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Resources :: Guide :: Consent :: Special consent situations :: Oral Consent

Oral Consent

The IRB federal regulations require that participants are provided with information about the study through a consent process which is usually delivered in a consent form (demonstrated in the General Consent Template). However, this method of delivery may not be appropriate for all participants. For example, if a participant is illiterate and/or unaccustomed to dealing with forms, providing them with a form to sign is not adequate for informing them about the study. Even though the information is not provided on a paper, you are still required to provide all of the necessary information to the participant before obtaining their consent. The information is presented through an Oral Consent process.

The Oral Consent has two elements, the presentation of information as well as the documentation of consent. For anthropology researchers, you have the option of using an Oral Consent Card which provides the consent information in a bulleted list. For non-anthropologists, the Oral Consent Script Template is provided to help you draft the script you will use to inform participants about the study (anthropologists are also welcome to use the Script Template as a guide). Regardless of the form that you use, it is important that you describe your process in the Consent section of your protocol and provide justification as to why your participants need an Oral Consent process.

The second element for Oral Consent, documenting consent, is described in the Documenting Consent section.

Additional Topics

Ethnographic Research
Non-English speaking participants
Documenting Consent

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