University of Virginia
The Rotunda at U.Va.
2003-2004
GRADUATE RECORD
Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
General Information  |  Programs and Degress Offered  |  Admission Information  |  Financial Assistance  |  Graduate Academic Regulations  |  Requirements for Specific Graduate Degrees  |  Departments and Programs  |  Faculty
Course Descriptions

Program in Health Evaluation Sciences

Requirements

Admission Applicants must possess a minimum of a bachelor's degree from an accredited institution and must have taken the Graduate Record Exam (GRE) or Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). Applications must be submitted to the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences with supporting transcripts and recommendations as described in the application packet. Those whose first language is not English must pass the TOEFL with a score of at least 600 (paper-based test) or 250 (computer-based test).

Master of Science The Master of Science in Health Evaluation Sciences is a 31-credit program designed to be completed in one year, although part-time options spanning two or more years are also available. Students choose one of fourtracks (or focus areas): community & public health; clinical investigation & patient-oriented research; and informatics in medicine & health. The program includes a core curriculum, a set of core electives, and courses specific to each track. Full-time students take four or five courses each semester in addition to a project.

A thesis (resulting in a publishable manuscript) or a practicum project is required of all students. It may be a grant proposal, a project linked to the student's job or a practicum with a local health organization or research team. Theses and practica are conducted under the direct supervision of a faculty advisor. Upon completion, an oral presentation of the work before the HES faculty is required.

Departmental Core Courses
HES 700 Intro. to Biostatistics 4
HES 701 Fundamentals of Epidemiology 3
HES 703 Statistical Computing and Graphics 3
  OR  
HES 745 Database Design and Implementation 3

Core Electives
HES 707 Health Care Informatics 3
HES 709 Health Care Economics 3
HES 710 Health Care Policy and Management 3

Community and Public Health Track

Objectives This track teaches methods for studying the distribution and determinants of infectious and chronic disease in populations, and applying these methods to controlling health problems.

Prerequisites A bachelor's degree in biological or social sciences, or relevant experience.

Fall
  Departmental core 10
  Core electives 6

Spring
HES 702 Epidemiology of Disease 3
HES 704 Biostatistical Modeling 4
  Departmental elective 3
  Thesis or Project (choose one option):
Thesis
Elective with thesis
 
5
3
  Project 2
  Electives with project 3
  Community and Public Health elective 3

Clinical Investigation & Patient-oriented Research Track

Objectives This track teaches students to apply the basic sciences of clinical investigation (including measurement, data analysis, computing) and clinical trials design, execution, and interpretation. Graduates are qualified to direct and evaluate clinical research and become effective clinical scientists.

Prerequisites A bachelor's degree in biological or social sciences, or relevant experience.

Fall
  Departmental core 10
  Core electives 6

Spring
HES 704 Biostatistical Modeling 4
HES 741 and HES 746
  Health Care Database Mangement and SAS Fundamental  
4
HES 731 Clinical Trials Methodology 3
  OR  
HES 712 Health Technology and Outcomes Evaluation  
3
  Thesis or Project (choose one option):  
  Thesis
Elective with thesis
5
3
  Project
Elective with project
2
6

Informatics in Medicine and Health

Objectives This track teaches students to understand, measure, and improve health care practices to effect change on a range of levels from individuals to organizations to society.

Prerequisites A bachelor's degree in biological, economic, or social sciences, or relevant experience.

Fall
  Departmental core 10
HES 707 Health Care Informatics 3
HES 709 Health Care Economics 3

Spring
HES 704 Biostatistical Modeling 4
HES 741 and HES 746
  Health Care Database Mangement and SAS Fundamental  
4
HES 743 Applied Informatics in Medicine and Health  
3
HES 710 Health Care Policy and Management 3
  OR  
HES 795 Statistical Bioinformatics in Medicine 3
  Thesis or Project (choose one option):  
  Thesis (part-time or multi- year students only) 5
3
  Project (required for one- year students) 2
6

Address
Health System
P.O. Box 800717
Charlottesville, VA 22908-0717
(434) 924-8646 Fax: (434) 924-8437
ms-hes@virginia.edu
hesweb1.med.virginia.edu/ms-program/welcome.htm


Course Descriptions

TOP

HES 700 - (4) (Y)
Introduction to Biostatistics

Prerequisite: Graduate standing in the MS-HES program or instructor permission.
Covers the fundamentals in medical statistics including descriptive statistics, estimation, hypothesis testing, precision, sample size, correlation, problems with categorization of continuous variables, multiple comparison problems, and interpreting of statistical results. Cross-listed as STAT 500.

HES 701 - (3) (Y)
Fundamentals of Epidemiology

Prerequisites: Graduate standing in the MS-HES program or instructor permission.
Introduces the field of epidemiology and the methods of epidemiologic research. Students learn how to interpret, critique, and conduct epidemiologic research, including formulating a research question, choosing a study design, collecting and analyzing data, controlling bias and confounding, and interpreting study results.

HES 702 - (3) (Y)
Applied Epidemiologic Methods

Prerequisites: HES 701 or instructor permission.
Surveys the epidemiology of different infectious and chronic diseases, covering their natural history, clinical course, and risk factors. Students apply this knowledge to a disease of interest to them and write a research proposal to address their topic.

HES 703 - (3) (Y)
Statistical Computing and Graphics

Prerequisites: Graduate standing in the MS-HES program or instructor permission.
Introduces statistical computing primarily using the S-PLUS language. Includes entering, checking, recoding, and graphically exploring data; graphical perception; and creating easy-to-interpret graphics that display interesting patterns in data as well as the results of analyses. Cross-listed as STAT 301/501.

HES 704 - (4) (Y)
Biostatistical Modeling

Prerequisites: HES 700, HES 703.
Covers many aspects of multivariable regression modeling as it is commonly used in prognostic, diagnostic, and epidemiologic modeling, and in clinical trials such as data reduction methods for analyzing studies with too many predictor variables and too few subjects; methods for verifying assumptions of most types of regression models; techniques for estimating how predictor variables should be transformed so as to meet linearity assumptions; graphical and analytic methods for interpreting regression relationships (including interactions); and methods for validating a model's predictive accuracy.

HES 705 - (3) (Y)
Germs, Guns, & Lead: Public Health Ethics and Law

Required fall course for Community & Public Health track. Explores the legitimacy, design, and implementation of a variety of policies aiming to promote public health and reduce the social burden of disease and injury. Highlights the challenge posed by public health's population-based perspective to traditional individual-centered, autonomy-driven approaches to bioethics and constitutional law. Other themes center on conflicts between public health and public morality and the relationship between public health and social justice. Illustrative topics include mandatory immunization, screening and reporting of infectious diseases, prevention of lead poisoning, food safety, prevention of firearm injuries, airbags and seat belts, mandatory drug testing, syringe exchange programs, tobacco regulation, and restrictions on alcohol and tobacco advertising.

HES 706 - (3) (Y)
Evaluation Methods in Public Health & Health Care Informatics

Provides an overview of the principles and methods of evaluation in public health and health informatics. Covers evaluation paradigms, program planning, evaluation plan design, and use of evaluation findings. Frequent tools in evaluation (surveys, focus groups, and interviews) will be discussed in depth. Students will have the opportunity to design and conduct an evaluation for an existing program in public health or application in health informatics.

HES 707 - (3) (Y)
Health Care Informatics

Prerequisites: Graduate standing in the MS-HES program or instructor permission.
Explores nature and functions of health informatics, the current state of the science, present and future applications, and major issues for research and development. Includes information processing and management, decision support, computer-based patient records and information systems, standards and codes, databases, outcomes research, and the generation and management of knowledge. Also surveys current developments in instructional technology. Cross-listed as GNUR 707.

HES 708 (3) (Y)
International Health Policy

Addresses the questions of what makes a good health system, how we know whether a health system is performing well, and what makes a health system fair through a comparison of the financing, delivery, and operation of health systems throughout the world. Focuses on differences both in health system performance (as measured by death, disability, morbidity, access, and patient satisfaction) and in health system inputs.

HES 709 - (3) (Y)
Health Care Economics

Prerequisites: Graduate standing in the MS-HES program or instructor permission.
Reviews principles of economics most relevant to analyzing changes in health care provision and applies those principles to current health care institutions and their performance, trends in health care service delivery, and methods of forecasting future trends.

HES 710 - (3) (Y)
Health Care Policy and Management

Prerequisites: Graduate standing in the MS-HES program or instructor permission.
Focuses on the evolution of the American health care system from a health policy and values perspective, with emphasizing the current health care system. Reviews unsuccessful legislative attempts to implement a national health program and a discusses current issues surrounding the financing and delivery of health care under a managed care framework.

HES711 - (3) (IR)
Survey Research Methods

Prerequisites: Graduate standing in the MS-HES program or instructor permission.
Covers the theory and practice of survey research. Topics include surveys as a scientific method; sampling theory; the construction, testing, and improvement of survey instruments; interviewer training; the organization of field work; coding and data quality control; data analysis; and the preparation of survey reports. Cross-listed as SOC511.

HES 712 - (3) (Y)
Health Technology and Outcomes Evaluation

Prerequisites: HES700, 701, and 703 or instructor permission.
Introduces students to the techniques needed for the evaluation of health outcomes from the perspectives of the patient, the physician, the health care provider, and society. Presents measurement and evaluation of survival, functional status, quality of life, and health values. Evaluates the efficacy, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of devices, interventions, and processes of care.

HES 731 - (3) (Y)
Clinical Trials Methodology

Prerequisites: HES 700 or equivalent.
Covers the design and analysis of Phase I-III clinical trials. Topics include choice of study population and endpoints, choice of study design and sample size estimation, randomization and masking, patient recruitment, data collection and quality control, data monitoring committees, data analysis, and the interpretation and reporting of results. Cross-listed as STAT531.

HES 741 - (3)(Y)
Health Care Database Management

Prerequisites: HES 700 or equivalent; some knowledge of SAS.
Introduces theories and practice of database management in health care and health sciences. This knowledge is integral to health informatics as a support for clinical practice, management, and research.

HES 743 - (3) (Y)
Applied Informatics in Medicine and Health

Prerequisites: HES 707 or equivalent.
Uses a case-based approach to analyze and discuss informatics techniques and tools as they apply to real-world challenges in the modern health care arena. Student participation and presentations required.

HES 745 - (3) (Y)
Database Design and Implementation

Introduces the basic principles of database design, focusing on databases that support clinical practice and/or investigation. Topics include an introduction to basic database types, DBMS functionality, modeling approaches (with a focus on E-R modeling), normalization, using SQL, and an overview of available DBMSs and design tools. Course methods include a mix of lecture format, small-group discussion, and hands-on activities.

HES 746 - (1) (Y)
SAS Fundamentals

Prerequisites: HES 745 or instructor permission.
As the laboratoy component to HES 741, HES 746 will introduce students to the fundamentals of SAS.

HES 795 - (3) (Y)
Statistical Bioinformatics in Medicine

Provides an introduction to bioinformatics and discusses important topics in computational biology in medicine, particularly based on modern statistical computing approaches. Reviews state-of-the-art high-throughput biotechnologies, their applications in medicine, and analysis techniques. Requires active student participation in various discussions on the current topics in biotechnology and bioinformatics.

HES 888 - (1-12) (Y)
Field Project (Practicum)

HES 891, 892 - (1-12) (Y)
Topical Research (Thesis only)

HES 897, 898 - (1-12) (Y)
Non-topical Research


 
Graduate Record Home  |  Graduate School of Arts & Sciences Home