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Course Descriptions  |  Studio Art Course Descriptions

McIntire Department of Art

P.O. Box 400130
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4130
Phone: (434) 924-6123
Fax: (434) 924-3647

History of Art

Overview A painting, sculpture, or building is a monument surviving from the past, bearing the imprint of its creator and its time. The discipline of art history seeks to order and interpret these monuments; it seeks to discover their special characteristics and the value of the age in which they were created. For example, the work of Van Gogh would be examined in terms of his place in the Post-Impressionist generation of artists and his life in a period of religious revivals. The discipline defines the cultural currents of a period, and provides a context for understanding, appreciating, and enjoying art.

The department provides its students with the skills and perspectives of the liberal arts; to think clearly, to write well, and to find, analyze, evaluate, and present facts and ideas. It also provides students with a broad, humanistic background, an advantageous resource among the disciplines of law, business, and medicine. Students often combine art history with a major in one of these respective areas.

The major also soundly prepares students for graduate study. Professional careers in art history including teaching (most often at the college level), museum work, and work in the art market, usually require additional study at the graduate level leading to the M.A. and Ph.D.

Faculty The fourteen full-time faculty members are renowned for their teaching ability and scholarship. Among the many honors presented to the faculty are Guggenheim and National Endowment for the Humanities fellowships, a visiting Senior Fellowship at the Getty Center for the Arts and Humanities, election to the Academy of Arts and Sciences, a Mellon Professorship at the American Academy in Rome, and a Mellon Professorship at the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts at the National Gallery of Art. Each student is given the opportunity to work closely with one or more of these distinguished professors.

Students Approximately 100 students major in art history. Some introductory lecture courses are large; however, many courses are taught as seminars, with enrollment limited to fifteen students. The lecture courses are usually survey courses (e.g., Baroque Art in Europe; Buddhist Art from India to Japan; Modernist Art); the seminars usually focus on one or two artists (e.g., Michelangelo, Bosch and Bruegel). The department offers over thirty courses, so there is a wide range of choices available. Independent study options exist, and most majors take several courses in studio art as well. Students are also encouraged to take courses in architectural history offered by the School of Architecture.

Special Resources The University of Virginia Art Museum encourages participation in its activities by art history majors and students in general. The Fiske Kimball Fine Arts Library is a specialized collection of over 100,000 volumes and provides research and study space as well as research assistance by its trained staff.

Requirements for Major There are no prerequisites for entry into the department, but most students declare a major in art history after taking one or two or more of the department's introductory survey courses (ARTH 101 and 102). None of these courses, however, is required for majors.

Distribution Requirements At least one course at the 200 level or above in each area (Ancient, Medieval, Renaissance, Modern, Non-Western); a minimum of two 400 level seminars (either one ARTH 401 and one ARTH 491, or two ARTH 491); and three electives within the department. At least one of the non-seminar courses must be at the 300 or 500 level. Courses in Architectural History at the 200 level or above may be substituted for any of the course requirements except the ARTH 491 seminars. One course in Studio Art at the 100 level or above may be substituted for one of the electives.

Requirements for Minor There are no prerequisites for a minor in art history. A student must complete 15 credits in the department, beyond the 100 level. Courses taken at any time during the student's career may be counted toward the minor. At the time of graduation, a student must have achieved a minimum GPA of 2.0 in the minor courses.

Minors must take at least one course in four of the five areas: Ancient, Medieval, Renaissance, Modern, and Asian. One additional course is required, and this should be selected from advanced lecture courses at the 300- 500 level, or sections of ARTH 491 (Seminar in the History of Art).

Minors are also required to take at least one course outside the department which is related to an area in art history of special interest to them. This course will be chosen in consultation with the undergraduate advisor.

Distinguished Majors Program in Art History To majors who wish to be considered for a degree of 'distinction,' 'high distinction,' or 'highest distinction' in art history, the department offers a Distinguished Majors Program (DMP) of advanced courses and research culminating in a thesis of approximately fifty pages. Students should ordinarily apply for admission to the program by the first class day in April of their third year. To apply, students must submit a thesis proposal and have the approval of a faculty member to direct their research. A GPA of 3.4 in major courses and a cumulative GPA at or near 3.4 are required for admission. Application should be made to the undergraduate advisors for art history. In their fourth year, students in the program are required to take at least two courses at the 400 or 500 level and to enroll in ARTH 497-498 (Undergraduate Thesis). These are evaluated by a committee chaired by the undergraduate advisors that also considers the student's work in the DMP based on the evaluations of teachers in the students' advanced courses; the students' performance in major courses; and the students' overall GPA. The committee recommends either no distinction, distinction, high distinction, or highest distinction, and passes on its recommendation to the Committee on Special Programs.

Additional Information For more information, contact the Undergraduate Advisor, McIntire Department of Art, Fayerweather Hall, Charlottesville, VA 22903; (434) 924- 6123; Fax: (434) 924-3647; www.virginia.edu/~finearts/ArtWelcome.html.

Course Descriptions


ARTH 101 - (4) (Y)
History of Art I

Studies the history and interpretation of architecture, sculpture and painting. Begins with prehistoric art and follows the main stream of Western civilization to the end of the medieval period.

ARTH 102 - (4) (S)
History of Art II

Studies the history and interpretation of architecture, sculpture and painting from 1400 to the present.

ARTH 103 - (3) (IR)
History of Art III

Studies the history and interpretation of the primary artistic traditions of China and Japan from prehistoric times through the nineteenth century.

ARTH 201 - (3) (IR)
Second Year Seminar in the History of Art

A seminar on art historical problems and methods, intended for students who may be interested in majoring in art history.

ARTH 209 - (3) (IR)
Sacred Sites

Examines the art and architecture of ten religious sites around the world focusing on ritual, culture, and history as well as the artistic characteristics of each site.

ARTH 211 - (3) (IR)
Art of the Ancient Near East and Prehistoric Europe

Studies the art of Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Aegean, and prehistoric Europe, from the sixth to the second millennium B.C. Examines the emergence of a special role for the arts in ancient religion.

ARTH 213 - (3) (Y)
Greek Art

Reviews the painting, sculpture and architecture of the Greeks, from the Dark Ages through the Hellenistic period. Studies the works against their social and intellectual backgrounds.

ARTH 214 - (3) (Y)
Etruscan and Roman Art

Studies the painting, sculpture and architecture in Italy and the Roman Empire from the time of the Etruscans to Constantine the Great. Emphasizes the political and social role of art in ancient Rome, the dissolution of classical art, and the formation of medieval art.

ARTH 215 - (3) (IR)
Introduction to Classical Archaeology

Introduces the history, theory, and field techniques of classical archaeology. Major sites of the Bronze Age (Troy, Mycenae) as well as Greek and Roman cities and sanctuaries (e.g., Athens, Olympia, Pompeii) illustrate important themes in Greek and Roman culture and the nature of archaeological data.

ARTH 221 - (3) (IR)
Early Christian and Byzantine Art

Studies the art of the early Church in East and West and its subsequent development in the East under the aegis of Byzantium. Includes the influence of theological, liturgical and political factors on the artistic expression of Eastern Christian spirituality.

ARTH 222 - (3) (Y)
Medieval Art in Western Europe

Studies the arts in Western Europe from the Hiberno-Saxon period up to, and including, the age of the great Gothic cathedrals.

ARTH 231 - (3) (Y)
Italian Renaissance Art

Studies painting, architecture, and sculpture in Italy from the close of the Middle Ages through the sixteenth century. Focuses on the work of major artists such as Giotto, Donatello, Botticelli, Leonardo, and Michelangelo. Detailed discussion of the social, political, and cultural background of the arts.

ARTH 232 - (3) (Y)
High Renaissance and Mannerist Art

Studies the painting, architecture, and sculpture or the sixteenth century, emphasizing the works of major artists, such as Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael, Giorgione, and Titian. Detailed discussion of the social, political, and cultural background of the arts.

ARTH 236 - (3) (IR)
Painting and Graphics of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries in Northern Europe

Surveys major developments in painting and graphics in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in the Netherlands and Germany. Includes the rise of Netherlandish naturalism and the origins of woodcut and engraving. Explores the effects of humanist taste on sixteenth-century painting and the iconographic consequences of the Reformation. Emphasizes the work of major artists, such as Van Eyck, Van der Weyden, Dürer, Bosch, and Bruegel.

ARTH 241 - (3) (Y)
Baroque Art in Europe

Studies the painting, sculpture, and architecture of the seventeenth century in Italy, the Low Countries, France, and Spain. Focuses on Caravaggio, Bernini, Velazquez, Rubens, Rembrandt, and Poussin.

ARTH 246 - (3) (Y)
Eighteenth-Century European Art

Surveys European painting and sculpture from the late Baroque period to Neo-Classicism. Emphasizes the artistic careers of major figures and on the larger social, political, and cultural contexts of their work. Artists include Watteau, Boucher, Fragonard, Chardin, Falconet, Pigalle, Greuze, Batoni, Rusconi, Hogarth, Gainsborough, and Reynolds.

ARTH 251 - (3) (Y)
Neoclassicism and Romanticism

Surveys European painting and sculpture from the last decades of the Ancien Regime to the liberal revolutions of 1848. Major artists, such as David, Canova, Ingres, Constable, Turner, Gericault, Delacroix, Friedrich, Goya, Corot, and Thorvaldsen are examined in their political, economic, social, spiritual, and aesthetic contexts.

ARTH 253 - (3) (Y)
Impression and Post Impression

Surveys modernist movements in European art during the second half of the nineteenth century. Major themes include the establishment of modernity as a cultural ideal, the development of the avant-garde, and the genesis of the concept of abstraction.

ARTH 254 - (4) (Y)
Modern Art, 1900-1945

A survey of major artistic movements in Europe and the United States during the first half of the twentieth century: Fauvism and Expressionism, Cubism, Futurism, the School of Paris, Dada and Surrealism, the Russian avant-garde, modernist trends in America. Painting, sculpture, photography, and the functional arts are discussed.

ARTH 258 - (3) (Y)
American Art

Studies the development of American art in its cultural context from the seventeenth century to World War II.

ARTH 261 - (3) (IR)
Buddhist Art From India to Japan

Surveys the Buddhist sculpture, architecture and painting of India, China and Japan. Considers aspects of history and religious doctrine.

ARTH 262 - (3) (IR)
East Asian Art

Introduces the artistic traditions of China, Korea, and Japan, from prehistoric times to the modern era. Surveys major monuments and the fundamental concepts behind their creation, and examines artistic form in relation to society, individuals, technology, and ideas.

ARTH 263 - (3) (IR)
Arts of the Islamic World

The class is an overview of art made in the service of Islam in the Central Islamic Lands, Egypt, North Africa, Spain, Turkey, Iran, Central Asia, and South and Southeast Asia.

ARTH 264 - (3) (O)
The Arts of India

The class is an overview of Indian sculpture, architecture, and painting from the Third Millennium BC to the 18th century AD and includes works from Hindu, Buddhist, Jain and Islamic traditions.

ARTH 280 - (3) (Y)
Art Since 1945

Surveys art production and theory in the U.S. and Europe since World War II. Relationships between artistic practice and critical theory are stressed in an examination of movements ranging from abstract expressionism to neo-geo.

ARTH 290 - (4) (IR)
The History of Photography

General survey of the photographic medium from 1839 to the present. Emphasizes the technical, aesthetic, and critical issues particular to the medium.

ARTH 313 - (3) (IR)
Art and Poetry in Classical Greece

Study of the major themes in Greek sculpture and painting of the fifth century, including mythological narrative, cult practices, banqueting, and athletics. In order to view these themes in the context of classical Greek culture, the course seeks out shared structures of response and feeling in contemporary poetry; including readings in translation in Anakreon, Pindar, Aischylos, Sophokles, and Euripides.

ARTH 315 - (3) (IR)
The Greek City

Study of the Greek city from the Archaic to the Hellenistic period, with an emphasis on developing concepts of city planning, public buildings and houses, and the inclusion within the city of works of sculpture and painting.

ARTH 316 - (3) (IR)
Roman Architecture

Study of the history of Roman architecture from the Republic to the late empire with special emphasis on the evolution of urban architecture in Rome. Also considered are Roman villas, Roman landscape architecture, the cities of Pompeii and Ostia, major sites of the Roman provinces, and the architectural and archaeological field methods used in dealing with ancient architecture.

ARTH 317 - (3) (IR)

Explores the life, art, architecture, urban development, religion, economy, and daily life of the famous Roman city destroyed in the cataclysmic eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in A.D. 79.

ARTH 322 - (3) (Y)
Age of Cathedrals

Examination of art, architecture, religion and ritual at selected medieval abbeys and cathedrals in France, England and Italy from the late 12th to early 14th centuries. Sites include the Abbey of St. Denis, Canterbury Cathedral, Chartres Cathedral, Salisbury Cathedral, the Sainte-Chapelle, Westminster Abbey, the Cathedral of Siena, and the Cathedral of Florence. Students should have experience (preferably at college level) in analyzing historical issues.

ARTH 331- (3) (IR)
Gender and Art in Renaissance Italy

Prerequisite: A previous course in art history or gender studies.
Examines how notions of gender shaped the production, patronage, and fruition of the visual arts in Italy between 1350 and 1600.

ARTH 333 - (3) (IR)
Renaissance Art and Literature

Examines the interrelations between literature and the visual arts in Italy from 1300 to 1600. The writings of Dante, Petrarch, and Boccaccio and their followers are analyzed in relation to the painting, sculpture, and architecture of Giotto, Brunelleschi, Botticelli, Raphael, and Michelangelo, among others.

ARTH 337 - (3) (IR)

Prerequisite: One course in the history of art beyond the level of ARTH 101 and 102 and instructor permission.
The work of Michelangelo in sculpture, painting and architecture, studied in relation to his contemporaries in Italy and the North. Study of preparatory drawings, letters, poems and documents.

ARTH 342 - (3) (IR)

Study of the life and work of the great Dutch seventeenth-century master. Topics include Rembrandt's interpretation of the Bible and the nature of his religious convictions, his relationship to classical and Renaissance culture, his rivalry with Rubens, and the expressive purposes of his distinctive techniques in painting, drawing, and etching.

ARTH 346 - (3) (IR)
British Art: Tudors through Victoria

At least one post-medieval art history course is recommended. Surveys English (British) painting, sculpture, and printmaking from the reign of Henry VII Tudor (1485) to the death of Queen Victoria (1901). Major artists such as Holbein, Mor, Mytens, Rubens, van Dyck, Lely, Kneller, Hogarth, Rysbrack, Roubilliac, Gainsborough, Reynolds, Rowlandson, Flaxman, Lawrence, Constable, Turner, Landseer, the Pre-Raphaelites and Alma-Taddema are examined in their political, social, economic, spiritual, and aesthetic contexts.

ARTH 358 - (3) (Y)
Material Life in Early America

At least one course in either American art or early American history or literature is recommended. Studies American domestic environments (architecture, landscapes, rural and urban settings) and decorative arts (furniture, silver, ceramics, and glass) in relation to their social, cultural, and historical contexts from European settlement to 1825.

ARTH 362 - (3) (IR)
Japanese Art

Introduces the arts and culture of Japan. Focuses on key monuments and artistic traditions that have played central roles in Japanese art and society. Analyzes how artists, architects, and patrons expressed their ideals in visual terms. Examines sculptures, paintings, and decorative objects and their underlying artistic and cultural values.

ARTH 380 - (3) (IR)
African Art

Studies Africa's chief forms of visual art from prehistoric times to the present.

ARTH 385 - (3) (IR)
Women in American Art

Analyzes the roles played by women both as visual artists and as the subjects of representation in American art from the colonial period to the present. Explores the changing cultural context and institutions that support or inhibit women's artistic activity and help to shape their public presentation. Some background in either art history or women's studies is desirable.

ARTH 401 - (4) (Y)
Art History: Theory and Practice

This class is intended to introduce undergradaute art history majors to the basic tools and methods of art historical research, and to the theoretical and historical questions of art historical interpretation. The course will survey a number of current approaches to the explanation and interpretation of works of art, and breifly address the history of art history. ARTH 401 counts as a semianr credit for art hisotry majors, and satisfies the College's second writing requirement. The class includes a Library Laboratory intended to introduce students to the tools of bibliographics research in art history.

ARTH 491 - (3) (S)
Undergraduate Seminar in the History of Art

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Subject varies with the instructor, who may decide to focus attention either on a particular period, artist, or theme, or on the broader question of the aims and methods of art history. Subject is announced prior to each registration period. Representative subjects include the life and art of Pompeii, Roman painting and mosaics, history and connoisseurship of baroque prints, art and politics in revolutionary Europe, Picasso and painting, and problems in American art and culture.

ARTH 492 - (3) (IR)
Independent Study in the History of Art

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Under the supervision of a faculty member, students undertake a rigorous program of independent study to explore a subject not currently taught or to expand upon regular offerings.

ARTH 497-498 - (6) (S)
Undergraduate Thesis

A thesis of approximately 50 written pages is researched and written during the fall and spring semesters by art history majors in their fourth year who have been accepted into the department's Distinguished Majors Program.

ARTH 501 - (1) (Y)
Library Methodology in the Visual Arts

Review of printed and computerized research tools in fine arts, including architecture and archeology. Required of all incoming art history graduate students.

ARTH 516 - (3) (IR)
Roman Architecture

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Surveys Roman architecture in Italy and the Roman Empire from the Republic to Constantine, emphasizing developments in the city of Rome.

ARTH 518 - (3) (IR)
Roman Imperial Art and Architecture I

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Studies Roman sculpture, painting, architecture and minor arts from Augustus to Trajan.

ARTH 519 - (3) (IR)
Roman Imperial Art and Architecture II

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Studies Roman sculpture, mosaics, architecture and minor arts from Trajan to Constantine.

ARTH 522 - (3) (IR)
Byzantine Art

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Studies the art of Byzantium and its cultural dependencies from its roots in the late Antique period to the last flowering under the Palaeologan dynasty.

ARTH 533 - (3) (IR)
Italian Fifteenth Century Painting I

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Studies the major and minor masters of the Quattrocento in Florence, Siena, Central Italy, Venice, and North Italy.

ARTH 536 - (3) (IR)
Italian Sixteenth-Century Painting

Studies the High Renaissance, Mannerism, the Maniera, and related movements in Cinquecento painting.

ARTH 537 - (3) (IR)
Italian Renaissance Sculpture I

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Studies the major developments in Italian sculpture from the late Dugento through the early Quattrocento.

ARTH 547 - (3) (IR)
Dutch Painting in the Golden Age

Surveys the major artists and schools of the United Provinces from about 1580-1680, including Rembrandt, Frans Hals, Vermeer, and Jacob van Ruisdael, seen in the context of Dutch culture and history. Emphasizes the iconographic method of interpreting daily-life genre and landscape, the role of theory in Dutch art, and the character of Dutch realism.

ARTH 558 - (3) (IR)
Approaches to American Art

Introduces historiography and methodology of American art history from earliest discussions to the present, through an analysis of one particular mode (e.g., portraiture, landscape, genre) over time.

ARTH 559 - (3) (IR)
Representations of Race in American Art

Examines the depiction of Asian, Blacks, Indians, and Latinos in American art from colonial times to the present, in order to identify and describe some of the ways in which visual images have functioned in the construction and reinforcement of racial mythologies.

ARTH 567 - (3) (IR)
Text and Image in Chinese Buddhist Art

Examines the relationship between text and image in Chinese Mahayana Buddhist art through the analysis of a number of important Buddhist texts and the visual representations associated with these texts. Explores interpretive theories such as narrative and ritual. Considers the roles of patrons, the clergy, and artists as mediating agents in the process of translating ideas into visual expressions.

ARTH 580 - (3) (IR)
African Art

Surveys Africa's chief forms of visual art from prehistoric times to the present.

ARTH 590 - (3) (Y)
Museum Studies

Prerequisite: 9-12 credits in art history or instructor permission.
A lecture course on the nature of public art collections, how they have been formed, and the role they play in society. Examines the concept of connoisseurship and its role in collecting art for museums.

ARTH 591, 592 - (3) (S)
Advanced Readings in the History of Art

Studio Art

Overview Studio Art at the University of Virginia is a rigorous, pre-professional program leading to the Bachelor of Arts degree. The department attempts to give students instruction in the basic skills and application in the following areas: drawing, painting, printmaking, sculpture, electronic media, contemporary media, and techniques. Courses also seek to acquaint the student with the concerns and issues of visual art through practical studio experience.

The art department's studio major is a liberal arts program designed to accommodate students with various interests and abilities, serving those who expect to become professional artists and welcoming those who are mainly interested in art as an avocation or as a means toward aesthetic fulfillment. Students are also encouraged to take courses in the history of art so that they may acquire knowledge of pictorial meaning and the wide range of artistic expression and interpretation found in different cultural periods. Students who wish to do intensive work in a single area may work in project courses which provide both flexibility and faculty feedback.

Faculty There are nine faculty members in the department. One of the department's strengths is the diversity of interests among the faculty. Each faculty member has had highly successful exhibitions at numerous galleries across the country such as the Tatistcheff Gallery in New York, the Corcoran Gallery in Washington D.C., and the Fine Gallery in Princeton. Among the awards and honors garnered by members of this group is a recent Virginia Commission of the Arts Award for printmaking and sculpture, and an Artist's Fellowship Grant from the National Endowment for the Arts in painting and sculpture. Works by the faculty are in many prestigious museum collections, such as the Metropolitan Museum in New York, the Philadelphia Art Museum, the Hirschhorn Museum in Washington, D.C. and the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis. The faculty make themselves easily accessible to their students, serving as mentors in and out of the classroom.

Students Each year, approximately sixty students major in studio art. As there is not a graduate program, all courses are taught by faculty. All studio art courses have limited enrollment, since the courses are taught in atelier style. All majors, in their fourth year, are required to complete a senior exhibition.

Many students in studio art are double majors. Art history is the most obvious choice for a second major, though English and psychology are also common.

Approximately 20 percent of the majors go on to graduate work within the fine arts. Placement has been good, including admission to top national programs. Other students seek graduate work in related fields, including graphic and fashion design, medical illustration, art therapy, illustration, museum work, gallery management, advertising design, and teaching.

Requirements for Major Majors acquire essential artistic skills as well as experience in the handling of a wide variety of materials and methods. The program puts the student in touch with the problems of creation and with the ideas of artists in the contemporary world.

The major requires 30 credits in ARTS courses including ARTS 161 and 162. Twelve credits must be at the 200 level and 9 credits at the 300 or 400 level. ARTH 280 (Art Since 1945) is required and should be taken in the fall term of the third year. In the fourth year he or she declares a concentration in painting, printmaking, photography, or sculpture which culminates in an exhibition. Majors must have a minimum GPA of 2.0 in major courses, or be dropped from the program. A grade of C- or below does not count for major credit.

Requirements for Minor The minor in studio art requires 18 credits in ARTS courses including ARTS 161 and 162.

Additional Information For more information, contact the Undergraduate Advisor, Fayerweather Hall, Charlottesville, VA 22903; (434) 924-6123.

Studio Art Course Description


ARTS 161 - (3) (S)
Introduction to Drawing I

Introduces the materials and techniques of drawing, provides training in the coordination of hand and eye, and encourages development of visual analysis. Emphasizes understanding form, space, light and composition.

ARTS 162 - (3) (S)
Introduction to Drawing II

Prerequisite: ARTS 161.
Continuation of ARTS 161 with projects emphasizing on drawing skills and analytical thinking. The majority of assignments will be concept-based to encourage students to develop individual visual language.

ARTS 207 - (3) (S)
Dance/Movement Composition as Art

Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.
This course will involve analysis of aesthetic valuing and choreographic approaches as they relate and intersect with art, gender and feminism. We will closely examine how dances convey race, class, gender and sexuality. The course will investigate staged performances that illuminate women's political issues and male issues through a lens of cultural and historical contexts.

This course will function as an introduction to the fundamentals of movement and dance. It is designed to engage students to inquire about what is art and define how choreography is a statement in a cultural, political, and feminist sense.

We will explore potential sources for movement through improvisation, a dance form developed during the 60's. Assignments will be structured in a solo, duet, group format and it may incorporate elements of martial arts, modern and post-modern dance, social dance, sports and play. Improvisation serves an exploration of the physics of motion. It involves a continuous process of exploring balance, weight, body/mind centering, orienting oneself to space and to others in a group; experiencing peripheral vision and events. It also considers social and cultural roles of passivity/action, leading/following, etc., as well as the cultural definitions of play in the creative process, work and art. Ideal for beginning dancers, those interested in exploring their own movement vocabulary, athletes, actors, musicians or those interested in acquiring a better understanding of movement as source. This course is cross-listed with SWAG 207.

ARTS 222, 223 - (4) (Y)
Introduction to Digital Art I, II

Prerequisite: ARTS 161, 162.
Project-based introduction to tools and methods of digital media. Serves as a design class examining how the new tools can contribute to the activity of the artist.

ARTS 251, 252 - (4) (Y)
Introduction to Photography I, II

Prerequisite: ARTS 161, 162.
Independent and group exercises exploring still photography as a means of communication and expression. Lab sessions cover necessary technical aspects of the medium, lectures introduce the photographic tradition, and discussions focus on student work. Course content varies from semester to semester. May not be taken on a pass/fail basis.

ARTS 263, 264 - (3) (S)
Life Drawing I, II

Prerequisite: ARTS 161, 162.
Creations of drawings of a living model in various media. Topics include artistic anatomy, figure and portrait drawing.

ARTS 267, 268 - (4) (Y)
Introduction to Printmaking I, II

Prerequisite: ARTS 161, 162.
Introduction to basic black and white etching techniques, basic black and white plate lithography, and techniques of stone lithography. Printmaking professors and course content vary from semester to semester.

ARTS 271, 272 - (4) (Y)
Introduction to Painting I, II

Prerequisite: ARTS 161, 162.
Introduction to basic oil painting techniques and materials emphasizing perception and color. Assignments are designed to assist the student in understanding the creative process and interpreting the environment through a variety of subject matter expressed in painted images. Encourages individual stylistic development.

ARTS 281, 282 - (4) (Y)
Introduction to Sculpture I, II

Prerequisite: ARTS 161, 162.
Investigates the sculptural process through modeling, carving, fabricating and casting. Examines traditional and contemporary concerns of sculpture by analyzing historical examples and work done in class.

ARTS 322, 323 - (3) (S)
Intermediate Digital Art I, II

Prerequisite: ARTS 222, 223.
Project-based course examining three areas of digital media: designing for paper, three-dimensional modeling, and robotic sculpture.

ARTS 351, 352 - (3) (S)
Intermediate Photography I, II

Prerequisite: ARTS 251, 252. Requirements: Basic black and white lab techniques.
Creative camera work with 35mm and larger-format cameras.

ARTS 367, 368 - (3) (S)
Intermediate Printmaking I, II

Prerequisite: ARTS 267, 268.
Includes relief printing, advanced lithography techniques, including color lithography, color etching, monotypes, and further development of black and white imagery. Printmaking professors and course content vary from semester to semester.

ARTS 371, 372 - (3) (S)
Intermediate Painting I, II

Prerequisite: ARTS 271, 272.
Exploration of contemporary painting materials, techniques, and concepts, as well as a continuation of basic oil painting processes. Assignments are designed to assist the student in developing their perceptions and imagination and translating them into painted images. Direction is given to the formation of personal original painting styles.

ARTS 381, 382 - (3) (S)

Prerequisite: ARTS 281, 282.
Continuation of ARTS 281, 282 with greater emphasis on the special problems of the sculptural discipline.

ARTS 407 - (1-4) (Y)
Advanced Project in Art

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Investigation and development of a consistent idea or theme in painting, sculpture, or the graphic arts. May be taken more than once under the same course number(s) by students who are sufficiently advanced in studio work. This course is not intended to be used for major credit.

ARTS 422, 423 - (3) (S)
Advanced Digital Art I, II

Creation of individual and group projects using digital tools. Projects are intended to enhance traditional disciplines or extend the study of new technology for the artist. This course does not fulfill major/minor requirements

ARTS 451, 452 - (3) (Y)
Distinguished Major Project

Prerequisite: Admission to the Distinguished Major Program.
Intensive independent work using either sculpture, photography, printmaking, or painting as the primary medium, culminating in a coherent body of work under direction of a faculty member.

ARTS 453, 454 - (3) (S)
Advanced Photography I, II

Prerequisite: ARTS 351 or 352.
Study of the advanced problems of making a structured body of photographic work. Emphasizes new solutions to new problems in this mode.

ARTS 467, 468 - (3) (S)
Advanced Problems in Printmaking

Prerequisite: ARTS 367 or 368.
Designed for students who have completed two or more semesters of study of a specific printmaking technique (woodcut, etching, or lithography) and wish to continue their exploration of that technique.

ARTS 471, 472 - (3) (S)
Advanced Painting I, II

Prerequisite: ARTS 371 or 372.
The capstone of a three year study in painting. Continues the investigation of oil painting as an expressive medium and stresses the development of students' ability to conceive and execute a series of thematically related paintings over the course of the semester. Painting professors and course content vary from semester to semester.

ARTS 481, 482 - (3) (S)
Advanced Sculpture I, II

Prerequisite: ARTS 381 or 382.
Continuation of the sculpture sequence with greater emphasis on developing a student's individual voice. Advanced projects in moldmaking, metal casting, and non-traditional sculpture materials are assigned. The creation of a sculptural installation is also assigned. Sculpture professors and course content vary from semester to semester.

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