session will start with the late 19th century European conquest
and the scramble for Africa as a process that resulted in
the entrenchment of colonial rule in most part of the Continent.
We will examine briefly how places and peoples were divided
or consolidated as units and parts of different colonial Empires.
This phase of re-working (and re-drawing) the political space
of Africa will take us up to WWI. The section emphasizes:
1) the consolidation of colonial rule has to be situated in
a larger context of relationships that predate the late 19th
and early 20th century (e.g. trade relations; chartered companies)
and implicates transformations that take place within as well
as outside of Africa 2) the process much as it implies the
exercise of unequal power (between Europeans and Africans)
we cannot ignore the role of different groups of people in
challenging and shaping the actual course of the imposition
of colonial rule 3) the categories that follow of colonizer
and colonized cannot be treated as monolithic units, rather
we have to look at the divisions and tensions prevailing under
each of these and how they shaped the course of colonial rule
Managing People and Places
section delves into aspects of how colonial rule was exercised
in different parts of the Continent focusing on: 1) the administration
of people and the idea of managing them through social categories,
like tribe 2) the organization of space for economic exploitation
and use of resources (e.g. cash crop production like cocoa
in Ghana, mines, plantations, etc.) 3) the regulation of relations
between people and resources by focusing on property relationships
The emphasis here is as much on the violence of colonial rule
as well as its limitations; the role of different groups (not
only European) in shaping the course of colonial relationships,
and the changes that it brought into the lives of people both
in the colonies and the metropolis.
The End of Empire?
will examine the processes by which colonial rule as an administrative
and political system of relationships came to an end. This
takes us into the various forms of contestation of colonial
rule in different parts of the Continent and by diverse groups
of people, like labor unions, women's groups, religious movements,
peasant rebellions and political parties. The question that
we will raise is despite the official end of colonialism,
how is its past shaping the present social realities for people.