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Deception and/or Witholding Information from Participants

For some studies, in order to obtain a true response from a participant, the participant is told something that isn’t true.  Deception studies provide participants with an alternative explanation for the purpose of the study or provide them with misleading information about the study. Some studies may not directly deceive the participant but will withhold some information, such as the reason why a participant was selected for the study. Not providing the participant with accurate information contradicts the idea that participants should be informed about a study in order to make the best decision as to whether they should participate. Thus it is necessary that additional safeguards be in place in order to conduct a study with deceptive elements, including providing an appropriate consent form before the study and a debriefing session with a post-debrief consent form, which allows the participant to consent again after they learn the true nature of the study.

Section Topics

When is Deception Appropriate?
Deception and the Consent Process
Post-Deception Debriefing Session
>> Information to Include in a Debriefing Statement
>> Sample Educational Debriefing Statement

Next :: When is deception appropriate?