10: School of Law

General Information | Admission Information | Financial Aid Information | Career Services
Degree Programs | Academic Regulations | Student Activities and Awards
Annual Law School Awards and Honors | Course Descriptions | Faculty

J.D. Degree | Master of Laws and Doctor of Juridical Science | Degree Requirements
Combined Degree Programs | J.D.-M.A. in Economics | J.D.-M.A. in English
J.D.-M.A. in Government and Foreign Affairs | J.D.-M.A. in History
J.D.-M.A. in Philosophy | J.D.-M.A. in Sociology | J.D.-M.A. in Marine Affairs
External Combined Degree Programs in Public International Law | J.D.-M.B.A. Program
J.D.-M.P. Program | J.D.-M.S. in Accounting Program

J.D.-M.A. (Marine Affairs) Program

The following J.D.-M.A. program was instituted in 1981 by the School of Law and the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (Department of Environmental Sciences, Marine Affairs Program).

Administration of the Program   Management of the program and advising of participating students are entrusted to the Director of the Center for Oceans Law and Policy, and the Chair of the Marine Affairs Program of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.

Admission to the Program   Admission to the program requires three steps. (a) The student must secure admission to the Marine Affairs Program of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences through the normal admissions process. The student is held to the same standards as any other applicant, and candidacy for the joint program is not considered at this stage. (b) The student must secure admission to the Law School through its normal admissions process. The student is held to the same standards as any other applicant, and candidacy for the joint program is not considered at this stage. (c) Once admitted independently to the two schools involved, the student must then make application to the co-chairs for admission to the joint program. A student is not guaranteed entrance into the joint program by virtue of acceptance at both schools, but is judged according to criteria developed by the co-chairs.

Curriculum   The combined J.D.-M.A.M.A. program normally takes three and one-half to four years to complete. In brief, the program consists of either the complete first year program at the School of Law or the complete first year program in Marine Affairs, and at least two and one-half years of courses taken from the curricula of the two schools and, in appropriate cases, from other graduate offerings at the University. The student is required to meet all of the requirements set by the respective departments for the award of both the J.D. and the M.A. degrees. In the School of Law, that means that the student is required to earn a minimum of 86 credits, as well as complete the required curriculum of the Law School. In the Marine Affairs Program, the minimum requirements for the M.A.M.A. degree include 30 credits, completion of a thesis under the supervision of a faculty advisor, and satisfactory performance on comprehensive examinations. Of these 30 credits, 15 may now be taken in the School of Law as selected from eight approved courses. With the approval of the Oceans Center Director, a student may receive up to 12 of the 86 credits required for the J.D. degree in appropriate graduate-level work in the Marine Affairs curriculum exclusive of courses offered in the School of Law. Similarly, with the approval of the Chair of the Marine Affairs Program, a student may receive up to 12 of the 30 credits required for the M.A.M.A. degree in appropriate work in the School of Law. No student, however, may have more than 12 credits applied toward both degrees.

Change of Status   At any point in the program, the student may terminate plans for a joint program with the approval of the co-chairs and continue toward a single degree at either school. The student is obligated to satisfy the normal requirements of the school elected, which may include credit for some of the work done in the other school as determined by the appropriate officials of the school in question.

Tuition and Fees   During the first year, the student is treated for these purposes as regularly matriculated at the school in which he or she is enrolled. During the remaining years, a student will pay the higher of the tuitions of the two schools, plus the required fees, plus the special fees exacted by both schools. For any semester for which a student is in full-time residence in the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, however, he or she is treated for these purposes as a regular graduate student in the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.

Extracurricular Activities   The student is eligible to participate in the extra-curricular activities of both schools to the extent that time permits, but should be particularly alert to the possibility of over-commitment. Law students should seek the counsel of the Oceans Center Director before undertaking any formal extra-curricular activities of a time-consuming nature.

Grading Standards   In the first year of the combined program, while enrolled exclusively in the Law School, the student is required to meet the grading standards of the Law School. In remaining years, when enrolled in both schools, the student is required to meet the session and cumulative grading standards of both schools independently to remain in good standing.

Each school retains the right to drop students from its degree programs under its usual academic standards.

Problems which arise in translation of different grading scales resulting from the joint program are dealt with by the co-chairs. Grades are recorded on the student's transcript under the system in effect at the school in which the course is taken.

Faculty Advisors   The Law School faculty advisor for this program is John Norton Moore, Director of the Center for Oceans Law and Policy at the School of Law. The Graduate School of Arts and Sciences faculty advisor for this program is H. Grant Goodell, Chair of the Program in Marine Affairs.


Continue to: External Combined Degree Programs in Public International Law
Return to: Chapter 10 Index