Quarterly Review Brings Out Forgotten Short Story
William Faulkner Short Story Found
By Scholar Cleaning Out His Files
11, 1999 -- An unpublished short story by William
Faulkner, rejected by Harpers and The Atlantic Monthly
in 1948, will finally be published in the upcoming issue of The
Virginia Quarterly Review.
Beauchamp: An Unpublished Story" will appear for the first
time in the Summer 1999 issue of the Virginia Quarterly,
out next month. A version of the short story has appeared as the
first chapter of Faulkners 1948 novel, Intruder in the
story, as Faulkner wrote his agent, Harold Ober, on Feb. 1, 1948,
was about "a relationship between Negro and white, specifically
or rather the premise being that the white people in the south
owe and must pay a responsibility to the Negro."
scholar Patrick Samway, S.J., the Will and Ariel Durant Professor
of Humanities at St. Peters College, Jersey City, N.J., received
a copy of "Lucas Beauchamp" (pronounced BEE cham) from
the files of Faulkners agent in February 1975 as he conducted
research on Intruder in the Dust. The next year, Samway published
an article titled "Faulkners Hidden Story in Intruder
in the Dust," in the French literary journal Delta.
The story was not included in the 1979 volume of Faulkners
with his duties as the literary editor of America magazine
for the past 15 years, Samway forgot about the Faulkner story. But
nine months ago, as he was cleaning out his files, he unearthed
his copy of the typescript.
believes the find is significant because the story sheds light on
the themes that preoccupied Faulkner, the techniques he used, and
how his work changed through rewriting.
Beauchamp] is a story of black and white, old and young, suffused
with a sense of debt," Samway said. "The debt relates
to the larger social issue in the South in the 1940s, the debt whites
owe to blacks, and how to repay that debt."
interesting to the general public -- as Samway said, "Its
a Faulkner story and any Faulkner story is significant," --
the find is likely to be even more intriguing to Faulkner scholars.
juxtaposing the short story and the novel, the short story may help
illustrate the novel and vice versa," Samway said. "It
allows a reader, a scholar, to think about how these two works are
in tension with one another. You can see relations between the two
and see themes in a new way."
why did Harpers and the Atlantic reject "Lucas
star had not risen then," Samway said. In the 1940s, many of
Faulkners books were out of print. It wasnt until he
received the Nobel Prize in 1950 that his popularity rose and his
books were reprinted. Theyve rarely been out of print since.
Samway rediscovered the story in his files, he contacted The
Virginia Quarterly Review about publishing it because of the
journals affiliation with the University of Virginia, where
Faulkner once taught. VQR Editor Staige Blackford contacted
Samway within days of receiving the story. After Joseph Blotner,
a Faulkner biographer and former professor of English literature
at the University of Virginia, authenticated it, Blackford expressed
his interest in publishing the short story.
summer, more than 50 years after Faulkner wrote "Lucas Beauchamp,"
it finally will be published.
(1897-1962) came to U.Va. in 1957 as the Universitys first
writer-in-residence. He later served as consultant on American literature
to Alderman Library and in 1961 was elected Balch Lecturer in American
Literature, a position he held until his death in 1962.
conducted much of the research for his 1980 book, Faulkners
Intruder in the Dust: A Critical Study of the Typescripts,
at U.Va.s Alderman Library, which holds one of the largest
collections of Faulkners work. The library collection is built
around the papers Faulkner himself kept and deposited permanently
in 1959 along with other materials deposited over the years by Jill
Faulkner Summers, Faulkner's daughter, collector Linton Massey,
other benefactors, and purchases.
The collection contains typescript copies (or carbons of such copies)
of most of Faulkners novels along with handwritten manuscripts
of Flags in the Dust, The Sound and the Fury, As I Lay Dying,
Sanctuary, Light in August, and The Wild Palms. The collection
also preserves typescripts and manuscripts of many of Faulkner's
stories and essays; galley and page proofs, revised and unrevised,
of many of the novels; and numerous letters, photographs, and drawings.
Virginia Quarterly Review, a literary journal published by the
University of Virginia since 1925, will celebrate its 75th anniversary
more information, call Faulkner scholar Patrick Samway, S.J., at
(212) 581-4640; Joseph Blotner, Faulkner biographer, at (804) 984-1511;
Donald Kartiganer, the William Howry Professor of Faulkner Studies
at The University of Mississippi and director of Mississippis
annual Faulkner and Yoknapatawpha Conference, at (662) 236-7194;
or Staige Blackford, editor of the VQR, at (804) 924-3124.
For review copies of the journal, call Janna Olson, VQR managing
editor, at (804) 924-3124.
on Alderman Librarys Faulkner Collection
Charlotte Crystal, (804) 924-6858.