10: School of Law

General Information | Admission Information | Financial Aid Information | Career Services
Degree Programs | Academic Regulations | Student Activities and Awards
Annual Law School Awards and Honors | Course Descriptions | Faculty

J.D. Degree | Master of Laws and Doctor of Juridical Science | Degree Requirements
Combined Degree Programs | J.D.-M.A. in Bioethics | J.D.-M.A. in Economics | J.D.-M.A. in English
J.D.-M.A. in Government and Foreign Affairs | J.D.-M.A. in History | J.D.-M.A. in Philosophy
J.D.-M.A. in Sociology | External Combined Degree Programs in Public International Law
J.D.-M.B.A. Program | J.D.-M.P. Program | J.D.-M.S. in Accounting Program

J.D. Degree

The degree of Juris Doctor is conferred upon those regular and special students who satisfy the residence and grade requirements described below and who maintain a satisfactory record such as should characterize a prospective member of the legal profession.

Residence   Residence of six semesters is required except in the case of transfer students who have received credit for work done in other law schools and who enter with advanced standing credit. Students may claim full residence credit for a semester only if they receive grades of D or better for at least 9 credits. (A credit represents one lecture period per week throughout one semester.) Students who, without permission of the Assistant Dean for Student Affairs, fail to enroll in 12 credits in a semester will receive no residence credit for that semester.

Grading System   Candidates for the J.D. degree must accumulate 86 credits while satisfying two conditions: a student must maintain a minimum grade point average of C+ (2.3) and accumulate fewer than three exclusion points at the conclusion of each academic year. A grade of D carries one exclusion point and a grade of F carries two exclusion points. Under the grading system, there are ten possible gradations which can be used by the faculty in evaluating performance in courses and seminars—A+, A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, D, F. It is the intent of the faculty that, for the purpose of allocating grades in a course or seminar and to assist in achieving grade uniformity, the mean grade for each course and seminar will be a 3.3. However, there is no particular grading curve to which a faculty member must adhere. Thus, the mean can be achieved either by averaging relatively high and low grades or by having most grades grouped more closely around the B+ (3.3) mean.

The A+ is reserved for the truly outstanding performance. A given class may well have no such performances. It would be very unusual if more than one or two grades of A+ were awarded in a class of 100. The purpose of the grade is to permit the recognition of the clearly outstanding student. It is felt that such a grade would be particularly helpful, for example, in the consideration of candidates for clerkships, teaching positions, and certain other positions which require exceptionally high academic performance. The grade of F is used only for those very few students whose performance is wholly inadequate. As with the case of A+, a given class may well include no such performances. Once again, it would be unusual if more than one or two grades of F were awarded in a class of 100. No credit is given for a course in which a student receives an F; credit is given for a D.

Numerical grade point values for letter grades are provided below.
A+4.3 Grade Points
A4.0 Grade Points
A-3.7 Grade Points
B+3.3 Grade Points
B3.0 Grade Points
B-2.7 Grade Points
C+2.3 Grade Points
C2.0 Grade Points
D1.0 Grade Points
F0.0 Grade Points


Continue to: Master of Laws and Doctor of Juridical Science
Return to: Chapter 10 Index