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Course Descriptions

McIntire Department of Art

Rugby Faculty Apartments, 203 Rugby Road
University of Virginia
P.O. Box 400130
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4130
(434) 924-6123 Fax: (434) 924-3647

History of Art

Overview A painting, sculpture, or building is a monument surviving from the past, bearing the imprint of its creator and its time. The discipline of art history seeks to order and interpret these monuments; it seeks to discover their special characteristics and the value of the age in which they were created. For example, the work of Van Gogh would be examined in terms of his place in the Post-Impressionist generation of artists and his life in a period of religious revivals. The discipline defines the cultural currents of a period, and provides a context for understanding, appreciating, and enjoying art.

The department provides its students with the skills and perspectives of the liberal arts; to think clearly, to write well, and to find, analyze, evaluate, and present facts and ideas. It also provides students with a broad, humanistic background, an advantageous resource among the disciplines of law, business, and medicine. Students often combine art history with a major in one of these respective areas.

The major also soundly prepares students for graduate study. Professional careers in art history including teaching (most often at the college level), museum work, and work in the art market, usually require additional study at the graduate level leading to the M.A. and Ph.D.

Faculty The fourteen full-time faculty members are renowned for their teaching ability and scholarship. Among the many honors presented to the faculty are Guggenheim and National Endowment for the Humanities fellowships, visiting Senior Fellowships at the Getty Center for the Arts and Humanities, election to the Academy of Arts and Sciences, a Mellon Professorship at the American Academy in Rome, and a Mellon Professorship at the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts at the National Gallery of Art. Each student is given the opportunity to work closely with one or more of these distinguished professors.

Students Approximately 100 students major in art history. Some introductory lecture courses are large; however, many courses are taught as seminars, with enrollment limited to twelve students. The lecture courses are usually survey courses (e.g., Baroque Art in Europe; Buddhist Art from India to Japan; Modernist Art); the seminars usually focus on one or two artists (e.g., Michelangelo, Bosch and Bruegel). The department offers over thirty courses, so there is a wide range of choices available. Independent study options exist, and most majors take several courses in studio art as well. Students are also encouraged to take courses in architectural history offered by the School of Architecture.

Special Resources The University of Virginia Art Museum encourages participation in its activities by art history majors and students in general. The Fiske Kimball Fine Arts Library is a specialized collection of over 100,000 volumes and provides research and study space as well as research assistance by its trained staff.

Requirements for Major There are no prerequisites for entry into the department, but most students declare a major in art history after taking one or two or more of the department’s introductory survey courses (ARTH 101 and 102). None of these courses, however, is required for majors.

For a degree in art history, students must complete 30 credits above the 100 level. Courses taken at any time during the student’s career can be counted, including those earned while studying abroad, in summer session or in architectural history courses. By the time of graduation, a student must have achieved a minimum GPA of 2.000 in major courses. (A student who does not maintain an average of 2.000 or better in departmental courses will be put on probation, and may be dropped from the program.) No course graded below C- may count for major credit.

Distribution Requirements At least one course at the 200 level or above in each area (Ancient, Medieval, Renaissance, Modern, Non-Western); a minimum of two 400 level seminars (either one ARTH 401 and one ARTH 491, or two ARTH 491); and three electives within the department. At least one of the non-seminar courses must be at the 300 or 500 level. Courses in Architectural History at the 200 level or above may be substituted for any of the course requirements except the ARTH 491 seminars. One course in Studio Art at the 100 level or above may be substituted for one of the electives.

Requirements for the Minor There are no prerequisites for a minor in art history. A student must complete 15 credits in the department, beyond the 100 level. Courses taken at any time during the student’s career may be counted toward the minor. At the time of graduation, a student must have achieved a minimum GPA of 2.000 in the minor courses.

Minors must take at least one course in four of the five areas: Ancient, Medieval, Renaissance, Modern, and Asian. One additional course is required, and this should be selected from advanced lecture courses at the 300-500 level, or sections of ARTH 491 (Seminar in the History of Art).

Distinguished Majors Program in Art History To majors who wish to be considered for a degree of "distinction," "high distinction," or "highest distinction" in art history, the department offers a Distinguished Majors Program (DMP) of advanced courses and research culminating in a thesis of approximately fifty pages. Students should ordinarily apply for admission to the program by the end of their third year. To apply, students must submit a thesis proposal and have the approval of a faculty member to direct their research. A GPA of 3.400 in major courses and a cumulative GPA at or near 3.400 are required for admission. Application should be made to the undergraduate advisors for art history. In their fourth year, students in the program are required to take at least two courses at the 400 or 500 level and to enroll in ARTH 497-498 (Undergraduate Thesis). These are evaluated by a committee chaired by the undergraduate advisors that also considers the student’s work in the DMP based on the evaluations of teachers in the students’ advanced courses; the students’ performance in major courses; and the students’ overall GPA. The committee recommends either no distinction, distinction, high distinction, or highest distinction, and passes on its recommendation to the Committee on Special Programs.

Studio Art

Overview Studio Art at the University of Virginia is a rigorous, pre-professional program leading to the Bachelor of Arts degree. The department attempts to give students instruction in the basic skills and application in the following areas: drawing, painting, printmaking, sculpture, electronic media, contemporary media, and techniques. Courses also seek to acquaint the student with the concerns and issues of visual art through practical studio experience.

The art department’s studio major is a liberal arts program designed to accommodate students with various interests and abilities, serving those who expect to become professional artists and welcoming those who are mainly interested in art as an avocation or as a means toward aesthetic fulfillment. Students are also encouraged to take courses in the history of art so that they may acquire knowledge of pictorial meaning and the wide range of artistic expression and interpretation found in different cultural periods. Students who wish to do intensive work in a single area may work in project courses which provide both flexibility and faculty feedback.

Faculty There are nine faculty members in the department. One of the department’s strengths is the diversity of interests among the faculty. Each faculty member has had highly successful exhibitions at numerous galleries across the country such as the Tatistcheff Gallery in New York, the Corcoran Gallery in Washington D.C., and the Fine Gallery in Princeton. Among the awards and honors garnered by members of this group is a recent Virginia Commission of the Arts Award for printmaking and sculpture, and an Artist’s Fellowship Grant from the National Endowment for the Arts in painting and sculpture. Works by the faculty are in many prestigious museum collections, such as the Metropolitan Museum in New York, the Philadelphia Art Museum, the Hirschhorn Museum in Washington, D.C. and the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis. The faculty make themselves easily accessible to their students, serving as mentors in and out of the classroom.

Students Each year, approximately sixty students major in studio art. As there is not a graduate program, all courses are taught by faculty. All studio art courses have limited enrollment, since the courses are taught in atelier style. All majors, in their fourth year, are required to complete a senior exhibition. Many students in studio art are double majors. Art history is the most obvious choice for a second major, though English and psychology are also common. Approximately 20 percent of the majors go on to graduate work within the fine arts. Placement has been good, including admission to top national programs. Other students seek graduate work in related fields, including graphic and fashion design, medical illustration, art therapy, illustration, museum work, gallery management, advertising design, and teaching.

Requirements for Major Majors acquire essential artistic skills as well as experience in the handling of a wide variety of materials and methods. The program puts the student in touch with the problems of creation and with the ideas of artists in the contemporary world.

The major requires 30 credits in ARTS courses including ARTS 161 and 162. Twelve credits must be at the 200 level and 9 credits at the 300 or 400 level. ARTH 280 (Art Since 1945) is required and should be taken in the fall term of the third year. In the fourth year he or she declares a concentration in painting, printmaking, photography, cinematography, or sculpture which culminates in an exhibition. Majors must have a minimum GPA of 2.000 in major courses, or be dropped from the program. A grade of C- or below does not count for major credit.

Requirements for Minor The minor in studio art requires 18 credits in ARTS courses including ARTS 161 and 162.

Additional Information For more information, contact the Undergraduate Advisor, McIntire Department of Art, Fayerweather Hall, P.O. Box 400130, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4130; (434) 924- 6123; Fax: (434) 924-3647; www.virginia.edu/art.

Course Descriptions


History of Art

ARTH 101 - (4) (Y)
History of Art I
Studies the history and interpretation of architecture, sculpture and painting. Begins with prehistoric art and follows the main stream of Western civilization to the end of the medieval period.

ARTH 102 - (4) (S)
History of Art II
Studies the history and interpretation of architecture, sculpture and painting from 1400 to the present.

ARTH 209 - (3) (IR)
Sacred Sites
Examines the art and architecture of ten religious sites around the world focusing on ritual, culture, and history as well as the artistic characteristics of each site.

ARTH 211 - (3) (IR)
Art of the Ancient Near East and Prehistoric Europe
Studies the art of Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Aegean, and prehistoric Europe, from the sixth to the second millennium B.C. Examines the emergence of a special role for the arts in ancient religion.

ARTH 213 - (3) (Y)
Greek Art
Reviews the painting, sculpture and architecture of the Greeks, from the Dark Ages through the Hellenistic period. Studies the works against their social and intellectual backgrounds.

ARTH 214 - (3) (Y)
Etruscan and Roman Art
Studies the painting, sculpture and architecture in Italy and the Roman Empire from the time of the Etruscans to Constantine the Great. Emphasizes the political and social role of art in ancient Rome, the dissolution of classical art, and the formation of medieval art.

ARTH 215 - (3) (IR)
Introduction to Classical Archaeology
Introduces the history, theory, and field techniques of classical archaeology. Major sites of the Bronze Age (Troy, Mycenae) as well as Greek and Roman cities and sanctuaries (e.g., Athens, Olympia, Pompeii) illustrate important themes in Greek and Roman culture and the nature of archaeological data.

ARTH 221 - (3) (IR)
Early Christian and Byzantine Art
Studies the art of the early Church in East and West and its subsequent development in the East under the aegis of Byzantium. Includes the influence of theological, liturgical and political factors on the artistic expression of Eastern Christian spirituality.

ARTH 222 - (3) (Y)
Medieval Art in Western Europe
Studies the arts in Western Europe from the Hiberno-Saxon period up to, and including, the age of the great Gothic cathedrals.

ARTH 231 - (3) (Y)
Italian Renaissance Art
Studies painting, architecture, and sculpture in Italy from the close of the Middle Ages through the sixteenth century. Focuses on the work of major artists such as Giotto, Donatello, Botticelli, Leonardo, and Michelangelo. Detailed discussion of the social, political, and cultural background of the arts.

ARTH 232 - (3) (Y)
High Renaissance and Mannerist Art
Studies the painting, architecture, and sculpture or the sixteenth century, emphasizing the works of major artists, such as Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael, Giorgione, and Titian. Detailed discussion of the social, political, and cultural background of the arts.

ARTH 236 - (3) (IR)
Painting and Graphics of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries in Northern Europe
Surveys major developments in painting and graphics in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in the Netherlands and Germany. Includes the rise of Netherlandish naturalism and the origins of woodcut and engraving. Explores the effects of humanist taste on sixteenth-century painting and the iconographic consequences of the Reformation. Emphasizes the work of major artists, such as Van Eyck, Van der Weyden, Dürer, Bosch, and Bruegel.

ARTH 241 - (3) (Y)
Baroque Art in Europe
Studies the painting, sculpture, and architecture of the seventeenth century in Italy, the Low Countries, France, and Spain. Focuses on Caravaggio, Bernini, Velazquez, Rubens, Rembrandt, and Poussin.

ARTH 246 - (3) (Y)
Eighteenth-Century European Art
Surveys European painting and sculpture from the late Baroque period to Neo-Classicism. Emphasizes the artistic careers of major figures and on the larger social, political, and cultural contexts of their work. Artists include Watteau, Boucher, Fragonard, Chardin, Falconet, Pigalle, Greuze, Batoni, Rusconi, Hogarth, Gainsborough, and Reynolds.

ARTH 251 - (3) (Y)
Neoclassicism and Romanticism
Surveys European painting and sculpture from the last decades of the Ancien Regime to the liberal revolutions of 1848. Major artists, such as David, Canova, Ingres, Constable, Turner, Gericault, Delacroix, Friedrich, Goya, Corot, and Thorvaldsen are examined in their political, economic, social, spiritual, and aesthetic contexts.

ARTH 253 - (3) (Y)
Impressionism and Post Impressionism
Surveys modernist movements in European art during the second half of the nineteenth century. Major themes include the establishment of modernity as a cultural ideal, the development of the avant-garde, and the genesis of the concept of abstraction.

ARTH 254 - (4) (Y)
Modern Art, 1900-1945
A survey of major artistic movements in Europe and the United States during the first half of the twentieth century: Fauvism and Expressionism, Cubism, Futurism, the School of Paris, Dada and Surrealism, the Russian avant-garde, modernist trends in America. Painting, sculpture, photography, and the functional arts are discussed.

ARTH 258 - (3) (Y)
American Art
Studies the development of American art in its cultural context from the seventeenth century to World War II.

ARTH 259 - (3) (O)
American Modernism
American Modernism is a survey of American art in the first half of the 20th century. The course will address the arrival of modern art in America, the situation of the American artist in relation to European art, and an American public, and the question of the American art.

ARTH 261 - (3) (IR)
Buddhist Art From India to Japan
Surveys the Buddhist sculpture, architecture and painting of India, China and Japan. Considers aspects of history and religious doctrine.

ARTH 262 - (3) (IR)
East Asian Art
Introduces the artistic traditions of China, Korea, and Japan, from prehistoric times to the modern era. Surveys major monuments and the fundamental concepts behind their creation, and examines artistic form in relation to society, individuals, technology, and ideas.

ARTH 263 - (3) (IR)
Arts of the Islamic World
The class is an overview of art made in the service of Islam in the Central Islamic Lands, Egypt, North Africa, Spain, Turkey, Iran, Central Asia, and South and Southeast Asia.

ARTH 264 - (3) (O)
The Arts of India
The class is an overview of Indian sculpture, architecture, and painting from the Third Millennium BC to the 18th century AD and includes works from Hindu, Buddhist, Jain and Islamic traditions.

ARTH 280 - (3) (Y)
Art Since 1945
Surveys art production and theory in the U.S. and Europe since World War II. Relationships between artistic practice and critical theory are stressed in an examination of movements ranging from abstract expressionism to neo-geo.

ARTH 290 - (4) (IR)
The History of Photography
General survey of the photographic medium from 1839 to the present. Emphasizes the technical, aesthetic, and critical issues particular to the medium.

ARTH 313 - (3) (IR)
Art and Poetry in Classical Greece
Study of the major themes in Greek sculpture and painting of the fifth century, including mythological narrative, cult practices, banqueting, and athletics. In order to view these themes in the context of classical Greek culture, the course seeks out shared structures of response and feeling in contemporary poetry; including readings in translation in Anakreon, Pindar, Aischylos, Sophokles, and Euripides.

ARTH 315 - (3) (IR)
The Greek City
Study of the Greek city from the Archaic to the Hellenistic period, with an emphasis on developing concepts of city planning, public buildings and houses, and the inclusion within the city of works of sculpture and painting.

ARTH 316 - (3) (IR)
Roman Architecture
Study of the history of Roman architecture from the Republic to the late empire with special emphasis on the evolution of urban architecture in Rome. Also considered are Roman villas, Roman landscape architecture, the cities of Pompeii and Ostia, major sites of the Roman provinces, and the architectural and archaeological field methods used in dealing with ancient architecture.

ARTH 317 - (3) (IR)
Explores the life, art, architecture, urban development, religion, economy, and daily life of the famous Roman city destroyed in the cataclysmic eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in A.D. 79.

ARTH 322 - (3) (Y)
Age of Cathedrals
Examination of art, architecture, religion and ritual at selected medieval abbeys and cathedrals in France, England and Italy from the late 12th to early 14th centuries. Sites include the Abbey of St. Denis, Canterbury Cathedral, Chartres Cathedral, Salisbury Cathedral, the Sainte-Chapelle, Westminster Abbey, the Cathedral of Siena, and the Cathedral of Florence. Students should have experience (preferably at college level) in analyzing historical issues.

ARTH 331 - (3) (IR)
Gender and Art in Renaissance Italy
Prerequisite: A previous course in art history or gender studies.
Examines how notions of gender shaped the production, patronage, and fruition of the visual arts in Italy between 1350 and 1600.

ARTH 333 - (3) (IR)
Renaissance Art and Literature
Examines the interrelations between literature and the visual arts in Italy from 1300 to 1600. The writings of Dante, Petrarch, and Boccaccio and their followers are analyzed in relation to the painting, sculpture, and architecture of Giotto, Brunelleschi, Botticelli, Raphael, and Michelangelo, among others.

ARTH 337 - (3) (IR)
Michelangelo and His Time
Prerequisite: One course in the history of art beyond the level of ARTH 101 and 102
Analyzes the work of Michelangelo in sculpture, painting and architecture in relation to his contemporaries in Italy and the North. The class focuses on the close investigation of his preparatory drawings, letters, poems and documents.

ARTH 342 - (3) (IR)
Study of the life and work of the great Dutch seventeenth-century master. Topics include Rembrandt’s interpretation of the Bible and the nature of his religious convictions, his relationship to classical and Renaissance culture, his rivalry with Rubens, and the expressive purposes of his distinctive techniques in painting, drawing, and etching.

ARTH 346 - (3) (IR)
British Art: Tudors through Victoria
At least one post-medieval art history course is recommended. Surveys English (British) painting, sculpture, and printmaking from the reign of Henry VII Tudor (1485) to the death of Queen Victoria (1901). Major artists such as Holbein, Mor, Mytens, Rubens, van Dyck, Lely, Kneller, Hogarth, Rysbrack, Roubilliac, Gainsborough, Reynolds, Rowlandson, Flaxman, Lawrence, Constable, Turner, Landseer, the Pre-Raphaelites and Alma-Taddema are examined in their political, social, economic, spiritual, and aesthetic contexts.

ARTH 358 - (3) (Y)
Material Life in Early America
At least one course in either American art or early American history or literature is recommended. Studies American domestic environments (architecture, landscapes, rural and urban settings) and decorative arts (furniture, silver, ceramics, and glass) in relation to their social, cultural, and historical contexts from European settlement to 1825.

ARTH 362 - (3) (IR)
Japanese Art
Introduces the arts and culture of Japan. Focuses on key monuments and artistic traditions that have played central roles in Japanese art and society. Analyzes how artists, architects, and patrons expressed their ideals in visual terms. Examines sculptures, paintings, and decorative objects and their underlying artistic and cultural values.

ARTH 364 - (3) (IR)
Chinese Art
The course is a survey of the major epochs of Chinese art from pre-historic to the modern period. The course intends to familiarize students with the important artistic traditions developed in China: ceramics, bronzes, funerary art and ritual, Buddhist art, painting, and garden architecture. It seeks to understand artistic form in relation to technology, political and religious beliefs, and social and historical contexts, with focus on the role of the state or individuals as patrons of the arts. It also introduces the major philosophic and religious traditions–Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism–that have shaped cultural and aesthetic ideals, Chinese art theories, and the writings of leading scholars.

ARTH 380 - (3) (IR)
African Art
Studies Africa’s chief forms of visual art from prehistoric times to the present.

ARTH 385 - (3) (IR)
Women in American Art
Analyzes the roles played by women both as visual artists and as the subjects of representation in American art from the colonial period to the present. Explores the changing cultural context and institutions that support or inhibit women’s artistic activity and help to shape their public presentation. Some background in either art history or women’s studies is desirable.

ARTH 390 - (4) (E)
New York School
The New York School focuses on the background, development, and dissemination of abstract expressionism, beginning with an examination of the place and politics of the artist in America in the depression era. The slide lectures and required readings examine the social and intellectual groundings of the subjects of abstract painting in the 1940s and the development of an international art scene in New York in the 1950s.

ARTH 401 - (4) (Y)
Art History: Theory and Practice
Prerequisite: Major or minor in art history.
This course introduces art history majors to the basic tools and methods of art historical research, and to the theoretical and historical questions of art historical interpretation. The course will survey a number of current approaches to the explanation and interpretation of works of art, and briefly address the history of art history.

ARTH 491 - (3) (S)
Undergraduate Seminar in the History of Art
Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Subject varies with the instructor, who may decide to focus attention either on a particular period, artist, or theme, or on the broader question of the aims and methods of art history. Subject is announced prior to each registration period. Representative subjects include the life and art of Pompeii, Roman painting and mosaics, history and connoisseurship of baroque prints, art and politics in revolutionary Europe, Picasso and painting, and problems in American art and culture.

ARTH 497, 498 - (6) (S)
Undergraduate Thesis
A thesis of approximately 50 written pages is researched and written during the fall and spring semesters by art history majors in their fourth year who have been accepted into the department’s Distinguished Majors Program.

ARTH 501 - (1) (Y)
Library Methodology in the Visual Arts
Review of printed and computerized research tools in fine arts, including architecture and archeology. Required of all incoming art history graduate students.

ARTH 516 - (3) (IR)
Roman Architecture
Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Surveys Roman architecture in Italy and the Roman Empire from the Republic to Constantine, emphasizing developments in the city of Rome.

ARTH 518 - (3) (IR)
Roman Imperial Art and Architecture I
Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Studies Roman sculpture, painting, architecture and minor arts from Augustus to Trajan.

ARTH 519 - (3) (IR)
Roman Imperial Art and Architecture II
Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Studies Roman sculpture, mosaics, architecture and minor arts from Trajan to Constantine.

ARTH 522 - (3) (IR)
Byzantine Art
Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Studies the art of Byzantium and its cultural dependencies from its roots in the late Antique period to the last flowering under the Palaeologan dynasty.

ARTH 533 - (3) (IR)
Italian Fifteenth Century Painting I
Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Studies the major and minor masters of the Quattrocento in Florence, Siena, Central Italy, Venice, and North Italy.

ARTH 536 - (3) (IR)
Italian Sixteenth-Century Painting
Studies the High Renaissance, Mannerism, the Maniera, and related movements in Cinquecento painting.

ARTH 537 - (3) (IR)
Italian Renaissance Sculpture I
Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Studies the major developments in Italian sculpture from the late Dugento through the early Quattrocento.

ARTH 547 - (3) (IR)
Dutch Painting in the Golden Age
Surveys the major artists and schools of the United Provinces from about 1580-1680, including Rembrandt, Frans Hals, Vermeer, and Jacob van Ruisdael, seen in the context of Dutch culture and history. Emphasizes the iconographic method of interpreting daily-life genre and landscape, the role of theory in Dutch art, and the character of Dutch realism.

ARTH 558 - (3) (IR)
Approaches to American Art
Introduces historiography and methodology of American art history from earliest discussions to the present, through an analysis of one particular mode (e.g., portraiture, landscape, genre) over time.

ARTH 559 - (3) (IR)
Representations of Race in American Art
Examines the depiction of Asian, Blacks, Indians, and Latinos in American art from colonial times to the present, in order to identify and describe some of the ways in which visual images have functioned in the construction and reinforcement of racial mythologies.

ARTH 567 - (3) (IR)
Text and Image in Chinese Buddhist Art
Examines the relationship between text and image in Chinese Mahayana Buddhist art through the analysis of a number of important Buddhist texts and the visual representations associated with these texts. Explores interpretive theories such as narrative and ritual. Considers the roles of patrons, the clergy, and artists as mediating agents in the process of translating ideas into visual expressions.

ARTH 580 - (3) (IR)
African Art
Surveys Africa’s chief forms of visual art from prehistoric times to the present.

ARTH 590 - (3) (Y)
Museum Studies
Prerequisite: 9-12 credits in art history or instructor permission.
A lecture course on the nature of public art collections, how they have been formed, and the role they play in society. Examines the concept of connoisseurship and its role in collecting art for museums.

ARTH 591, 592 - (3) (S)
Advanced Readings in the History of Art

Studio Art

ARTS 161 - (3) (S)
Introduction to Drawing I
Introduces the materials and techniques of drawing, provides training in the coordination of hand and eye, and encourages development of visual analysis. Emphasizes understanding form, space, light and composition.

ARTS 162 - (3) (S)
Introduction to Drawing II
Prerequisite: ARTS 161.
Continuation of ARTS 161 with projects emphasizing on drawing skills and analytical thinking. The majority of assignments will be concept-based to encourage students to develop individual visual language.

ARTS 207 - (3) (S)
Dance/Movement Composition as Art
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.
Analysis of aesthetic valuing and choreographic approaches as they relate and intersect with art, gender, and feminism. The course will investigate staged performances that illuminate women's political issues and male issues through a lens of cultural and historical contexts, and function as an introduction to the fundamentals of movement and dance. It is designed to engage students to inquire about what is art and define how choreography is a statement in a cultural, political, and feminist sense. Cross-listed with SWAG 207.

ARTS 222, 223 - (4) (Y)
Introduction to Digital Art I, II
Prerequisite: ARTS 161, 162.
Project-based introduction to tools and methods of digital media. Serves as a design class examining how the new tools can contribute to the activity of the artist.

ARTS 251, 252 - (4) (Y)
Introduction to Photography I, II
Prerequisite: ARTS 161, 162.
Independent and group exercises exploring still photography as a means of communication and expression. Lab sessions cover necessary technical aspects of the medium, lectures introduce the photographic tradition, and discussions focus on student work. Course content varies from semester to semester. May not be taken on a pass/fail basis.

ARTS 263, 264 - (3) (S)
Life Drawing I, II
Prerequisite: ARTS 161, 162.
Creations of drawings of a living model in various media. Topics include artistic anatomy, figure and portrait drawing.

ARTS 267, 268 - (4) (Y)
Introduction to Printmaking I, II
Prerequisite: ARTS 161, 162.
Introduction to basic black and white etching techniques, basic black and white plate lithography, and techniques of stone lithography. Printmaking professors and course content vary from semester to semester.

ARTS 271, 272 - (4) (Y)
Introduction to Painting I, II
Prerequisite: ARTS 161, 162.
Introduction to basic oil painting techniques and materials emphasizing perception and color. Assignments are designed to assist the student in understanding the creative process and interpreting the environment through a variety of subject matter expressed in painted images. Encourages individual stylistic development.

ARTS 281, 282 - (4) (Y)
Introduction to Sculpture I, II
Prerequisite: ARTS 161, 162.
Investigates the sculptural process through modeling, carving, fabricating and casting. Examines traditional and contemporary concerns of sculpture by analyzing historical examples and work done in class.

ARTS 291, 292 - (4) (Y)
Installation and Performance Art I, II
Prerequisite: For ARTS 291: ARTS 161,162 or permission of the instructor. For ARTS 292: ARTS 161,162,291 or permission of the instructor.
This course introduces new art genres including installation, performance, and video documentation to the student's art practice. Includes contemporary Art History, theory, and the creation of art made with non-traditional materials, methods and formats.

ARTS 296, 297 - (4) (Y)
Introduction to Cinematography I, II
Prerequisite: For ARTS 296: ARTS 161,162 or permission of the instructor. For ARTS 297: ARTS 161,162,296 or permission of the instructor.
The course introduces experimental 16mm film production as a practice of visual art. These courses include technical, historical, and theoretical issues that apply to cinematography and its relationship to the traditional visual arts.

ARTS 322, 323 - (3) (S)
Intermediate Digital Art I, II
Prerequisite: ARTS 222, 223.
Project-based course examining three areas of digital media: designing for paper, three-dimensional modeling, and robotic sculpture.

ARTS 351, 352 - (3) (S)
Intermediate Photography I, II
Prerequisite: ARTS 251, 252.
Requirements: Basic black and white lab techniques. Creative camera work with 35mm and larger-format cameras. Students who need review in lab techniques should take the introductory course.

ARTS 367, 368 - (3) (S)
Intermediate Printmaking I, II
Prerequisite: ARTS 267, 268.
Includes relief printing, advanced lithography techniques, including color lithography, color etching, monotypes, and further development of black and white imagery. Printmaking professors and course content vary from semester to semester.

ARTS 371, 372 - (3) (S)
Intermediate Painting I, II
Prerequisite: ARTS 271, 272.
Exploration of contemporary painting materials, techniques, and concepts, as well as a continuation of basic oil painting processes. Assignments are designed to assist the student in developing their perceptions and imagination and translating them into painted images. Direction is given to the formation of personal original painting styles.

ARTS 381, 382 - (3) (S)
Prerequisite: ARTS 281, 282.
Continuation of ARTS 281, 282 with greater emphasis on the special problems of the sculptural discipline.

ARTS 397, 398 - (3) (Y)
Intermediate Cinematography I, II
Prerequisite: ARTS 161, 162, 297, 298 or instructor permission.
Course continues the practice of 16mm experimental film production with an increased emphasis on audio and digital video motion picture making. Student will complete assignments based on genres of experimental film making such as expressionism, naturalism, and realism.

ARTS 407 - (1-4) (Y)
Advanced Project in Art
Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
Investigation and development of a consistent idea or theme in painting, sculpture, or the graphic arts. May be taken more than once under the same course number(s) by students who are sufficiently advanced in studio work. This course is not intended to be used for major credit.

ARTS 422, 423 - (3) (S)
Advanced Digital Art I, II
Creation of individual and group projects using digital tools. Projects are intended to enhance traditional disciplines or extend the study of new technology for the artist.

ARTS 451, 452 - (3) (Y)
Distinguished Major Project
Prerequisite: Admission to the Distinguished Major Program.
Intensive independent work using either sculpture, photography, printmaking, cinematography, or painting as the primary medium, culminating in a coherent body of work under direction of a faculty member.

ARTS 453, 454 - (3) (S)
Advanced Photography I, II
Prerequisite: ARTS 351 or 352.
Study of the advanced problems of making a structured body of photographic work. Emphasizes new solutions to new problems in this mode.

ARTS 467, 468 - (3) (S)
Advanced Problems in Printmaking
Prerequisite: ARTS 367 or 368.
Designed for students who have completed two or more semesters of study of a specific printmaking technique (woodcut, etching, or lithography) and wish to continue their exploration of that technique.

ARTS 471, 472 - (3) (S)
Advanced Painting I, II
Prerequisite: ARTS 371 or 372.
The capstone of a three year study in painting. Continues the investigation of oil painting as an expressive medium and stresses the development of students’ ability to conceive and execute a series of thematically related paintings over the course of the semester. Painting professors and course content vary from semester to semester.

ARTS 481, 482 - (3) (S)
Advanced Sculpture I, II
Prerequisite: ARTS 381 or 382.
Continuation of the sculpture sequence with greater emphasis on developing a student’s individual voice. Advanced projects in moldmaking, metal casting, and non-traditional sculpture materials are assigned. The creation of a sculptural installation is also assigned. Sculpture professors and course content vary from semester to semester.

ARTS 497, 498 - (3) (Y)
Advanced Cinematography I, II
Prerequisite: ARTS 161, 162, 297, 298, 397, 398 or instructor permission.
Course continues the practice of 16mm film or digital video experimental production with an emphasis on a completed piece for public screenings or exhibitions.

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