of Kuwait Revisited
Policymakers Seek Lessons
In Crisis Management On Tenth Anniversary Of Persian Gulf War
29, 2001 -- Ten years after Operation Desert Storm
and Operation Desert Sabre swept through Iraq and liberated Kuwait,
policy makers will gather for a conference in Charlottesville, Va.,
to draw lessons in crisis management from the 1990-91 Persian Gulf
to speak, but not yet confirmed, are U.N. Secretary General Kofi
Annan, Secretary of State Colin Powell, who was then chairman of
the joint chiefs of staff, and Vice President Dick Cheney, who was
then secretary of defense.
Liberation of Kuwait: Dawning of a New World Order?" will explore
the ramifications of the first major crisis of the post-Cold War
era (Aug. 2, 1990 - Feb. 28, 1991) and seek to draw lessons in crisis
management for participating government and business leaders. It
will be held Feb. 22-24 at the University of Virginia and hosted
by the Institute for Global Policy Research.
is being organized by W. Nathaniel Howell, U.S. ambassador to Kuwait
during the Iraqi invasion, who is now director of the Institute
and a U.Va. professor. Howell has written about the experience in
his recently published monograph, "Siege."
occupation and liberation of Kuwait was a watershed event, not just
for Kuwaitis and those of us who were caught up in the crisis, but
for the way in which the United States and allied nations responded
to a massive violation of international law and human rights,"
Howell said. "After 10 years, it is time to look back at the
experience to understand what the global community learned about
dealing with threats to peace and security -- threats that continue
to confront us today. We expect the conference to offer a deeper
understanding of the issues involved in contemporary crises along
with a review of the tools that can be used to avert them or deal
with them effectively when diplomacy fails."
the Iraqi attack occurred months before the final collapse of the
Soviet Union, the crisis foreshadowed a number of the aspects of
the post-Cold War world rogue states, nuclear proliferation,
crimes against humanity, coalition politics among states.
some respects, Desert Storm provides a model for the creation and
maintenance of political, military, and economic alliances and the
effective employment of United Nations capabilities. In other respects,
the event foreshasdowed challenges that are likely to confront policy
makers well into the 21st century the continuing
threat posed by pariah regimes to regional peace and stability,
the limited effectiveness of traditional military and economic tools,
the short attention span of the world community, the lengthy recovery
time of traumatized societies.
first half of the conference will review the events of 1990-91,
cutting through revisionist interpretations to spotlight positive
and negative lessons learned. The second half will focus on actual
and potential crises tied to the security and stability of the Gulf
of discussion will include:
national identity and culture under occupation
international peace and security: the Persian Gulf as a regional
theories of war avoidance and lessons for a strengthened world
and limits of armed force
and community: dealing with ethnic conflict, terrorism and extremist
invited speakers include: Lawrence Eagleburger, former secretary
of state; Harold Saunders, former assistant secretary of state;
Shaikh Saud Nasir Al-Sabah, Kuwait minister of oil and former ambassador
to the United States; Mohammad Al-Sabah, Kuwait ambassador to the
U.S.; William Quandt, former member of the National Security Council
and vice provost for international affairs of U.Va.; Philip Zelikow,
former member of the National Security Council and director of U.Va's
Miller Center of Public Affairs.
Charlotte Crystal, (804) 924-6858