J.D.-M.S. (ACCOUNTING) PROGRAM
Persons admitted to the School of Law can earn both the J.D. and M.S. in Accounting degrees. Individuals must apply for admission to the McIntire School of Commerce in the usual manner. Commerce studies usually begin after one year in the School of Law. Students must meet all of the requirements specified by the respective schools. A student may receive up to 12 of the 86 credits required for the J.D. degree by successful completion of graduate level work in the Department of Commerce. Similarly, a student may receive up to six of the 30 credits required for the M.S. degree for successful completion of coursework in the School of Law. Law students completing the M.S. program also have the option of writing a thesis for six credits, reducing the coursework requirement to 24 credits, six in the School of Law and 18 in Commerce. The Law School faculty advisor for this program is Professor Thomas R. White, III.
Prerequisites Students must meet all prerequisite requirements
for courses they wish to enroll in or have a signed Prerequisite Waiver form
on file in the Student Records Office.
Attendance Regular attendance is part of each students
required work in courses and seminars. Regular attendance is defined as attending
a minimum of eighty percent of class sessions. Each instructor, however, has
authority to determine a higher standard of "regular attendance" for
his or her courses and seminars. The failure of a student to attend regularly
may be taken into account by the instructor in any manner for grading purposes.
If, in consultation with the instructor, it is determined that the students
absence from class is excessive and unwarranted, then the student (a) shall
not be permitted to complete the work for the course, (b) shall not receive
any academic credit for work performed in the course, and (c) shall receive
the grade of "WF" (Withdrawn Failing). If a student is frequently
absent from classes in general, the assistant dean for academic services may
deny residence status for that semester, or may require withdrawal from the
Change of Courses Students may add and drop courses
at will during the add/drop period. Once the add/drop period ends, except for
good cause such as sickness or other circumstances beyond a students control,
students will be expected to complete the requirements for all courses in which
they are enrolled. Students must petition the assistant dean for academic services
for permission to drop a course after the official add/drop deadline. Absolutely
no drops will be permitted from short courses, full courses or seminars after
the add/drop period has ended.
Credit for Courses at Other Law Schools Except in the
case of transfer students, University of Virginia law students may not transfer
credit for law courses taken at other law schools unless advance approval is
obtained. Students will be granted credit for course work completed at the other
law school with a grade of D (or its equivalent) or better that does not duplicate
course work already completed at Virginia. Students who have received an F grade
in a course at Virginia will not be allowed to transfer credit for that course
from another law school. No summer abroad program will be approved, including
those sponsored by ABA-approved law schools.
Credit for Courses Taken Before Enrollment as a J.D. Candidate
No credit is granted to any student, except transfer students, for any academic
work completed prior to enrollment as a J.D. candidate, including law courses
in the Law School and graduate courses in schools and departments at the University
of Virginia with which the Law School maintains combined degree programs.
Credit for Graduate Courses at the University Second-
and third-year law students may supplement their law school curriculum with
courses from other schools and departments of the University. To qualify for
credit toward the J.D. degree, the course must be graduate level, non-language,
directly relevant to the students intellectual development in the study
of law, and must not be graded on a pass/fail basis. With the approval of the
assistant dean for academic services, students may apply up to six non-law credits
toward the J.D. degree. Additional credits may be allowed in certain instances.
Examination and Paper Extensions Students are expected
to complete final examinations and submit papers in accordance with published
schedules and deadlines. All examination date changes and paper deadline extensions
must be authorized in advance by the assistant dean for academic services or
the assistant dean for student affairs. Failure to complete examinations when
scheduled or submit papers when due, will result in a grade of F for the course,
seminar, or research project.
Limited Employment While in Residence Students may not engage in employment in excess of what is compatible with a full-time commitment to the study of law. No full-time student may be employed for more than 20 hours per week. When a student is self-employed or works at other than an hourly wage, the assistant dean for academic services shall decide whether a course of employment is excessive. Such a course may be excessive even if the person works fewer than 20 hours per week. The test is one of compatibility with a full-time commitment to the study of law. In making this determination, the assistant dean may consider the responsibilities of the employment, the rate of pay, the extent to which the student has control over the obligations attached to and the timing of participation in his or her employment, and other factors relating to the burden likely to arise from the employment that may conflict with legal study. Failure to observe this regulation will result in loss of residency status for the semester in which the student is in violation of this policy.
Candidates for the J.D. degree must satisfy two conditions during each academic year of enrollment; they must earn and maintain a minimum grade point average of C+ (2.3) and accumulate fewer than three exclusion points. A grade of D carries one exclusion point and a grade of F carries two exclusion points. Students who are academically deficient are excluded from the Law School immediately following the end of the academic year. Excluded students may petition the Academic Review Committee for readmission; however, readmission is granted only in exceptional cases.
Minimum/Maximum Course Load (Second- and Third-year Students)
All second- and third-year students must enroll in at least 12 credits (excluding audits) and are strongly advised not to enroll in more than 16 credits (including courses audited in the Law School or courses taken for credit or audited in another school or department) each semester. Any student who wishes to enroll in more than 16 credits must petition the assistant dean for academic services prior to the end of the Add/Drop period of the semester for which credit is desired. This includes students pursuing a combined degree. Such a petition is routinely granted once it is shown that there is good cause for the overload and that the student has a sufficiently strong academic record to support the overload. Under no circumstances will a student be permitted to enroll in more than 21 credits. Students wishing to enroll in fewer than 12 credits must petition the assistant dean for student affairs; such petitions are granted only for illness or other circumstances beyond the student's control.
Minimum/Maximum Course Load (First-Year Students) All first-year students must enroll in the required fall curriculum of five courses for 16 credits. In the spring semester, first-year students must enroll in required and elective courses totaling at least 14, but no more than 16, credits. First-year students are not allowed to enroll in more than 16 credits per semester or to enroll in non-law courses under any circumstances.
Required Withdrawal The School of Law reserves the right
to require the withdrawal of any student who, in the opinion of the faculty,
is not profiting or is not likely to profit by the instruction offered, whose
grades are unsatisfactory, whose neglect or irregular performance of required
duties indicates indifference, or whose character and habits are inconsistent
with the good order of the School of Law or with the standards of the legal
profession. The faculty has delegated the authority to make such determinations
to the Committee on Academic and Professional Misconduct, appointed by the Dean
of the School of Law. The actions of that committee may be reviewed by the Dean
but will be reviewed by the full faculty only when the Dean recommends.
Voluntary Withdrawal and Leave of Absence Students who
wish to withdraw voluntarily from the School of Law must comply with a procedure
initiated by the assistant dean for student affairs in order to maintain their
good standing. Students choosing to withdraw must do so prior to the beginning
of the examination period for that semester. A withdrawal notation and withdrawal
date will be recorded on students permanent academic transcripts. Students
who do not follow the proper withdrawal procedure will be assigned F grades
in their courses.
Students who wish to take a leave of absence from the School
of Law must submit a written request to the assistant dean for student affairs
prior to the semester or academic year for which the leave is requested. Such
requests are routinely granted to students in good standing who have completed
one semester of law school. A student is usually granted only one leave of absence.