For Journalists




Iraq War And Related Issues
University Of Virginia News Media Resources

March 18, 2003--


Bioterrorism, Biological Weapons, Bioethics
Elizabeth Machunis-Masuoka
A lecturer in biology who teaches a course on biological war, she can discuss the weaponization of biological agents, preparation for biological war and ethical responses to the use of such weapons.
Phone: (434) 982-5592 (o), (434) 990-2695 (h)

Chemical and Nuclear Weapons, Emergency Response
Ralph Allen
Director of environmental health and safety at U.Va. and professor of chemistry, Allen is an expert on emergency responses to environmental hazards and can discuss chemical weapons, nuclear weapons, including “dirty bombs,” and how people can protect themselves during attack.
Phone: (434) 982-4922, (434) 924-3577 (o), (434) 990-2695 (h)
Cell: (434) 531-4250

Bioterrorism, Biological Weapons, Chemical Weapons
Pamela Norris
An associate professor of mechanical engineering, her research focuses on aerogels, which are extremely light solids -- with densities just three times that of air -- made of silica, alumina, or zirconia. Their highly porous structure has led to Norris to explore their use as environmental sensors to detect airborne chemical or biological weapons.
Phone (434) 924-6295

Chemical Weapons
Gabriel Laufer
An associate professor of mechanical engineering, he is developing a low-cost (less than $5,000) remote sensor of chemical weapon agents that is intended to be used by special operation forces, deployed on low-cost SWARM type UAVs, or for first responders in anti-terrorism applications.
Phone (434) 924-6219

International Law, Military Tribunals, Foreign Relations
Curtis A. Bradley
Bradley, a professor of law, can discuss international law related to the war and possible military tribunals.
Phone: (434) 924-7361 (o), (434) 975-4875 (h)

National Security Law, Palestinian-Israeli Conflict, War on Terrorism
John Norton Moore
Moore is a professor of law and director of the Center for National Security Law at U.Va. He can discuss international law, national security law, law of the sea, the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, the war on terrorism, the Gulf War, war crimes, terrorism, nuclear weapons, intelligence, democracy and the rule of law.
Phone: (434) 924-7441 (o), (434) 977-2749 (h)

National Security Law, Foreign Affairs, Presidential Powers, American Foreign Policy
Robert F. Turner
Turner is a faculty member at the law school and associate director of the Center for National Security Law. His subject areas include national security law, foreign affairs, presidential powers, terrorism, the war on terrorism, war and peace, constitutional law and American foreign policy.
Phone: (434) 924-4083 (o), (434) 978-7838 (h)
Cell: (434) 996-7838

Human Rights Law, Law of War, Humanitarian Interventions, United Nations
Rosa Ehrenreich Brooks
Associate professor of law, Brooks has expertise in human rights law, law of war, humanitarian interventions, the United Nations, the rule of law and human rights issues in the United States.
Phone: (434) 924-7205 (o), (434) 973-6853 (h)

Presidential Powers, International Human Rights
David A. Martin
A professor of law in civil liberties and human rights, Martin can discuss immigration and refugee law, presidential powers and international human rights.
Phone: (434) 924-3144 (o), (434) 977-4353 (h)

War Crimes Trials, United Nations, War Powers
John K. Setear
A professor of law, Setear can talk about war crime trials, the role of the United Nations, war powers and relations with Congress.
Phone: (434) 924-4686


History of U.S. Policy In Persian Gulf, Europe
W. Taylor Fain
A professor of politics at the Miller Center of Public Affairs, Fain is an expert on Anglo-American relations, U.S.-European relations and U.S. policy in the Persian Gulf region. Currently completing a history of Anglo-American diplomacy in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Peninsula, he can discuss similarities and differences between present and past alliances and conflicts.
Phone: (434) 924-6059 (o), (434) 971-9103 (h)

Presidency in Time of War
Sidney Milkis
An authority on presidential history, Milkis is author of “Presidential Greatness,” among other books, and observes qualities of U.S. leaders. Professor of politics at the Miller Center of Public Affairs, he co-directs the American Political Development Program, a project about the roots of U.S. politics.
Phone: (434) 924-3037, 924-6052

Peace Movements
Helena Cobban
Senior fellow with the Institute for Practical Ethics, Cobban directs a research project on global violence and the policies of different societies to deal with violence. An authority on the politics of peace-making and expert on the Middle East, she is the author of “The Moral Architecture of World Peace” and closely follows anti-war movements.
Phone: (434) 971-1688, (434) 924-3487

Intelligence Gathering, Presidential Decision-Making
Timothy Naftali
Director of the presidential recordings project at the Miller Center of Public Affairs, Naftali is an expert on presidential history and decision-making, as well as intelligence and espionage matters.
Phone: (434) 924-6053 (o)

Politics, U.S. Foreign Policy, International Security, International Organizations, Nationalism
John M. Owen, IV
An associate Professor of politics, Owen teaches international relations, in particular, U.S. foreign policy, international security, nationalism and world politics. The author of "Liberal Peace, Liberal War," his current research concerns why countries promote particular domestic institutions within other countries.
Phone (434) 924-3523

Economics, U.S. Economy, U.S. Stock Markets
Edwin Burton
Burton is currently a visiting professor of economics at U.Va., following two decades in New York and Richmond as an investment banker, consultant to the American Stock Exchange, and member of the Virginia Retirement System's investment advisory committee. Burton can discuss the impact of a foreign war on the U.S. economy, particularly the stock and bond markets.
Phone (434) 924-4054 office, (434) 973-7241 home

Economics, U.S. Economy, Defense Spending
Christopher Otrok
An assistant professor of economics, he teaches macroeconomics and can discuss the impact of a war on the U.S. economy, especially, the effect of an increase or decrease in defense spending.
Phone (434) 924-3692


Human rights, ethical aspects of international relations
Michael Joseph Smith
Professor of international relations, political thought and ideals, Smith has written extensively on human rights and the ethical aspects of international relations. Current research concerns human rights, humanitarian intervention and the ethical dilemmas presented in contemporary international politics.
Phone: (434) 924-3433, 924-2235 (o), (434) 296-2708 (h)

Middle-East Politics, Oil
W. Nathaniel Howell
Former U.S. ambassador to Kuwait during the Persian Gulf War, Howell is director of the Arab Peninsula and Gulf Studies Program.
Phone: (434) 974-9315


Iran and Other Persian Gulf Countries
Ruhi K. Ramazani
A professor emeritus of politics, Ramazani is one of the world’s leading experts on Iran, its factions and policies, as well as the complexities of the Persian Gulf region in general.
Phone: (434) 295-6788 (o), (434) 295-6788 (h)

Islam, Islamic Extremists, Middle Eastern politics
Abdulaziz A. Sachedina
A professor of religious studies, Sachedina is an expert in Islamic and Persian studies and specializes in Shiite Islam. He is the author of two books, “Islamic Messianism: The Idea of Mahdi in Twelver Shi'ism” and “The Just Ruler in Shiite Islam.”
Phone: (434) 924-6725 , 924-3741( o), (434) 295-7655 (h)


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders, Anxiety
Bethany Teachman
Assistant professor of psychology, Teachman can discuss people’s responses to trauma and stress, and ways to manage anxiety during difficult times.
Phone: (434) 924-0676

Moral Reasoning and Justification, Moral Emotions
Jonathon Haidt
Associate professor of psychology, Haidt can discuss how people use moral reasoning to justify their actions, even actions that were conceived before the moral explanations. This relates to why nations go to war.
Phone: (434) 243-7631

Psychological effects of war
Roberta Culbertson
An anthropologist, she is founder and director of the Institute on Violence and Survival at the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities. She studies the long-term effects of war and mass violence on culture. Culbertson has worked with refugees and other survivors for about 20 years.
Phone: (434) 924-6561, 924-3296

Children and war
Peter Sheras
A clinical psychologist and professor in the Curry School of Education, he has researched the social and psychological effects of violence and trauma on children. Sheras is co-coordinator of the School Crisis Network in Charlottesville and the Central Virginia regional coordinator of the joint program for disaster relief of the American Psychological Association and the American Red Cross.
Phone: (434) 924-0795
Cell:(434) 531-1281


Biological and chemical agents
Dr. Christopher Holstege
Medical director of the Blue Ridge Poison Center, Holstege is an emergency medicine physician at the U.Va. Health System and one of Virginia‘s two board-certified, full-time medical toxicologists. He has the only published book chapter on “BZ,” hallucinogenic agent used in chemical warfare and believed to have been used by the Russians in the Moscow theatre siege late last year. Holstege has published numerous articles on poisonings, including nerve agent poisons.
Phone: (434) 924-5543 (o) (434) 245-0841 (h)

Dr. Barbara Mann
Associate professor of medicine at U.Va., Mann is working to identify and study the features of the bacteria that promotes this disease, which has been associated with bioterrorism because of the potential for aerosol infection, low infectious dose and the ability to cause moderate to severe disease. Another focus of the laboratory will be to develop a safe and effective protective vaccine.
Phone: (434) 924-9666

Dr. Erik Hewlett
Associate dean for research at U.Va., Hewlett has had a federally funded research program for more than 22 years to study edema toxin and lethal toxin, which is produced by the bacterium that causes anthrax. Hewlett is the anthrax project leader on a multi-institutional proposal to NIH/NIAID for a Regional Center of Excellence in biodefense and emerging infections. Hewlett is investigating how these toxin affect white blood cells and may alter the ability of infected individuals to rid themselves of their infection.
Phone: (434) 982-4334

Dr. Michael Scheld
Professor of internal medicine at U.Va., Scheld is evaluating if treatment with an adenosine A2A receptor agonist protects from death following exposure to anthrax toxins. If a protective effect is found, drugs that bind to this receptor may be beneficial, when administered in combination with antibiotics, to patients that suffer from inhalational anthrax. Currently, approximately 80 percent of patients with inhalational anthrax still die, despite administration of powerful antibiotics.
Phone: (434) 924-5241

Community Shielding (voluntary quarantining)
Dr. Greg Saathoff
Executive director of Critical Incident Analysis Group and associate professor of research at U.Va., Saathoff and his colleagues have developed the concept of community shielding as response to a terrorist attack with biological agents. “Shielding” is a partnership of government, business, media and the public to break the disease cycle and ensure minimal disruption to the routine activities of the nation. The shielding concept focuses on self-imposed measures, remaining close to home even if this is proximal to the incident, and fulfilling the health, social and recovery needs of the family and community.
Phone: (434) 243-9467

Richard Bonnie
Professor of law and director of the Institute for Law, Psychiatry and Public Policy, he is a co-originator of the community shielding concept.
Phone: (434) 924-3209, 924-5435 (o), (434) 977-8493 (h)


Elias M. Awad
Professor of commerce and an expert in computer applications, systems design and banking, he has had 34 years of consulting experience in the Middle East and speaks fluent Arabic. He has worked with numerous U.S. and foreign construction firms and international organizations in the Middle East and expects a difficult and complicated war before Iraq's infrastructure can be revitalized.
Phone: (434) 924-3423 (o)

For a complete listing of U.Va. experts for news media on all subjects please see:
For assistance in reaching a U.Va. faculty member, contact University News Services at (434) 924-7116. After 5 p.m. and on weekends, contact a staff member at home:
Carol Wood (434) 979-4194
Lee Graves (434) 973-9625 or (804) 874-6069
Bob Brickhouse (434) 295-9311
Sheri Winston (434) 589-3410
For medical experts, contact the Health System Media Relations office at (434) 924-5679; after hours, call (434) 924-2113 and ask for Media Relations staff to be paged.
For law school experts, contact Mike Marshall at (434) 924-3763 (o) or (434) 823-2291 (h).
TV Reporters: We have C-Band satellite uplink capability. For additional information, satellite booking and studio reservation, please contact Bob Hutchison or Jason Hartzog at (434) 982-5254/5268 or email

Contact: Lee Graves, (434) 924-6857

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Contact the Office of University Relations at (434) 924-7116. Television reporters should contact the TV News Office at (434) 924-7550.

SOURCE: U.Va. News Services


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Last Modified: Wednesday, 02-Apr-2003 15:04:28 EST
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