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Too Hot to Handle

When the body can no longer cool itself by sweating, heat exhaustion and heat stroke can occur and even result in death. Several factors leading to these conditions include: high temperature and humidity; direct sun or heat; limited air movement and physical exertion.  Know the signs:

Heat Exhaustion

  • Fatigue, thirst and heavy sweating
  • Headache, dizziness, lightheadedness or fainting
  • Cramps, nausea and vomiting¬†


Heat Stroke

  • Dry, hot skin with no sweating
  • Mental confusion or losing consciousness
  • Seizures or convulsions


To Prevent Heat Stress:

  • Block out direct sun or other heat sources
  • Use cooling fans or air-conditioning; rest regularly
  • Drink lots of water; about 1 cup every 15 minutes
  • Wear lightweight, light colored, loose-fitting clothes
  • Avoid alcohol, caffeinated drinks, or heavy meals

For more tips on coping with the heat, visit Also, get more information from the U.Va.'s Office of Emergency Preparedness by calling 434-982-0565 or e-mailing