensive examinations in two major fields. A master's essay is also required. Normally this program can be completed in four semesters.

Students are expected to take at least one course in each of the five major areas-Ancient, Medieval, Renaissance, Modern, and Non-Western art-as well as ARTH 501, Library Methodology, and ARTH 801, Theory and Interpretation. The remaining courses may be spread among the student's two major fields, or other fields as they and their advisors deem useful.

Reading knowledge of German and either French or Italian is required. Proficiency in at least one of these languages must be demonstrated during the first semester of study. Proficiency in the second language must be demonstrated early in the second year of study. The student must satisfy this requirement by passing an examination administered by the department.

Doctor of Philosophy To enter the doctoral program, the student must obtain the permission of the faculty. For students who wish to continue, application is made as work for the M.A. is completed, usually in the second semester of the second year. In exceptional cases, the faculty will review a student's work after the first year of graduate study and give that student permission to enter the Ph.D. program after completing M.A. course work. Such students do not complete the comprehensive examination and the master's essay and do not receive a master's degree.

Doctoral candidates are required to complete successfully a minimum of 24 credits of courses at the 500 level or above, beyond those required for the master's degree. They must also pass a written examination in the major field, write a dissertation, and, after the dissertation has been accepted, defend it in an oral examination.

Each student's program is to be approved by the Departmental Director of Graduate Studies. A member of the graduate faculty in the student's field of specialization must approve a dissertation proposal outlining the subject and scope of the dissertation and a research plan. When the proposal has been approved by the advisor and members of a dissertation committee chosen by the student in consultation with the advisor, it will be circulated among the faculty, who may offer comments or suggestions.

In addition to the languages required for the M.A. degree, students may be required to have a reading knowledge of other languages necessary for work in their major field.

Program in Classical Art and Archaeology
In addition to its regular degree programs, the Department of Art sponsors an interdisciplinary program in classical art and archaeology, leading to the degrees of M.A. and Ph.D. The program encourages the student to acquire a broad understanding of ancient culture. Reading knowledge of Greek and Latin is encouraged; credit is given for courses in ancient studies offered by other departments. Course work outside the Department of Art may lead to the choice of a special field in ancient history, religion, philosophy, or literature. In order that the student be acquainted with the survival and transformation of ancient art in the post-Classical period, course work in early medieval art is also required. At an appropriate stage in their graduate study, students in the program are encouraged to do field work in archaeology at an ancient site.

The program is relatively unstructured, although a course in theory and methodology, such as ARTH 801, is required. The curriculum is determined by students' preparation, interests, and needs, with about two-thirds of the ten courses needed for the M.A. concentrated in ancient study. Students prepare for the Comprehensive Examination in the two fields of ancient and early medieval art. Language requirements in French and German are met before students take the Comprehensive Examination.

P.O. Box 400130
Fayerweather Hall 102
(434) 924-6123

Course Descriptions


History of Art
Certain graduate courses are given in alternate years, or once every three years, or are temporarily suspended. New courses may be added after the publication date of this catalog. A more current list of course offerings may be obtained by writing to the secretary of the department.

Note Instructor permission is a prerequisite for all 500-level courses.

ARTH 501 - (1) (Y)
Library Methodology in the Visual Arts

Required for all entering graduate students
Introduces the bibliography of the visual arts including architecture, archaeology, painting, sculpture, and the graphic arts. Specific research and reference publications are analyzed in terms of their scope, special features, and applications to meeting research and information needs.

ARTH 516 - (3) (IR)
Roman Architecture

Surveys Roman architecture in Italy and the Roman Empire from the Republic to Constantine, with special emphasis on developments in the city of Rome.

ARTH 518 - (3) (IR)
Roman Imperial Art and Architecture I

Surveys Roman sculpture, painting, architecture, and minor arts from Augustus to Trajan.

ARTH 519 - (3) (IR)
Roman Imperial Art and Architecture II

Surveys Roman sculpture, mosaics, architecture, and minor arts from Trajan to Constantine.

ARTH 522 - (3) (IR)
Byzantine Art

Surveys the art of Byzantium and its cultural dependencies, from its roots in the late Antique period to the last flowering under the Palaeologan emperors.

ARTH 533 - (3) (IR)
Italian Fifteenth Century Painting I

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Studies the major and minor masters of the Quattrocento in Florence, Siena, Central Italy, Venice and North Italy.

ARTH 536 - (3) (IR)
Italian Sixteenth-Century Painting

Studies the High Renaissance, Mannerism, the Maniera, and related movements in Cinquecento painting.

ARTH 547 - (3) (IR)
Dutch Painting in the Golden Age

Surveys the major artists and schools of the United Provinces from about 1580-1680, including Rembrandt, Frans Hals, Vermeer, and Jacob van Ruisdael, seen in the context of Dutch culture and history. Emphasizes the iconographic method of interpreting daily-life genre and landscape, the role of theory in Dutch art, and the character of Dutch realism.

ARTH 553 - (3) (IR)
Modern Art 1885-1940

A history of the individual and group movements that generated the new form and content of twentieth-century art. Includes post-impressionism, symbolism, art nouveau, cubism and derivative movements, French and German expressionism, dada, and surrealism. Discusses the cultural context, iconographic meaning, and form of the new art.

ARTH 558 - (3) (IR)
Approaches to American Art

Introduces historiography and methodology of American art history from earliest discussions to the present by analyzing one particular mode over time.

ARTH 567 - (3) (IR)
Text and Image in Chinese Buddhist Art

Examines the relationship between text and image in Chinese Mahayana Buddhist art through analyzing important Buddhist texts and the visual representations associated with them. Explores interpretive theories such as narrative and ritual. Considers the roles of patrons, the clergy, and artists as mediating agents in the process of translating ideas into visual expressions.

ARTH 590 - (3) (Y)
Museum Studies

A lecture course on the purpose and operation of an art museum, based on the four functions that define a museum: acquisition, preservation, exhibition, and interpretation of visual art. Approaches the purpose and organization of a special exhibition and its attendant publication and programs both theoretically and through the organization of an exhibition for the Bayly Museum.

ARTH 591, 592 - (3) (S)
Advanced Readings in the History of Art

ARTH 713, 714 - (3) (S)
Research Problems in Ancient Art

Reading and research on problems in Greek, Etruscan, and Roman art.

ARTH 721, 722 - (3) (S)
Research Problems in Medieval Art

Reading and research on problems in medieval art and its social background.

ARTH 731, 732 - (3) (S)
Research Problems in Italian Art

Reading and research on problems in Italian art and its social background.

ARTH 733 - (3) (S)
Research Problems in Northern Renaissance Art

Reading and research on problems in Northern European art in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.

ARTH 741, 742 - (3) (S)
Research Problems in Baroque Art

Reading and research on problems in the art of the seventeenth century in Western Europe.

ARTH 750 - (3) (S)
Research Problems in Eighteenth-Century Art

Reading and research on problems in the art of the eighteenth century.

ARTH 751, 752 - (3) (S)
Research Problems in Nineteenth-Century Art

Reading and research on problems in nineteenth-century art.

ARTH 753, 754 - (3) (S)
Research Problems in Twentieth Century Art

Reading and research on problems in twentieth-century art.

ARTH 758 - (3) (S)
Research Problems in American Art

Reading and research on problems in American art.

ARTH 761, 762 - (3) (S)
Research Problems in Asian Art

Reading and research on problems in the visual arts of Asia.

ARTH 801 - (3) (Y)
Theory and Interpretation in the Visual Arts

Analyzes the literature of art theory with a view to defining the most important alternatives available to art historical writing today. Reviews the work of "critical" historians of art including Wolfflin, Riegl and Panofsky, and more recent attempts to develop phenomenological, semiotic, Marxist, and feminist positions.

ARTH 822 - (3) (IR)
Art in the Age of Justinian

Studies the art of the Byzantine Empire of the sixth century, the personal role of Justinian, the impact of theological controversies and political realities, and the artistic legacy.

ARTH 827 - (3) (IR)
English Art from the Twelfth through the Fourteenth Centuries

Studies in church building and decoration, and manuscript illumination.

ARTH 833 - (3) (IR)
The Formation of Renaissance Style in Florence

Studies the new art of the early Quattrocento in sculpture, architecture, and painting; its sources, protagonists, principles, and historical background.

ARTH 837 - (3) (IR)
Studies in Renaissance Art and Literature

Studies of historical and stylistic relationships between artists and writers of the sixteenth century. The works of Ariosto, Dossi, Castiglione, Raphael, and others will be considered in an attempt to define specific patterns of sixteenth-century intellectual and cultural history.

ARTH 838 - (3) (IR)

Studies the development of Michelangelo's style in sculpture, painting, drawing, and architecture including problems of attribution, chronology, and interpretation.

ARTH 859 - (3) (IR)
Problems in Twentieth-Century Art

Investigates selected problems and periods in the art of this century.

ARTH 880 - (3) (IR)
Modern Poetry and the Visual Arts

Investigates the meaning of painting, sculpture, and architecture to poets of the 19th and 20th centuries. Discusses their poetry in relation to the aesthetics of visual art, art history, and art criticism. Cross-listed as ENSP 880.

ARTH 890 - (3) (IR)
Advanced Museum Studies or Studies in Museum Exhibition and Interpretation

Artifactual study and related scholarship in preparation for museum exhibition and analysis of strategies of past and present exhibition interpretation.

ARTH 895 - (3-12) (S)
Special Reading Problems in the History of Art

ARTH 897 - (3-12) (Y)
Non-Topical Research, Preparation for Research

For master's research, taken before a thesis director has been selected.

ARTH 898 - (3-12) (Y)
Non-Topical Research

For master's thesis, taken under the supervision of a thesis director.

ARTH 913, 914 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in Greek Art

Investigates problems in Greek sculpture and painting.

ARTH 917, 918 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in Roman Art

Investigates problems in Roman art.

ARTH 921 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in Byzantine Art

Investigates problems in the art of the Byzantine Empire from the 6th to the 15th centuries.

ARTH 924 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in Romanesque Art

Investigates problems in the art of Western Europe in the 11th and 12th centuries.

ARTH 929 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in Gothic Art

Investigates problems in European art of the 12th, 13th, and 14th centuries.

ARTH 931 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in Italian Renaissance Art

Investigates problems in Italian art of the 13th through the 16th centuries.

ARTH 935 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in Italian Renaissance Painting

Investigates problems in Italian painting of the 15th and 16th centuries.

ARTH 936 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in Northern Renaissance Art

Investigates problems in the art of the Netherlands and Germany in the 15th and 16th centuries.

ARTH 947 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in Northern Baroque Art

Investigates problems in the art of the Netherlands during the 17th century.

ARTH 949 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in Eighteenth-Century Art

Investigates problems in 18th century art.

ARTH 951 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in Neoclassic Art

Investigates problems in neoclassic art.

ARTH 952 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in Romantic Art

Investigates problems in the art of the later 18th and first half of the 19th century in Europe.

ARTH 953 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in Nineteenth-Century Art

Investigates problems in the art of the 19th century in Europe.

ARTH 957 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in Modern Art

Investigates problems in the art of the 19th and 20th centuries.

ARTH 958 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in American Art

Investigates problems in American art.

ARTH 962 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in East Asian Art

ARTH 964 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in South Asian Art

ARTH 970 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in African American Art

Investigates problems in 19th- and 20th-century art by Americans of African descent.

ARTH 980 - (3) (IR)
Problems in Contemporary Art

Investigates the relationship between a current problem in contemporary art (e.g., censorship, gender representation, aesthetic pluralism, or multiculturalism) and current theories about the socially constructed nature of art production/consumption.

ARTH 995 - (3-12) (S)
Supervised Research

ARTH 997 - (3-12) (S)
Non-Topical Research, Preparation for Doctoral Research

For doctoral research, taken before a dissertation director has been selected.

ARTH 999 - (3-12) (S)
Non-Topical Research

For doctoral dissertation, taken under the supervision of a dissertation director.

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