According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there is no vaccine to prevent the disease caused by novel coronavirus (COVID-19). The CDC reports that the best way to prevent illness is to avoid exposure to the virus. The following are preventive actions recommended by the CDC, the Virginia Department of Health, and UVA Student Health and Wellness:
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
- Stay home when you are sick.
- Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash, and wash your hands immediately.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
- The CDC does not recommend that people wear a facemask to protect themselves from respiratory diseases, including COVID-19. Facemasks should be used by people showing COVID-19 symptoms to help prevent the spread of the disease.
- Wash hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom, before eating, and after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing.
- If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.