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Resources :: Guide :: Research in an educational setting :: State and federal law :: PPRA


The Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment (PPRA) affords parents certain rights regarding conduct of surveys, analysis, or evaluations.  Parental notification or permission is required when the topics include personal information about political beliefs, psychological problems, sexual behaviors or attitudes, illegal, anti-social, self-incriminating or demeaning behavior, religious practices, and information about personal relationships.  At a minimum, parents must be notified and be given the opportunity to opt their child out of the activity.

PPRA also requires parental notification and the opportunity to opt their child out of any non-emergency, invasive physical exam or screening required as a condition of attendance, administered by the school or its agent, and not necessary to protect the immediate health and safety of the student.  There is an exception for State mandated exams.

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