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Miller Center Of Public Affairs Awards Fellowships To 11 Outstanding Scholars

May 7, 2001-- The University of Virginia’s Miller Center of Public Affairs has selected 11 leading doctoral candidates from around the United States to receive its 2001 Miller Center Fellowships in contemporary politics, policy and political history.

Each fellow will receive a one-year $15,000 grant to support his or her writing and research in American political development. Fellows are encouraged, although not required, to spend time in residence at the Miller Center.

The center received 90 applications this year from scholars in a variety of fields, including history, political science, economics, American studies, international relations and sociology. The Miller Center judged the applications on their scholarly quality and their potential to shed new light on important public-policy issues.

"The Miller Center Fellowships will assist these graduate students in completing their work at a critical juncture in their scholarship and will also encourage talented young scholars to conduct work that informs the public and decision-makers," said U.Va. historian Brian Balogh, who co-directs the program with presidential scholar Sidney M. Milkis.

The fellowship program culminates each spring with a conference at the Miller Center that brings together the fellows and leading scholars, editors, journalists and policy-makers to discuss the students’ work. The conference for current Miller Center Fellows is Saturday May 26, from 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. at the Miller Center. It is open to the public.

This year, the Miller Center also awarded a special fellowship to University of Virginia student George Xuezhi Guo, in memory of Tony Leng, a longtime scholar at the Miller Center and pioneer in the field of Asian-American studies, who died last year. The Tony Leng Fellowship supports a scholar whose work significantly contributes to scholarship on Asian studies or Asian-American policy issues.

The Miller Center Foundation Fellowship Endowment and the Miller Center’s operating budget funds this year's foundation. In future years, the Miller Center Foundation hopes to support the full cost of the fellowship program through a self-sustaining endowment, for which it is actively fundraising.

The 2001 Miller Center Fellowship recipients (and their research) are:

Joseph H. Crespino, Stanford University. Massive Accommodation: White Mississippians and the End of Jim Crow, 1948-1970. Crespino examines the impact of racial desegregation on political culture in the South by providing a case study of both resistance and accommodation to civil rights reform in Mississipi’s white community. He shows how key policy makers and wealthy elites accommodated racial change by accepting token forms of desegregation that preserved racial and economic privilege, forestalled further civil-rights reform, and created a new form of conservatism that has dramatically affected modern politics.

Crespino has received grants and awards from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Lyndon B. Johnson Foundation, and the Mississippi Economic Council. He formerly taught high school in Indianola, Miss.

Maxine Eichner, University of North Carolina. Reinstating Family: Rethinking the Relationship Between the Family and the State. Eichner explains the apparent lack of legal protections and other services available to families, despite American society’s professed support of the family ideal. She argues for a new view of the family-state relationship that rejects assumptions about the relationships among individuals and the role of the state that currently dominates various areas of U.S. law.

A graduate of the Yale Law School, Eichner has practiced law in Raleigh, N.C., specializing in litigation of civil rights, labor law, and employment-related matters. Her work has appeared in a number of law journals.

Michael Fein, Brandeis University. Public Works: The Politics of Highway Construction in New York State, 1890-1956.  Fein studies the relationships of local, state, and federal governments; the economy; and the larger political culture of the United States in the context of developing the nation's transportation infrastructure.  Fein offers insight and historical perspective into how the federal government handles problems that are national in scope but local in implementation. 

Fein has received the Larry J. Hackman Research Residency Grant from the New York State Archives as well as a Crown Fellowship from Brandeis University.

George Xuezhi Guo, University of Virginia. The Guanxi (Interpersonal Relations) of Chinese Communist Elite: Theory and Practice. Guo explains the role of guanxi, or interpersonal relations, in modern Chinese politics. In this work, Guo challenges the conventional Western interpretation of the nature of Chinese politics and critiques, as oversimplified, the conventional view of Chinese politics as factional and bureaucratic.

Guo is author of a forthcoming book, Shaping Elite Politics in China: A Historical and Cultural Perspective.

Ronald R. Krebs, Columbia University. A School for the Nation? Military Institutions and the Boundaries of Nationality. Arguing that a country’s military is not just an instrument for the application of force but an institution to influence the character of the surrounding society, Krebs’ work examines how the military’s participation policies shape the nature and fate of minorities’ struggles for citizenship rights.

Krebs was an assistant editor at Foreign Affairs, and his work has appeared in International Organization, Security Studies, and the Journal of Strategic Studies. He is also the author of Dueling Visions: U.S. Strategy Toward Eastern Europe Under Eisenhower (Texas A & M University Press, 2001). His current research has received support from the John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies at Harvard University, the United States Institute of Peace, the Institute for the Study of World Politics, the Eisenhower World Affairs Institute, and Columbia University.

Sean L. Malloy, Stanford University. Henry L. Stimson and the American Foreign Policy Tradition. Malloy looks at the career of legendary Republican statesman Henry L. Stimson, who served under President's Taft, Hoover and Roosevelt, and his powerful role in shaping America’s transformation from an isolated and internationally inexperienced nation to a world superpower.

Malloy has received awards and honors from the Center for International Security Cooperation, the A.W. Mellon Foundation, and the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library.

Patrick McGuinn, University of Virginia. The Institutionalization of Federal Education Policy, 1965 —2000. McGuinn’s work focuses on the federal government’s role in public education and argues that development and public acceptance of an equity argument for federal intervention in education in the 1960s led to creation of new educational institutions at the national level. McGuinn explains how these new institutions, combined with established governing institutions and new political incentives, fueled a flurry of federal education policymaking.

McGuinn is a past recipient of the Bradley and Olin Fellowships and is currently a fellow at the Center for Governmental Studies at the University of Virginia.

Nicole E. Mellow, University of Texas at Austin. Rising Partisanship: A Study of the Regional Dimensions of Party Conflict in the Post-War House of Representatives. Mellow examines the resurgence of political-party conflict since the 1970s. Mellow argues that the rise of partisan politics results from regional restructuring of the New Deal party system that shifted the geographic bases of both Democrats and Republicans.

Mellow has received grants and awards from the Everett C. Dirksen Congressional Research Award and the Carl Albert Center. Her work has been published in The Annals of the American Academy in Political and Social Science, Georgetown Public Policy Review, and Catholic Education.

Andrew J. Morris, University of Virginia. Charity, Therapy and Poverty: Private Social Service in the Area of Public Welfare. Morris’s studies how nonprofit private welfare organizations dramatically changed how society helps the poor in the post-WWII era of public welfare. Specifically, he explains how private charity revived itself by moving from its traditional dispensation of outright assistance to providing therapy as a way of giving. The voluntary sector’s embrace of counseling, Morris argues, paved the way for a social-services approach to poverty by the public sector in the early 1960s.

Morris is a past recipient of fellowships from the Aspen Institute, University of Minnesota, and University of Virginia for his studies in social welfare.

Margaret Pugh O’Mara, University of Pennsylvania. Cities of Knowledge: Cold War Politics and the Roots of the Information Age Metropolis, 1945-1975. O’Mara explores how increased federal spending on higher education and scientific research, spurred by Cold War politics, transformed major U.S. metropolitan areas by encouraging high-technology, high-skill employment sectors.

O’Mara has worked in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the White House, where she helped create and implement several policy programs, including the Empowerment Zones/Enterprise Communities Initiative, and welfare reform.

Damion Thomas, University of California at Los Angeles. The Good Negroes: African-American Athletes and the Cultural Cold War, 1945-1968. Thomas examines the U.S. Athletic Goodwill Tours program of the Cold War era that sent athletes, coaches, and sports teams overseas to promote the American democratic way of life and counteract images of America as a nation torn by racial strife. Thomas challenges the assumption that integrated sports had an overwhelmingly beneficial impact on civil rights and argues that the politics of symbolism the Goodwill Tours employed were designed legitimize racial inequalities during that era.

Thomas has received a number of awards and honors from the Center for Black Studies at UCLA, the Institute of American Cultures, and the National Black Graduate Student Association. Since 1997, Thomas has served as president of the Boys-to-Men Club of Los Angeles.

Contact: Margaret Edwards, (804) 924-7889

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Contact the Office of University Relations at (804) 924-7116. Television reporters should contact the TV News Office at (804) 924-7550.
SOURCE: U.Va. News Services

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