Unit 1: Race, Slavery, Manhood, and Citizenship
A White Man's Country?
1/22: War, Violence, Manhood, and Citizenship I
1/27: War, Violence, Manhood, and Citizenship II
1/29: Back to Africa? Immigration, Emigration, and Colonization
TOOLKIT: William W. Freehling, "The Founding Fathers, Conditional Antislavery, and the Nonradicalism of the American Revolution," in The Reintegration of American History: Slavery and the Civil War (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994): 12-33.
ON-LINE: Ira Berlin, "Black People in a Slaveholding Republic," unpublished conference paper dated Sept. 27, 2002
J-STOR: Ulrich B. Phillips, "The Central Theme of Southern History," The American Historical Review 34 (Oct., 1928), pp. 30-43. [Please note that this article was published in 1928.]
- U.S. Supreme Court's Dred Scott Decision (1857). Be sure to read the majority opinion of Chief Justice Roger B. Taney. Pay close attention to his claim that African Americans "were not intended to be included, under the word 'citizens' in the Constitution."
- Abraham Lincoln's Speech on the Dred Scott Decision (1857). Lincoln argued that Chief Justice Taney's decision "assumed historical facts which were not really true." Be prepared to discuss Lincoln's position.
TOOLKIT: W. Jeffrey Bolster, "'To Feel Like a Man': Black Seamen in the Northern States, 1800-1860," in A Question of Manhood: A Reader in Black Men's History and Masculinity, ed. Darlene Clark Hine and Earnestine Jenkins (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999): 354-375.
TOOLKIT: June Purcell Guild, Ch. 9, "War and the Negro," Black Laws of Virginia
TOOLKIT: Frederick Douglass Breaks a Slave-Breaker (from Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, 1845)
J-STOR: William B. Gatewood, Jr., "Black Americans and the Quest for Empire, 1898-1903," in The Journal of Southern History, Vol. 38, No. 4. (Nov., 1972), pp. 545-566.
TOOLKIT: Lawrence W. Levine, Ch. 6, "A Pantheon of Heroes," in Black Culture and Black Consciousness: Afro-American Folk Thought from Slavery to Freedom (New York: Oxford University Press, 1977): 367-440.
Buffalo Soldiers: Heroes or Villains?
ON-LINE: Thomas Jefferson on Colonization (from Notes on the State of Virginia, 1785)
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