Department of Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese
Languages and Literatures


Overview   The University of Virginia is recognized as a leading national center for the study of languages and literature. Thomas Jefferson, in his original plan for the University, established a School of Modern Languages for the study of the language, literature, and culture of each five areas: Anglo- Saxon, French, German, Italian, and Spanish. It should come as no surprise that Italian has been taught at the University without interruption since its founding. Students studying in Italian can choose to concentrate on language and linguistics or literature and culture, or some combination of the two. Through systematic analysis, students learn the way language works as well as a means of promoting the successful exchange between people, businesses, and governments.

Faculty   The faculty of the Italian department has a wide range of interests as well as a desire to work closely with students. Since the number of students actually majoring in Italian is relatively small, advanced classes are small, and there is a close-knit environment in which to learn.

The current faculty includes an internationally renowned Dante scholar, who has also made significant contributions to the study of Tasso, Galileo, Verga, Pavese, and 20th-century poetry; the author of a recent book on Dante commentaries in the Renaissance, whose other specialities include Boccaccio, Svevo, Eco, literary criticism, and pedagogym; a scholar whose interests focus on 15th- and 16th century literature, Ariosto, theatre, opera, and the history of the language; and a specialist in 19th- and 20th-century literature who has recently been studying the historical novel.

Students   Enrollment in Italian classes has increased threefold during the past five years to reach the current number of 300 per academic term. Many of the students who major in Italian are double majors; combinations include Italian and Classics, Italian and Spanish, Italian and English, and Italian and Government/Foreign Affairs.

Students who concentrate on Italian Studies have essentially three paths leading to vocational or professional choices: teaching in secondary schools; applying for a great variety of vocational positions; or continuing studies in professional schools or in a graduate program.

Numerous Italian graduates will find employment in school systems. The teaching of Italian in high schools has vastly increased over the past decade. The trend is likely to continue, considering the recent sharp upward turn in college enrollments in Italian. College employment prospects for the specialist in Italian language and literature are excellent. Yearly placement statistics consistently show a "full-employment" situation for Italian Ph.D.s. A majority of Italian majors, however, will find employment outside the field of education. Some of the prospective employers are the federal government, international businesses, multinational corporations, press agencies, and the World Bank.

Special Resources   Tavola Italiana: Travola Italiana is a weekly informal get-together of students and faculty for conversation and conviviality. Circolo Italiano: This student-run club has organized film showings, field trips to museum exhibitions in Washington, and volunteer tutoring. Study Abroad: While the department does not sponsor a program of study in Italy, many students spend at least part of their junior year abroad. The faculty aid in the choice of a program and arrange for the transfer of credit.

Requirements for Minor in Italian   18 credits, exclusive of ITAL 101-202, and including: either ITTR 215 or 216; one ITTR course from the range 226-262; ITAL 301 and 302; either ITAL 311 or 312; and one 300- or 400-level course. Substitutions: by agreement with the Italian undergraduate advisor.

Requirements for Major in Italian   Prerequisite for enrolling in the Program: ITAL 202 or equivalent. Course requirements for the B.A. degree in Italian Language and Literature: 27 credits (beyond ITAL 202), including: ITTR 215 or 216; ITAL 301, 302, 311 and 312; two ITAL 300-level and two ITAL 400-level courses. Substitutions by agreement with the Italian undergraduate advisor.

The Distinguished Major in Italian Prerequisites andcurricular requirements are the same as for the Major. In addition, students must have, at graduation, a GPA of 3.5 in all major courses, and must take 3 credits (thus reaching a total of 30) in connection with the senior thesis, to be written in Italian, of a length and nature accepted by the sponsor (selected by the student), and evaluated by a committee of three faculty, including one not a member of the Italian staff.

Distinctions   The Italian Program recognizes outstanding students of Italian through its chapter of Gamma Kappa Alpha, the National Italian Honor Society. Each spring (in April), the Program awards the Lola Pelliccia Prize for the best undergraduate paper written in Italian during the academic year; in each term it awards its Dante Prize for the best essay written in English on Dante's Divine Comedy.

Additional Information   For more information, contact:

Ms. Della Coletta
Assistant Professor of Italian
115 Wilson Hall
Charlottesville, VA 22903
(804) 924-7159


The following courses, given in English, may not be taken to fulfill the language requirement in Italian:

ITTR 215 - (3) (E)
Italian Phonetics

ITTR 216 - (3) (O)
History of the Italian Language

ITTR 226 - (3) (S)
Dante in Translation

ITTR 227 - (3) (IR)
Petrarch in Translation

ITTR 228 - (3) (E)
Boccaccio in Translation

ITTR 230 - (3) (E)
Machiavelli in Translation

ITTR 231 - (3) (IR)
Ariosto in Translation

ITTR 236 - (3) (IR)
Tasso in Translation

ITTR 242 - (3) (IR)
Goldoni and Alfieri in Translation

ITTR 252 - (3) (IR)
Foscolo and Leopardi in Translation

ITTR 255 - (3) (E)
Manzoni in Translation

ITTR 258 - (3) (IR)
Verga in Translation

ITTR 262 - (3) (SI)
The Modern Italian Novel in Translation

The following courses are given in Italian:

ITAL 101 - (4) (S)
Elementary Conversation
Speaking, understanding, reading and writing of Italian. Five class hours and one language laboratory hour. Followed by Italian 102.

ITAL 102 - (4) (S)
Intermediate Conversation
Continuation of Italian 101.

ITAL 201, 202 - (3) (S)
Intermediate Conversation
Prerequisite: ITAL 102 or the equivalent
Grammar, conversation, composition; readings and an introduction to Italian literature.

In Italian, the sequence satisfying the language requirement is: ITAL 101, 102, 201, 202. Advanced standing is determined by an interview with the Italian undergraduate advisor.

The following courses have the prerequisite ITAL 201, 202 or permission of the department:

ITAL 301 - (3) (Y)
Advanced Conversation and Composition I
Idiomatic Italian conversation and composition, anthological readings and discussions in Italian of literary texts from the first four centuries of Italian literature (from the beginnings to Tasso), selective review of the fine points of grammar and syntax, the elements of essay writing in Italian.

ITAL 302 - (3) (Y)
Advanced Conversation and Composition II
Idiomatic Italian conversation and composition, anthological readings and discussions in Italian of literary texts from the past four centuries of Italian literature (from Tasso to the present), selective review of the fine points of grammar and syntax, the elements of essay writing to Italian.

ITAL 311 - (3) (S)
Renaissance Literature
Prerequisite: ITAL 202 or equivalent
Study of selected masterpieces from the 13th to the 16th century. Readings and discussions in Italian. Exercises in essay writing.

ITAL 312 - (3) (S)
Contemporary Literature
Prerequisite: ITAL 202 or equivalent
Study of selected masterpieces from the modern period of Italian literature. Readings and discussions in Italian. Exercises in essay writing.

ITAL 370 - (3) (SI)
Lirica (Italian Lyric Poetry)

ITAL 371 - (3) (SI)
Epica (Italian Epic Poetry)

ITAL 372 - (3) (SI)
Novella (Italian Short Narrative)

ITAL 373 - (3) (E)
Romanzo (Italian Novel)

ITAL 374 - (3) (E)
Teatro (Italian Theater)

ITAL 375 - (3) (SI)
Critica (Italian Literary Criticism)

ITAL 400 - (3) (E)
Methodologia (Stylistics and Methods)

ITAL 410 - (3) (E)
Medioevo (Italian Culture and Literature in the Middle Ages)

ITAL 420 - (3) (SI)
Umanesimo (Italian Culture and Literature in the Humanistic Period)

ITAL 430 - (3) (SI)
Rinascimento (Italian Culture and Literature During theRenaissance)

ITAL 440 - (3) (SI)
Barocco (Italian Culture and Literature During the Baroque Age)

ITAL 445 - (3) (SI)
Illuminismo (Italian Culture and Literature During theEnlightenment)

ITAL 450 - (3) (O)
Romanticismo (Italian Culture and Literature in the Age of Romanticism)

ITAL 460 - (3) (SI)
Novecentismo (Italian Culture and Literature in the Twentieth Century)

ITAL 499 - (1-3) (S)
Independent Study


Requirements for Minor in Portuguese The Portuguese minor consists of eighteen credits beyond PORT 212.


The following course; given in English, may not be taken to fulfill the language requirement:

POTR 427 - (3) (Y)
The Civilization of Brazil
An introduction, with lectures and readings in English, to the development of Brazilian culture from 1500 to the present. No prerequisites. This course, given in English, may not be taken to fulfill the language requirement.

The following courses are given in Portuguese:

PORT 111 - (4) (Y-SS)
Beginning Intensive Portuguese
Speaking, understanding, reading and writing of Portuguese, especially as used in Brazil. Enrollment limited to students with a working knowledge of another modern foreign language or with some previous knowledge of Portuguese. Five class hours and one laboratory hour. Followed by PORT 212.

PORT 212 - (4) (Y-SS)
Intermediate Intensive Portuguese
Prerequisite: PORT 111 or equivalent
Continuing study of Portuguese through readings, vocabulary exercises, oral and written compositions, and grammar review.

PORT 301 - (3) (Y)
Advanced Grammar, Conversation and Composition
Prerequisite: PORT 212 or by permission
Advanced grammar through analysis of texts; extensive practice in composition and topical conversation.

PORT 402 - (3) (E)
Readings in Literature in Portuguese
Prerequisite: PORT 212 or by permission
Readings from the chief periods of Brazilian and Portuguese literature.

PORT 441 - (3) (IR)
Brazilian Literature
Leading figures and movements from Colonial times to 1900.

PORT 442 - (3) (IR)
Brazilian Literature
Leading figures and movements from 1900 to present.

PORT 461, 462 - (3) (SI)
Studies in Luso-Brazilian Language and Literature
Prerequisite: One course at the 300-level or higher, or permission of instructor
Topics in Portuguese or Brazilian literature or in Portuguese linguistics according to the interests and preparation of the students.


Overview   In 1787 Thomas Jefferson wrote: "Spanish. Bestow great attention on this and endeavor to acquire an accurate knowledge of it. Our future connection with Spain and Spanish American will render that language a valuable acquisition." Jefferson's words have never rung more true than they do today.

The major in Spanish is designed to assure that the student receives a background in language/linguistics, literature and culture, or a combination of these areas.

Faculty   The Spanish department is made up of fourteen faculty members who offer expertise in a wide range of areas: Peninsular literature from the medieval to the modern periods; Latin American literature from Colonial times to the present; Portuguese and Brazilian literature; Spanish Cinema; Hispanic Women's writing; Spanish and Latin American Culture; and Hispanic Linguistics. In addition to these specialists, the department regularly invites for a semester a distinguished visiting Professor or Hispanic author (recent visitors have included Isabel Allende, Mempo Giardinelli, Rosa Montero and Antonio Cisneros).

Independent Study with a faculty advisor is available to advanced students who wish to pursue specific areas in depth that are not included in the regular curriculum. All of these courses are taught in Spanish.

Students &nbps; There are currently more than 150 students majoring in Spanish. More than half of these are double majors. The most popular combinations with the Spanish major include Latin American Studies or other languages such as French or Italian. Class sizes vary depending on the level and type of course. Introductory courses have between fifteen and twenty-five students, conversation courses have fifteen students, and more advanced courses normally have no more than twenty-five students. While some Spanish majors become teachers of Spanish, others find the major useful for careers in business, medicine, law, the government, and international agencies.

Special Resources   Study Abroad: A study abroad program to Valencia, Spain is available through the Spanish department and is strongly encouraged. Students may spend a summer term, a semester, or an entire year with a Spanish family, becoming totally immersed in the language and culture.

Requirements for Major in Spanish  The Spanish major consists of a wide variety of language, literature, and culture courses designed to provide the student with a thorough background suitable for various employment or graduate opportunities.

The major in Spanish has three options or tracks from which the student may choose his or her preferred curriculum: the Literature and Culture Option, the Language and Linguistic Option, or the General Option. In order to provide basic skills or knowledge necessary for the three options, certain core courses are common to all three.

A total of 30 credits above Spanish 201, 202, as indicated in the outlines of each option, constitutes a major. (Note: Spanish 301 does not count toward a major. Native and bilingual Spanish speakers may not take conversational courses.) Only grades of C or better will count for the major program.

Course requirements vary according to the option selected, but all Spanish majors must take SPAN 311, 330, a survey of literature course, and 427 or 428.

The department has a Distinguished Majors Program in Spanish for those students who excel and want to graduate with a title of Distinction and High Honors. Several prizes are awarded each year to outstanding students.

Major in Latin-American Studies   For major and minor requirements see section on Latin American Studies.

Requirements for Minor in Spanish   The Spanish minor consists of 18 credits beyond the 202 level. Only grades of C or better will count for the minor program.

Language Requirement The Spanish 101, 102 courses in this department are reserved for students who present no entrance credits in the language. Students who enter with two or more entrance credits and who wish to continue that language will be placed according to scores obtained on College Entrance Examination Board achievement tests in the language. The sequence of courses, depending on the level at which the student begins, is as follows: Spanish 101, 102, 201, 202; or SPAN 106, 201, 202, or SPAN 106, 202; or SPAN 201, 202; SPAN 202. The sequence must be followed to complete the language requirement. Students who place themselves incorrectly will not receive credit.

Additional Information   For more information, contact:

Department of Spanish
115 Wilson Hall
Charlottesville, VA 22903
(804) 924-7159
Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese World Wide Web site
Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese faculty


The following courses are given in Spanish:

SPAN 101, 102 - (4) (S)
Elementary Spanish
For students who have not previously studied Spanish
Development of listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. The goals of SPAN 101 and SPAN 102 are seen in terms of students performing linguistic tasks successfully (greetings, and leave-takings, narrating, describing, giving orders, comparing and contrasting, apologizing, etc.) that allow them to communicate in everyday situations. Five class hours and one laboratory hour. Followed by Spanish 201.

SPAN 106 - (3) (S)
Accelerated Elementary Spanish
Prerequisites: For students with two or more years of high school spanish who have obtained one of the following: 510 or below on the Achievement Examination; 0-25 in the Placement Test; or permission of the department
Development of listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. The goals of SPAN 106 are seen in terms of students performing linguistic tasks successfully (asking and giving information, expressing likes and dislikes, complaining, etc.) that allow them to communicate in everyday situations. Four class hours. Laboratory work is required. Followed by SPAN 201 (based on a grade of A- to D- in SPAN 106; or, SPAN 202 (based on a grade of A and above in SPAN 106).

SPAN 201 - (3) (S)
Intermediate Spanish
Prerequisite: Passing grade in SPAN 102, or a grade of A-to D- in SPAN 106; a score of 520-590 on the Achievement Examination; 26-33 in the Placement Test; or permission of the department
Further development of the listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. The goals of SPAN 201 are seen in terms of students performing linguistic tasks successfully (narrating present, past and future activities, expressing hopes, desires, requests, etc.) that allow them to communicate in everyday situations. Students also read journalistic and literary selections designed for Spanish-speaking audiences. Three class hours. Laboratory work is required. Followed by SPAN 202.

SPAN 202 - (3) (S)
Advanced Intermediate Spanish
Prerequisite: Passing grade in SPAN 201, or a grade of A and above in SPAN 106; achievement test scores of 600-640; placement test scores of 34-45, 4 in the AP Test or permission of the department
Continued development of the language skills. The goals of SPAN 202 are seen in terms of students performing linguistic tasks successfully (asking for, understanding and giving directions, expressing happiness and affection, persuading, etc.) that allow them to communicate in everyday situations and handle complications. There are two different SPAN 202 courses. SPAN 202A includes reading of several literature and cultural selections, whereas SPAN 202C includes selected medical readings. Three class hours. Laboratory work is required.

Prerequisite for the following courses: SPAN 202 or the equivalent.

SPAN 301 - (3) (IR)
Spanish Conversation and Composition
Topical conversation, frequent oral and written reports. Sections are limited to a maximum of fifteen students.

SPAN 309 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to Hispanic Linguistics

SPAN 310 - (3 (Y)

SPAN 311 - (3) (S)
Grammar Review

SPAN 312 - (3) (S)

SPAN 313 - (3) (S)
Advanced Conversation

SPAN 314 - (3) (S)
Business Spanish

SPAN 330 - (3) (S)
Literary Analysis

Spanish 330 or permission of the instructor is required to register for any course in Spanish literature with a number above Spanish 330.

SPAN 340 - (3) (Y)
Survey of Spanish Literature I (Middle Ages to 1700)

SPAN 341 - (3) (Y)
Survey of Spanish Literature II (1700 to Present)

SPAN 342 - (3) (Y)
Survey of Latin American Literature I (Colonial to 1900)

SPAN 343 - (3) (Y)
Survey of Latin American Literature II (1900 to Present)

SPAN 411 - (3) (IR)
Advanced Grammar and Composition

SPAN 413 - (3) (Y)
Conversation (Spanish Cinema)
Prerequisites: SPAN 311 and SPAN 330, or permission of instructor
An upper-level conversation course in Spanish with focus on Spanish cinema.

SPAN 420 - (3) (Y)
History of the Language

SPAN 422 - (3) (S)
Translation From Spanish to English

SPAN 427 - (3) (Y)
Spanish Culture and Civilization

SPAN 428 - (3) (Y)
Latin American Culture and Civilization

SPAN 430 - (3) (Y)
Hispanic Dialectology and Bilingualism

SPAN 431 - (3) (Y)
Hispanic Sociolinguistics

SPAN 440 - (3) (SI)
Hispanic Intellectual History

SPAN 450 - (3) (IR)
Spanish Literature From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance

SPAN 455 - (3) (IR)
Spanish Literature of the Golden Age

SPAN 456 - (3) (IR)
Don Quixote

SPAN 460 - (3) (IR)
Spanish Literature From the Enlightenment to Romanticism

SPAN 465 - (3) (IR)
Spanish Literature From Realism to the Generation of 1898

SPAN 470 - (3) (IR)
Modern Spanish Literature

SPAN 473 (3) (IR)
Literature and Cinema
Prerequisites: SPAN 311 and SPAN 330 or permission of instructor
Explores the relationship between literature and film as narrative arts by focusing on contemporary classics of the Spanish and Spanish American novel and their cinematic adaptations.

SPAN 479 (3) (IR)
Hispanic Women Writers
Examines writings by women authors of Spain and Latin America, using the texts as a basis for studying the evolving roles and paradigms of women in these societies.

SPAN 480 - (3) (IR)
Latin American Literature From Colonial Period to 1900

SPAN 485 - (3) (IR)
Latin American Literature After 1900

SPAN 486 - (3) (IR)
Contemporary Latin American Short Fiction

SPAN 487 - (3) (IR)
Contemporary Latin American Novel

SPAN 490, 491 - (3-6) (Y)
Special Topics Seminar: Literature

SPAN 492, 493 - (3-6) (Y)
Special Topics Seminar: Language

SPAN 499 - (1-3) (Y)
Independent Study

Division of Statistics

Overview   Statistics is a means of analyzing data to gain insight into real problems. It is focused on problem solving, rather than on methods that may be useful in specific settings. Statistics is unique in its ability to quantify uncertainty. Thus statistics has become a crucial tool in all aspects of modern society, providing insight in such fields as public policy, law, medicine, the social sciences, and the natural sciences.

The Division of Statistics shares the newly emerged consensus among statisticians that statistical education should focus primarily on data analysis and on statistical reasoning, rather than on the presentation of a coterie of methods. As importantly, the division believes that the mathematical tools underlying statistical inference are significant and necessary for statistics education, but those tools must necessarily remain secondary in the training of statisticians. Because of these views, the statistics program strongly emphasizes its consulting service, which provides statistical consultation to all branches of the University. Through this service, statistics students gain valuable insight into all branches of the field while acquiring practical training in problem solving.

The Division of Statistics offers a broad range of courses covering all areas of applied and theoretical statistics. In cooperation with the division, the department of mathematics offers a minor in statistics.

Faculty   The faculty consist of five full-time, two half-time and three adjunct appointments. The half-time faculty have primary appointments in the department of mathematics, and the three adjunct faculty have primary appointments in the departments of biostatistics, economics, and systems engineering. This collection of disciplines, in addition to the interests of the full-time faculty, ensures that the division is able to cater to the interests of diverse students.

Students   Students who graduate with in-depth training in statistics enjoy a large range of opportunities. Some pursue employment in the public or private sector, working as actuaries, consultants, data analysts, or teachers, among many fields. Others do graduate study in fields such as economics, finance, mathematics, operations research, psychology, and, of course, statistics.

Requirements for Minor   In cooperation with the division, the department of mathematics offers a minor in statistics. The description and prerequisites of this program are located within the description of the mathematics majors program. In majors programs within several other departments, statistics courses offered by the division may sometimes be counted towards that department's majors program; students should consult individual departments to ascertain current rules and practices.

Additional Information   For more information, contact:

Daniel Keenan, Graduate and Undergraduate Advisor
Division of Statistics
109 Halsey Hall
Charlottesville, Virginia 22903
Telephone: (804) 924-3048
Fax: (804) 924-3076


The entering College student is encouraged to take the introductory course, STAT 110. This course, titled Chance, is intended to make students aware of the ubiquity and importance of basic statistics in public policy and everyday life. The course uses a case-studies approach based on current chance events reported in daily newspapers and current scientific journals. Credits earned in this course may be counted towards the College's natural science area requirements. Students are also encouraged to take mathematics courses which serve as prerequisites for higher-level Statistics courses.

STAT 110 -- (3) (Y)
Chance: An Introduction to Statistics
Introductory statistics and probability, visual methods for summarizing quantitative information, basic experimental design and sampling methods, ethics and experimentation, causation, and interpretation of statistical analyses. Applications use data drawn from current scientific and medical journals, newspaper articles and the Internet.

STAT 313 -- (3) (O)
Design and Analysis of Sample Surveys
Prerequisite: STAT 110 or MATH 112 or MATH 312, or permission of instructor
Discussion of the main designs and estimation techniques used in sample surveys: simple random sampling, stratification, cluster sampling, double sampling, post-stratification, ratio estimation. Non-response problems and measurement errors are also discussed. Many properties of sample surveys are developed through simulation procedures. The SUDAAN software package for analyzing sample surveys is used.

STAT 512 - (3) (Y)
Applied Linear Models
Prerequisite: MATH 312 or 510 or permission of instructor
Corequisite: Concurrent enrollment in STAT 598
Linear regression models, inferences in regression analysis, model validation, selection of independent variables, multicollinearity, influential observations, auto correlation in time series data, polynomial regression, nonlinear regression, and other topics in regression analysis.

STAT 513 - (3) (O)
Applied Multivariate Statistics
Prerequisites: MATH 351 and MATH 312 or 510 or permission of instructor
Corequisite: STAT 598
Matrix algebra, random sampling, multivariate normal distributions, multivariate regression, MANOVA, principal components, factor analysis, discriminant analysis. Statistical software is used.

STAT 514 -- (3) (SI)
Survival Analysis and Reliability Theory
Prerequisite: MATH 312 or 510, or permission of instructor
Corequisite: Concurrent enrollment in STAT 598
Lifetime distributions, hazard functions, competing-risks, proportional hazards, censored data, accelerated-life models, Kaplan-Meier estimator, stochastic models, renewal processes, Bayesian methods for lifetime and reliability data analysis.

STAT 515 -- (3) (SI)
Actuarial Statistics
Prerequisite: MATH 312 or 510, or permission of instructor
Covers the main topics required by students preparing for the examinations in Actuarial Statistics, set by the American Society of Actuaries. Topics include: life tables, life insurance and annuities, survival distributions, net premiums and premium reserves, multiple life functions and decrement models, valuation of pension plans, insurance models, benefits and dividends.

STAT 516 -- (3) (E)
Experimental Design
Prerequisite: MATH 312 or 510, or permission of instructor
Corequisite: STAT 598
Introduction to the basic concepts in experimental design, analysis of variance, multiple comparison tests, completely randomized design, general linear model approach to analysis of variance, randomized block designs, Latin square and related designs, completely randomized factorial design with two or more treatments, hierarchical designs, split-plot and confounded factorial designs, and analysis of covariance.

STAT 517 -- (3) (O)
Applied Time Series
Prerequisite: MATH 312 or 510, or permission of instructor
Corequisite: STAT 598
The basic time series models in both the time domain (ARMA models) and the frequency domain (spectral models). The emphasis is on application to real data sets.

STAT 518 -- (3) (SI)
Numerical Methods in Statistics
Prerequisites: MATH 351 and knowledge of a programming language suitable for scientific computation, or permission of instructor
Selected topics in linear algebra and related numerical algorithms of special importance in statistics: linear least-squares, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, QR decomposition, singular value decomposition, generalized matrix inverses.

STAT 519 -- (3) (Y)
Introduction to Mathematical Statistics
Prerequisite: MATH 312 or 510, or permission of instructor
Fundamentals of statistical distribution theory, moments, transformations of random variables, point estimation, hypothesis testing, confidence regions.

STAT 598 -- (1) (Y)
Applied Statistics Laboratory
Corequisite: A 500-level STAT applied statistics course
This course, the laboratory component of the Division's applied statistics program, deals with the use of computer packages in data analysis. Enrollment in STAT 598 is required for all students in the division's 500-level applied statistics courses (STAT 512, 513, 514, 516, 517). STAT 598 may be taken repeatedly provided that a student is enrolled in at least one of these 500-level applied courses. However, no more than one unit of STAT 598 may be taken in any semester.

STAT 599 -- (3) (IR)
Topics in Statistics
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor
A study of topics in statistics that are not part of the regular course offerings.

University Seminars

University Seminars (USEM) are designed to increase the opportunities for first-year students to learn from the faculty in an environment that encourages interaction and discussion. The seminars are based on ideas that have changed the way we think about our relation to the world around us. The seminars are given by prominent faculty in departments and schools across the University, carry two hours of credit, and are restricted to first-year students during initial course enrollment. If space is available, second-, third- and fourth-year students may enroll using a Course Action Form. Refer to the Course Offering Directory for a list of specific offerings each semester.

University Topics

University topics (UTOP) are a series of short-term courses offered for one credit. Enrollment in these courses is limited to 20 students per section. Students can enroll through the ISIStelephone system, or by contacting the instructor in advance of the first meeting and completing a Course Action Form. At the latest, sign-up can take place at the first meeting of the UTOP. Refer to the Course Offering Directory for a list of specific offerings each semester.

Program in Women's Studies

Overview   Women's studies is an interdisciplinary program that seeks to study history and culture from women's perspectives and to deepen the methods of academic pursuit by acknowledging the critical place of gender. By examining issues raised in the program, students develop a fuller sense of their options as human beings, living as we do in a culture divided by gender stereotyping that defines and limits both men and women. Offering a critical perspective, women's studies encourages a reexamination of traditional methods and concepts, supports new kinds of research, and allows students to better understand the changing roles and behavior of men and women in the contemporary world.

The program seeks to continue integrating the categories "gender" and "woman" into the curriculum by offering an ever-widening range of courses in all disciplines, with the specific goal of broadening representation in traditionally under-represented fields of science and in new scholarly endeavors of modern media and film studies.

Currently, the program is offering thirty-five primary courses and twenty adjunct courses through a total of seventeen departments and programs, including: African American studies, anthropology, art history, Asian and Middle Eastern languages and cultures, drama, English, French, German, history, music, nursing, philosophy, psychology, religious studies, Slavic, and sociology.

Faculty   The Women's Studies Program has three joint appointments: The Director, Ann J. Lane, with the Department of History; Farzaneh Milani, with the Division of Asian and Middle Eastern Languages and Literatures; and Sharon Hays, with the Department of Sociology. Together with the many other Women's Studies faculty whose courses are cross-listed, they represent a range of scholarly and teaching interests that explore gender and women's issues from various disciplinary and interdisciplinary perspectives. Aside from regular advising activities, faculty members meet with majors and minors at formal programs, as well as at frequent informal luncheons and discussions.

Students   There are currently twenty women's studies majors and fifteen minors, though the number grows each month. Many students choose an additional area of concentration. English, anthropology, and religious studies are among the most popular. All majors and minors are required to take the introductory course, WMST 210, Women's Lives in Myth and Reality, as well as senior seminars, which are taught by faculty from two different departments. Majors are also required to take the interdisciplinary course Feminist Theory and Methods.

Requirements for Major   Three interdisciplinary courses: WMST 210, the introductory course; WMST 381, a course in feminist theory and methods; and WMST 405, a senior seminar. A total of eleven courses, which include the three required courses, from at least three departments. Of the total, three must be from the humanities, three in the social sciences. Of the total, 9 courses must be at the 300 or 400 level. One Women's Studies course must focus on non-Western cultures. A graduating major must have 6 courses in a single department, though they need not all be Women's Studies. Two independent reading courses and two adjunct courses can be counted toward the major.

Distinguished Majors Program   Students with a GPA of 3.4 or above may elect to enter the Distinguished Majors Program which requires a senior thesis.

Requirements for Minor   Two interdisciplinary courses: WMST 210, the introductory course; WMST 381, a course in feminist theory and methods. A total of seven courses from a least three departments. Four of the required courses at or above the 300 level. One independent readings course and one adjunct course may be counted toward the minor.

Additional Information   For more information, contact:

Ann J. Lane or Rosemary Sheuchenko
Women's Studies Program
227 Minor Hall
Charlottesville, VA 22903
Telephone: (804) 982-2961
Fax: (804) 924-6969

Approved Women's Studies Courses

The program produces a listing of approved Women's Studies courses each semester for course enrollment.

AMEL 211 - (3) (Y)
Women and Middle Eastern Literature

ANTH 369 - (3) (Y)
Sex, Gender, and Culture

ANTH 379 - (3) (Y)
Gender, Science and Culture

DRAM 331 - (3) (Y)
History of Dress

ENEC 320 - (3) (Y)
Eighteenth-Century Women Writers

ENEC 481 - (3) (Y)
Women and Morality in Restoration Comedy

ENAM 481B - (3) (Y)
Afro-American Women Authors

ENAM 484 - (3) (Y)
Black Women Writers

ENCR 481 - (3) (Y)
Politics of/and Cultural Aesthetics

ENCR 567 - (3) (Y)
Theory and Feminism

ENLT 252 - (3) (Y)
Women in Literature

ENNC - (3) (Y)
Male Novelists and the Woman Question

ENNC 481 - (3) (Y)
Women Novelists of the Nineteenth Century

ENNC 482 - (3) (IR)
Nineteenth Century Women Authors

ENSP 352 - (3) (Y)
Modern Women Authors

ENSP 355 - (3) (Y)
Images of Women in 19th and 20th Century Fiction

ENTC 354 - (3) (Y)
Twentieth-Century Women Writers

ENTC 481 - (3) (Y)
Twentieth Century Women Writers: Seminars

GERM 584 - (3) (IR)
Women and Fiction

GFAG 355 - (3) (Y)
Women and Politics

HIUS 333 - (3) (IR)
History of Women in America to 1865

HIUS 334 - (3) (IR)
History of Women in America After 1865

JPTR 322 - (3) (Y)
Women, Nature and Society in Modern Japanese Fiction

NURS 457 - (3) (Y)
Women's Health Care

PHIL 164 - (3) (Y)
Ethics and Gender

PSYC 362 - (3) (Y)
Psychology of Sex Roles

RELG 340 - (3) (Y)
Women and Religion

SOC 252 - (3) (S)
Sociology of the Family

SOC 343 - (3) (Y)
Sociology of Sex Roles

SOC 411 - (3) (IR)
Black Women: Current Issues

SOC 442 - (3) (Y)
Sociology of Inequality

SOC 443 - (3) (Y)
Women and Society

WMST 210 - (3) (Y)
Women's Lives in Myth and Reality
Required introductory course.

WMST 309 - (2-4) (Y)
Independent Study

WMST 381 - (3) (Y)
Feminist Theories and Methods

WMST 405 - (3) (Y)
Senior Seminar in Women's Studies
To be taught in a different department each year.

WMST 491 - (3) (Y)
Women's Studies Senior Thesis

WMST 492 - (3) (Y)
Women's Studies Senior Thesis

WMST 498 - (3) (Y)
Independent Reading