Departments and Programs

Program in Afro-American and African Studies

Overview   Afro-American and African Studies is an interdisciplinary program in which students examine various aspects of the black experience while pursuing advanced study in cooperating academic programs and departments. The major consists of two core course requirements, four relevant elective courses from the AAS course listing, and further study in a single concentration in another liberal arts discipline. This unique program provides both a solid liberal arts education as well as broad exposure to African and African-American history and culture.

Faculty   The Afro-American and African Studies faculty comprises professors in departments grounds-wide who teach courses directly related to topics in Afro-American and/or African Studies. Departmental offerings vary from year to year, but currently these departments include: Anthropology, Art History, Drama, Economics, English, French, Government and Foreigh Affairs, History, Music, Philosophy, Psychology, Religious Studies, and Sociology. Each year the AAS program also supports the teaching of special AAS seminars by visiting scholars.

The current Steering Committee for the AAS undergraduate program is as follows, with departmental affiliation: Cynthia Hoehler-Fatton, Religious Studies, Director of the AAS Program and Chair of the Steering Committee; Reginald Butler, History; Scott Deveaux, Music; Gertrude Fraser, Anthropology; Adria LaViolette, Anthropology; John Mason, History; Tejumola Olaniyan, English; Benjamin Ray, Religious Studies; and Melvin Wilson, Psychology Department. These faculty are available as advisors to AAS majors and minors.

Students   There are approximately 50 undergraduates majoring in Afro-American and African Studies in a given year, quite a number of whom double-major with disciplines in the humanities or social studies. Although there are distributional requirements within the AAS major, students have a great deal of freedom in shaping the major to reflect their particular area, topical and disciplinary interests. Students also have ample opportunity for independent study with faculty members. In addition, some students study abroad in Africa or the Carribbean through the University of Virginia or other programs, and receive credit in the AAS major for such experiences. Students minoring in AAS are usually those who are majoring in sciences, or are enrolled in non-College programs (Architecture, Engineering, Commerce).

Graduates with a degree in Afro-American and African Studies use their interdisciplinary training, and skills in reading, writing and thinking, as a basis for a wide variety of careers. Recent graduates are pursuing professions in such fields as international development, teaching, social work, small and corporate business, banking, and public administration. Every year AAS majors also begin graduate training, including M.A. and Ph.D. programs in the humanities and social sciences, law school, and medical school. Consider an AAS major a springboard from which anything is possible.

Special Resources   The Carter G. Woodson Institute for Afro-American and African Studies provides a home base and support for the AAS major. The Institute is named after Virginia-born historian Carter Godwin Woodson, who played a pioneering role in the institutionalization of the study of the black experience, founded and was editor of the Journal of Negro History from 1916 until his death in 1950. The Woodson Institute supports advanced research in black studies, every year providing pre- and post-doctoral fellowships to scholars from within and outside the University. The Woodson Fellows conduct research in Afro-American and/or African studies on the premises of the Institute, and undergraduates should consider them a resource. The Woodson Institute also sponsors an annual lecture series on topics related to Afro-American and African Studies, open to the university community and the public.

Requirements for Major   A Major in Afro-American and African Studies is comprised of the following: (1) Successful completion of AAS 101 and 102 with a grade of C or better in each course. These courses also satisfy the College area requirement in social sciences. (2) Twelve credits beyond AAS 101 and 102 to be chosen from the courses listed below and each semester in the Afro-American and African Studies catalog available at the Carter G. Woodson Institute, 108 Minor Hall. This list is subject to revision. At least six of these credits must be selected from the 400- or 500-level courses listed. (3) Fifteen additional credits in a single cooperating department- departments currently qualifying are anthropology, art history, economics, English, French, government and foreign affairs, history, music, psychology, religious studies, and sociology.

Requirements for Minor   A Minor in Afro-American and African Studies consists of the following: (1) Successful completion of AAS 101 and 102 with a grade of C or better in each course. These courses also satisfy the College area requirement in social sciences. (2) Twelve credits beyond AAS 101 and 102 to be chosen from the courses listed. This list is subject to revision.

Independent Study in AAS   Students who wish to pursue independent study should contact a faculty member on the AAS Steering Committee (listed above) to discuss their research interests and receive guidance about appropriate faculty with whom they should work. Students must be self-motivated to do independent study; they should have a firm idea of their topic, should be prepared to do extensive reading, prepare an annotated bibliography on that reading, and produce a term paper of 30 pages.

Additional Information  For more information, contact

Cynthia Hoehler-Fatton, Director
Carter G. Woodson Institute
102 Minor Hall
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, VA 22903
(804) 924-3109


Courses

The Afro-American and African Studies (AAS) courses in any given term comprise those offered by the Woodson Institute with an AAS number, and those offered in other departments which have an AAS-related content.

Core Courses

Students should check the AAS Course Offering Directory, produced every term, for the seminar topics to be offered in the following term.

AAS 101 - (4) (Y)
Introduction to Afro-American and African Studies I
An introductory survey with an emphasis on major historical transformations within Africa, and including the Atlantic slave trade and its effects on Africa; comparative slavery in the Americas with a focus on economics, culture, and community; and the politics of slavery and anti-slavery in the U. S. to the eve of emancipation.

AAS 102 - (4) (Y)
Introduction to Afro-American and African Studies II
An introductory survey with an emphasis on African-American culture, including 19th-20th century intellectual traditions; comparative race relations in the Americas; literature and other cultural expressions; and especially the black experience in the U. S.

AAS 205, 206 - (3) (IR)
Introductory Seminar in Afro-American and African Studies
Reading, class discussion, and research on a special topic of Afro-American and African Studies, intended for first- and second-year students. Subjects change from term to term, and vary with instructor.

AAS 401 - (3) (S)
Independent Study
See description under "Independent Study in AAS" above.

AAS 405, 406 - (3) (S)
Advanced Seminar in Afro-American and African Studies
Reading, class discussion, and research on a special topic of Afro-American and African studies culminating in the composition of a research paper. Topics change from term to term, and vary with the instructor. Primarily for fourth-year students but open to others.

AAS 451-452 - (6) (Y)
Directed Reading and Research
Similar in format to AAS 401, but meant to be equivalent to twice as much work (6 credits), and taken over a full year. Students in the planned DMP enroll under these numbers for thesis writing.

Supporting Courses

The AAS program's Course Offering Directory, produced each term, lists the courses grounds-wide that fulfill the AAS major requirements for the coming term. Below is a listing of those courses which appear most consistently, but students should check the most recent AAS Directory, available at the Woodson Institute, for complete and updated information.

ANTH 224 - (3) (Y)
Race, Gender, and Medical Science

ANTH 225 - (3) (Y)
Racism, Nationalism, and Multiculturalism

ANTH 232 - (3) (IR)
Symbol and Ritual

ANTH 234 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to Folklore

ANTH 256 - (3) (Y)
Peoples and Cultures of Africa

ANTH 281 - (3) (Y)
Human Origins

ANTH 329 - (3) (Y)
Culture of Underdevelopment

ANTH 341 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to Sociolinguistiscs

ANTH 346 - (3) (Y)
African Oral Literature

ANTH 357 - (3) (Y)
Peoples and Cultures of the Caribbean

ANTH 358 - (3) (IR)
Creole Narratives

ANTH 384 - (3) (Y)
Archarology of Egypt and Mesopotamia

ANTH 388 - (3) (Y)
African Archaeology

ANTH 549 - (3) (IR)
African Language Structure

ARTH 345 - (3) (IR)
African Art

ECON 415 - (3) (Y)
Economics of Labor

ENLT 247 - (3) (Y)
Black Writers in America

ENAM 313 - (3) (Y)
African-American Survey I

ENAM 314 - (3) (Y)
African-American Survey II

ENAM 385 - (3) (IR)
Folklore in America

ENAM 482 - (3) (Y)
Advanced Studies in American Literature II: Harlem Renaissance

ENTC 331 - (3)(IR)
Major African-American Poets

FREN 411 - (3) (Y)
African Film and Literature

FREN 570 - (3) (IR)
Francophone Literature of Africa

GFAG 344 - (3) (Y)
Urban Government and Politics

GFAG 351 - (3) (Y)
Minority Group Politics

GFCG 312 - (3) (Y)
Government and Politics of Developing Areas

GFCG 581 - (3) (Y)
Government and Politics of Sub-Saharan Africa

GFCG 583 - (3) (Y)
Government and Politics of South Africa

HIAF 202 - (3) (Y)
Africa Since the 1800s

HIAF 203 - (4) (Y)
Africa Diaspora to 1850

HIAF 302 - (3) (Y)
History of Southern Africa

HIAF 401 - (3) (Y)
Seminar in African History

HILA 306 - (3) (Y)
Modern Brazil

HIME 201 - (3) (Y)
History of the Middle East and North Africa, ca. 570-1500

HIME 202 - (3) (Y)
History of the Middle East and North Africa, ca. 1500 to 1980

HIST 507 - (3) (IR)
Internship: African-American Interpretation at Monticello

HIUS 201 - (4) (Y)
American History 1607-1865

HIUS 202 - (4) (Y)
American History since 1865

HIUS 323 - (3) (IR)
The American South in the 19th Century

HIUS 324 - (3) (IR
The American South in the 20th Century

HIUS 346- (3) (IR
History of Urban America

HIUS 365 - (3) (IR)
African-American History Through
Reconstruction

HIUS 366 - (3) (IR)
Afro-American History, 1865 to Present

HIUS 367 - (3) (S)
History of the Civil Rights Movement

LING 208 (3) (IR)
Introduction to Swahili Language

LING 209 - (3) (IR)
Intermediate Swahili Language

LING 222 - (3) (IR)
Black English

MUSI 212 - (3) (Y)
History of Jazz Music

MUSI 260 - (3) (Y)
Jazz Improvisation

PSYC 311 - (3) (Y)
Psychology of Language

PSYC 465 - (4) (Y)
Oppression and Social Change

PSYC 467 - (3) (Y)
Psychology of the African-American Athlete

PSYC 487 - (3) (Y)
The Minority Family: A Psychological Inquiry

RELA 275 - (3) (IR)
African Religions

RELA 410 - (3) (Y)
Yoruba Religion

SOC 341 - (3) (Y)
Race and Ethnic Relations

SOC368 (3) (Y)
Problems of Urban Life

SOC 410 - (3) (Y)
African-American Communities

SOC 453 - (3) (Y)
Sociology of Education

Department of Anthropology

Overview   Anthropology is the study of culture and cultural diversity throughout the world. It is a diverse field which is classically divided into four areas of study: social anthropology, the study of contemporary societies; archaeology, the study of the material remains of past societies; linguistics, the study of the structure and principles of language; and physical anthropology, the study of human evolution and human biological diversity.

Faculty   There are currently twenty-five anthropology faculty members. Five of the faculty are archaeologists, who specialize in North American prehistoric and historic archaeology, the ancient Near East, and Africa. Five are linguists, with particular expertise in African, Native American, and Southeast Asia languages and sociolinguistics. One member of the faculty is a folklorist, who focuses on the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. The majority of the faculty consists of social anthropologists, whose teaching and research interests span the globe. Particular concentrations include the cultures of South Asia, East Asia, Indonesia, Melanesia, the Caribbean, Africa, and North America.

Students   There are currently 110 students majoring in anthropology. While this number represents a diverse group of students with a wide range of interests, it is small enough to maintain a high rate of faculty-student interaction. Students are encouraged to participate in faculty research, and many have worked with faculty on archaeological field work.

Upon graduation, some students pursue graduate degrees in specialized areas, preparing themselves for careers in teaching, research, or applied anthropology. Many go on to careers in law and medicine, aided by their knowledge of anthropological concepts such as cultural diversity and human evolution. Today, there are also more business opportunities open to the anthropologist, as our current era of global economics demands the appreciation of different cultural perspectives. Still, many enter educational fields and social services: teaching in the U.S. and abroad; joining the Peace Corps; and working in museums and on archaeological excavations.

Requirements for Major   Eleven courses (31 credits) taken within a program approved by a departmental undergraduate advisor are required for a major. These eleven courses may include courses taken before declaration of the major, and up to two from outside the Anthropology Department. In order to declare a major, a student must have taken at least one Anthropology course, or be currently enrolled in one. At least 18 credits must be taken after declaration of the major. The major requires a distribution of courses in the following areas:

  1. One course in each of the following areas within Anthropology: (a) Principles of Sociocultural Analysis, (b) Cultural Diversities, (c) Archaeology, and (d) Linguistics.
  2. All majors must take ANTH 300 a one credit, credit/no-credit course, as soon after declaring a major as possible.
  3. All majors must take ANTH 301 Theory and History of Anthropology, preferably in the second or third year.
  4. All majors must take ANTH 401 during their fourth year.
  5. All majors must take at least four courses above the 300 level.
  6. All majors must take at least one course in Anthropology which fulfills the College's non-western perspectives requirement.

Each semester the department will publish a list of the current courses that satisfy the above requirements.

Students frequently find that anthropology provides a cognate discipline which can be paired with other studies in the humanities and sciences. Many of these students choose to double-major in anthropology and another discipline. Up to six credits in another department major may be counted toward an anthropology major if they are consistent with a student's overall program. Specific courses, therefore, may be counted toward both majors, but the student must receive approval from a departmental advisor in advance.

Exceptions to any of these requirements will be made only upon written petition to the undergraduate committee of the Department of Anthropology. No petitions will be accepted after the completion of a student's seventh semester.

A number of informal activities are associated with the Department. Among these is the Anthropology Association of the University of Virginia. Majors are encouraged to attend meetings of the group and to attend lectures and symposia sponsored by the department.

Requirements for Minor   Students majoring in a diverse array of disciplines choose to minor in Anthropology. Courses taken in other disciplines may not count toward a minor.

A minor consists of six three-credit courses and Anthropology 300. All minors must take:

  1. Nineteen credits (as above).
  2. ANTH 300.
  3. One-course in three of the following four areas of anthropology: (1) principles of sociocultural analysis, (2) cultural diversities, (3) archaeology, and (4) linguistics.

Independent Study in Anthropology   For students who want to work on an individual research project, ANTH 496 allows considerable flexibility. There is no formal limitation on the kind of project as long as a faculty member is willing to direct it, but the projects should not duplicate what is already available in a regular course. Applicants should have their projects roughly defined when they apply to the faculty member. The normal requirements for ANTH 496 are a reading list comparable in substance to those in regular courses and a term paper and oral examination at the end of the semester.

Distinguished Majors Program in Anthropology (Departmental Honors)   Students with superior academic performance are encouraged to apply for the departmental distinguished majors program in which they write a thesis demonstrating independent study of high quality. The requirements for admission to the distinguished majors program are as follows:

  1. Satisfaction of all College requirements as stated in the Record with a GPA of at least 3.4 in all university courses.
  2. A GPA of at least 3.4 in all courses taken as part of anthropology the major.
  3. Permission of an advisor. This may be any member of the departmental faculty who is willing to take on the responsibility of supervising the thesis and will normally be someone to whom the student has already demonstrated his or her ability in a specialized course at the 500 level.
After gaining admission to the program by selecting a topic approved by an advisor, the student registers for three credits of ANTH 496 in the first semester of the fourth year. In this course the student produces the first draft of his or her thesis. In the second semester, the student registers for ANTH 497 and, taking into account the criticisms and suggestions of his or her advisor and other interested faculty members, produces a finished thesis of approximately 10,000 words which must be approved by a committee of three faculty members and deposited in the departmental office. Students wishing help in setting up their program should contact a major advisor.

Additional Information   For more information, contact

Ellen Contini-Morava
Director of Undergraduate Studies
Department of Anthropology
Brooks Hall
Charlottesville, VA 22903
(804) 924-7044
Anthropology World Wide Web site
Anthropology faculty


Courses

General and Theoretical Anthropology

Courses at the 100 and 200 level have no prerequisites and are open to all students. Courses at the 300 level are advanced undergraduate courses and assume that students have already taken ANTH 101 or other relevant 200 level courses. These are general prerequisites and individual professors may consider other courses within or outside the department to be sufficient preparation. Courses at the 500 level have third or fourth year status and prior coursework in Anthropology as a general prerequisite. These courses are designed primarily for majors and graduate students, but are open by permission to other qualified, sufficiently motivated undergraduates.

ANTH 101 - (3) (S)
Introduction to Anthropology
Integrative survey of anthropology: biological anthropology, archaeology and prehistory, anthropological linguistics, ethnology, social anthropology, and applied anthropology. This course is a prerequisite to all courses in the department beyond the 200 level.

ANTH 101D - (1) (S)
Introduction to Anthropology Discussion
Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in ANTH 101
An optional discussion section which may be taken with ANTH 101. Discussion sections are not always available for every lecture section. Students should consult the Course Offering Directory for sections offered.

ANTH 109 - (3) (Y)
Colloquia for First-Year Students
Colloquium designed to give first-year students an opportunity to study an anthropological topic in depth in a small-scale, seminar format. Topics will vary. May be repeated for credit.

ANTH 300 - (1) (Y)
Perspectives of Anthropology for Majors
A course for majors and minors in the department designed to introduce them to a number of topics of concern to current anthropology. Majors and minors are expected to take this course at their first opportunity after joining the major program.

ANTH 301 - (3) (Y)
Theory and History of Anthropology
Overview of the major theoretical positions which have structured anthropological thought over the past century.

ANTH 401 - (3) (S)
Senior Seminar in Anthropology
An integration of the major subdivision of anthropology with emphasis on selected theoretical topics and primary sources. Primarily for majors in their final year.


Principles of Sociocultural Analysis

ANTH 220 - (3) (Y)
Dynamics of Social Organization
Emphasis is on the social relations of kinship, marriage, formation of intrasocietal groups, and the cultural construction of the self. An underlying but correlative theme, is how anthropologists interpret the various social phenomena of different societies.

ANTH 221 - (3) (Y)
Marriage and the Family
Comparison of domestic groups in Western and non-Western societies. Considers the kinds of sexual unions legitimized in different cultures, patterns of childrearing, causes and effects of divorce, and the changing relations between the family and society.

ANTH 223 - (3) (Y)
Fantasy and Social Values
An examination of imaginary societies, in particular those in science fiction novels, to see how they reflect the problems and tensions of real social life. Attention is given to "alternate cultures" and fictional societal models.

ANTH 224 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to Medical Anthropology
A broad review of culture and health: culture and epidemiology; folk taxonomies of diseases, and their etiology and treatment; the "great" medical traditions; non-western medical systems; the impact of western medicine on folk traditions.

ANTH 225 - (3) (Y)
Nationalism, Racism, Culture, Multiculturalism
Introductory course in Anthropology, the concepts of culture, multiculturalism, race, racism, and nationalism are critically examined in terms of how they are used and structure social relations in American society and, by comparison, how they are defined in other cultures throughout the world.

ANTH 231 - (3) (Y)
Symbol and Myth
Foundations of symbolism from the perspective of anthropology. Topics: sign and symbols; the symbolism of categorical orders as expressed in cosmology, totemism, and myth.

ANTH 232 - (3) (Y)
Symbol and Ritual
Explores the ways that rituals and ceremonies of exotic societies may be understood and used to throw light on the cultures that produce them. Topics include rites of passage, sacrifice, totemism, magic, witchcraft, and food symbolism, and animal cults.

ANTH 233 - (3) (IR)
Cults and Prophets: Symbols of Social Change
This course examines how ideologies can produce violent social change. Beginning with nativistic cults in simple societies, it progresses to revolutionary movements in complex societies. Topics include cargo cults, early Christianity, witch cults, and fascism.

ANTH 234 - (3) (IR)
Anthropology of Birth and Death
A comparative examination of beliefs, rites and symbolism concerning birth and death in selected civilizations. No prior knowledge of anthropology expected.

ANTH 235 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to Folklore
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Introduction to the materials and methods of folklore study with emphasis on practical experience in the collection and analysis of folklore.

ANTH 236 - (3) (Y)
Don Juan and Castaneda
An extensive analysis of the conceptual content in Castaneda's writings, as an exploration of an exotic world view. Attention is given to concepts of power, transformation, and figure-ground reversal.

ANTH 320 - (3) (Y)
Marriage, Gender, Political Economy
Cross-cultural comparison of marriage and domestic groups, analyzed as a point of intersection between cultural conceptions of gender and a larger political economy.

ANTH 321 - (3) (O)
Kinship and Social Organization
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Cross-cultural analysis and comparison of systems of kinship and marriage from Australian aborigines to the citizens of Yankee city. Covers classic and contemporary theoretical and methodological approaches.

ANTH 322 - (3) (IR)
Introduction to Economic Anthropology
Comparative analysis of different forms of production, circulation and consumption in primitive and modern societies. Exploration of the applicability of modern economic theory developed for modern societies to primitive societies and to those societies being forced into the modern world system.

ANTH 323 - (3) (IR)
Introduction to Legal Anthropology
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
A comparative survey of the philosophy and practice of law in various societies. Includes a critical analysis of principles of contemporary jurisprudence and their application.

ANTH 325 - (3) (Y)
Anthropological Perspectives on the Third World
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Analysis of western impact on third world societies during the colonial epoch: the nature of colonial regimes, the responses of the subject societies, and their legacy in the modern world.

ANTH 326 - (3) (IR)
The Anthropology of Local Development
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Contributions of anthropology to social problems in complex and developing societies; problems in the applied anthropology of such issues as social change, hunger, and overpopulation.

ANTH 327 - (3) (Y)
Political Anthropology
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Reviews the variety of political systems found outside the western world. Examines the major approaches and results of anthropological theory in trying to understand how radically different politics work.

ANTH 328 - (3) (IR)
Deviance: Individual and Society
Examines the relationship between individual and society by focusing on various theories of deviance. Topics: Freudian psychology and the normal-abnormal continuum, deviance and the person across cultures, the social construction of deviance in our society, stigmatization, deviance and power, and the "other" as deviant.

ANTH 329 - (3) (Y)
Marriage, Fertility, and Mortality
Explores the ways that culturally formed systems of values and family organization affect population processes in a variety of cultures.

ANTH 332 - (3) (IR)
Anthropology of Time and Space
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Analysis of the culturally variable structuring of social space including interpersonal proxemics, architectural forms, and the comparative nature of cities.

ANTH 333 - (3) (O)
Ethno-Poetics, Primitive Art, and Aesthetics
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Discussion of artistic expression in pre-modern societies. An attempt to understand the form and meaning of traditional art, poetry, and song in a social context. Specific ethnographic examples will be examined in detail.

ANTH 335 - (3) (Y)
Museum in Modern Culture
Topics include, the politics of cultural representation in history, anthropology and fine arts museums; and, the museum as a bureaucratic organization, as an educational institution, as a nonprofit corporation.

ANTH 360 - (3) (E)
Sex, Gender, and Culture
Examines the manner in which ideas about sexuality and gender are constructed differently cross-culturally and the ways in which these ideas give shape to specific cultural understandings about the nature of the world and of social relations and practices.

ANTH 361 - (3) (Y)
Native American Women
Explores the lives of Native American women through reading and discussion of life histories, autobiographies, ethnographies, and articles addressing specific questions of the roles and status of women in native American societies before and after contact with Europeans.

ANTH 520 - (3) (IR)
Social Organization
Comparative study of human cultural systems and social institutions with emphasis on non-western societies ranging from isolated hunting and gathering groups through pastoral and agricultural peoples to more complex urban and non-urban collectivities.

ANTH 522 - (3) (E)
Economic Anthropology
Consideration of western economic theories and their relevance to non-western societies and the comparative analysis of different forms of production, consumption, and circulation.

ANTH 523 - (3) (IR)
Political Systems
Comparative study of decision-making processes and authority structures in selected simple and complex societies. Relationship of political processes to social organization and social change.

ANTH 524 - (3) (IR)
Religious Organization
Analysis and comparison of social organization in selected communities from the perspective of systems of belief, ritual, and ceremonialism.

ANTH 525 - (3) (Y)
Cultural Analysis
An intensive study of works central to cultural anthropology in America from the 1950s to the present.

ANTH 529 - (3) (Y)
Selected Topics in Social Anthropology
Seminars and classes in topics of specific interest to faculty and advanced students will be announced prior to each semester.

ANTH 530 - (3) (Y)
Foundations of Symbolism
An interdisciplinary course on selected topics in the study of symbolism. Special emphasis will be on symbolic anthropology.

ANTH 531 - (3) (IR)
Belief, Language, and Experience
An investigation into the experiential grounds, and the social documentation of the concept of belief.

ANTH 532 - (3) (E)
Structural Anthropology
A detailed examination of the works of Levi-Strauss and other structuralists, an assessment of critical responses to these works, and the relationship of structuralism to other analytic modes. Emphasis is on the student's mastery of structural methods and their application to ethnographic data.

ANTH 533 - (3) (E)
Folklore and Ethnohistorical Research Methodology
Prerequisite: Graduate student standing or permission of the instructor
Introduction to folklore and to folklore and ethnohistorical research methods and analysis.

ANTH 535 - (3) (E)
Folk and Popular Health Systems
A survey of various medical beliefs and practices, considering the traditional health systems of several American groups, and examining in detail the input into local traditional health systems from various sources.

ANTH 536 - (3) (O)
Selected Topics in Folklore
Seminars and classes in topics of specific interest to faculty and advanced students will be announced prior to each semester.

ANTH 537 - (3) (O)
Psychological Anthropology
An introduction to and survey of the epistemology and methodology of personality theory as they relate to the study of other cultures.

ANTH 539 - (3) (SI)
Selected Topics in Symbolic Anthropology
Seminars and classes in topics of specific interest to faculty and advanced students will be announced prior to each semester.


Linguistic Anthropology

ANTH 240 - (3) (Y)
Language and Culture
Introduction to the interrelationships of linguistics, cultural, and social phenomena with emphasis on the importance of these interrelationships in interpreting human behavior. No prior knowledge of linguistics is required.

ANTH 341 - (3) (Y)
Sociolinguistics
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Reviews and findings of sociolinguists and others concerning the way language is used to express identity and relations of social superiority and inferiority.

ANTH 345 - (3) (Y)
Native American Languages
Introduction to the native languages of North America and to the methods that linguists and anthropologists use to record and analyze them. Introduces students to the use of grammars, texts and dictionaries of individual languages and affords insight into the diversity among the languages.

ANTH 540 - (3) (IR)
Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology
Reviews the many ways in which language is central to the theoretical issues and research of anthropology.

ANTH 545 - (3) (I)
African Linguistics
Introduction to the variety of linguistic structures found in sub-Saharan Africa. Topics include survey of phonological and grammatical features; the classification of African languages; linguistic evidence for culture history and migration; lexicography and aspects of socio-linguistics.

ANTH 549 - (Credit to be arranged) (IR)
Selected Topics in Theoretical Linguistics and LinguisticAnthropology
Seminars in topics of specific interest to faculty and advanced students will be announced prior to each semester.


Cultural Diversities

ANTH 250 - (3) (IR)
Culture Areas of the World
Introduction to ethnology treating the major cultural and ethnic regions in terms of prehistory, linguistic distributions, and similarities and differences in cultural patterns.

ANTH 253 - (3) (Y)
North American Indians
Ethnological treatment of the aboriginal populations of the New World based on the findings of archaeology, ethnography, linguistics, biological anthropology, and social anthropology.

ANTH 256 - (3) (Y)
African Cultures
A survey of the traditional cultures of Africa focusing on kinship, political organization, religion, food production, and problems of modernization.

ANTH 260 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to Civilization of India
An introduction to the society and culture of India, Pakistan, and Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Discussion of traditional social, political, and economic organization; religions, religious festivals, and worship; art and architecture; dance and song.

ANTH 263 - (3) (Y)
China: Empire and Nationalism
Explores the distant and recent history of Han and non-Han nationalities in the Chinese empire and nation-state. Examines the reaction of minority nationalities to Chinese predominance and the bases of Chinese rule and cultural hegemony.

ANTH 266 - (3) (IR)
Peoples of Polynesia
The peoples of Polynesia and Indonesia, sharing a cultural and linguistic heritage, have spread from Madagascar to Easter Island. This course reviews their maritime migrations, the societies and empires that they built, and recent changes affecting their cultural traditions.

ANTH 350 - (3) (Y)
Readings in Ethnography
This course makes ethnographies the focus of attention, assessing the resources and devices of ethnographic writing through close readings of six or more examples. The ethnographies, for the most part, are concerned with non-Western cultures.

ANTH 352 - (3) (IR)
Amazonian Peoples
Through analysis of ethnographies on the cultures and the societies of the South American rain forest peoples, this course evaluates the scholarly ways in which anthropology has produced, engaged, interpreted, and presented its knowledge of the "Amerindian."

ANTH 354 - (3) (O)
Indians of the American Southwest
Ethnographic coverage of the Apaches, Pueblos, Pimans, and Shoshoneans of Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, and Northwestern Mexico. Prehistory, socio-cultural patterns, and historical development.

ANTH 355 - (3) (Y)
Anthropology of Everyday American Life
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
An anthropological perspective of modern American society. Traces the development of individualism through American historical and institutional development, using as primary sources of data religious movements, mythology as conveyed in historical writings, novels, and the cinema, and the creation of modern American urban life.

ANTH 357 - (3) (Y)
Peoples of the Caribbean
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Survey of Caribbean history and social structure with concentration on cultures of selected folk communities. Comparison of plantations and peasantry; religions and performances. Comparison with U.S. Black communities.

ANTH 358 - (3) (IR)
Native American Mythology
Focus is on the myths of Native Americans north of Mexico, and their roles in Native American cultures. Students research and write a paper on the place of mythology in a particular culture, or on the forms and use of a particular type of myth.

ANTH 363 - (3) (E)
Social Structure of China
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
The course concerns the structures of small and large social units in traditional China. Units compared are: kinship group and village; urban neighborhood and city; family gods, demons and high gods; spirit-mediums and priests; local leaders and magistrates. Sources are anthropological and historical studies. Post-revolutionary social change is the topic of the last quarter of the course.

ANTH 364 - (3) (E)
Ethnology of Southeast Asia
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
The ethnology and social anthropology of major cultures and societies of mainland and insular Southeast Asia from prehistoric beginnings to contemporary national adaptations. (Mainland: Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia; Insular: Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines, and portions of other nations abutting the area.)

ANTH 365 - (3) (Y)
Asian American Ethnicity
Problems in ethnicity are posed through study of the experiences of the Chinese, Japanese, Filipinos, Koreans, and Vietnamese in the United States. Topics include the history of immigration, early communities in the U.S., race relations, recent changes in immigration and communities, family values, and questions of identity.

ANTH 553 - (3) (IR)
Selected Topics in Ethnology of Latin America
Seminars in topics announced prior to each semester. Current offerings include the following:

Ethnology of Highland South America   The prehistoric and Spanish colonial roots of modern Indian and Mestizo culture in the Andean highlands; the place of Indian and Mestizo peoples in the changing national social structures-especially of Peru and Bolivia; nationalism, indigenism and native cultural traditions.

Ethnology of Lowland South America   The prehistoric and Spanish colonial roots of modern Indian Mestizo culture in the lowlands; the place of Indian and Mestizo peoples in the changing national social structures, especially of Brazil; theoretical and comparative implications of indigenous social systems and beliefs.

ANTH 554 - (3) (IR)
Ethnology of Europe
Interrelations and distributions of the ethnic groups of Europe from several perspectives-culture areas, geography, historical movements, political boundaries, population genetics and language affiliation.

ANTH 555 - (3) (IR)
Selected Topics in Ethnology of Europe
Seminars in topics announced prior to each semester.

ANTH 558 - (3) (IR)
Ethnology of the Middle East
A survey of the recent, traditional and modern peoples and cultures of the Middle East.

ANTH 559 - (3) (IR)
Selected Topics in Ethnology of the Middle East
Seminars in topics announced prior to each semester.

ANTH 560 - (3) (IR)
Ethnology of South Asia
Forms of social organization and cultures of the Indian subcontinent: family, caste, village, region. Examination of cultural traditions and the processes of modernization.

ANTH 561 - (3) (Y)
Selected Topics in Ethnology of South Asia
Seminars in topics announced prior to each semester.

ANTH 562 - (3) (IR)
Ethnology of East Asia
The ethnology and social anthropology of traditional and modern groups of East Asia.

ANTH 563 - (3) (IR)
Selected Topics in Ethnology of East Asia
Seminars in topics announced prior to each semester.

ANTH 565 - (3) (IR)
Selected Topics in Ethnology of Southeast Asia
Seminars in topics announced prior to each semester.

ANTH 566 - (3) (IR)
Ethnology of Oceania
The ethnology and social anthropology of traditional and modern groups of Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.

ANTH 567 - (3) (IR)
Selected Topics in Ethnology of Oceania
Seminars in topics announced prior to each semester. Current offerings include: Ethnology of Western Melanesia  , a general introduction to the theoretical treatment of selected peoples of the island of New Guinea and the Bismark Archipelago, with emphasis on ideology and symbolism. The ethnology of highland New Guinea will be particularly stressed.

ANTH 568 - (3) (IR)
Ethnology of Australia
A general introduction to the theoretical treatment of selected peoples of the northern and central desert regions of Australia, with emphasis on ideology and symbolism. The relationships between social structure (marriage/sections) and ritual life (the "synthesis of country") will be stressed.

ANTH 569 - (3) (IR)
Selected Topics in Ethnology
Seminars and classes in topics of specific interest to faculty and advanced students will be announced prior to each semester.


Archaeology

ANTH 280 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to Archaeology
Topics will include alternative theories of culture change, dating methods, excavation and survey techniques, and the reconstruction of the economy, social organization, and religion of prehistoric and historic societies. Case studies will focus on New World cultures.

ANTH 281 - (3) (Y)
Human Origins
The physical and cultural evolution of humans from the initial appearance of hominids to the development of animal and plant domestication in different areas of the world. Topics to be discussed include the development of biological capabilities such as bipedal walking and speech, the evolution of characteristics of human cultural systems such as economic organization and technology, and explanations for the development of domestication.

ANTH 282 - (3) (Y)
Rise of Civilization
A survey of the patterns in the development of prehistoric civilizations in different areas of the world including the Inca of Peru, the Maya, Aztec of Mexico, and the ancient Near East.

ANTH 285 - (3) (Y)
American Material Culture
Patterns of change in American material culture from the seventeenth through the nineteenth centuries. Consideration of how these changes reflect shifts in perception, cognition, and world view.

ANTH 382 - (3) (Y)
Field Methods in Historical Archaeology
Introduction to the basic field methods used in conducting archaeological investigations of historic sites. Surveying, excavation, mapping, and recording are all treated.

ANTH 383 - (3) (Y)
North American Archaeology
A survey of the prehistoric occupations of several areas of North America with emphasis on the eastern United States, the Plains, California, and the Southwest. Topics to be considered include the date of human migration into the New World, the economy and organization of early Paleo-Indian populations, and the evolution of organization and exchange systems.

ANTH 386 - (3) (Y)
Archaeology of Flowerdew Hundred
Study of selected collections from the historical sites identified at Flowerdew Hundred, Virginia. Students conduct an analysis of a single collection within the semester and write reports on the materials analyzed.

ANTH 387 - (3) (Y)
Archaeology of Virginia
Reviews the current state of archaeological and ethnohistoric research in Virginia. Particular attention is paid to the history and culture of Native Americans in Virginia from the earliest paleoindian cultures to the period of European colonization.

ANTH 389 - (3) (Y)
Southwestern Archaeology
The northern section of the American Southwest offers one of the best contexts for examining the evolution of local and regional organization from the prehistoric to the historic period. Readings and discussion focus on both archaeological and ethnographic studies of the desert (Hohokam), mountain (Mogollon), and plateau (Anasazi/Pueblo) cultures.

ANTH 508 - (3) (Y)
Method and Theory in Archaeology
Intensive investigation of current research in the principles, methods, findings, and analysis of anthropological archaeology.

ANTH 580 - (Credit to be arranged) (SI)
Archaeology Laboratory
Field and laboratory training in the collection, processing, and analysis of archaeological material. Because subject matter varies from semester to semester, course may be repeated.

ANTH 581 - (3) (SI)
Archaeology of the Eastern United States
Prehistory of the Eastern United States with special emphasis on cultural development and change. Discussions of archaeological field techniques and methods, and examination of sites in the vicinity of the University.

ANTH 583 - (3) (SI)
Archaeology of the Ancient Near East
A review and analysis of archaeological data used in the reconstruction of ancient Near Eastern societies.

ANTH 584 - (3) (SI)
Archaeology of Complex Societies
Archaeological approaches to the study of complex societies using case studies from both the Old and New Worlds.

ANTH 585 - (3) (SI)
Archaeological Approaches to Economy and Exchange
Archaeological approaches to systems of production, exchange and consumption. Data from both the Old and New Worlds will be discussed.

ANTH 586 - (3) (SI)
Ceramics, Style and Society
Theoretical and methodological issues in the archaeological study of ceramics. Topics include ceramic and exchange, and the uses of ceramics in the study of social interactions.

ANTH 587 - (3) (SI)
Archaeozoology
Laboratory training in the techniques and methods used in the analysis of animal bone recovered from archaeological sites. Topics include field collection, data analysis, and the use of zooarchaeological materials in the reconstruction of economic and social systems.

ANTH 588 - (3) (SI)
Analytical Methods in Archaeology
Prerequisite: An introductory course in statistics
Quantitative analytical techniques in archaeology. Seriation, regression analysis, measures of diversity, and classification.

ANTH 589 - (3) (Y)
Selected Topics in Archaeology
Seminars in topics of specific interest to faculty and advanced students will be announced prior to each semester.


Independent Study and Research

ANTH 496 - (Credit to be arranged) (SI)
Independent Study in Anthropology
Independent study conducted by the student under the supervision of an instructor of their choice.

ANTH 497 - (Credit to be arranged) (SI)
Supervised Research in Anthropology
Supervised research by the student under the supervision of an instructor of his/her choice.

ANTH 498 - (Credit to be arranged) (SI)
Independent Research in Anthropology
Independent research by the student under the supervision of an instructor of their choice.

Program in Archaeology

Overview   The interdisciplinary major in archaeology combines the faculty and resources of several departments to create a program of study in prehistoric, historic, and classical archaeology. The discipline is concerned with the recovery, analysis and interpretation of the material remains of past cultures and societies. The topics of study pursued within the program can vary widely, ranging from issues of human origins and cultural evolution to the study of Classical Greece and Rome; from the structure of ancient Pueblo societies in the American Southwest to the study of colonial life in Virginia. The program provides majors with a knowledge of archaeological method and theory and a thorough grounding in specific cultural areas.

Faculty   As an interdisciplinary program, the faculty is composed of seven archaeology faculty members from the anthropology and art departments. In addition, other faculty from architecture, history, religious studies, environmental science, and chemistry offer courses which complement the major. Faculty sponsored field research in archaeology is currently being conducted in the Southwestern United States, Virginia, the Near East, Africa, and Italy.

Students   There are currently approximately twenty students majoring in archaeology. Students are required to complete a core program of three courses which include one course in anthropological archaeology (prehistoric), one course in classical archaeology (Greek or Roman), and one in archaeological field methods. Beyond those courses, students may either choose to focus on one area or seek a broad base of study in several time periods and geographical regions.

Upon graduation, many majors pursue a professional career in archaeology which typically requires an advanced degree. The University's archaeology majors are sought by the best graduate programs in the United States, and are often offered significant financial support. Many who wish to pursue field research opportunities following graduation (often prior to entering graduate school) have found professional employment in the area of archaeological resource management, a growing private industry in the environmental impact field. Others have found employment with government agencies and museums. Since archaeology is a liberal arts major that offers a unique merger of both humanistic and scientific thought, many majors draw upon this training in pursuing careers in medicine, law, and a range of other fields.

Requirements for Major   All students enroll in a core curriculum of three courses which provide a broad overview of prehistoric and classical archaeology and exposure to field methods both in theory and on an actual archaeological site. Five additional courses, selected in consultation with the program advisors, explore specific areas and issues of archaeological research in various parts of the world. Other courses from the department of anthropology, history, and art may be substituted in consultation with program advisors. The final two courses are selected from such related areas as classics, religious studies, chemistry, and environmental sciences.

Minor in Archaeology   The minor consists of the core curriculum and an additional nine credits to be chosen in consultation with a program advisor.

Distinguished Majors Program in Archaeology (Program Honors)  Students with superior academic performance are encouraged to apply to the distinguished majors program in which they write a thesis demonstrating independent study of high quality. The requirements for admission to the distinguished majors program are as follows:

  1. Satisfaction of all College requirements as stated in the Record with a GPA of at least 3.4 in all University courses.
  2. A GPA of at least 3.4 in all courses taken as part of the archaeology major.
  3. Permission of an advisor. This person may be any member of the program's faculty who is willing to take on the responsibility of supervising the thesis and is normally someone to whom the student has already demonstrated his or her ability in a specialized course at the 500 level.
Additional Information  For more information, contact

Stephen Plog
Department of Anthropology
Brooks Hall
Charlottesville, VA 22903
(804) 924- 3549
Anthropology faculty


Courses

Core Courses

ANTH 280 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to Archaeology
Topics will include alternative theories of prehistoric culture change, dating methods, excavation and survey techniques, and the reconstruction of the economy, social organization, and religion of prehistoric societies.

ARTH 215 - (3) (O)
Introduction to Classical Archaeology
An introduction to the history, theory, and field techniques of classical archaeology.

ANTH 381 - (3-6) (SS)
Field Methods in Archaeology
Comprehensive training in archaeological field techniques is provided through participation in research projects currently in progress under the direction of the archaeology faculty. The emphasis for the student is on learning, in an actual field situation, how the collection of archaeological data is carried out in both survey and excavation. Students will become familiar with field recording systems, excavation techniques, survey methods, sampling theory in archaeology, and artifact processing and analysis. (Field methods courses outside anthropology or offered at other universities may be substituted for ANTH 381 with the prior approval of the student's advisor.)


Additional Courses

The following list includes additional courses which have been approved for the major program. Other courses can be added, depending on the student's area of concentration, with the approval of an advisor.

ANTH 220 - (3) (Y)
Dynamics of Social Organization

ANTH 253 - (3) (Y)
North American Indians

ANTH 281 - (3) (Y)
Human Origins

ANTH 282 - (3) (Y)
Aztec, Inca, and Maya: Civilization of the New World

ANTH 321 - (3) (O)
Kinship and Social Organization

ANTH 322- (3) (O)
Introduction to Economic Anthropology

ANTH 327 - (3) (Y)
Political Anthropology

ANTH 332 - (3) (SS)
Anthropology of Time and Space

ANTH 333 - (3) (O)
Ethno-Poetics, Primitive Art and Aesthetics

ANTH 354 - (3) (O)
Indians of the American Southwest

ANTH 383 - (3) (Y)
North American Archaeology

ANTH 508 - (3) (Y)
Method and Theory in Archaeology

ANTH 580 - (Credits to be arranged) (SI)
Archaeology Laboratory

ANTH 581 - (3) (SI)
Archaeology of the Eastern United States

ANTH 589 - (3) (Y)
Selected Topics in Archaeology

ARTH 211 - (3) (IR)
Art of the Ancient Near East and Prehistoric Europe

ARTH 213 - (3) (Y)
Greek Art

ARTH 214 - (3) (Y)
Etruscan and Roman Art

ARTH 313 - (3) (IR)
Art and Poetry in Classical Greece

ARTH 315 - (3) (IR)
The Greek City

ARTH 316 - (3) (IR)
Roman Architecture

ARTH 491 - (3) (S)
Undergraduate Seminar in the History of Art
Greek or Roman only.

ARTH 518 - (3) (IR)
Roman Imperial Art and Architecture I

ARTH 519 - (3) (IR)
Roman Imperial Art and Architecture II

CHEM 191 - (3) (IR)
Archaeological Chemistry

HIEU 203 - (3) (Y)
Ancient Greece

HIEU 204 - (3) (Y)
Roman Republic and Empire

HIEU 501 - (3) (IR)
The Rise of the Greek Polis

HIEU 502 - (3) (IR)
The Developed Greek Polis and the Spread of Hellenism

HIEU 503 - (3) (IR)
History of the Roman Republic

HIEU 504 - (3) (IR)
History of the Roman Empire

REL 214 - (3) (E)
Archaic Cult and Myth

AR H 515P - (3) (Y)
Historical Archaeology