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Course Descriptions

Department of English Language and Literature

P.O. Box 400121
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4121
Phone: (434) 924-7105
Fax: (434) 924-1478

Overview From Geoffrey Chaucer’s bawdy Wife of Bath to James Joyce’s stately, plump Buck Mulligan, from Elizabeth Bishop's "manmoth" to Toni Morrison's Milkman, the study of imaginative literature is justified not only by the greatness of individual works but also by the insights such works give into the origins of cultures, individuals, and modes of perception. Students study literary achievement both in its own terms and in the context of the many cultural traditions that co-exist under the word English (African-American, feminist, Irish, Anglo-Saxon, for example). With one of the most distinguished faculties in the country, the department provides a great multiplicity of approaches to English and American literature, offering courses not only in the major literary periods, but also in particular genres (novel, lyric, epic, comedy), in individual authors, in comparative literature, in literary theory, and in such specialized areas as linguistics, film, and folklore. The writing program includes courses in poetry and fiction writing, as well as writing studies, academic and professional writing, and journalism.

Faculty English majors have access to a large and varied group of internationally renowned experts engaged in exploring different aspects of literature. The number of publications, grants, and fellowships of the faculty constitutes one of the most impressive compilations of any department in the country. The department has never tried to concentrate on any one area of literature or on a single critical orientation. Rather, the department has gathered a lively diversity of professors with strengths in every facet of literary endeavor. In addition to those who concentrate their study in historical periods from medieval to modern, the faculty also contains folklore specialists, linguistic specialists, film critics, psychoanalytic critics, biographers, philosophers of the theory of criticism, and specialists in the relation of literature to culture. For those who wish to develop special skills in writing, the faculty includes practicing journalists, fiction writers, and poets, some of whose awards include the Pulitzer Prize, the National Book Award, and membership in the Academy of Arts and Letters.

Since there is a large faculty, the student-faculty ratio in the department is low, at approximately 8:1. In many cases, students who demonstrate initiative and potential may work on an independent study basis with a faculty member. This mentor relationship can prove to be invaluable in developing research skills.

Students With over 500 majors, English is one of the largest departments at the University. This is in part due to the outstanding reputation the department enjoys around the country and around the world. It is also due to the exceptionally varied offerings of the department.

Students begin their study of English with an introductory seminar (ENLT 201M). These are limited to twenty-two students and they focus on fundamental skills of critical reading and writing. Majors then move on to upper-level survey courses and advanced seminars. The 300-level survey courses tend to be lectures covering broad topics (e.g., American Literature before 1865; Literature of the Renaissance); their enrollments range from under 40 to over 200. Very large lecture courses are supplemented by discussion sections, which are limited to twenty students and led by Ph.D. candidates in the department. Advanced (400-level) seminars are limited to twenty students. All 300- and 400-level courses are taught by faculty.

Students taking courses in the department learn to write effectively and clearly, to think critically and analytically, and to question the works and the world around them. Students are prepared to communicate in a world in which competing discourses proliferate and grow more complex daily.

The skills that majors learn are applicable to virtually any future career choice, although many students use English as preparation for graduate work. Approximately 60 percent of the students who major in English go on to professional or graduate school. Many enter law school, often at top ten programs. Others use English as solid preparation for business school, and an increasingly large number are using it as a humanistic preparation for medicine. A significant number of undergraduate majors go on to study English either in Ph.D. or in M.F.A. programs. Those who do not pursue graduate school find the study of English an excellent preparation for government service, business careers, international agencies, and secondary school teaching.

Prerequisites for Entry into the Department To declare a major in English, students must achieve a grade of C or better in ENWR 110 (or the equivalent). In addition, all students must achieve a grade of C or better in an ENLT 201-M course—the prerequisite for the English major.

Requirements for Major Students planning to declare a major in English should first read the booklet Undergraduate Study in English, available online (http: //www. engl.virginia.edu/) and in the Undergraduate English Office (236 Bryan Hall). They should then make an appointment to see the Director of Undergraduate Studies in English or one of the two undergraduate advisors.

For a degree in English, a student must take ten upper-division courses (those numbered 300 or above). The prerequisite ENLT-201M course is not included among these ten courses. All majors must take the three-semester survey sequence, ENGL 381, 382, 383 (History of Literatures in English). Majors must also take:

1. Two courses in literature pre-1800 (ENMD, ENRN, or ENEC). Only one of these may be a course in Shakespeare.
2. One 400-level seminar in literature.

Students may offer three credits of course work in either the literature of another language (taught in translation or in the original), CPLT 201/ENLT 215, or CPLT 202/ENLT 216 for credit toward their English major. No more than nine credits offered toward the English major may be in any one of the distribution categories (ENMD, ENRN, ENEC, ENNC, ENTC, ENAM, ENCR, ENGN, ENGL, ENWR, ENSP). However, students participating in the Distinguished Majors Program are allowed to take five courses in the ENGL category, while students enrolled in an area program (e.g., modern studies) may take a fourth course under an appropriate rubric. Students who elect to take more than 30 credits of English may, of course, go over the nine credit limit in any category in choosing their electives. Normally, only courses numbered through the 500-level are open to undergraduates.

Majors must maintain at least a 2.0 GPA in their English courses each semester. Students who fail to maintain this average are put on departmental probation. If the problem continues, they may be invited to declare a different major.

Special Programs in English

Enrollment Admission to advanced creative writing undergraduate seminars is by permission of the instructor only. Students should apply to the instructor during registration. Students wishing to take Independent Study (ENGL 493, 494, or ENWR 495, 496) should apply to the director of the undergraduate program. Students wishing to write an honors thesis (ENGL 491-492) should apply to the director of the Distinguished Majors Program.

Independent Study Only one semester of independent study (in writing or literature) may be counted toward the English major; students should apply to the director of undergraduate studies in the semester before the semester in which they wish to pursue their project.

For students who want to work on an individual critical enterprise under the direction of a faculty member, ENGL 493 or 494 allows considerable flexibility. There are no formal limitations on the project’s nature, as long as a faculty member is willing to direct it and the proposed course of study does not duplicate what is already available in regular courses. The student and faculty member determine the length of the reading list and the nature of the written or oral work required.Students may register for this course only if they have completed four 300- or 400-level courses and have a GPA in English of at least 3.3. They should have their projects at least roughly defined when they submit their applications to the director of undergraduate studies.

Students who wish to pursue an independent project in creative writing may do so under the rubrics ENWR 495, 496. Once they have found a faculty member who is willing to direct their work, they should apply to the director of undergraduate studies for approval of their plans. Students who wish to enroll in ENWR 495 or 496 must have completed four 300- or 400-level courses and have better than a 3.3 GPA in the major.

Distinguished Majors Program in English Majors who wish to be considered for a degree with distinction, high distinction, or highest distinction in English are expected to complete at least two 400-level seminars and the two-semester distinguished majors tutorial (ENGL 491, 492). In the tutorial, these students pursue a project of their own devising that they would not have the opportunity to develop in the department’s regularly scheduled courses. The reading requirements for the project are determined by the student and the faculty member who has agreed to direct the enterprise, and each student produces a long essay (approximately 50 pages), carefully revised for final submission to the Honors Committee. In awarding honors, the committee considers: two faculty evaluations of the thesis; the quality of the student’s work in any 400-level English seminars taken; and the student's overall performance in the major. Using these criteria, the committee recommends either no distinction, distinction, high distinction, or highest distinction.

Students who wish to be admitted to the Distinguished Majors Program must have a GPA of 3.6 in the major and 3.4 overall, and must submit a formal application to the director of the Distinguished Majors Program in early April of their third year.

Requirements for Minor Students wishing to minor in English must complete 18 credits of upper-level English courses (numbered 300 and above). The 18 credits must include any two semesters of the three-semester survey sequence ENGL 381, 382 and 383, (History of Literatures in English). No more than six credits may be in any one of the following distribution categories: ENMD, ENRN, ENEC, ENNC, ENTC, ENAM, ENCR, ENGN, ENWR, and ENSP. However, students may take all three parts of the core survey (ENGL 381, 382, 383) and apply them to the minor.

The American Studies Program See description under AMST, the American Studies Interdisciplinary Major.

Area Programs in English The English department's area programs are interdisciplinary in focus and offer majors the opportunity to examine the interrelationships between literature and history, religion, philosophy, and the fine arts. Each area program has its own formal requirements, but all of them ask the student to take courses both in the English department and in other departments of the University. All of them include special seminars and colloquia—sometimes limited to students enrolled in the area program—that are expressly designed to help students formulate methods of interdisciplinary study and synthesize material from other areas.

The area programs currently offered are medieval/Renaissance studies, and modern studies. These programs are very demanding and may require more credits than the regular English major. Students should apply to them no later than the end of their second year. A full description of each programs requirements and the names of their current directors may be found in the handbook Undergraduate Study in English.

The Area Program in Poetry Writing
The Area Program in Poetry Writing allows talented undergraduate writers to pursue serious study of the craft of poetry writing within the contexts of the English major and of an interdisciplinary curriculum individually tailored to nurture and inspire each student's particular work and developing aesthetic. The program is a two-year course of study; students apply in the spring semester of their second year. Along with declaring an English major, students must take 30 hours of courses in English, including ENGL 383 and either ENGL 381 or 382; 12 hours of upper-level (300 or above) poetry writing courses or independent studies; two poetry writing area program seminars (ENPW 482); and either Shakespeare or one pre-1800 course in English at the 300-level or above. A poetics course is recommended as well, when offered. The student may also (but is not required to) apply to the Distinguished Majors Program in English and submit a thesis for honors.

The Poetry Thesis Program is modeled in the Distinguished Majors Thesis option already in place in the English Department, and will be administered by the Director of Creative Writing in cooperation with the Director of the DM Program. It is a year-long course—a directed poetry writing project for students in the English Department's Undergradute Area Program in Poetry Writing, leading to completion of a manuscript of poems and an accompanying essay. Both semesters of the course are required for honors candidates, and the students will be graded on a year-long basis.

Additional Information For more information, contact Pam Marcantel, Undergraduate Secretary, 236 Bryan Hall, Charlottesville, VA 22903; (434) 924-7887; Fax: (434) 924-1478; mpm3a@virginia.edu; www.engl. virginia.edu.

Course Descriptions



Note With the exception of ENWR 380, all writing courses at or above the 300 level require writing samples and permission of the instructor before registering.

ENWR 105 - (3) (Y)
Academic Writing I

Part I of the two-semester option for meeting the first writing requirement. Covers finding and developing topics, building academic arguments, and organizing essays and reports. Graded A, B, C, or NC. Includes a tutorial at the Writing Center. Followed by ENWR 106.

ENWR 106 - (3) (Y)
Academic Writing II

Prerequisite: ENWR 105.
Part II of the two-semester option for meeting the first writing requirement. Covers elements of audience analysis, cohesion, focus, and style. Graded A, B, C, or NC. Includes a tutorial at the Writing Center. Fulfills the first writing requirement.

ENWR 110 - (3) (S)
Accelerated Academic Writing

The single-semester option for meeting the first writing requirement. Covers framing and developing effective academic arguments, with an emphasis on essays and reports. Graded A, B, C, or NC. Special topics sections are listed on the English department’s Web site. Students whose social security numbers end in an even digit must take ENWR 110 in the fall; those with social security numbers ending in an odd digit take it in the spring.

ENWR 210 - (3) (S)
Advanced Academic Writing

Covers framing and developing effective academic arguments, with an emphasis on essays and reports. Designed for first-year students scoring 740 or above on the SAT II subject test, those who move out of ENWR 110 via portfolio placement, and Echols scholars. Special topics sections are listed on the English department’s Web site.

ENWR 220 - (3) (IR)
Topics in Academic and Professional Writing

Prerequisite: Completion of first writing requirement.
Includes courses on writing studies, corporate communications, and digital writing.

ENWR 230 - (3) (S)
Poetry Writing

Prerequisite: First- or second-year student. An introduction to the craft of writing poetry, with relevant readings in the genre.

ENWR 250 - (3) (S)
Fiction Writing

Prerequisite: First- or second-year student.
An introduction to the craft of writing fiction, with relevant readings in the genre.

ENWR 270 - (3) (S)
News Writing

Introductory course in news writing, emphasizing editorials, features, and reporting.

ENWR 282 - (3) (Y)
Television Texts; Scripting and Directing

Studies the theory and creative principles of television scripting and directing; includes analysis of form, content, and production values; and composition, writing, lighting, camera work, and performance. Cross-listed as DRAM 282.

ENWR 301, 302 - (3) (IR)
Advanced Writing I, II

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Primarily for students having interest and ability in writing. Instruction in prose forms ranging from simple narration, description, and exposition to short stories and essays. Reading assignments.

ENWR 331, 332 - (3) (Y)
Intermediate Poetry Writing I, II

Prerequisite: Instructor permission. For students advanced beyond the level of ENWR 230. Involves workshop of student work, craft discussion, and relevant reading. May be repeated with different instructor.

ENWR 351, 352 - (3) (Y)
Intermediate Fiction Writing

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
For students advanced beyond the level of ENWR 250. Involves workshop of student work, craft discussion, and relevant reading. May be repeated with different instructor.

ENWR 370 - (3) (IR)
Intermediate News Writing

Prerequisite: ENWR 270 or instructor permission.
Writing news and feature stories for magazines and newspapers.

ENWR 371 - (3) (IR)
News Magazine Writing

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
A course in weekly news magazine writing.

ENWR 372 - (3) (S)
Magazine Writing

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
A course in writing non-fiction articles for general magazines.

ENWR 380 - (3) (S)
Academic and Professional Writing

Prerequisite: Successful completion of at least one 300-level course in the student’s major.
Prepares students for professional or advanced academic writing; also prepares students to manage (assign, edit, supervise, and coach) the writing of others. Lectures present general principles of effective writing based on the latest research in writing studies; seminars allow students to master those principles in the context of projects keyed to their specific interests, background, and career plans.

ENWR 481, 482 - (3) (Y)
Advanced Fiction Writing I, II

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Devoted to the writing of prose fiction, especially the short story. Student work is discussed in class and individual conferences. Parallel reading in the work of modern novelists and short story writers is required. For advanced students with prior experience in writing fiction. May be repeated with different instructor.

ENWR 483, 484 - (3) (Y)
Advanced Poetry Writing I, II

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
For advanced students with prior experience in writing poetry. Student work is discussed in class and in individual conferences. Reading in contemporary poetry is also assigned. May be repeated with different instructor.

ENWR 495, 496 - (3) (Y)
Independent Project in Creative Writing

Prerequisite: instructor permission. For the student who wants to work on a creative writing project under the direction of a faculty member.

ENWR 531, 532 - (3) (Y)
Advanced Poetry Writing

Prerequisite: Instructor permission. Intensive work in the writing of poetry for students with prior experience. May be repeated with different instructor.

ENWR 541, 542 - (3) (IR)

Prerequisite: Instructor permission. Limited enrollment. 541 is prerequisite for 542.
Intensive study of one-act plays by such masters as Chekhov, Pirandello, and Synge, with particular attention to character and context and to scene construction. Each student writes two one-act plays.

ENWR 551, 552 - (3) (Y)
Advanced Fiction Writing

Prerequisite: Instructor permission. A course for advanced short story writers. Student manuscripts are discussed in individual conference and in class. May be repeated with different instructor.

ENWR 561 - (3) (IR)

Prerequisite: Instructor permission. Suitable for graduates and undergraduates, especially those interested in theatrical production and communications. Explains film, television, and radio production values with weekly exercises in the grammar, composition, and writing of screenplays, radio drama, literary adaptation, documentaries, and docudrama. Selected scripts may be produced by the drama department. Poetry Writing

ENPW 482 - (3) (S)
Poetry Seminar

Prerequisite: Instructor permission. This seminar class, designed for students in the English Department's Undergraduate Area Program in Poetry Writing, is a close readings course for serious makers and readers of poems. Seminar topics will vary by semester.

ENPW 491,492 - (3) (Y)
Poetry Thesis

Prerequisite: Instructor permission. Directed poetry writing project for students in the English Department's Undergraduate Area Program in Poetry Writing, leading to completion of a manuscript of poems. Both courses are required for students in the Distinguished Majors Program. Graded on a year-long basis. Introductory Seminars in Literature These courses are designed primarily for first- and second-year students interested in becoming English majors and for non-majors at all levels. The purpose of the ENLT series is to introduce students to the aims, methods, and skills involved in reading literature and in writing about it. All ENLT courses fulfill the second writing requirement. ENLT 201M is the prerequisite for declaring the major.

ENLT 201 M - (3) (Y)
Introduction to the English Major

Prerequisite for declaring an English major.
Introduces students to some fundamental skills in critical thinking and critical writing about literary texts. Readings include various examples of poetry, fiction, and drama. The course is organized along interactive and participatory lines. and should be taken only by prospective English majors.

ENLT 211 - (3) (Y)
Masterpieces of English Literature I

Surveys selected English writers from the fourteenth through the eighteenth century.

ENLT 212 - (3) (Y)
Masterpieces of English Literature II

Surveys selected English writers from the late eighteenth through the twentieth century.

ENLT 213 - (3) (Y)
Major Authors of American Literature

Studies major works in American literature before 1900.

ENLT 214 - (3) (Y)
Modern American Authors

Surveys major American writers of the twentieth century.

ENLT 215, 216 - (3) (Y)
Studies in European Literature

Studies major classical and continental works from antiquity to the present dayCross-listed as CPLT 201, 202.

ENLT 223 - (3) (Y)
Studies in Poetry

Examines the poetic techniques and conventions of imagery and verse that poets have used across the centuries. Exercises in scansion, close reading, and framing arguments about poetry.

ENLT 224 - (3) (Y)
Studies in Drama

Introduces the techniques of the dramatic art, with close analysis of selected plays.

ENLT 226 - (3) (Y)
Studies in Fiction

Studies the techniques of fiction.

ENLT 247 - (3) (Y)
Black Writers in America

Chronological survey in African American literature in the U.S. from its beginning in vernacular culture to the present day

ENLT 248 - (3) (Y)
Contemporary Literature

Introduces trends in contemporary English, American, and Continental literature, especially in fiction, but with some consideration of poetry and drama.

ENLT 250 - (3) (Y)

Studies selected sonnets and plays of Shakespeare.

ENLT 252 - (3) (Y)
Women in Literature

Analyzes the representations of women in literature as well as literary texts by women writers.

ENLT 255 - (3) (Y)
Special Topics

Usually an introduction to non-traditional or specialized topics in literary studies, (e.g., native American literature, gay and lesbian studies, techno-literacy, Arthurian romance, Grub Street in eighteenth-century England, and American exceptionalism). Upper Division Courses in English The following courses are designed primarily for English majors and for students who have some previous experience or special ability in reading and writing about literature.

Medieval Literature

ENMD 311, 312 - (3) (IR)
Medieval European Literature in Translation

Surveys English, French, German, Italian, Irish, Icelandic, and Spanish literature of the Middle Ages.

ENMD 325, 326 - (3) (IR)
Chaucer I, II

Studies selected Canterbury Tales and other works, read in the original.

ENMD 481, 482 - (3) (IR)
Advanced Studies in Medieval Literature I, II

Limited enrollment.

ENMD 501 - (3) (IR)
Introduction to Old English

Studies the language and literature of Anglo-Saxon England.

ENMD 505, 506 - (3) (IR)
Old Icelandic

Introduces the language and literature of medieval Scandinavia; readings from the Poetic Edda and the sagas.

ENMD 520 - (3) (IR)

Prerequisite: ENMD 501 or equivalent. Reading of the poem, emphasizing critical methods and exploring its relations to the culture of Anglo-Saxon England.

Renaissance Literature

ENRN 311 - (3) (IR)
Literature of the Renaissance

Surveys sixteenth-century English prose and poetry, emphasizing satire, early fiction, love lyrics, epic, and biography.

ENRN 313 - (3) (IR)
The Seventeenth Century I

Surveys the prose and poetry of the earlier seventeenth century.

ENRN 321, 322 - (3) (S)
Shakespeare I, II

First semester emphasizes histories and comedies; second semester tragedies and romances.

ENRN 323 - (3) (IR)
Studies in Shakespeare

Intensive study of selected plays.

ENRN 325 - (3) (IR)

Study of selected poems and prose, with particular emphasis on Paradise Lost.

ENRN 340 - (3) (IR)
The Drama in English

From the Beginning to 1642 Studies non-Shakespearean Elizabethan and Jacobean drama.

ENRN 421, 422 - (3) (IR)
Shakespeare Seminar

Intensive study of plays and/or poems. Limited enrollment.

ENRN 481, 482 - (3) (IR)
Advanced Studies in Renaissance Literature I, II

Limited enrollment. Topics vary from year to year.

ENRN 483, 484 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in Medieval and Renaissance Studies

Interdisciplinary seminar on the interrelationships between literature and history, the classical tradition, philosophy, religion, and art history in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Topics vary from year to year.

Restoration and Eighteenth Century Literature

ENEC 310 - (3) (IR)
The Seventeenth Century II

Surveys representative writers, themes, and forms of the period 1660-1700.

ENEC 311 - (3) (IR)
English Literature of the Restoration and Early Eighteenth Century

Surveys representative writers, themes, and forms of the period 1660-1740.

ENEC 312 - (3) (IR)
English Literature of the Late Eighteenth Century

Surveys representative writers, themes, and forms of the period 1740-1800.

ENEC 313 - (3) (IR)
English Literature of the Restoration and Eighteenth Century

Surveys representative writers, themes, and forms of the period 1660-1800.

ENEC 351 - (3) (IR)
The English Novel I

Studies the rise and development of the English novel in the 18th century.

ENEC 381, 382 - (3) (IR)
Eighteenth-Century Topics

Topics vary from year to year.

ENEC 481, 482 - (3) (IR)
Advanced Studies in Eighteenth- Century Literature I, II

Limited enrollment. Topics vary from year to year.

ENEC 540 - (3) (IR)
English Drama 1660-1800

Surveys representative plays and dramatic developments from 1660 to 1800. American Literature

ENAM 311 - (3) (IR)
American Literature to 1865

Surveys American literature from the Colonial Era to the Age of Emerson and Melville.

ENAM 312 - (3) (IR)
American Literature Since 1865

Surveys American literature, both prose and poetry, from the Civil War to the present.

ENAM 313 - (3) (IR)
African-American Survey, I

Analyzes the earliest examples of African-American literature, emphasizing African cultural themes and techniques that were transformed by the experience of slavery as that experience met European cultural and religious practices. Studies essays, speeches, pamphlets, poetry, and songs.

ENAM 314 - (3) (IR)
African-American Survey, II

Continuation of ENAM 313, this course begins with the career of Richard Wright and brings the Afro-American literary and performing tradition up to the present day.

ENAM 315 - (3) (IR)
The American Renaissance

Analyzes the major writings of Poe, Emerson, Hawthorne, Melville, Whitman, Thoreau, and Dickinson.

ENAM 316 - (3) (IR)
Realism and Naturalism in America

Analyzes American literary realism and naturalism, its sociological, philosophical, and literary origins as well as its relation to other contemporaneous literary movements

ENAM 322 - (3) (IR)
Major American Authors

Studies the work of one or two major authors.

ENAM 330 - (3) (IR)
American Poetry

Studies theme and technique in major American poets.

ENAM 355 - (3) (IR)
Sentimental Fiction

Focuses on the rise of sentimental literature between the American Revolution and the Civil War.

ENAM 357 - (3) (IR)
Women in American Art

Analyzes the roles played by women as artists and as the subjects of American art from the colonial period to the present. Some background in either art history or gender studies is desirable.

ENAM 358 - (3) (IR)
Studies in Fiction

Intensive study of selected American writers.

ENAM 381 - (3) (IR)
Studies in African-American Literature and Culture

Intensive study of African-American writers and cultural figures in a diversity of genres. Includes artists from across the African diaspora in comparative American perspective.

ENAM 383 - (3) (IR)
American Introspection (1770-1990)

Analyzes the nature and identity of America, real and imaginary, as perceived by major writers in various genres. Emphasizes the relation of forms to ideas, and recurring myths and motifs.

ENAM 385 - (3) (IR)
Folklore in America

Surveys the traditional expressive culture of various ethnic and religious groups in America, including songs, folk narratives, folk religion, proverbs, riddles. Emphasizes southeastern Anglo-Americans.

ENAM 387 - (3) (IR)
Literature of the West

Analyzes selected works by writers of the Western United States from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Emphasizes the Anglo-American exploration, settlement, and development of the West, as well as readings from other ethnic groups, including Native and Hispanic Americans.

ENAM 388 - (3) (IR)
The Literature of the South

Analyzes selected works of poetry and prose by major Southern writers.

ENAM 389 - (3) (IR)
Mass Media and American Culture

Studies the development and impact of mass forms of communication in America including newspapers, magazines, film, the wireless and the radio, television, and the Internet.

ENAM 481, 482 - (3) (IR)
Advanced Studies in American Literature I, II

Limited enrollment. Topics vary from year to year.

Nineteenth Century British Literature

ENNC 311 - (3) (IR)
English Poetry and Prose of the Nineteenth Century I

Surveys the poetry and non-fictional prose of the Romantic period, including major Romantic poets and essayists.

ENNC 312 - (3) (IR)
English Poetry and Prose of the Nineteenth Century II

Surveys the poetry and non-fictional prose of the Victorian period, including the major Victorian poets and essayists.

ENNC 321 - (3) (IR)
Major British Authors of the Earlier Nineteenth Century

Analyzes the principal works of three or more Romantic authors.

ENNC 322 - (3) (IR)
Major British Writers of the Later Nineteenth Century

Analyzes the principal works of two or more Victorian authors.

ENNC 323 - (3) (IR)
Victorian Prose

Studies major Victorian prose writers with attention to fiction, autobiography, history, and other non-fictional forms.

ENNC341 - (3) (IR)
The Origins of Modern Drama

Examines experiments in dramatic form in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

ENNC 351 - (3) (IR)
The English Novel II

Reading of novels by Austen, Dickens, Thackeray, the Brontës, Gaskell, Meredith, Eliot, and Hardy.

ENNC 352 - (3) (IR)
The Lives of the Victorians

Introduces the literature and culture of the Victorian period, focusing on life-narrative in a variety of genres, including poetry, fiction, biography, and autobiography.

ENNC 353 - (3) (IR)
The Continental Novel of the Nineteenth Century

Study of major works of continental fiction in the nineteenth century.

ENNC 381, 382 - (3) (IR)
Nineteenth Century Topics

Examination of particular movements within the period, (e.g., the Aesthetic Movement; the Pre-Raphaelites; and Condition-of-England novels).

ENNC 385 - (3) (IR)
The Fiction of Empire

Studies the representation of the British Empire in nineteenth-century works of fiction.

ENNC 481, 482 - (3) (IR)
Advanced Studies in Nineteenth Century Literature I, II

Limited enrollment. Topics vary from year to year.

ENNC 491, 492 - (3) (IR)
Advanced Topics in Nineteenth Century Literature I, II

Prerequisite: Instructor permission. Limited enrollment.
Topics vary from year to year.

Modern and Contemporary Literature

ENMC 311 - (3) (IR)
British Literature of the Twentieth Century

Surveys major trends and figures in British literature from 1890 to the present.

ENMC 312 - (3) (IR)
American Literature of the Twentieth Century

Studies the major poetry and fiction.

ENMC 313 - (3) (IR)
Modern Comparative Literature I

Studies major international movements and figures in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.

ENMC 315 - (3) (IR)
Literature of the Americas

Comparative study of various major writers of North, Central, and South America.

ENMC 316 - (3) (IR)
Twentieth Century Women Writers

Studies fiction, poetry, and non-fiction written by women in the twentieth and tewenty-first centuries.

ENMC 321, 322 - (3) (IR)
Major British and American Writers of the Twentieth Century

Close reading of the works of two or three major British or American authors.

ENMC 330 - (3) (IR)
Contemporary American Poetry

Studies the style and themes of recent and contemporary poets and their influence.

ENMC 331 - (3) (IR)
Major African-American Poets

Examines poems representative of the African American literary traditions.

ENMC 333 - (3) (IR)
Twentieth Century British Poetry

Studies in the twentieth-century sensibility.

ENMC 334 - (3) (IR)
Contemporary British Poetry

Study of identity and style in poetry since 1945.

ENMC 341, 342 - (3) (IR)
Modern Drama I, II

A two-semester survey of European and American modern drama, with some attention to works from other regions. The first half covers the late nineteenth century to World War II; the second focuses on drama from the post-war period to the present.

ENMC 351, 352 - (3) (IR)
Modern and Contemporary Fiction I, II

Introduces British, American, and Continental masterpieces, emphasizing new ideas and the new forms of fiction in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.

ENMC 355 - (3) (Y)
Asian American Fiction

Studies Asian American literature as a cultural phenomenon and literary tradition, presenting a range of twentieth-century fictions by immigrants or their descendants from India, Pakistan, China, Korea, Vietnam, Japan, and the Philippines.

ENMC 356 - (3) (IR)
The African Novel

Studies the development of the anglophone African novel as a genre, as well as the representation of the post-colonial dilemma of African nations and the revision of gender and ethnic roles.

ENMC 380 - (3) (IR)
Concepts of the Modern

Studies the modern sensibility through an examination of the themes and techniques of aestheticism, psychology, existentialism, and twentieth-century.

ENMC 381 - (3) (E)
Modern Irish Literature

Surveys Irish writing from the late nineteenth century to the present. Focuses on the relationships of Irish literature to Ireland’s national identity and political processes.

ENMC 481, 482 - (3) (IR)
Advanced Studies in Twentieth Century Literature I, II

Limited enrollment. Topics vary from year to year.

ENMC 483, 484 - (3) (Y)
Seminar in Modern Studies

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Limited enrollment. An interdisciplinary seminar focusing on the interrelationships between literature and history, the social sciences, philosophy, religion, and the fine arts in the Modern period.

Genre Studies

ENGN 331 - (3) (IR)
The Lyric

Studies the major lyrical forms and traditions in Western literature, with particularly close reading of poems written in English.

ENGN 340 - (3) (IR)
Drama From the Restoration to the Twentieth Century

Surveys English drama (with some attention to one or two European dramatists) from the Restoration to the twentieth century.

ENGN 341 - (3) (IR)

Studies the development of tragic forms.

ENGN 350 - (3) (IR)
Studies in Short Fiction

Analyzes form, technique, and ideas in selected short fiction from various periods in the British, American, and Continental traditions.

ENGN 351, 352 - (3) (IR)
Forms of the Novel I, II

Studies the relation of form, narrative technique, and idea in selected novels from various periods of English, American, and Continental fiction (in translation). First semester to about 1900, second semester to the present.

ENGN 380 - (3) (IR)

Investigates the narrative form and cultural uses of Romance.

ENGN 382 - (3) (IR)
The Art and Theory of Comedy

Studies in comic theory and practice from the classical period to the present.

ENGN 384 - (3) (IR)

Reading and discussion of major satirical works from classical times to the present.

ENGN 481, 482 - (3) (IR)
Advanced Studies in Literary Genres I, II

Limited enrollment. Topics vary from year to year.

Studies in Criticism

ENCR 300 - (3) (IR)
Contemporary Literary

Theory Introduces some of the most influential schools of contemporary literary theory and criticism.

ENCR 361 - (3) (IR)

Analyzes the theory and practice of interpretation of literary texts.

ENCR 362 - (3) (IR)
Introduction to Criticism and Cultural Studies

Introduces the various and contested theories and practices of what has come to be called “cultural studies.” Examines various theoretical traditions and histories of mass culture and advertising.

ENCR 363 - (3) (IR)
Psychoanalytic Criticism

Studies Freudian and post-Freudian psychology and its literary applications.

ENCR 371, 372 - (3) (IR)
Intellectual Prose

Studies non-fictional discursive prose. Readings drawn from such fields as criticism, aesthetic theory, philosophy, social and political thought, history, economics, and science; from the Renaissance to the present day.

ENCR 381/SWAG 381 - (3) (IR)
Feminist Theories and Methods

Introduces current feminist scholarship in a variety of areas—literature, history, film, anthropology, and psychoanalysis, among others—pairing feminist texts with more traditional ones. Features guest speakers and culminates in an interdisciplinary project.

ENCR 481 - (3) (IR)
Advanced Studies in Literary Criticism

Limited enrollment.

ENCR 532 - (3) (IR)
Poetic Form

Provides necessary background study for other courses in English and American poetry for all periods. Useful for students composing poetry in creative writing classes. Enriches the study of poetry in other languages.

ENCR 562 - (3) (IR)
History of Critical Theory

Studies representative theories about the nature and function of literature from Plato to the present.

ENCR 565 - (3) (IR)
Books as Physical Objects

Surveys bookmaking over the past five centuries. Emphasizes analysis and description of physical features and consideration of how a text is affectedby the physical conditions of its production.

ENCR 580 - (3) (IR)
Queer Theories and Queer Practices

Introduces "queer theory" through an examination of key theoretical texts (Foucault, Sedgwick, Butler, and others) which vary from semester to semester.

Special Topics in Literature

ENSP 480 - (4) (IR)
The Bible

Analyzes readings in the English Bible. Designed to familiarize or re-familiarize the literary student with the shape, argument, rhetoric, and purposes of the canon; with the persons, events, and perspectives of the major narratives; and with the conventions, techniques, resources, and peculiarities of the texts.

ENSP 481, 482 - (3) (IR)
Advanced Studies in Special Topics in Literature I, II

Limited enrollment. Topics vary from year to year.

ENSP 581 - (3) (IR)
Film Aesthetics

Studies film as a work of art produced by cinematic skills and valued for what it is in itself. Emphasizes major theoretical works and analyzing individual films. Studies films with reference to the techniques and methods that produce the “aesthetic effect” style, and the problems of authorship arising out of considerations of style and aesthetic unity.

ENSP 583 - (3) (Y)
Literature and the Film

Studies the relationship between the two media, emphasizing the literary origins and backgrounds of film, verbal and visual languages, and the problems of adaptation from novels and short stories to film. Seven to nine novels (or plays) are read and analyzed with regard to film adaptations of these works. Film screenings two to two and one half hours per week outside of class.

ENSP 591/592 - (3) (S)
Literary Journal Editing

Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
This course, organized around the literary journal Meridian (which is sponsored by the English department’s MFA program) is designed to involve students in every aspect of literary journal production, from selecting and editing manuscripts to layout/design; from grant writing and promotion to final distribution. Along with editing and relevant research, students write book reviews, conduct interviews, and produce articles to be published in connection with the release of each issue of the journal.

Language Study

ENLS 303 - (3) (IR)
History of the English Language

Studies the development of English word forms and vocabulary from Anglo-Saxon to present-day English.

ENLS 359 - (3) (IR)
American English

A historical examination of the peculiar development of the English language, both spoken and written, in the Americas, primarily in the United States, from the time of the first European settlements to the present.

Miscellaneous English

ENGL 381, 382, 383 - (3) (Y)
History of Literatures in English I, II, III

A three-semester, chronological survey of literatures in English from their beginnings to the present day. Studies the formal and thematic features of different genres in relation to the chief literary, social, and cultural influences upon them. ENGL 381 covers the period up to 1660; ENGL 382, the period 1660-1880; and ENGL 383, the period 1880 to the present. Required of all majors.

ENGL 491, 492 - (3) (Y)
Distinguished Majors Program

Directed research leading to completion of an extended essay to be submitted to the Honors Committee. Both courses are required of honors candidates. Graded on a year-long basis.

ENGL 493, 494 - (3) (Y)
Independent Study

Prerequisite: Completion of four 300- or 400-level courses.

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