Graduate School of Architecture: Courses


Architectural Studios

ARCH 501, 502 - (3) (SS)
Architectural Design
Introduction to the land, building and history of the discipline of architecture.

ARCH 601, 602 - (6) (Y)
Architectural Design
Introductory design problems in architecture for Path A students. Emphasis on developing a systematic approach to problem solving on the land and in the city through experience with a constructional kit of parts. The development of an awareness of the role of architectural theory and history in the design process. Faculty review of all work in ARCH 601-602 to determine progress and potential of each student.

ARCH 701, 702 - (6) (Y)
Architectural Design
Intermediate level design problems with emphasis on analysis and synthesis of complex contextual, cultural and constructional issues.

ARCH 801, 802 - (6) (Y)
Architectural Design
Comprehensive design studies of selected architectural problems through extensive site analysis and strategic constructional rigor.

Option Studios:
ARCH 570 Venice Studio
ARCH 881 Preservation Studio
ARCH 885, 886 Urbanism Studio
ARCH 898 Thesis Studio

Technical courses

ARCH 503 - (3) (IR-SS)
Materials and Design
A technical elective taught during the summer, open to all graduate students and undergraduates entering their last two years. Consists of a one and a half hour lecture four days a week, followed by group or individual meetings with the instructor. Lectures deal with historical examples from Modernism that in some way explore the nature of a certain material. Emphasis is not only on the technical and visual qualities of these material, but on the architect's and theoretician's conception of material and its role in architecture.

ARCH 523 - (3) (Y)
Building Systems
A seminar course in which basic constructional systems are discussed and illustrated. Major emphasis is on the student's own freehand drawing investigation from working drawings, published material, and field trips.

ARCH 524 - (4) (Y)
Introduction to Structural Design
Starts from basic concepts of physics and materials, and builds on that material to cover the design and behavior of basic types of spanning structures, such as beams, trusses, cables, arches, and frames. Vertical support systems such as columns and walls are also included. A key goal is to study the interaction of structural and architectural design.

ARCH 525 - (4) (Y)
Environmental Controls, Building Services and Lighting Design
Study of the fundamental principles applied to the design of the thermal and luminous environments, as well as the plumbing/drainage and electrical systems. A studio project is selected for additional analysis and design development focusing on the energy conscious building envelope, mechanical systems selection, natural and artificial lighting schemes, and the building services layout.

ARCH 526 - (3) (Y)
Advanced Structural Analysis
Examines computer-based structural analysis as a design tool, reviewing the underlying theory in order to understand the limitations of computer analysis. Manual methods suitable for approximating the behavior of large systems are reviewed, as well as case studies of historic and current structures.

ARCH 527 - (3) (Y)
Energy Systems
Investigation and comparative analysis of energy consumption patterns before and after energy conserving retrofits were implemented in existing buildings. Current and future development trends in energy conservation technologies. Emphasis is on passive solar analysis and design methodology followed by an application to a studio problem.

ARCH 528 - (3) (Y)
Lighting Design
Development of knowledge and skills in lighting design through the study of exemplary buildings, design exercises, case studies and analyses of lighting conditions. The intention is to understand both quantitative and qualitative lighting design issues and their synthesis through design.

ARCH 533 - (3) (IR)
Construction Materials
A study of the principal materials used in building construction through text, lecture slides, video and visits to production facilities and construction sites. Emphasis on selection, suitability, cost availability, erection or installation of various materials.

ARCH 534 - (3) (Y)
Construction and Management
Provides future architects, engineers, lawyers and developers with an overall understanding of the construction process for commercial, industrial and institutional type projects. Begins with the selection process for architectural services and through the use of a case study follows the project to final completion.

ARCH 535 - (3) (Y)
Design Construction Drawing
Immerses the students in the process of production of construction drawings by asking them to organize and produce a complete set of drawings that embodies and describes the design intent and construction of a given building. Examines alternative construction techniques, develops details, and produces a set of construction drawings which would yield a well-built structure whose design intent is clear.

ARCH 541/542 - (3) (S)
Computer Aided Architectural Design
Explores design worlds that are made accessible through computer based media. Lectures provide a theoretical framework for computer aided design, describe current methods, and speculate on advanced methods. Workshop exercises focus on computer based 3D geometrical modeling, and also include photo-realistic and abstract methods of rendering, materials simulation, texture mapping, reflection mapping, image-processing, color-table manipulation, photo-montage, lighting, animation, and combined media applications.

ARCH 544 (2) (SS)
Introduction to Computers and Design
Application of geometrical modeling to design problem solving using an array of solid modeling, geometrical modeling, rendering and image processing tools.

ARCH 545 - (3) (Y)
Architectural Simulation
Explores the simulation of architecture, urban design and environmental design through movie making. Examines parallels between the treatment of motion in design. Parallels include how movie makers and designers may treat the space-time continuum, three dimensional depth, movement, change over time, lighting and montage. Further examines movie making as a medium for design exploration, for architectural aesthetic expression, and for undertaking a critical analysis of design.

ARCH 548 - (3) (Y)
Computables of Architectural Design
Prerequisite: ARCH 541
A seminar on the computability of design methods. Instructions, exercises and examples of coding in a programming language (LISP) are covered. Students develop a case study in design methods that extends a CAD system as the basis for a computational project. It is not assumed that students know any programming. The pace of the subject is individually adapted for any student who has previous experience.

ARCH 721 - (3) (Y)
Structural Design for Lateral Loads
Examines wind and earthquake loads in structural design, reviewing the vocabulary of lateral resisting systems, and the basic dynamic theories which underlie building code requirements. Recent developments in research and practice are covered. Student projects include reviewing and presenting literature concerning lateral load research and design.

ARCH 823 - (5) (Y)
Projects in Technology
Consists of two one and one half hour lectures each week and a group or individual meeting either with the instructor or with a specialist in the technical faculty. Half of the lectures deal with the problem assignment directly, i.e., curtain wall or roof types, selection of a structural system, placement of mechanical equipment. Other lectures deal with these subjects from a conceptual and historical perspective.

ARCH 848 - (3) (Y)
Professional Practice
Introduces the primary issues involved in the practice of architecture, e.g., professional ethics, business practices, project process and management, personnel management, management of the process of producing a building and the methods available to do so.

Architectural Theory

ARCH 538 - (3) (Y)
Construction and Modernism
The general objective is a broad discussion of the role of construction in design, with particular emphasis on industrialization and its impact on architecture in this century. There is a particular emphasis on the ideals and the reality of industrialization and mass production, and the ways in which it has and does affect architectural form, both in a direct constructional way and in a conceptual and imaginative way.

ARCH 553 - (3) (Y)
Architectural Theory and Analysis
Architecture has traditionally been seen as a pragmatic act of construction and the expression of values of a given culture. It has continually operated in a realm between objective fact and subjective fiction. Explores current issues and theories as well as the work of individual architects as they relate to problems of abstraction and representation, fact and fiction.

ARCH 559 (3) (Y)
City Design
Introduces the issues of contemporary city design. Examines methods of analyzing urban form, large scale organizational concepts, aesthetic opportunities, and methods of implementation that may be used to shape the sensuous qualities of our cities. Recognizing that social, economic, and environmental issues often determine city design, the course emphasizes the design opportunities inherent in these concerns. The intent is to understand what we have done to improve what we will do.

ARCH 560 - (3) (Y)
Urban Design and Planning
Why do our cities look the way they do? Why are they and the unending suburbs that surround them often crude and ugly expanses we avoid rather than search out? More importantly, what can we, as architects, do to change this? How can we make contemporary cities provocative and engaging places? Course addresses these questions.

ARCH 561 - (3) (Y)
Theory of Constructivism
Provides a survey of the history and theory of the architectural movement termed "Russian Constructivism". Beginning with pre-revolutionary Russia the early Russian modernists who influenced the later avant garde are examined. Students will comprehend the forces that initiated and fueled one of the most influential architectural movements in history.

ARCH 563 - (2) (Y)
Design of Cities
Cities are physical artifacts which are experienced psychologically and socially. Course investigates the theories surrounding these processes so as to reach an understanding of humanistic urban design intentions. Experiential realities are explored through case studies, readings, and mapping exercises.

ARCH 568 - (3) (Y)
Contemporary Theories
Readings and lectures cover the period from 1966 to the present, tracing the development of postmodernism, post-structuralism and other current movements in architecture. Reference is made to other disciplines, the influence of criticism, the role of the media, and distinctions between theory, criticism, and style.

ARCH 750 - (3) (Y)
Problems of Knowledge
A critical presentation of some of the major epistemological themes in Western culture as they have informed architectural thought. Provides a basis for architectural action by understanding the relationships between philosophy, history, architectural theory and architecture itself.

Historic Preservation

ARCH 510 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to Preservation
Part of the "core courses" of the Preservation Certificate Program, and it is mandatory to all students seeking the Preservation Certificate. Focuses on critical inquiry into the origins and the evolution of Preservation, its history and effects in the U.S. and in the world, and the various cultural elements that sprang the quasi- lethargic preservation movement into a major public and private cultural concern.

ARCH 512 - (3) (Y)
Architectural Surveys
Identification of the location of early roadways in Albemarle County has defined a context area that provides clues to the documentation of the material culture or architectural pattern (e.g., plantation houses, barns and outbuildings, taverns, mills, churches, schools, stores, depots) associated with it through time.

ARCH 513 - (4) (Y)
Measured Drawings
Prerequisites: ARCH 201/202 or 501/502
Graphic recording techniques as employed by the Historic American Buildings Survey along with archival research.

ARCH 515 - (3) (Y)
Engineering Aspects of Preservation
Principles of inspection, diagnosis, and treatment of older buildings from an engineering perspective. Emphasis is placed upon materials and structural behavior of masonry, concrete, wood and metals. Lectures and field work.

ARCH 516 - (4) (Y)
Preservation of Jeffersonian Architecture
In conjunction with the current restoration work on Thomas Jefferson's Academical Village, a hands-on study of the buildings and their care is conducted by the University's Architect for the Historic Buildings. In seminar format students examine the 170-year life span of the site, followed by intensive site investigation conducted in workshop laboratory format. Site visits to five comparable preservation projects also occur.

ARCH 517 - (3) (Y)
Regional Architecture
Examines regional Virginia architecture through slide lectures and field trips. Emphasis on stylistic and technical feature.s. Serves as an over view of Virginia architecture while concentrating in detail on the Piedmont region.

ARCH 519 - (3) (Y)
History of Building Technology
Seminar traces changes that have occurred through time in the making of buildings, and relates those changes to advances in tools, materials and processes that throughout history have made new architectural ideas possible. Surveys major technical ideas in building from prehistory to the 20th century, concentrating on traditional building materials: timber, stone, brick, and iron.

ARCH 522 - (3) (Y)
Victorian Technology
A survey of the dramatic changes in building, transportation, and communications technology that occurred in America between 1870 and 1920. Developments such as steel, reinforced concrete, electricity, telephones, etc., directly affected building design and construction.

ARCH 536 - (3) (Y)
Performance of Building Materials
Study of the performance of materials as influenced by their properties and the environment. Topics covered include the following: characterization of materials as elements, compounds, and minerals; mechanical properties of materials; physical properties of materials; moisture movement in materials; characteristics and performance of wood, masonry, concrete, metals, reinforced concrete and glass.

ARCH 711 - (3) (Y)
Industrial Revolution Seminar
An examination of technological history in general and building technology history in particular emphasizing the forces set in motion during the 18th and 19th centuries by the Industrial Revolution.

ARCH 713 - (3) (SI)
Selected Topics in Preservation
Lecture and seminar as arranged.

ARCH 714 - (3) (SI)
Independent Studies in Preservation
Advanced work on independent research topics by individual students. Departmental approval of the topics is required.

ARCH 881 - (6) (Y)
Preservation or Adaptive Use Studio
Design studies of selected preservation or adaptive use issues. Required studio for Preservation Option candidates.


ARCH 505 - (2) (SS)
Architectural Graphics
Descriptive geometry, perspective, and presentation techniques used in architecture. Required for Path A graduate students.

ARCH 507 - (3) (Y)
Architectural Graphics
Explores the basic communication techniques used in the field of environmental design.

ARCH 509 - (3) (Y)
Presentation and Intention
It is not sufficient merely to comprehend the basic technical skills required in the presentation of a theoretical architectural edifice. Beyond the base concerns such as perspective, shade, shadow, light, dark, reflection, etc., one must also take into consideration intention. It is essential that there is a relationship between the ideas supporting the project and the illustrations presenting it. This connection is of principle concern, and one that is explored and exploited in this class.

ARCH 532 (3) (Y)
Analysis of Modern Houses
Investigates important modern houses from 1900 to the present time. Involves the analysis of their architectural character and principles as well as derivation and influence. Among those selected for study are works by Wright, LeCorbusier, Rietveld, Schindler, Kahn, Botta and Ando.

ARCH 566/567 - (3) (Y)
The photographic image is used as a means of discussing and exploring the relationship between ideas and representation. This exploration begins with an analysis and presentation of compositional and thematic issues in the work of significant photographs throughout history. Issues of technique such as film and paper exposure, processing and printing are developed as a means of clarifying the photographic idea.

ARCH 570 - (6) (Y)
Architectural Design-Venice
Studio problems focusing on issues in the city of Venice, Italy Program.

ARCH 572 - (6) (Y)
Italian Townscape and Art
Study of architectural issues, selected towns and the arts in Northern Italy.

ARCH 574 - (3) (Y)
Independent Study
Study of selected topics related to coursework in Venice.

ARCH 578 - (0) (Y)
Programs Abroad Seminar
Orientation for Architecture School programs in England and Italy.

ARCH 581/582 - (3) (Y)
Architectural Crafts
Provides students with the opportunity to apply design process and theory to the design and construction of furniture. Jointing, finishing, and construction techniques are investigated. No prior experience with tools is required.

ARCH 584 - (3) (SS)
Independent Study
Special written topics chosen by students for investigation. Vicenza program.

ARCH 588 - (3) (Y)
Great Cities of the World
What are the qualities of great cities? Why are they compelling places today, often centuries after their formative periods? What qualities are unique to each and what are common to all? Are these qualities relevant today as we design and plan contemporary cities? How are they as environments in which to live, work, grow up, and seek pleasure? What design strategies have been employed to shape neighborhoods, civic spaces, and movement routes? These are some of the questions addressed in this seminar.

ARCH 589 - (4) (SI)
Environmental Choices
This is a multi-disciplinary, basic environmental education course which attempts to expose the many dimensioned and deeply rooted nature of our environmental dilemma. Students attend three hours of lecture per week contributed by a wide range of speakers representing various disciplines and points of view, and one hour of small group discussion.

ARCH 870 - (2) (IR)
Teaching Experience
Permission of the Chair required.

ARCH 871, 872 - (3) (Y)
Independent Study
Special topics in architecture. Permission of Chair required.

ARCH 873, 874 - (2) (Y)
Independent Study
Permission of the Chair required.

ARCH 882, 882B - (4) (Y)
Environmental Choices Teaching Experience
Offers experience with teaching, with developing leadership skills in environmental affairs, and further contact with the content of the Environmental Choices class. It is the vehicle through which discussion group leaders are provided for Environmental Choices.

ARCH 883, 884 - (6) (Y)
Independent Study Design
Permission of the Chair required.

ARCH 889 - (3) (Y)
Architecture As a Covenant Teaching Experience
Offers experience with teaching and in depth contact with the content of the Architecture as a Covenant class. It is the vehicle through which discussion group leaders are provided for this class.

ARCH 897 - (3) (Y)
Thesis Research
Permission of the Chair required.

ARCH 898 - (6) (Y)
Thesis Studio
Permission of the Chair required.

Landscape Architecture

L AR 501, 502 - (3) (SS)
Introduction to Landscape Architecture Design
Prerequisite: Admission to graduate degree program in Landscape Architecture
Analytical design studies focusing on primary principles and theory of Landscape Architecture. For students without previous professional design degree in architecture or landscape architecture.

L AR 503 - (2) (SS)
Landscape Architectural Graphics
Techniques of drawing, with emphasis on free-hand sketching. Required of students entering the graduate landscape architecture program.

L AR 508 - (4) (Y)
Plants and Environment
Study of plant types and characteristics in natural and designed environments. Emphasizes field identification and ecological associations.

L AR 509 - (3) (Y)
Landscape Architectural Graphics
Study of the fundamentals of both technical and artistic drawing. Includes techniques of drafting, lettering, perspective and orthographic projection, shadow casting and reflection drawing. Freehand sketching and rendering techniques are included.

L AR 510 - (3) (Y)
Landscape Architectural Graphics
Study of the fundamentals of technical and artistic drawing, with particular attention to rending techniques in various color media (watercolor, pastel, color pencils).

L AR 512 - (3) (Y)
History of Landscape Architecture
Examines landscape architecture as an expression of cultural values. Rather than attempt a broad survey of numerous works of a period, the lectures concentrate on a few prototypical examples. Particular emphasis is given to Ancient Egypt, 16th Century Italy, 17th Century France, 18th Century Britain, 19th Century America, and 17th Century Japan. The comparative case study approach is complemented by primary and secondary source readings.

L AR 513 - (3) (Y)
History of American Landscape Architecture
A study of the development of American landscape architecture from the seventeenth century to the present, with emphasis on seminal figures in the profession-Jefferson, Downing, Olmsted, Platt, and selected contemporary designers.

L AR 514 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to Theories of Modern Landscape Architecture
Interprets modern built landscapes as cultural products-with their own materials, codes and concerns-and, at the same time, underscores landscape architecture theory's interlocking relationship with changing societal constructions of nature, environmentalism and the city. The mode of inquiry focuses on exemplary built works of landscape architecture and their impact on, and debt to, specific design treatises or manifestoes as well as broader cultural and theoretical practices.

L AR 517 - (3) (Y)
Site Planning
A technical course teaching the fundamental language and principles of site planning and site engineering. A series of lectures and exercises introduces basic grading, drainage and landscape development principles leading to their application to a land planning proposal which resolves a program for development with an interpretation of the environmental limitations of the land.

L AR 520 - (2) (IR)
Theory Seminar
Readings and discussions of landscape interpretation with particular emphasis on methods of design criticism and landscape analysis.

L AR 521 - (3) (IR)
Seminar in Landscape Art
Readings and discussions of the evolution of environmental art and land sculpture as it relates to landscape architecture.

L AR 522 - (3) (IR)
The Moral Landscape
Readings and discussions on landscape as a cultural construct. Examines how nationalistic, religious, political, scientific, economic, and ecological values are attributed to landscape.

L AR 525 - (4) (Y)
Grading and Drainage
Prerequisite: L AR 535
Includes site design, layout plan, grading plan, and drainage calculations for a specific project.

L AR 527 - (3) (Y)
Idea, Symbol and Form
The premise of this seminar is that ideas directly influence the way people build in the landscape; that a particular ideological/philosophical/religious point of view leads to works of landscape architecture that are formally and symbolically expressive of those ideas. An iconography of landscape architecture is explored through a series of case studies representing different cultural traditions and aesthetic movements.

L AR 535 - (4) (Y)
Introduction to Sites
An inquiry into the natural structure and systems of sites and how they inform design forms and processes.

L AR 601 - (6) (Y)
Landscape Architecture Design I
A series of analysis, research and introductory design projects which focus on understanding fundamental design compositional principles and developing a more systematic, drawing based approach to solving design problems. Particular emphasis is given to understanding the roles of history and theory in contemporary landscape architectural design.

L AR 602 - (6) (Y)
Landscape Architecture Design II
Prerequisite: L AR 601
Continued study in the analysis and application of fundamental design principles with special emphasis on site planning and designing with landforms.

L AR 701 - (6) (Y)
Landscape Architecture Design III
Prerequisites: L AR 601, 602
Application of design strategies to urban projects of a site-planning and site-design type at the intermediate level. Emphasis on practical application of design theory, design principles, and technical methods.

L AR 702 - (6) (Y)
Landscape Architecture Design IV
Prerequisites: L AR 601, 602, 701
Application of design strategies to the design and planning of towns. The scale of concerns range from the street, block and garden to the region. Field trips to significant towns, both historic and contemporary, introduce comparable case studies.

L AR 705 - (3) (Y)
Plants and Design
Prerequisites: LAR 508
Study of the principles and theory of planting design with emphasis on recognizing various historical and contemporary attitudes toward the aesthetics of designing with plants.

L AR 713 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to landscape construction materials and fundamental methods for construction in masonry, retaining wall design, pavements, wood structures, etc.

L AR 714 - (4) (Y)
Site Engineering
Exploration of site engineering issues relevant to landscape architecture including hydrology, pond design, storm water management, site geometry, principles of statics and mechanics as related to landscape structures, and computer applications in site engineering.

L AR 721 - (3) (Y)
Ecological Design
Lectures, readings and discussions about the role of ecology in the design of the built environment.

L AR 724 - (3) (Y)
The Urban Landscape
A seminar exploring transformations in the urban landscapes of Europe and America, from the 19th century industrial city to contemporary works.

L AR 725 - (3) (IR)
Topographic Imagination
Readings and discussion about the role of topography and land form in design expression.

L AR 740 - (3) (IR)
Planting Design Theory
Prerequisite: L AR 705
Readings, discussions and design projects exploring theories and techniques of planting design.

L AR 801 - (6) (Y)
Landscape Architecture Design V
Prerequisites: L AR 701, 702
Comprehensive study of applied landscape architecture theory, principles, and methods to problems of urban, rural or suburban environments and communities.

L AR 804 - (3) (Y)
Professional Practice
Primarily concerned with the pragmatic aspects of the practice of landscape architecture. Also considers the social, cultural and ideological issues that affect the quality of the profession as it is practiced. Topics include: the professional's relationship to the client and society, legal aspects, project management, the professional's moral and aesthetic values, business aspects of the profession.

L AR 807, 808 - (3) (IR)
Historic Sites
Study of methods and techniques of identifying, measuring, documenting, and reporting historic sites, including field work on actual historic sites.

L AR 811 - (1-3) (Y)
Special Study in Landscape Architecture
Advanced work on independent research topics by individual students in consultation with a faculty advisor. Recommended as a preparation for L AR 812.

L AR 812 - (9) (Y)
Independent Studio
The preparation of a terminal project consisting of rigorous research of a topic of limited scope under the supervision of a faculty advisor. Independent study may be pursued in one of three ways: (1) individual tutorial study under the supervision of a faculty advisor; (2) participation in an advanced collaborative study taught by division faculty; (3) participation in the Venice Program's collaborative independent studio in preservation. Degree candidates enrolled in the Preservation Option must do their independent study project on a topic relating to preservation.

L AR 821 - (3) (Y)
Research Methods
Introduction to techniques and methodologies for landscape architecture research.

L AR 825 - (4) (Y)
Principles of Road Design
Study of the principles and theories of design for scenic drives, park roads, and parkways including vertical and horizontal alignments, roadside structures, and design requirements.