May 7, 2013
Food justice is a relatively new term, and one that is by no means easy to
define. According to the Social Justice Learning Institute, it means: “Communities
exercising their right to grow, sell, and eat healthy [food that is] fresh, nutritious,
affordable, culturally appropriate, and grown locally with care for the well-being of
the land, the workers, and animals.”i But what does this actually mean? Perhaps
a little more illuminating is Gottlieb and Joshi’s three-part definition: “1) seeking to
challenge and restructure the dominant food system, 2) providing a core focus on
equity and disparities and the struggles by those who are most vulnerable, and 3)
establishing linkages and common goals with other forms of social justice
activism and advocacy- whether immigrant rights, worker justice, transportation
and access, or land use.”ii This clues you in to the vast array of array of topics
that follow under the ‘food justice’ umbrella, and the different approaches that
can be taken to food justice.
Food justice is important precisely because it aims to tackle all of these
issues that are related to food, and recognizes that in a way, they are all
interconnected. It hopes to tackle the global, industrial food system, the
economic, health, environmental, and social disparities associated with this
system, and other social justice issues that can be linked to the food justice
movement, such as immigrant rights. Most importantly, it hopes to tackle these
issues in a way that allows these once separate movements to work together,
rather than against one another. One of the most important aspects of the food
justice movement is its recognition of the ways that race and class are enmeshed
in the food system, and its goal of empowering low-income and minority
communities to have a say in this food system.
Food justice has the potential to impact people on so many levels.
Depending on where it is at work within the food system, food justice could mean
fair wages for an immigrant farmer; the survival of an organic farm that’s about to
go under; access to fresh, affordable food for a neighborhood accustomed to fast
food and processed food; a boost in a community’s economy as they learn to
support their local food system; and much, much more. If people start changing
the way they think about food, we can create a food system that is better for the
environment, for people’s health, for local economies, for social justice; a system
that is fair and that is looking out for people’s best interests rather than exploiting
them. Although the movement is in its still relatively new, it is one that has the
power to effect important changes in our current food system and the many
issues interconnected with it.
For this class, we conducted a food justice audit of different neighborhoods in
Charlottesville in order to gauge levels of hunger, access to fresh healthy food,
perceptions of food justice, impacts of local food initiatives, and ideas for
advancing food justice in Charlottesville. Members of the class were put into
teams of two and assigned a neighborhood. My teammate and I were assigned
the neighborhood of Belmont-Carlton, located at the southeast corner of
Food Justice Audit Methodology
My teammate and I divided the audit equally between us. I worked on the
following sections of the audit: Public Health Measures, School-Based Food and
Nutrition, and Food Insecurity and Hunger Measures. My teammate did the
following sections on her own: Food, Farmers, and Farm Workers Measures;
Food-Based Economic Development Measures; and Policy. We worked on the
‘Food Access Infrastructure’ section together.
To determine what the City of Charlottesville is doing to foster food justice
in the community, I analyzed several documents produced by the City and by
various independent organizations. The three main sources I examined for every
section were the following three ‘Plans’ created by the city:
First, I examined the Charlottesville’s 2007 Comprehensive Plan, which
was most recently updated in 2012. This document defines city government
policy regarding housing, land use and urban design, transportation, historic
preservation, the environment, economy, and community facilities, recreation,
Next I examined the Charlottesville City Council Strategic Plan: City
Council Vision 2025. This document was adopted in 2007 and updated in 2011. It
serves as a guide for Council discussion and will direct city staff in implementing
new projects and initiatives. These new projects and initiatives will revolve
around eight themes: Economic Sustainability, A Center for Lifelong Learning,
Quality Housing Opportunities for All, C’ville Arts and Culture, A Green City,
America’s Healthiest City, A Connected Community, and Smart, Citizen-Focused
Finally, I audited the Belmont 2006 Neighborhood Plan. This plan
identifies key ongoing issues in the neighborhood, neighborhood assets, and
future programmatic, policy, and design opportunities. It examines the following
aspects of the neighborhood: ‘Centers,’ Connectivity, Housing, and Environment.
When examining Public Health Measures in Belmont, I also gleaned
information from the following sources and organizations: The Thomas Jefferson
Health District’s “Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships” Plan;
Virginia Organizing’s Charlottesville Chapter; the 2012 Strategic Plan adopted by
Community Action on Obesity (A Charlottesville-Albemarle Taskforce); and the
city website’s page listing the city’s health services.
When examining School-Based Food and Nutrition in Belmont, I once
again found information in the 2012 Strategic Plan adopted by Community Action
on Obesity (A Charlottesville-Albemarle Taskforce).
When looking at Food Access Infrastructure, I found information in the
Community Action on Obesity’s Strategic Plan, as well as a report completed in
2011 entitled “Charlottesville Food Safety Net” by Arley Arrington, Saamia,
Noorali, and Heather Smith.
When examining Food Insecurity and Hunger Measures, I gleaned
information from the following sources and Organizations: Virginia Organizing,
The Haven, Campus Kitchens, Society of St. Andrew, the “Charlottesville Food
Safety Net” report, a 2009 report entitled “Assessment of Charlottesville’s
Emergency Food Network” by Carla Jones, Daniel Nairn, and Alicia Rabadan; a
2006 report entitled “The Charlottesville Region Food System: A Preliminary
Assessment” by UVA students; the Virginia Department of Health ‘Emergency
Planning’ website; a 2010 report entitled “Charlottesville Community Food
System” by Lauren Boswell, CoCo Fraiche, and Janie Williams; Buy Fresh, Buy
Local; and Charlottesville’s WIC program.
As part of the food justice audit, each team was assigned to volunteer with
a local organization within their designated neighborhood. My partner and I were
assigned to Habitat for Humanity, which is important within Belmont because of
its Sunrise Park Development located on Carlton Avenue.
We were given a variety of opportunities to volunteer either at Sunrise
Park or at Southwood Mobile Home Park, a trailer park in Albemarle County that
Habitat purchased in 2007. To better understand what Habitat does, my
teammate and I decided to volunteer at both locations. At Sunrise Park we
attended “Tuesday Club,” where UVA’s service fraternity APO goes to Sunrise
and leads an extracurricular activity with children that live in the Sunrise
Development. This could be anything from an ‘Arts & Crafts’ activity to learning
how to cook a new recipe. We were able to meet and interact with the children,
and help out in any way that was needed. At Southwood Mobile Home Park we
attended several of the Community Safety Meetings and Community Information
Sessions, which are held at the Southwood Community Building. At the Safety
Meetings, professionals from various organizations are brought in to discuss
different safety topics with the residents of Southwood, such as neighborhood
safety and financial safety. At the Community Information Sessions, Habitat staff
members speak to Southwood residents about the changes that will be taking
place at Southwood over the next few years, and inform them of what they need
to do in order to remain at Southwood, should they choose to do so.
Neighborhood Thought Leaders
One purpose of the community service component of the class was to
help us identify several residents who could be considered community ‘thought
leaders’ and who could be interviewed about food justice within the
neighborhood. Although I learned a lot from my volunteer work with Habitat, it
unfortunately did not bring me into contact with many people who could speak
about the food justice situation in Belmont and generate ideas about how to
change the situation. Thus I had to look to other resources in order to find my
neighborhood ‘thought leaders.’ One thought leader was provided by Dr. Kendra
Hamilton. The other two I knew threw my previous work with Habitat for
The first person I interviewed as a ‘thought leader’ was Joan Schatzman,
a woman that Dr. Hamilton knew in the Belmont community. A longtime resident
of the Belmont neighborhood, Ms. Schatzman was also one of the first female
building contractors in the city. I spoke with her on April 11, 2013, in an interview
that lasted about thirty minutes.
My next thought leader was Caitlin Riopel, the former Community
Coordinator at Sunrise Park. I chose to interview her rather than the current
Community Coordinator because she had been in that position for a longer
amount of time. She had also grown up in Charlottesville and lived in Belmont for
a brief period of time, so it was likely that she would have some insights into the
food justice situation in Charlottesville. I interviewed this Ms. Riopel for about
thirty minutes on April 17, 2013.
Lastly, I interviewed Marion Dudley, a woman who is a resident of the
Sunrise Park condominium, and a former resident of the Sunrise Trailers. An
outspoken advocate for the trailer residents during the Sunrise redevelopment
process and a longtime resident of Belmont, this woman was someone who
could offer a slightly different perspective on the food justice situation. I
interviewed her on April 23, 2013, in an interview lasting about 30 minutes.
One of the challenges I encountered during my research was finding
‘thought leaders’ to interview. Because the community service I completed in the
Belmont neighborhood revolved around children, it did not put me in contact with
anyone who would be able to comment on the food justice situation in Belmont
and provide ideas for how Charlottesville could improve food justice. Thus it was
a bit of a struggle, as a student who is not very familiar with the Belmont area
and has only lived in Charlottesville for four years, to find three residents to fulfill
the role of ‘community thought leaders.’
Another challenge I encountered was how to explain food justice to the
people I was interviewing. No one that I interviewed had ever heard the term
before, thus the challenge fell to me to help them understand what it was. This
was difficult, because I myself was still, and am still, figuring it out. How does one
explain a concept that is so broad and encompassing? The most helpful way I
could think of was to discuss some of the topics we had covered in class,
because it seemed to me that a one-sentence was not going accurately convey
the vast spectrum of issues that fall under the ‘food justice umbrella.’
BASELINE AUDIT FINDINGS
Food Justice Strengths
We found a number of strengths related to food justice in Charlottesville, of
which, the following three are perhaps the greatest:
1) The City has taken a number of measures to promote food-based
economic development in Charlottesville. For example, they promote the
support of small-scale shops and stores who source produce from locally
based farmers, in order to stimulate the local economy and prevent food
from traveling huge distances to reach the consumer. The city website
also endorses the farmers markets and features information about the
benefits of buying local. Charlottesville also has processing and
distribution facilities that are locally run, including The Local Food Hub,
Cavalier Produce, and the Standard Produce Company. Additionally,
Charlottesville has many stores that offer fresh, healthy food and accept
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) cards, including a
number of the Giant Foods, Krogers, Food Lions, and Harris Teeters in
2) The City has also taken a number of measures to improve school-based
food and nutrition. There is a School Health Advisory Board (SHAB),
comprised of teachers, nutrition experts, administrators, and parents, that
advises Charlottesville City School Board in the development and
evaluation of policies and programs that support the health and wellbeing
of students, families, and school staff. In addition, Virginia allows
procurement from local farmers, so Charlottesville City Schools (CCS) has
been able to continue strengthening its ‘Farm to School’ program and
partnership with the Local Food Hub. The CCS Wellness Policy also has
many initiatives to reduce the availability of junk food in schools.iv
3) Lastly, there is great support from the community for programs and
organizations that work to prevent food insecurity and hunger in
Charlottesville. There are quite a few gleaning operations in
Charlottesville, including the Society of St. Andrew (SOSA), UVA Campus
Kitchen, Food Not Bombs, and the UVA Madison House ‘Hoos Against
Hunger and Homelessness.’ There are also many organizations that
provide emergency food assistance in Charlottesville, including Jefferson
Area Board for Aging (JABA), and a number of food banks and soup
We also found a number of food justice strengths related to Belmont specifically.
1) The Belmont neighborhood is considered somewhat of a “Foodie Hub” in
Charlottesville, and as such, there is already a big emphasis on fresh &
local food there. There is also an interest in growing your own food there,
as there are a number of ‘backyard gardens,’ although these are located
primarily in the Belmont Proper area of the neighborhood.
2) According to city Bicycle and Sidewalk maps, significant portions of the
neighborhood have biking and walking paths, thus the neighborhood is
fairly easy to get around. This is a strength in terms of residents’ access to
3) Belmont is an ‘up-and-coming neighborhood.’ People see it as an
attractive place to live, and many new families are moving there.
Therefore, the city can see Belmont as a good place to invest their money.
Ideally, some of this money would be put towards food initiatives that
would increase food justice.
Food Justice Challenges
1) One of the biggest food justice challenges in Charlottesville is that,
although the resources and services in Charlottesville are plentiful, they
are not well utilized. There is a gap between the availability, accessibility,
and awareness of these resources. Thus there needs to be more
awareness of, education about, and integration of these resources, as well
as more community-based research.
2) Another weakness in Charlottesville is the City and its surrounding areas’
treatment of farmers. According to a 2009 report entitled “Sustainable
Farm Labor System,” farmers in the counties surrounding Charlottesville
are not able to support workers with adequate compensation, full-time or
year-round employment, or insurance. In addition, the Charlottesville area
does not ensure fair wages and safe working conditions that limit,
minimize or eliminate exposure to hazards for all farmers without
discrimination, nor is there a policy or program in existence that ensure
appropriate protection of all farm workers from exposure to pesticides.vii
3) There are also a number of challenges related to food policy in
Charlottesville. For example, there is no policy or program that
encourages affordable housing with designated space for residents to
garden; local zoning does not allow for temporary use of abandoned lots
for neighborhood gardens or urban farms; there are no tax incentives to
businesses and restaurants that purchase local food; etc. These are just a
few examples of the policy issues in Charlottesville. There are still more,
and it’s important that policies start to change in order for food justice to
1) One of the major challenges in the Belmont neighborhood is in fact the
same as one of its strengths: the fact that it is an ‘up-and-comingneighborhood.’
As I mentioned before, people see Belmont as an
attractive place to move to. As a result, Belmont is experiencing
gentrification. Everything is becoming more expensive, and many lowerincome
residents are being displaced because they can no longer afford
the cost of living in the neighborhood.
2) Another challenge in Belmont also relates to one of the neighborhood’s
strengths: affordability of quality food. Although there is an emphasis on
fresh and local food in Belmont, most of this food is not very affordable.
Lower-income residents of the neighborhood are at a great disadvantage
when it comes to purchasing quality food.
3) Belmont also faces a challenge when it comes to the utilization of their
parks. There are a number of parks in the neighborhood, but very few
farmers markets or community gardens. These parks could be used to
improve access to fresh, healthy food in the neighborhood, but as of right
now are not. There is a plan to create a community garden in Rives Park,
but so far it has been a struggle to turn this goal into a reality.ix
AUDIT- COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT
To fulfill the community engagement component of the class, I completed
one ‘life history’ interview and three ‘thought leader’ interviews.
Every student had to complete a life history interview with someone who
has been involved with food in some capacity within the Charlottesville
community. This was a formal, recorded interview through which we learned
about the evolution of the interviewee’s relationship with food over time, as well
as their current thoughts on food justice in the Charlottesville area and ideas for
how to improve it. My life history interviewee is named Angela Jefferson. She is
an African American woman, aged 72, who has lived in Charlottesville for the
majority of her life. Having grown up in Charlottesville, Ms. Jefferson has
witnessed many changes to the food system in Charlottesville over the years.
She believes that the city’s relationship to food has gone backwards over the
years, and that the city is not doing well at all in terms of food justice. Ms.
Jefferson believes that education is the most important factor in achieving food
justice. She believes that people are much less educated about food than they
used to be, and that in order to improve food justice, we must start by educating
My first thought leader interview was with Joan Schatzman, a longtime
resident of the Belmont neighborhood and one of the first female building
contractors in the city. She also grows much of her own produce organically in
her backyard garden. Ms. Schatzman also believes that education is a major
factor in the achievement of food justice. She believes that quality food is
essentially only available to those who have the education to get it. She also
thinks that current food policies are unfair and take advantage of vulnerable
populations, such as children.xi
My second thought leader interview was with Caitlin Riopel, the former
Community Coordinator at Habitat’s Sunrise Park in the Belmont-Carlton
neighborhood. She is also a longtime resident of Charlottesville and a former
resident of Belmont. One of the biggest issues she sees in Belmont in terms of
food justice- especially for the Sunrise Park former trailer residents- is that of
transportation. There are a number of residents who have very little access to
transportation. The people with little access to transportation therefore often do
their food shopping at convenience stores and gas stations that are within
walking distance. These places have little to offer, if anything, in the way of fresh,
healthy food. Another issue Ms. Riopel has seen at Sunrise is that a few children
with parents who have to work multiple jobs have to fend for themselves when it
comes to food.xii
My last thought leader interview was with Marion Dudley, who used to
lived in the Sunrise Trailer Park, and now lives in Habitat’s Sunrise condominium
in an ‘affordable rental’ apartment. The biggest issue she sees in Belmont is that
low-income residents do not eat well. Children and the elderly especially are not
getting complete nutrition, because it is not available to them. Ms. Dudley
believes that efforts made by food banks and other emergency food providers
are not enough, because the need is just too great. However it was interesting to
learn that, other than the issues mentioned above, she believes that Belmont is
doing pretty well in terms of food justice, and does not see any serious issues in
Harlem Community-Supported Agriculture (CSA)
One example of an organization working towards food justice is the
Harlem Community-Supported Agriculture (CSA). This is a program where
participants can buy shares in upstate farms and then have food from that farm
delivered to them every week. This program makes CSAs accessible to people of
all income levels. The CSA is available at 3 different prices: there is a base rate
(unadjusted price of a share), one price set above the base rate, and one price
set below the base rate. For every three participants that pay the highest price,
the farm can support two participants paying the lower price. Any leftover food is
then donated to the Food Bank for N.Y.C.’s Community Kitchen and Food Pantry
of West Harlem. The program also has a wiki page where farmers can explain
new produce being provided and members can share recipes and other helpful
hints and ideas related to the food.
This program is supporting the food justice effort by ensuring that lowincome
neighborhoods have access to a diverse supply of fresh produce in areas
where such items are not readily available. It also benefits the local New York
farm community by providing them with a guaranteed outlet for their harvest
throughout the growing season while promoting locally grown food in New York
Although there are many programs similar to this one across the nation,
the Harlem Farm Share is rather unique in its attempt to bring together people
from all stages and walks of life. Rather than solely focusing on low-income
populations, its cross-cultural focus ensures that people of all income levels are
involved and benefiting by this food justice effort. Given its draw on both highincome
and low-income participants, there is always reliable funding for the
program. If Charlottesville CSAs were to adapt this plan, programs that rely on
grant donations might then have a steadier monetary support system and no
longer have to rely on those grants.xiv
Real Food Farm Mobile Market
Another example of an organization working towards food justice is
Baltimore’s Civic Works: Real Food Farm. Civic Works is a Baltimore urban
service nonprofit that operates through a combination of government grants and
funds from private donors. Real Food Farm is an urban farm in Baltimore’s
Clifton Park, with four main goals:
‐ Make fresh fruits and vegetables more available to low-income Baltimore
‐ Help grow Baltimore’s urban agricultural sector
‐ Provide experience-based education and leverage the farm as a learning
‐ Promote sustainable land use
The aspect of Real Food Farm I would like to focus on in regards to
Charlottesville’s own food justice efforts is their Mobile Farmer’s Market. This
mobile market was created in 2009 in an attempt to address their first goal: Make
fresh fruits and vegetables more available to low-income Baltimore families. The
Mobile Farmer’s Market- a converted Washington Post delivery truck- takes the
Real Food Farm’s fresh food to make home deliveries and pre-arranged stops in
and around the Clifton Park neighborhood. The Mobile Market accepts EBT
payments made with independence cards, with additional incentives for those
using SNAP funds. The cost of the food is offset by grants that Civic Works
receives from the government, private donations, and volunteer labor.
Charlottesville already has urban farms: the Urban Agriculture Collective
of Charlottesville (UACC) has been working hard to “provide City residents of all
ages and backgrounds the opportunity to work together and learn from one
another by collectively growing, harvesting, and sharing locally produced organic
fruits and vegetables,” in the Friendship Court, 6th Street, and West Street
neighborhoods. UACC (or another organization) could increase the number of
people getting access to their produce with the adoption of this Mobile Market
idea. One of the ‘Community Action on Obesity’ taskforce’s advocacy objectives
regarding community food is to create mobile farmer markets in all low-income
neighborhoods. This is a feasible possibility, given that the farms are already
there (although more farms/acreage would be needed to provide for all low
income- neighborhoods), and all that’s needed now is the ‘mobile market.’ This
would be a great way to improve access to affordable, healthy food in
Over the course of the semester, I came across many ideas for advancing
food justice, both from my own research and from the interviews I conducted.
The following community-based ideas came primarily from my life history and
thought leader interviews.
Several of my interviewees thought that education was a very important
factor for achieving food justice in Charlottesville. Ms. Jefferson thought that the
first step we take towards achieving food justice needs to be through education.
This would mean teaching young people through formal education, such as
nutrition classes in school. She also believes that nonprofits can play a role in
helping to educate the public about nutrition.xvi Ms. Schatzman thinks that there
are number of ways to go about tackling this issue of education. Having people
eat healthily on TV would be a subtle way to reeducate the public. Having
community members lead cooking classes associated with community gardens
would be another way to help educate community residents. She also thinks that
schools should consider having mandatory nutrition curriculum, starting in Pre-K
and going all the way through 12th grade.xvii
Other ideas that came up had to do with access to food. Ms. Schatzman
believes that individual farm stands would be a way to increase access to fresh,
local food within in the community- individual homeowners could put out a table
and sell their own produce to community members.xviii Ms. Riopel thought that,
since many lower-income resident in the Belmont often buy food at convenience
stores and gas stations that are nearby, the city could consider creating
incentives for these places to carry more fresh food and perishable items.xix One
popular idea that came up in both interviews and in my research was the concept
of community gardens- this is a way to both provide access to fresh, local food,
and increase residents’ sovereignty over the food choices they make.xx
CONCLUSIONS AND COMMUNITY-BASED RECOMMENDATIONS
Based on what my teammate and I found in our research and from talking
to community members, we can discern several overarching themes in the
concerns about and ideas for achieving food justice in Belmont.
First, the city might want to consider ways in which to bring more
affordable fresh food into the neighborhood. This could be through a mobile
farmers market, individual farm stands, community gardens, or incentives for
convenience stores and gas stations to carry perishables.
Second, the City might consider ways to overcome barriers faced by lowincome
populations when it comes to food. There are cultural barriers to
consider, such as ensuring that the various populations have access to culturally
relevant foods, and overcoming the discomfort often felt by low-income citizens in
places where they do have access to fresh, affordable food. There is also the
issue of affordability to consider. Most quality foods in Belmont are not affordable
for everyone in the neighborhood- the City could think about ways to make fresh
food more affordable and thereby increase access for low-income populations.
iii “GFoototldie Jbu, sRtiocbee Ertf,f oarntsd. “A SnJuLpIa. mN.ap .J,o ns.hdi.. WFoeobd. 4J uMstaicye 2. 0C1a3m. bridge, MA: MIT,
iii PLAC 5500 2013 Food Justice Audit
iv PLAC 5500 2013 Food Justice Audit
v PLAC 5500 2013 Food Justice Audit
vi “Charlottesville : Bicycle & Pedestrian Master Plan.” Charlottesville : Bicycle &
Pedestrian Master Plan. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2013.
vii PLAC 5500 2013 Food Justice Audit
viii PLAC 5500 2013 Food Justice Audit
ix PLAC 5500 2013 Food Justice Audit
x Jefferson, Angela. Life history interview. March 20, 2013. Palmyra, VA.
xi Joan Schatzman. April 11, 2013. Belmont, Charlottesville, VA.
xii Caitlin Riopel. April 17, 2013. Habitat Store, Charlottesville, VA.
xiii Marion Dudley. April 23, 2013. Sunrise Community Center, Charlottesville, VA.
xiv “Jointhecommunitysupportedagriculturemovement.” Harlem Community Farm
Share. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013.
xv “Real Food Farm.” Real Food Farm RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013.
“Civic Works | The Corps Network.” Civic Works | The Corps Network.
N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013.
“Mobile Farmers Markets Feed Families in Food
Deserts.” DeseretNews.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013.
“Community Action on Obesity.” Community Action on Obesity. N.p., n.d.
Web. 24 Feb. 2013.
xvi Jefferson, Angela. Life history interview. March 20, 2013. Palmyra, VA.
xvii Joan Schatzman. April 11, 2013. Belmont, Charlottesville, VA.
xviii Joan Schatzman. April 11, 2013. Belmont, Charlottesville, VA.
xix Caitlin Riopel. April 17, 2013. Habitat Store, Charlottesville, VA.
xx Joan Schatzman. April 11, 2013. Belmont, Charlottesville, VA.
Caitlin Riopel. April 17, 2013. Habitat Store, Charlottesville, VA.
Appendix: Community Members Interviewed
Angela Jefferson (Life History Interview): Longtime resident of
Joan Schatzman (Thought Leader): Former building contractor, longtime
resident of Belmont
Caitlin Riopel (Thought Leader): Former Sunrise Community Coordinator
Marion Dudley (Thought Leader): Resident of the Sunrise Park