6: Graduate School of Architecture

General Information | Programs and Degrees Offered | Course Descriptions | Faculty

Architecture | Landscape Architecture | Urban and Environmental Planning | Architectural History

Urban and Environmental Planning

PLAN 501/502 - (4) (S)
Urban Design

Analysis of methods of urban design analysis, stressing observational and representational methods. Special emphasis on relationships among public and private buildings, spaces, and transportation corridors in commercial centers.

PLAN 503 - (1) (Y)
Basic Graphics

Introduction to basic graphic skills used in communicating and designing in planning situations.

PLAN 504 - (3) (Y)
Planning in Government

The political, economic, and social contexts of the planning function are studied. Planning has been institutionalized in government with most communities and some states having planning departments. Land use planning and community development are emphasized.

PLAN 505 - (3) (Y)
Design of Cities

Explores the development of coherent physical form of cities as a result of formal models, geographic landscape and intentioned human use, focusing on how man uses and experiences the city and the underlying rationale for city design principles.

PLAN 506 - (3) (Y)
Mapping a Communityís Future

Study of the application of analytic techniques to urban and regional systems. Spatial analysis, demographic and economic projections, and models for simulation and impact analysis will be covered.

PLAN 511 - (1-3) (Y)
Information Technology in Planning

The fundamental skills for using computers in planning are developed through lectures and workshops. The programming of spreadsheets employs principles of computation, data storage, file management, macro programming and application development. Presentation and drawing tools are explored using computer assisted graphing and mapping. Other topics such as Geographic Information Systems, Computer Assisted Design, and impact of information technology on society and work places are introduced.

PLAN 512 - (1-3) (Y)
Computers in Planning: GIS

The use of the computer in urban management and planning, including implications for various planning, engineering, and administrative functions of the public sector are reviewed. Primary attention is given to geographic information systems for collection, analysis, and display of spatial information in urban and environmental contexts.

PLAN 522 - (3) (IR)
Planning, Budgeting, and Finance

Emphasizes evaluating the merit of various criteria and processes of making budget choices. Questions about who should pay, who should benefit, who should participate, and who should decide are examined, along with what the consequences are of these choices.

PLAN 524 - (3) (Y)
Consensus Building, Negotiation and Mediation

Examines the processes by which policy consensus can be developed, focusing on three principal elements: (1) general negotiation theory and skill development, including the concept of ďprincipledĒ negotiation; (2) the conflict landscape, including government and non-government organizations; and (3) negotiation resources and opportunities, including organizations, processes, and enabling legislation.

PLAN 529 - (3) (IR)
Special Topics in Policy Planning

The selected topics vary from year to year to fill graduate studentsí needs in the study of policy planning and analyses.

PLAN 530 - (3) (Y)
Preservation Planning

Exploration of current literature on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of historic places. Develops techniques for surveying, documenting, evaluating, and planning for preservation. Analyzes current political issues in preservation planning.

PLAN 531 - (3) (IR)
Development and Design

Provides students with a fundamental understanding of the analytical tools, design concepts, and financial and economic principals that can lead to financially and aesthetically optimal and creative development projects. Emphasizes the integration of design and economic principles related to large-scale design and land development.

PLAN 534 - (3) (IR)
Neighborhood Revitalization

Exploration of problems and potential encountered in planning for older established urban neighborhoods. They may range from market decline and physical decay to intense private reinvestment and displacement. Major topics include neighborhood change processes, the role of private lending institutions in neighborhood change, techniques for identifying economically sound housing and business opportunities in older neighborhoods, neighborhood commercial and residential revitalization techniques, financing neighborhood improvement programs, and historic and architectural preservation as a component of neighborhood revitalization.

PLAN 536 - (3) (O)
African-American Community Development

Investigates a process of community development for its application to urban African-American settings. Seeks to achieve community development through developing a model for urban African-American district development, and discussing the various roles of participants in the community development process.

PLAN 540 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to Housing and Community Development

Provides an introduction to the housing and community development area of planning practice. Topics include the housing and development industries, housing production and distribution systems, housing demand and supply, housing market dynamics, neighborhood change processes, housing and real estate finance, social aspects of housing and development, and housing and development programs and policy issues.

PLAN 543 - (4) (E)
Land Development Workshop

Explores the process of land development from the point of view of the private land developer interacting with local governments. Topics include development potential analysis, site analysis, traffic analysis, land planning, development programming, public and private service to accommodate new development, and public regulation of land development.

PLAN 544 - (3) (Y)
Community Based Housing Workshop

Discusses the role of local and state government in providing housing. This includes how to formulate and implement a housing plan. Various other topics such as syndication, public housing, rehabilitation, rent control, and tenant-landlord legislation may be covered.

PLAN 547 - (3) (E)
Development Dynamics

Explores the process of land development. The roles of developers, investors, designers, planners, and others are examined, identifying the objectives each have in the development decision process. The interplay and communications of what constitutes sound economics and good design are discussed.

PLAN 549 - (3) (IR)
Special Topics in Housing and Community Development

The selected material varies from year to year to meet the needs of graduate students in the study of housing and community development.

PLAN 550 - (3) (O)
Natural Systems and Environmental Planning

Integrates knowledge of natural systems into local planning processes. A basic understanding of how natural systems function, the impacts that urban and land development have on their integrity, and community-wide approaches to planning for and managing urban development to reduce or mitigate these impacts are topics for discussion.

PLAN 551 - (3) (Y)
Sustainable Communities

Examination of sustainable communities, and the environmental, social, economic, political and design standards that underlie them. Attention devoted to reviewing actual case studies of cities, towns and development projects that reflect principles of sustainability.

PLAN 553 - (3) (Y)
Environmental Policy and Planning

Examines contemporary environmental policy and practice, including exploration of the normative-philosophical debate surrounding environmental issues. Attention to understanding the political and institutional framework for establishing policy and programs and exploring the action approaches to environmental planning, including moral suasion, regulation, public investment, and public incentives. Analysis of case studies of environmental planning at the federal, state, and local levels.

PLAN 554 - (3) (E)
Environmental Values and Ethics

Detailed exploration of the normative debate surrounding environmental issues. Attention to foundations of environmental economics, questions about the value of endangered species, concerns of future generations, appropriateness of a sustainable society, notions of stewardship, and obligations toward equity.

PLAN 555 - (3) (O)
Environmental Impact Assessment

Explores environmental impact assessment processes and methods from both a theoretical and applied perspective. The philosophy and statutory base of the assessment process are reviewed. The integration of the assessment process with the broader planning processes for a jurisdiction are emphasized.

PLAN 557 - (3) (IR)
Environmental Planning and Community Design

Processes of community planning and design incorporating important considerations of the natural environment are the subjects of this applied course. Analysis of environmental resources and constraints predicates design of development policies and projects for a specific local community.

PLAN 558 - (3) (O)
Coastal Planning Workshop

The special characteristics of coastal island settings are explored for their planning significance. Natural hazard mitigation, wetlands, and biodiversity are some of the topics addressed.

PLAN 559 - (3) (IR)
Special Topics in Environmental Planning

The selected material varies from year to year to meet the needs of graduate students studying environmental planning.

PLAN 560 - (3) (Y)
Land Use Policy and Planning

Introduction to the theory and practice of land use planning as it has evolved historically and as it is expressed in contemporary practice. Addresses the need and rationale for land use planning as well as its tools.

PLAN 561 - (3) (Y)
Community Land Use Workshop

Land use plans are developed, usually in conjunction with citizens, for an area in a community undergoing change.

PLAN 562 - (3) (O)
Comprehensive Planning Workshop

Explores the comprehensive planning process by developing a plan for a Virginia jurisdiction which serves as the courseís client for the semester.

PLAN 565 - (3) (E)
Growth Management

Examines issues related to recent attempts to regulate the rate and location of development activity. Land use, fiscal, economic, social, environmental, political, and legal considerations in growth management strategies are compared to the alternative of non-managed growth. Efforts at economic development are treated as one type of growth management. Examines case studies and the growing body of literature on growth management techniques employed in a number of jurisdictions.

PLAN 568 - (3) (IR)
Strategic Development Planning

Development planning addresses the relationships among land uses and the local governmentís role in achieving public, including social, purposes in physical terms. Strategic planning usually involves determining a jurisdictionís highest priorities and designing policies and programs to achieve them within the context of political conflict and competition among local jurisdictions.

PLAN 569 - (3) (IR)
Special Topics in Land Use Planning

Selected topics vary from year to year to fill graduate studentsí needs in the study of land use planning.

PLAN 571 - (3) (IR)
Landscape Preservation

Examines the legal and practical issues involved in the conservation of rural landscapes including the settings of historic structures. Reviews the justification for landscape preservation, and the various planning strategies which could be employed to preserve landscapes, including land use regulations, tax incentives, and conservation easements. Includes case studies.

PLAN 572 - (3) (E)
Transportation and Land Use

Reviews basic relationships between land use and transportation. Topics include the decision process, planning principles, impact measures, and a methodological framework for identifying and evaluating courses in action at a regional, local, and neighborhood scale. Projects and scale change from year to year.

PLAN 575 - (3) (IR)
Community Facilities Planning

Study of the detailed development of plans to meet functions stated by local government jurisdictions including schools, public safety, water, and sewer. Includes case studies of plans in order to develop a comprehensive capital improvement program for the locale.

PLAN 577 - (3) (E)
Plan Implementation

Emphasizes use of zoning, subdivision, and other regulations to implement comprehensive plans. Capital facilities programming and building codes are also studied.

PLAN 589 - (3) (Y)
Environmental Choices

A survey of current environmental concerns, considering traditional and modern views of manís physical and spiritual place in nature. Explores the challenging ethical problems confronting planners, landscape architects, architects, historians and others at the professional and personal levels.

PLAN 593 - (1-4) (S)
Independent Study/Fieldwork in Planning

Individual study directed by a faculty member on material approved by the faculty. Prior approval by the planning faculty is required. Introduction to landscape construction materials and fundamental methods for construction in masonry, retaining wall design, pavements, wood structures, etc.

PLAN 600 - (3) (Y)
The Quest for Order

A search for themes common to architecture, architectural history, landscape architecture, and urban and environmental planning. The course is taught by four senior faculty, one from each of the four departments, who deliver lectures and lead discussion groups. Students from the four departments are mixed in discussion groups to provide diverse viewpoints. Topics and interests central to and linking with the Schoolís four fields are presented from conceptual, empirical, and professional perspectives. Washington, D.C. is used as a case example for many themes. All master students in a two-year or longer program in the Departments of Architecture, Landscape Architecture, Architectural History, and Urban and Environmental Planning must take this course. Cross-listed as L AR 600, ARCH 600, AR H 600.

PLAN 601 - (4) (Y)
Planning Process and Practice

A practicum/problem course focusing on the use of information in the planning process. Develops familiarity with types and sources of data, and assesses the relevance of data for various types of problem situations. Provides experience in producing quality professional analysis. Also develops team skills and graphic presentation processes.

PLAN 604 - (3) (Y)
Legal Aspects of Planning

Increases familiarity with the background and contemporary issues in the law as it effects planning practice. Includes substantial work in traditional areas of land use law, but also deals with the law as an instrument for change. Emphasizes developing legal research skills and performing legal analyses.

PLAN 605 - (4) (Y)
Methods of Planning Analysis

Introduction to the application of quantitative skills to the planning process. Emphasizes the modeling of decision situations in planning and policy analysis and developing precise languages for structuring or communicating their quantitative dimensions. Includes lecture, case studies, and formal review of statistical methods; survey research methods, census data analysis, program and plan evaluation, and computer modeling.

PLAN 607 - (3) (Y)
Urban Theory and Public Policy

Concentrates on normative and empirical urban theory that is important in understanding the effects and design of public policies. The theories and applications considered span a number of academic disciplines. Stresses application of theoretical perspectives to federal, state, and local policy choices.

PLAN 609 - (3) (Y)
Planning Theory and Practice

Provides a sense of the intellectual and professional roots of contemporary planning theory and practice. Equal effort is directed toward analyzing these roots with an eye to stimulating new perspectives and concepts for an emerging growth management orientation.

PLAN 611 - (3) (IR)
Planning History

The evolution and development of the practice of planning is placed in the context of urban history. Particular cities serve as case studies.

PLAN 898 - (3-6) (S)
Masterís Thesis

Masterís thesis is not required for the Master of Planning Degree, but may be undertaken by a qualified graduate student with a subject of merit where the planning faculty feels this is in the best interests of the student in pursuing a specialized course of study.

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