Irritable Bowel Syndrome (also known as "spastic colon"
or "nervous stomach") is a functional disorder of the
colon or large intestine. It is caused by excessive muscle contractions
in the intestinal tract usually occurring during times of tension
are the symptoms?
- Constipation (sometimes alternating with diarrhea)
- Abdominal pain
is it treated?
For many, dealing with the source of tension or stress helps prevent
recurrence of irritable bowel; however, the following self-care
measures can also help relieve uncomfortable symptoms:
Increase fiber or "roughage" (non-digestible vegetable
matter) in your regular diet by including foods such as fruits,
vegetables, whole grain breads and cereals and bran. Note: Acute
diarrhea will require excluding fiber until symptoms subside.
- Avoid known irritants during acute attacks. They may include:
fried or greasy foods
gas-forming foods (i.e. cabbage, broccoli, corn, beans, nuts)
caffeinated beverages (i.e. coffee, black tea, cola)
milk and milk products
foods containing sorbitol (i.e. diet candies and gum)
Decrease chances of ingesting air by avoiding chewing gum, hard
candy and carbonated beverages.
Eat three meals daily. Skipping meals and then eating on an empty
stomach can cause havoc with your digestive system and aggravate
Metamucil is the great equalizer; it loosens up constipation and
firms up diarrhea. Take one teaspoon in a glass of liquid three
times a day (available without prescriptions).
- Avoid laxatives. For relief of constipation, stool softeners
(i.e., Surfak, Colace) are preferable and are also available without
- Avoid antibiotics which can aggravate your condition.
Get daily physical exercise to allow your bowels to relax. Include
at least one leisurely walk a day.
health care personnel:
if you are having trouble coping with daily tension or stress.
- if your symptoms are not relieved by self-care measures.
- if you notice blood in your stool.
- anytime you are unsure of what to do.
to Common Ailments page
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